Bradbury, Malcolm. The Modern American Novel. New York: Penguin, 1994.
Crane, Stephen. The Red Badge of Courage. New York: Dover, 1990.
Howard, Leon. Literature and the American Tradition. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1960.
Johnson, Claudia Durst. Understanding the Red Badge of Courage: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport, connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1998.