There has been a lot of focus put on the concept of life and the growth process, the development of the human mind and even the behaviors displayed as one grows and the changing patterns of the behaviors of the individual. Scholars have come up with varied explanations on what shapes behavior of people with some going for the physical contact and the physical world, while others going for experiences in life, yet others going for the mind in an attempt to explain the behavior of human beings.
There are various theories that can help explain behavior;
The Social / learning theory and aggressive personality which indicates that human beings highly depend on one another and the contiguity plays a big role in the shaping of personality and the behaviors that one gives back to the society (Delatrre, E., 2006).
Psychoanalytic theory and aggressive personality was propagated by Freud Sigmund, Alfred Adler, Erick Erikson and Carl Jung. They had different approaches and explanations behind this theory but one convergence they had was that the childhood greatly shaped the behavior of an individual. The perspective that will be takens here to explain my behavior in line with the childhood association with my principal care giver will be the 8 stages development that was propagated by Erick Erikson.
The eight stages as stipulated by Erikson are as follows:
(1). Trust V Mistrust; sets in at infancy to 1.5 years old. The infant has a strong belief that all is and will continue to be fine. All they want is love and care f rom the mother.
(2). Autonomy V Shame & Doubt; sets in from 18 months to around 3 years. This is referred to as the toilet training stage and the child learns to acquire skills like talking, walking, feeding as well as the motor development. At this stage the child develops self-esteem and if no parental support comes forth, the child ends up with a shattered self-esteem.
(3). Initiative V Guilt; sets in between 3 years to 6 years also considered the pre-school or the nursery stage. This is considered the play stage where the child needs direction as he also leads others and works with them. Here, the child undergoes the 'oedipal struggle' hence seem to ask 'why' on many issues. The guilt conscious is developed here if the desire to know is suppressed.
(4) . Industry V Inferiority; the stage sets in between the age of 5 to 12 years and here the child needs guidance from both the parents and the teachers. The child at this stage needs to do things and see the results, hence they need support to see those results otherwise they mat form inferiority complex and a feeling of inadequacy among the peers.
(5). Identity v Role Confusion; comes in between 9 to 18 years or at the puberty stage. At this stage, self-esteem and self-confidence are of the essence. The adolescents tend to socialize more than any other stage of life. At this stage the teenager will want to discover whom they are and if not given the right guidance, they may end up on role confusion.
(6). Intimacy v Isolation; this comes in at the ages between 18 and 40 years and here the person is considered young adult. The person will seek a companion in the form of a wife and friends and would like the relationship to be deeper. Incase an individual is not granted the companionship, they are prone to suffer isolation. At this stage, the marital partners and friends are very important.
(7). Generativity v Stagnation; this is considered the mid-adult stage of development and it comes in between the age of 30 to 65 years. The individual at this age gap will tend to give as a way of supporting others as well as the society unconditionally. Work life becomes very important to them since the individual will be struggling to build and leave a lasting legacy.
(8). Integrity vs. Despair; according to Erikson this is considered the last stage of development and it sets in at 50 years of age till the person...
Here, the person will look back and derive satisfaction from the life they lived, a thing that Erikson refers to as integrity. On the contrary some will not be satisfied with the life they lived and hence suffer from despair at the things they failed to accomplish
A well balanced experience in each development stage forms a basic virtue which in turn enables the development of other psychological and emotional strengths. For instances the successful passage through the fourth stage of Industry vs. Inferiority (6 to 12 years) will give birth to a basic psychosocial virtue of considerable competence accompanied by strengths like skills, ability to work with others and follow procedure and techniques.
This approach tha Erikson studied and gave the progression through life is the most applicable to my lifestyle, since childhood to the present time and can postulate for the future. At the age of six I had a lot of problems with both my parents and teachers. Earlier on I had intimated to my father my desire to one day pursue a career in professional football. Despite the fact that he never expressed open opposition to this, it appears to me that he intimated this issue to my mom who had reservations against this. My mom impressed on me the need for pursuing a career in medical profession in future. I was, however, adamant, to buy this. My mother reported this to my teachers who talked me against pursuing a career in professional football in future. Because of the pressure that was exerted on me, I relented.
The memory of the event that happened when I was six years may be completely true because at that stage in life a child is expected to have begun to understand information entering its sense. Besides, they have the ability to interact with the world. He can manipulate objects and understand the permanency of these objects even if they are not within his/her current sensory perception. When these objects are removed from his or her view s/he can understand that the object still exists. A child at this stage has the ability to understand that an object continues to exist hence, with regard to his/her mom, an increased sense of safety and security (Erikson, 1968). At this age a child is also expected to have developed a capacity to interact with the environment in a more complex manner through the words and images. Therefore at age six it is impossible to forget what my mom, my dad, and my teachers told me; the consternation that was written all over their faces when I revealed to them whatever I wanted to do with my life when I grew up. In fact, my mother openly told me that footballers are a bunch of losers who have no role to play in the society (Erikson, 1968).
The event that occurred when I was six still impacts my cognitive and affective evaluations. It still affects how I think about my life satisfaction in global perspective, my work, and my relationships. Because I did not want to rebel against my parents, I later resolved to pursue a career in medical sciences. However, all has not been pleasant because that is not where my interest was. I have always felt that I betrayed my emotions. My emotions, moods, and feelings have always been punctuated with guilt, anger, and shame (Diener, Suh, Lucas & Smith, 1999). Because of the scolding that my parents subjected me too in front of my teacher when I raised the issue of one day becoming a professional footballer my social interaction was greatly impaired. I felt so withdrawn because of being forced to one day pursue what I had no interest in. because of lack of social interaction; I had no sense of self pride in my accomplishments and abilities. I could not therefore perform complex results because of the fear that if I failed I would become the subject of ridicule among my peers. My ability to master new skills was also in the process impaired. Because of lack of self sense of pride in my accomplishments and my abilities and inability to master new skills my parents and teachers rarely encouraged and commended me. As a result, I never developed a feeling competence and belief in my skills. I have always doubted my ability to be successful because of the element of self-confidence that was eroded in my formative stages of development. I can vividly remember that I rarely received praise and attention for performing tasks like reading, writing, drawing, and solving problems. My failure to cope with new social and academic demands earlier in my life contributed to my personality. I have come to appreciate that success leads to a sense of competence where as failure results in feelings of inferiority.…
Self-Reflection on the Self The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines the self as "the evaluation by oneself of one's worth as an individual in distinction from one's interpersonal or social roles." If find this definition to be lacking of any real substance, especially when contemplating the role of the self in the social world. The word social is also important and is defined as "relating to or involving activities in which people spend
Professional Being People rarely take the time to get to know themselves. If one does not know oneself, one can never really know anyone else. Self-reflection refers to the capacity for an individual to employ introspection and the willingness to be able to investigate their drives, desires, expectations, needs, wants, competencies, and more about how a person views one's own purpose and nature. Self refection can be applied to one's professional
Indeed, this multicultural state of the nursing profession can be very profitably incorporated into one of the key tools that I would use in developing, assessing, and evaluating curricula. The concept of different learning styles has made considerable inroads in many American and other Western educational systems. This awareness helps to create systems of learning that allow as many students as possible to benefit from the same curriculum. When an
Self-Care Strategies Self-care is a widely acknowledged aspect of Counseling. Through research, studies and hard-earned self-knowledge, experts have defined personal attributes, strategies such as mentoring, and qualities that can lead to development of the therapeutic self. Due to differing experiences and results, experts may differently name those attributes, strategies and qualities but all are focused on taking care of the self as the counselor takes care of his/her clients and other
Self-Regulation Issues in Children and Adolescence with ADHD, ODD, and OCD Self-regulation in children and adolescence who suffer from ADHD, ODD, and OCD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Oppositional Defiant Disorder) is often evident due to several things. A lot of the issues in relation to self-regulation stem from additional anxiety the child/teen may feel from the difficulties experienced from these kinds of mental disorders. OCD is known
I have experienced the fairytale love story and girl or young woman can dream of. Yet I am now well aware of the fact that not everybody has this luxury and that many people in the world must struggle to find a proper source of income or they have to leave their families and go to far away countries to find a better life. After this course, I think