Speech And Brain Research Paper

Length: 2 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Communication - Language Type: Research Paper Paper: #18338547 Related Topics: Syntax, Primate, Human Brain, Academia
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Braitenberg and Schuz (1998) stated that the average number of synaptic connections per neuron in the human cortex is approximately 10,000. This knowledge implies a huge potential for referential and recursive relationships between mental representations of elements like words and rules of syntax. Consider how the study of speech errors such as anticipation and perseveration are an important aspect of research on speech production. What is the most significant characteristic these types of speech errors reveal about the speaker's processing of intent into spoken words? Why?

Language is a characteristic of humans: every normal human being speaks; animals do not (Joyshree, 2014). That is, language is limited to humans only. While other animals interact with each other through a rigid collection of symbols, no group of animals possesses human language's combinatorial conventions, wherein symbols permute into an indefinite number of combinations, all of which have determinate meanings (Joyshree, 2014).

Sequencing faults in elicited and natural speech have been used for long, for informing phonological encoding and comprehending the


In Fromkin's1971 classic paper, the actuality of phonological components like syllables, features, and phonemes based on erroneous displacements or transpositions of these components in natural language is discussed. For instance, Fromkin maintained that syllables denoted representational units, due to the fact that when phonemes, clusters or features, were shifted or reordered from a particular target, the syllable position of the target was generally preserved. From the time of Fromkin's paper in 1971, several researchers have employed identical sequencing errors, on not just understanding linguistic components' psychological reality, but also for comprehending serial ordering methods in speech and speech plan architecture (as cited in Wook and Melissa, 2012).

Psycholinguistic speech production models have integrated numerous insights from Shattuck-Hufnagel (1979, 1983 as cited in Wook and Melissa, 2012); however, the emphasis has transferred from speech plan structures and components to elements' storage and subsequent serial retrieval. The above models hypothesize that those linguistic elements' distributed depiction and gradient initiation in the course of speech planning may cause errors in speech. Aside from giving an explanation for speech error creation and distribution in terms of psychological plausibility, network models underline speech production's dynamic nature: the models explain impacts of the past as well as future upon the present. With reference to dynamics, experts treat speech planning in the form of an incremental…

Sources Used in Documents:


Croot K., Claudia A., Amy H. (2010).Prosodic structure and tongue twister errors. In Wook K.C. And Melissa A.R. (2012). The distribution of speech errors in multi-word prosodic units. Laboratory Phonology. 3(1): 5 -- 26.

Joyshree S. (2014). Lack of Syntax (Recursive Abilities) in the Natural Communication of Non-human Primates. Retrieved from: http://www.academia.edu/252113/Lack_of_Syntax_Recursive_Abilities_in_the_Natural_Communication_of_Non-human_Primates

Keating Patricia A, S. Shattuck-Hufnagel. (2002). A prosodic view of word form encoding for speech production. In Wook K.C. And Melissa A.R. (2012). The distribution of speech errors in multi-word prosodic units. Laboratory Phonology. 3(1): 5 -- 26.

Levelt Willem J.M. (1989). Speaking: From intention to articulation. In Wook K.C. And Melissa A.R. (2012). The distribution of speech errors in multi-word prosodic units. Laboratory Phonology. 3(1): 5 -- 26.

Cite this Document:

"Speech And Brain" (2015, August 22) Retrieved August 15, 2022, from

"Speech And Brain" 22 August 2015. Web.15 August. 2022. <

"Speech And Brain", 22 August 2015, Accessed.15 August. 2022,

Related Documents
Speech Pathology in Degenerative Central
Words: 4115 Length: 13 Pages Topic: Disease Paper #: 9620493

For patients whose primary concern is a loss of language abilities due to loss of cognitive abilities therapies to help improve cognitive function will be combined with exercises that ask the patient to perform various language tasks. Speech and language therapy is only a small portion of the many different specialists that any patient with a CNS dysfunction will need. Aphasia Aphasia is the result of damage to the language centers of

Speech Disorders Introduction and Definition
Words: 1070 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 36020358

Tips for Teaching or Working with a Child that has Childhood Apraxia of Speech According to Gretz (2005), research into effective methods for providing treatment to children with Apraxia is inadequate but in the professional literature a variety of techniques illustrated, including PROMPT method, Integral Stimulation, Adapted Cueing, Touch Cue, Melodic Intonation Therapy, Rate Control Therapy, etc., even though these therapeutic methods varies to some extent, they have shared characteristics that

Speech and Language Pathology
Words: 1160 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Medicine Paper #: 64248050

Speech Pathology Expert Speech Language Pathologists and Acupuncture as a Cure for Aphasia This assignment has provided me with an opportunity to present my position on a current controversial issue within my chosen profession. The concern that even the experts and supports of a topic disagree would definitely be tested with this issue. The chosen topic for this report will in fact be highly controversial in the near future and for some

Speech Production the Formation of
Words: 559 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Communication - Language Paper #: 85207264

Open where the glottis is open wide enough to allow the air stream to pass unobstructed. In this way, voiceless sounds are produced. Examples include the 'st' sequence in the word 'stone' and the 'k' in kill. The vocal tract consists of three joined cavities: the oral cavity, the nasal cavity, and the pharyngeal cavity. The surfaces and boundaries of these cavities are known as the organs of speech. What happens

Speech Understanding Ototoxicity Characteristics the Disease Stems...
Words: 1116 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Medicine Paper #: 45592810

Speech Understanding Ototoxicity Characteristics The disease stems from toxic reactions to structures of the ear, including the cochlea, vestibule, semicircular canals and otoliths. Drug-induced damage to these structures of the auditory and balance system can result in hearing loss, tinnitus, disequilibrium or dizziness (Ryback 2007). Etiology The propensity of specific classes of drugs to cause ototoxicity has been well established and over 100 classes of drugs have been associated with ototoxicity. Hearing loss can be

Speech Cerebral Palsy I Am
Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Disease Paper #: 91432500

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke notes that the earlier treatment begins, the more the patient can benefit. In fact, many cerebral palsy patients go on to live nearly normal, healthy lives if their treatment begins early enough. Drugs may be used to help control seizures, but most treatment includes physical, speech, and/or occupational therapies, surgery to control some muscle defects, wearing braces to correct misshaped limbs,