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Proposals for action "must first convince the audience that a problem exists and make the audience want action. Often, these arguments consider ethical situations: if the situation is wrong, then the solution must make it right" ("riting Tip #21). Alexander identifies his men as the cause of being able to claim so many cities; "through your courage and endurance you have gained possession of Ionia, the Hellespont, both Phrygias, Cappadocia, Paphlagonia, Lydia, Caria, Lycia, Pamphylia, Phoenicia, and Egypt; the Greek part of Libya is now yours, together with much of Arabia, lowland Syria, Mesopotamia, Babylon, and Susia; Persia and Media with all the territories either formerly controlled by them or not are in your hands; you have made yourselves masters of the lands beyond the Caspian Gates" (Arrian). He evaluates the probability of success in future endeavors, and also the possible consequences of failing to continue; "But if you turn…
Arrian. "Speech of Alexander the Great' from the Campaigns of Alexander. Ancient History
Sourcebook. N.p., August 2000. Web. 21 Mar. 2012.
"The Art of Rhetoric: Learning how to use the Three Main Rhetorical Styles." Rensselaer
Polytechnic Institute. N.p. Unk. Web. 21 Mar. 2012.
Some of my earliest childhood memories involve the brief period during first or second grade when I had to overcome a stuttering problem. I remember the social discomfort of worrying about how people might react to me once I started talking. I also remember the frustration of people talking to me as though I was unintelligent because they drew that conclusion from my speech pattern without listening to what I was trying so hard to say. Fortunately, my parents encouraged me in a positive way to participate in speech therapy because with their support and access to those resources, I was able to conquer my problem very quickly.
To this day, I shudder at the thought of how different the rest of my life experiences might have been otherwise. For that reason, when I encounter a person with speech pathologies, I cannot help but to be acutely aware…
In a 2008 interview, Theodore C. Sorensen, one of John F. Kennedy's speechwriters, compared the individual appeal of Bill and Hillary Clinton and the distinct styles of two great speakers of the classical period, Cicero and Demosthenes. Sorensen recalled how it was once said that when Cicero spoke, the crowds declared, "How well he spoke," but when Demosthenes spoke, the crowds exclaimed, "Let us march!" think it applies here," Mr. Sorensen added, "Bill being the one for whom they say, 'Let us march!' "I think Bill Clinton delivers inspiring addresses. Hillary is more likely to deliver learned lectures."
However, Bill Clinton was not always known for his impeccable speaking skills. At the 1988 Democratic National Convention, he gave a speech that Hernandez described as "rambling." However, with the help of speechwriters and public communications experts, Clinton has learned to use notes and key points in combination with his unpredictable…
CBS. (February 15, 2001). Bill Clinton -- Speaker for Hire. CBS News.
Reynolds, Garr. (October 24, 2006). Bill Clinton and the art of speaking in a "human voice." Presentation Zen. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.presentationzen.com/presentationzen/2006/10/bill_clinton_an.html .
Ezilon.com. (2008). Essential Qualities of a Good Public Speaker Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.ezilon.com/articles/articles/1938/1/Essential-Qualities-of-a-Good-Public-Speaker .
Hernandez, Raymond. (February 13, 2006). On Podium, Some Say, Mrs. Clinton Is No Mr. Clinton. New York Times. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.nytimes.com /2006/02/13/politics/13hillary.html.
For patients whose primary concern is a loss of language abilities due to loss of cognitive abilities therapies to help improve cognitive function will be combined with exercises that ask the patient to perform various language tasks. Speech and language therapy is only a small portion of the many different specialists that any patient with a CNS dysfunction will need.
Aphasia is the result of damage to the language centers of the brain (ASHA 2007a). The location of the language center is typically on the left side of the brain. This is true for almost all right handed people and almost 1/2 of all left handers (ASHA 2007a). When the language center of the brain is damaged, either by disease or trauma, a person might lose their ability to speak, listen, read or write (ASHA 2007a). Any type of damage to the brain can cause Aphasia.
Language is generally…
American Speech language and Hearing Association (ASHA). 2007a. Aphasia. Available from http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Aphasia_info.htm [Cited 11 May 2007].
American Speech language and Hearing Association (ASHA). 2007b. Apraxia in Adults. Available at http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/apraxia_adults.htm .[Cited 12 May 2007].
American Speech language and Hearing Association (ASHA). 2007g. Dysarthria. Available at http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/dysarthria.htm .[Cited 12 May 2007].
American Speech language and Hearing Association (ASHA). 2007c. Huntington's Disease. Available at http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Huntington-Disease.htm .[Cited 12 May 2007].
The real words of King? "I could never again raise my voice against the violence of the oppressed in the ghettos without having first spoken clearly to the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today -- my own government." (quoted in: Husseini)
The final major flaw is that Clinton addresses the black ministers with a severe racial hubris -- he never makes any mention of the racial differences that might call into question his naive (at best) brotherly demeanor. He careful avoids bringing attention to the fact that he is not, as he says, "one of" these honest black ministers -- he does not actually share in their pain or their calling. The fact that he preaches to them on their moral duty instead of involving them in dialog and addressing them honestly as equals who might have as much to teach him as vice versa on the issue…
American Presidents.org "Office of Speechwriting: Judson Welliver and His Successors. http://www.americanpresident.org/action/orgchart/administration_units/officeofspeechwriting/printable.html
American Review. "PRESIDENT CLINTON'S SPEECH to BLACK MINISTERS in MEMPHIS. http://www.americanreview.us/memphis.htm
Borgue, Amy. " Alumna Enjoys Career as Presidential Speechwriter, Journalist and Ambassador" the Communicator. http://www.cla.purdue.edu/academic/comm/Newsletter/Spring2003/curiel.html
Clinton, Bill. My Life (Excerpt). Blueprint Magazine, July 2004. http://www.ndol.org/ndol_ci.cfm?kaid=127&subid=173&contentid=252794
The state attempted to justify the law by arguing that the ban on advertising reduced competition in sale of liquor, which resulted in higher prices and reduced consumption. The court ruled that they were not going to restrict truthful speech about a legal product on something that they saw as speculation and conjecture (Pember & Calvert, 2005).
Central Hudson Test Effects
From the beginning of federal attempts to restrict unsolicited phone calls, the government has asserted that its primary interest lies in protecting citizens from invasion of privacy. Three different federal appeals courts have upheld the TCPA and the TS in four separate challenges. These courts have all shown judicial deference in their consideration of the third part of Central Hudson, relying upon legislative findings and "simple common sense" to support the government interest in shielding citizens from invasions of privacy by the telemarketer, saving them from the…
Boedecker, K., Morgan, F., & Wright, L. (1995). The evolution of first amendment protection for commercial speech. Journal of Marketing, 59(1), 38. Retrieved from Business Source
Cohn, W. (2009). How Free is Free Speech?. New Presence: The Prague Journal of Central
European Affairs, 12(3), 23-27. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.
The speech begins with a pause to settle the crowd down, then launches into setting the scene. Even from the very beginning, Obama is making eye contact with different parts of the crowd. His first words address the audience - "fellow citizens" - and the rest of the speech keeps with that audience in mind. His diction is firm, and the words are clear. The metaphors used are simple, so as not to distract the audience from the core message.
Through the 6 to 6 1/2-minute mark we can see an increase in the firmness of tone, more clarity of speech and an increase in volume. This marks a point in the speech where Obama has been building to his first emotional rise. In a speech of this length, such rises break up the potential monotony and allow the speaker to keep command of the listener's attention. Notice that throughout…
Speech ecognition Technology
According to Moore an early pioneer in silicone technology, the capacity for engineering technology innovation is clearly rapid, as he famously set a benchmark for silicone technology that it would double the number of transistors on a chip, which determines the capacity for memory every 24 months. This law served as a standard for Intel and other chip manufacture companies, creating a demonstrative goal that was followed almost to the letter from its inception to now (Intel, 2011). This rapid advancement of technology has made many functions and aspects of technology capabilities possible. Human interface technology has always been an aspect of the capacity of memory that has demonstrated steady growth, from the keyboard to the mouse/keyboard combination, individual improvements in both technologies to touch screens, and scanning devices. Even just the innovation of the mouse, technically a pointing device is a revolution taken for granted (Te'eni,…
Intel. (2011). Moore's Law inspires Intel innovation. Retrieved from http://www.intel.com/about/companyinfo/museum/exhibits/moore.htm
Microsoft Research. (2011). Speed Technology (Redmon). Retrieved from http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/groups/srg/
Patel, N., Cirimele, J., Parikh, T., Klemmer, S. (2010). Avaaj Otalo -- a field study of an interactive voice forum for small farmers in rural India. Mobile Computing Research Stanford HCI Group. Retrieved from http://hci.stanford.edu/research/mobile/
Robinson, P. (2006, January 27). Q&A: The future of speech. (2006). Retrieved from http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,1895,1916107,00.asp
Norman Podhoretz attempts to answer the controversial question, "Is America Exceptional?" In a persuasive speech delivered on October of 2012. The speech has some core strengths that make it generally effective. Podhoretz appeals to his audience's emotions, establishes his credibility as a speaker, uses some forms of logical reasoning, and also cites specific facts and data. However, there are clearly some problems with "Is America Exceptional?" In The Art of Public Speaking, Stephen Lucas outlines some of the parameters that characterize an effective persuasive speech. Among those parameters is the absence of logical fallacies. Unfortunately, Podhoretz's speech is filled with logical fallacies that make "Is America Exceptional?" A speech that only has emotional appeals without having a logical backbone.
Podhoretz relies heavily on emotional appeals in "Is America Exceptional?" The speech starts with the line, "Once upon a time," like a fairy tale. Fairy tales are emotionally charged stories…
Lucas, Stephen E. The Art of Public Speaking. 11th Edition. Chapter 16
Lucas, Stephen E. The Art of Public Speaking. 11th Edition. Chapter 17
Podhoretz, Norman. "Is America Exceptional?" Retrieved online: http://www.hillsdale.edu/news/imprimis/archive/issue.asp?year=2012&month=10
Speech to the Young. Speech to the Progress-Toward.
Say to them, say to the down-keepers,
the self-soilers, the harmony-hushers,
"even if you are not ready for day it cannot always be night."
You will be right.
For that is the hard home-run.
Live not for battles won.
Live not for the-end-of-the-song.
Live in the along.
In the 1940s and 1950s, Gwendolin Brooks was one of the few black poets and writers to become part of the white literary establishment, with poems that she later denounced as too timid and apolitical. In the 1960s and 1970s, she was inspired by militant young blacks in Chicago and other cities to take a more radical, nationalistic line in support of the black revolution. Given that she was part of the older generation, and had even received a Pulitzer Prize in 1950, this change would seem somewhat surprising. Her poem "Speech to…
Baker, Houston A. "From "The Florescences of Nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s" in Wright, Stephen Caldwell (Ed), On Gwendolin Brooks's Reliant Contemplation. University of Michigan Press, 1996, 2001: 116-23.
Bloom, Harold. Gwendolyn Brooks: Comprehensive Research and Study Guide. Chelsea House Publishers, 2003.
Fisher, Marsha T. Black Literate Lives: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Routledge, 2009.
Hansell, William H. "Essences, Unifyings, and Black Militancy: Major Themes in Gwendolin Brooks's Family Pictures and Beckonings" in Wright: 106-15.
Expert Speech Language Pathologists and Acupuncture as a Cure for Aphasia
This assignment has provided me with an opportunity to present my position on a current controversial issue within my chosen profession. The concern that even the experts and supports of a topic disagree would definitely be tested with this issue. The chosen topic for this report will in fact be highly controversial in the near future and for some time to come. It stands to reason that the rival theories will cause the expected strife. Upon weighing the arguments, I will choose the side of that I believe will be the most successful solution for the issue. I chose curing aphasia symptoms as my topic.
Aphasia is a medical condition that Speech Pathologists are very familiar with. The condition impairs a person's ability to speak, write, and in many cases fail to comprehend the speech and writings…
New Advances in the Treatment of Aphasia. Ed. Harris, Veronica. March 1997. LingraphiCARE ™ America.
1999 ACUPUNCTURE LITERATURE REVIEW. Volume 11: Number 2. Ed. Zhang S, Ye X, Shan Q. Fall 1999: Winter 2000. Medical Acupuncture: A Journal For Physicians By Physicians. 7 Dec. 2003 http://www.medicalacupuncture.com/aama_marf/journal/Vol11_2/abstracts.html.
The presentation I saw on the "No Child Left Behind" law was a well-organized speech that communicated its points well.
The speaker appeared to give thought to her appearance. She wore a suit. It was not a severe business suit, such as the kind of fabric a man's suit might be made out of. Instead the suit was a nubby fabric that might have been linen or silk, in a light coral color. The blouse was simple. Her appearance was not distracting, and she wore simple jewelry. The only jarring thing at all noted was that her assistant, who shifted placards on an easel, was wearing some kind of charm bracelet that tinkled rather loudly when she switched the placards for the speaker.
The presentation appeared to be planned, because topics did not jump around. The speaker spoke generally about the growing concern among politicians that too many…
The new hospital is absolutely necessary. Our community is growing. We cannot afford to rely on outmoded facilities in a hospital with insufficient beds. Our runoff is handled by the Bendalong Regional Hospital but we cannot continue imposing our public health burdens on them. I urge you Bilby residents to think about the future of our community, and what your children have to look forward to in terms of a brand new health care facility. Thank you for your time.
Letter to the Editor
This letter is in response to the Mayor's recent speech detailing the plans for the new hospital. Last year I was in a car accident. I was rushed to Bush Hospital here in Bilby. Although the nursing staff did everything they could to help, I had major complications with my surgery because Bush is severely understaffed. Having experienced first hand the need for an improved medical…
Speech on Guns
Why Everyone Should Support Gun Rights
In the wake of the Trayvon Martin shooting -- a tragedy, in which George Zimmerman, a neighborhood watch captain gunned down the unarmed, 17-year-old student -- the country has put gun rights and gun ownership on trial.
Questions are being asked, such as: should we allow people to carry a concealed firearm? Should we pass gun control that limits the number of firearms one can own?
Well, I'm here to tell you that all attacks on gun ownership are patently specious -- not because I have a personal affinity for firearms, but because the facts paint a very clear picture: responsible gun ownership is good for America.
Gun ownership is a quintessential part of American life. As such, it's explicitly articulated in our country's most hallowed document: the U.S. Constitution.
The Second Amendment clearly states: "A well regulated Militia, being necessary…
The federal workforce, U.S. federal government agency workforces are based on equal opportunity and promotions are on merit principles. (Starks, 2009) Thus we have Asians and Pacific Islanders well-represented in private sector professional positions (8.9%) and in government positions (4.8%) considering they made up 3.7% of the general population." (Starks, 2009)
Another issue you are going to face is the gender issues. In the U.S. too it was an issue and we see the first U.S. female secretary only during the Clinton administration - Madeline Albright followed by ice and now Hillary Clinton. Outside the race and sex issues are very important. In Islamic countries the situation of women are not very positive and this if interfered with is going to cause ill will. Like wise you may have to encounter hostile feelings in countries wherein women have a long history of discrimination that was meted out to them. (Henderson,…
Briscoe, Dennis R; Schuler, Randall S. (2004) "International Human Resource
Management: Policies & Practices for the Global Enterprise."
Routledge: New York.
Burke, Ronald J; Cooper, Cary L. (2004) "Reinventing Human Resources
According to the Center for Immigration Studies, the state of Arizona has "one of the fastest growing illegal immigrant populations in the country, increasing from 330,000 in 2000 to 560,000 by 2008." To stop the spread of illegals into the state of Arizona, governor Jan Brewer signed into law SB1070. The law, which simply "requires officials and agencies of the state and political subdivisions to fully comply with and assist in the enforcement of federal immigration laws," has come under recent and unfair attack. Even President Obama spoke out against the law, clearly overstepping his jurisdiction by interfering in state affairs. Arizona needs this bigoted, backwards law, and I'm going to tell you why.
First, 80% of all illegal immigrants are from Latin America. That means they speak Spanish, are often poor, and listen to strange music. e don't want them here, and SB1070 makes that perfectly clear.…
Arizona State Senate. "Fact Sheet for SB1070." Retrieved online: http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/49leg/2r/summary/s.1070pshs.doc.htm
Camarota, Steven A. "Center for Immigration Studies on the New Arizona Immigration Law, SB1070." April 2010. Retrieved online: http://www.cis.org/announcement/AZ-immigration-SB1070
Castillo, Mariano. "Crime stats test rationale behind Arizona immigration law. CNN. April 29, 2010.
Griswold, Daniel. "Misguided fears of crime fuel Arizona immigration law." http://www.cato-at-liberty.org/misguided-fears-of-crime-fuel-arizona-immigration-law/
Because the economic situation in post-World-War I Germany made it necessary for many women to work outside of the home, Scholt-Klink hoped to provide at least some well-deserved respite for some of them by assigning members of her group to fill in for them temporarily at factories and plants to enable them to enjoy a vacation and replenish their spirit of happiness.
4. The Difference between Scholtz-Klink's Ideas and Past Women's Movement
The most important difference between Scholt-Klink's ideas and past women's movements at the time was that Scholt-Klink's movement was relatively unconcerned with the welfare of individual women or with the progress of women as a group. Those were the aims of other contemporary and earlier women's movements, especially in relation to suffrage. Women's movements had previously almost always sought to equalize the rights of women in society and to establish the same kinds of rights for women as…
Well ships sink, I hoped all his would. Then the pound of flesh I would have gleefully taken from his heart, I would have plucked it out!
I was happy, and even gave one small offering to god! But that was a waste. The day came and his ship never came, and so I went to his Grace the Duke. You would chuckle if you got to see the Duke's face that day! He read the contract, got the biggest men and most learned of them find fault with it. No. It is Shylock's contract and the Duke knew that he had to get Antonio. So they sent the Bailiff and ordered to have him summoned. Now, I expected him to come and plead for time. The miserable man! But there comes this Lawyer Balthasar., Pluck out his eyes! He argues against me. The Duke asked me why I was…
Shakespeare. Mit. The Merchant of Venice. Accessed [Online] 16 February, 2013 from http://shakespeare.mit.edu/merchant/full.html
The median annual salary of a full-time speech-language pathologists is stated at $36.046 in 1992 with the median earning being between $27,404- $42,120. Those working in hospitals earned approximately $33,936 in 1992 with salaries varying based on the geographic location of the employment. The median annual income of the speech-language pathologist in May 2004 is stated at $51,410 with the mid-50% earning in the range of $42,090 and $65,750. Stated as the median annual earnings in the industries that employ speech-language pathologists as of May 2004 are those as follows:
Median Annual Earning - y Industry by Income
Offices of other health practitioners
General medical and surgical hospitals
Elementary and secondary schools
Source: U.S. Department of Labor (2004)
VI. Nature of the Work in Speech Pathology Field
The nature of the work of the speech-language pathologist is the identification speech, language, voice and fluency disorders as well as evaluation…
Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists (1997) U.S. Department of Labor - Educational Online Inc. Available online at http://www.edonline.com/collegecompass/oohb0098.htm .
315 Speech-Language Pathologist & Audiologist (2006)Health Careers - Michigan Careers, Colleges, Training. Online available at http://www.michigan.gov/healthcareers/0,1607,7-221-39742-64293 -- ,00.html
Alabama A&M (2006) Fees and Tuition Speech-Language Pathologist Online available at http://www.asha.org/gradguide/grad_guide.cfm?SchoolKey=76
University of Alabama (2006) Fees and Tuition Speech-Language Pathologist Online available at http://www.asha.org/gradguide/grad_guide.cfm?SchoolKey=75
Open where the glottis is open wide enough to allow the air stream to pass unobstructed. In this way, voiceless sounds are produced. Examples include the 'st' sequence in the word 'stone' and the 'k' in kill.
The vocal tract consists of three joined cavities: the oral cavity, the nasal cavity, and the pharyngeal cavity. The surfaces and boundaries of these cavities are known as the organs of speech. What happens to the air within these cavities is known as the oro-nasal process (Articulatory phonetics). Through the oro-nasal process we are able to differentiate between similar nasal consonants such as 'm' and 'n' and other sounds (Trujillo).
Last, but certainly not least, comes the articulation process which takes place in the mouth. In the mouth, Trujillo states that, "we can distinguish between the oral cavity, which acts as a resonator, and the articulators, which can be active or passive: upper…
Articulatory phonetics. http://pandora.cii.wwu.edu/vajda/ling201/test2materials/articulatory_phonetics.htm
Giegerich, H.J. (1992). English phonology: an introduction.(Cambridge Textbooks in Lingquistics) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Trujillo, Fernando. The production of speech sounds. http://www.ugr.es/~ftsaez/fonetica/production_speech.pdf
Grigos, Moss & Lu (2015) conducted a study that focused on examining oral articulatory control in childhood apraxia of speech. The purpose of the study was to assess the spatial and temporal elements of articulatory regulation among children suffering from childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), those with speech delay due to phonological or articulation damage, and those with controls with typical development. Childhood apraxia of speech is a multifaceted disorder that is characterized by a major deficiency in the planning and/or programming speech movements. The three major deficiencies associated with this disorder include inconsistent mistakes on repeated work or syllable productions, damaged patterns of coarticulation, and prosodic mistakes. While these varying features reflect a deficit in articulatory control, there are still concerns regarding the specific elements of speech movements that are impaired in childhood apraxia of speech.
Researchers have attempted to examine speech motor control in this complex…
Grigos, M.I., Moss, A. & Lu, Y. (2015, August). Oral Articulatory Control in Childhood Apraxia of Speech. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 58, 1103-1118.
Commemorative Speech: My Wife
Every spring, many people graduate from college and receive a piece of paper called a diploma. There is no way that simple piece of paper, no matter how beautiful or elaborately written can convey the struggle of that graduate to achieve her goal. My wife, who graduated today with a degree in biology, is my hero. For many years, she was uncertain if she would be able to obtain her degree, not because she lacked the desire or the ability, but because she was afraid it would take her away from her family responsibilities and her duties at work. She was afraid that she would not have the time.
Yet despite the tremendous obstacles she faced, she made time. She spent many long hours sitting at the kitchen table doing her homework, after helping our children with their own homework. Sometimes the beds did not get…
The Air We Breathe: The Importance of Indoor Air Quality
Attention Getter: Did you know we spend as much as 90 percent of our time indoors, including the time spent sleeping, working, or going to school? (source: Canadian Lung Association, 2017)
Purpose: The purpose of this speech is to educate the audience about the short and long term effects of poor indoor air quality, and the persuade the audience to take steps to improve the air we breathe.
Thesis: Indoor air quality has a direct impact on short-term and long-term health and wellbeing.
Transition: Now I am going to talk about the effects of poor air quality, the causes of bad indoor air, and also what you can do to improve indoor air quality.
Main Point 1: The effects of poor indoor air quality include both short term effects like irritation and headache, and also long term effects…
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (2017). Indoor air quality: general. Retrieved online: http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/chemicals/iaq_intro.html
Canadian Lung Association (2017). Indoor air quality. https://www.lung.ca/lung-health/air-quality/indoor-air-quality
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA, 2017). Introduction to indoor air quality. Retrieved online: https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/introduction-indoor-air-quality
With Donald Trump in power, it is easy to be pessimistic about the future of America. Mass shootings and weapons proliferation, terrorism at home and abroad, opioid epidemics, and anti-intellectualism threaten to undo centuries of progress. Selling out to big business means that everything we do is potentially tainted by commercialism, like the ways tobacco advertisements are still placed prominently in urban areas. The perpetuation of racism remains a critical concern too, as many Americans—spurred on by the president—believe that taking the knee is an affront to American values.
Yet young people need to remain optimistic. We are the hope for America’s future, and we can fulfill our goals if we are all willing to play a role in making our country truly great. Our participation in the voting process is of course important to ensuring the foundations of democracy, but beyond that, we also need to look inward. We…
Communication and Learning Disorders
1) Describe your first experience with childhood-onset fluency disorder (Experiences you had with the first person you diagnosed/first time you heard your child had childhood-onset fluency disorder/first time you remember your childhood-onset fluency disorder being a problem).
Childhood-onset fluency disorder is also referred to as stuttering. John was having trouble pronouncing some of his words. While this had begun when he was younger, it had prolonged past the normal speech developmental period. When John was speaking one could see he was anxious and he was less comfortable with his speech. John kept on repeating syllables, prolonging the vocalization of vowels, and consonants, substituting words in order to avoid problematic words, and he would get frustrated when he tried to speak. He also had shortness of breath when he was speaking and this affected his speech. He would find it hard to complete sentences or express himself.…
Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2015). Abnormal Child Psychology. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Palumbo, M. L., Mody, M., Klykylo, W. M., McDougle, C. J., & Guenther, F. H. (2015). Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Communication Disorders. Psychiatry, 1, 706-721
Swallowing disorders have attracted considerable attention in the healthcare sector in recent years. Numerous studies have been carried out in the past few years to examine various aspects of swallowing disorders. Nagami et al. (2017) conducted a study in which they examined discoordination between breathing and swallowing among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The research was conducted on the premise that COPD is a major life-threatening ling disease across the globe. One of the major objectives in prevention and/or management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is preventing exacerbation, which has severe impacts on mortality, morbidity, and healthcare costs. In their previous research, Nagami et al. (2017) found that frequent COPD exacerbation is associated with symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux (GER). GER symptoms are mostly treated using a proton pump inhibitor, which was found to be ineffective in lessening COPD exacerbation. Existing literature has established a link between…
Nagami et al. (2017, May 2). Breathing-swallowing Discoordination is Associated with Frequent Exacerbations of COPD. BMJ Open Respiratory Research, 4, 1-9.
Speech to Support Mortgage for Independent Spanish Village
The focus of this study is to consider the scenario of making a choice in the use of inheritance money and specifically to gain a mortgage for an independent villa which will be a town or villa in realengo and to compose a speech to support this objective
It is my belief that gaining a mortgage for an independent villa is the most appropriate approach to investing of my inheritance money. For to do otherwise would be to render my inheritance under the control of another individual who will hold all power and decision-bearing capacity and who will not be as interested in the profitability or long-term success of the villa since they do not in reality hold ownership to the property. Under the system of feudalism which is a "social system of rights and duties based on land tenure and…
Stubbs, William (nd) A General Overview: Its Frankish Birth and English Development. Retrieved from: http://history-world.org/feudalism.htm
Since the war in Iraq, thousands of American soldiers have been injured, and some of them paralyzed by explosions that shattered their spinal columns.
Traumatic paralysis is often irreversible because the network of nerves in the human spinal cord cannot repair themselves when they are badly damaged.
Applications of cloning technology will allow us to grow new nerve tissue for implantation into damaged spinal cords to restore their functions (Sagan, 1997).
Seventh Point - Cloned Human Organs Can Save Thousands of Lives Every Year:
Medical applications of cloning technology already allows doctors to grow human skin for burn victims.
The exact same technology will allow us to make human organs by actually cloning the cells from the same person to make replacement organs (Soares, 2002).
This means an end to long waiting lists for donor organs and will make the difference between life and death for thousands of people every…
Krock, L. (2001) on Human Cloning: Three Views. (NOVA/PBSonline)
Accessed November 1, 2007 at www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/baby/cloning.html
Sagan, C. (1997) Billions and Billions: Thoughts on Life and Death at the Brink of the Millennium. Random House: New York
Soares, C. Why Human Clones Won't Work Yet. Discover (Jan/02)
Speech to local Chamber of Congress -- Macroeconomic vs. Microeconomic influences today
Let's take a macro view of this problem! Let's take a micro view of this problem! hen we use such expressions colloquially, we usually mean taking a large vs. A small picture perspective. It is usually assumed that having a big picture perspective is the better one, because it is more far reaching in its nature. But a critical holistic view of macro and microeconomics theory shows that decisions made on the small-scale, or microeconomic level, can critically impact average buyers and sellers in ways that often are invisible to the naked economic eye of the consumer or capitalist as well. Both micro and macro factors must be considered together when making economic decisions on a personal level.
Microeconomics, also defined as classical economics as first preached by Adam Smith in his text the ealth of Nations, or…
"Aggregate Demand." (2005) The Digital Economist. Retrieved Jul 17 at 2005
Bick, Julie. (17 Jul 2005) "Listen Kids." The New York Times. Retrieved Jul 17 at 2005 http://www.nytimes.com /2005/07/17/business/yourmoney/17lemonade.html
Greenhouse, Steven. (17 Jul 2005) "How Costco became the Anti-Wal-Mart." The New York Times. Retrieved Jul 17 at 2005
His stories on the other hand did not improve his clarity of the point represented making it of no interest to the audience. The story narrated was also too long and at some time I got bored up and switched my mind away from the presentation.
What helps best helps me to understand the topic
What helps me best to understand the topic is the way the presenter used diagrams in presenting his work. The use of diagrams in the presentations helped me in understanding the information more readily. Diagrams in most cases helps to attract the attention of the audience to keenly listen and get the points well. This helped me to flashback while picturing about what the presenter was presenting to the audience.
Supports that left a lasting impact
It is said that a picture is worth more than words. The photographs that were used left a lasting…
The disease stems from toxic reactions to structures of the ear, including the cochlea, vestibule, semicircular canals and otoliths. Drug-induced damage to these structures of the auditory and balance system can result in hearing loss, tinnitus, disequilibrium or dizziness (yback 2007).
The propensity of specific classes of drugs to cause ototoxicity has been well established and over 100 classes of drugs have been associated with ototoxicity. Hearing loss can be temporary but is usually irreversible with most agents. Generally, antibiotic-induced ototoxicity is bilaterally symmetrical, but it can be asymmetrical. The usual time of onset is often unpredictable, and marked hearing loss can occur even after a single dose (Ishiyama 2006). Additionally, hearing loss may not manifest until several weeks or months after completion of antibiotic or anti-neoplastic therapy (Dille 2003). Vestibular injury is also a notable adverse effect of aminoglycoside antibiotics and may appear early…
Campbell KC, Durrant J. (1993) Audiologic monitoring for ototoxicity. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 26(5): 903-14.
Dille M., et al. (2010). Ototoxicity risk assessment combining distoration product otoacoustic emissions with a cisplatin dose model. J. Of the Accoustical Society of America. 128(3): 1163-1174.
Fausti S., et al. (2009). Auditory and vestibular dysfunction associated with blast-related traumatic brain injury. Journal of Rehab Research and Development. 46(6): 797-810.
Grant KW, et al. (1998). Auditory-visual speech recognition by hearing-impaired subjects: consonant recognition, sentence recognition and auditory-visual integration. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 103(5): 2677-2690.
The commercial shows that advertising does not have to have one appeal or appeal to only one audience. Anyone, young or old, who is a fan of the film will immediately see the parody, and will understand the appeal of the commercial.
The values of U.S. society are different even from 1984 when the film first aired. Technology is extremely important today, and hardly anyone is without a cell phone. So, it is not unusual for a child of Ralphie's age to want one. It would have been in 1984. Our values have changed with the advent of technology, and along with them, society has changed. The film seems very quaint and old-fashioned by today's standards, and the characters, (especially the parents) seem simple at best. In the commercial, their concern is all monetary, which also shows a big difference in values. In the film, the parents were concerned about…
The American Association of Retired persons found that pension plans' coverage is quite unstable, differing greatly based on ethnicity, age, pay grade, and education.
In addition, the AARP also found that social security benefits are becoming a problem in many countries, as the number of retired persons who receive benefits rise and the number of births fall.
As people who live in troubled economic times, some are not following government advice to save for retirement.
The United States Department of Labor advocates managing a retirement account with the same amount of attention and importance one would give a bank account.
Mr. C did not follow this advice, and his reliance on government and employer-based plans fell through.
He and his wife were both forced to work after retirement.
This cut into the traveling and relaxing plans that he had made.
Now, Mr. C cannot live the lifestyle that he always…
The fact that they are so tied up to the unbroken oral tradition of the people links them to the present day Hindu tradition.
Compared to the Vedic Aryans' reverence for the spoken word - and the ways in which it connected them to history - the current conception of spoken language in the United States seems rather superficial. While we take it for granted that we need speech in our everyday lives as a means for communication and getting through basic activities, our reliance on speech does not go much beyond this. It certainly does not connect us to history or culture - we rely on writing in order to cement important legal issues, as well as leaving traces of ourselves behind.
However, spoken communication does connect us with the past in certain ways. The interview is a popular form for both social scientists and the mass media. But…
Her selflessness was obvious many times over. In the eighties, during the grip of the AIDS panic, Diana was one of the first celebrities to be photographed holding the hand of a man who was dying of AIDS. At a time when children who were infected were shunned and people were afraid to help them, Diana took a stand and comforted a dying man. The sort of personal integrity it takes for someone to act as Diana did in that case defined her as a human being.
Princess Diana should not be remembered as the beautiful celebrity in the glowing white gown. She should be remembered at the bedside of the sick, and on the battlefields where she spoke out against land mines. There, where she was without the clothes and accoutrements of fame, she was truly her most beautiful. That beauty -- the beauty of a human being who…
Technology Speech Science
Speech Quality Tests: An Analysis and eview of the Literature
The speech measurement technology to be evaluated in this research is a speech quality test. According to the research, a speech quality test is "a routine procedure for examining one or more empirically restrictive quality features of perceived speech with the aim of making a quantitative statement on those features" (). Essentially, people are constantly using undirected speech in ordinary conversations in order to exchange information through spoken sentences. Yet, when speech becomes directed by some third party or director, the speaker's speech may end up being modified by these directions. Here, the research suggests that "by using specific directives, the experimenter can, in directed communications, adjust the influence of each quality feature" (). A speech quality test can ascertain how biased perception may end up being in the case of directed speech. There are four primary…
Springer Science Media. (2011). Speech Quality Measurement Methods. Web. http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CDsQFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.springer.com%2Fcda%2Fcontent%2Fdocument%2Fcda_downloaddocument%2F9783642184628-c2.pdf%3FSGWID%3D0-0-45-1132963-p174099663&ei=FoN6U6PWOpOwoQSK-YCYCQ&usg=AFQjCNFpupv9bFCayRPt7dUNuB3u52LPeQ&sig2=0YtNG6fsnBc4royONWXuLg&bvm=bv.67229260,d.cGU
Stan, A., Yamagishi, J., King, S., & Aylett, M. (2011). The Romanian speech synthesis (RSS) corpus: Building a high quality HMM-based speech synthesis system using a high sampling rate. Speech Communication, 53(3), 442-450.
Valentini-Botinhao, C., Yamagishi, J., & King, S. (2011, May). Evaluation of objective measures for intelligibility prediction of HMM-based synthetic speech in noise. In Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2011 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 5112-5115). IEEE.
Speech anxiety is a common term for the sense of fear or terror that comes over a person when they are called upon to speak or otherwise present in public. There are other ways to refer to it like anxiousness, anxiety, the jitters, stage fright, fear of public speaking and performance apprehension. It typically hits when someone has to deliver a presentation before a group of people. It makes little distinction whether the viewers is large or small, made up of recognizable or unfamiliar faces. Psychologists often believe speech anxiety is a particular case of what is frequently known as shyness (Colombo, n.d.).
According to the book of lists, the fear of speaking in public is the number one fear of all fears that people have. People who have this fear can experience all kinds of indications including sweaty hands, accelerated heart rate, memory loss and even trouble…
Colombo, J.R. (n.d.). Speech Anxiety: Overcoming the Fear of Public Speaking. Retreived from http://www.speechcoachforexecutives.com/speech_anxiety.html
Cuncic, A. (2009). Tips for Managing Public Speaking Anxiety. Retreived from http://socialanxietydisorder.about.com/od/copingwithsad/a/speech.htm?rd=1
Dealing with Communication Anxiety and Public Speaking. (2002). Retrieved from http://www.roch.edu/dept/spchcom/anxiety_handout.htm
Laskowski, L. (n.d.). Overcoming Speaking Anxiety in Meetings & Presentations. Retrieved from http://www.ljlseminars.com/anxiety.htm
speech of a public institution's faculty member to be protected under the Pickering/Connickline of cases, what criteria must be satisfied? Do these criteria suitably balance the interests of faculty members and the institution in the higher education context?
There are really two key principles that must be satisfied. The first is that the court determines whether the speech in question hinges on a matter of public concern. If it does, the court takes further criteria into consideration such as:
Whether the statement impairs discipline in school or harmony amongst superiors or amongst cookers.
Whether the statement has a negative impact on close working relationships
Whether the speech interferes with the way the operator usually conducts his business,
Yes, these criteria take the interests of faculty members and school into consideration.
Specifically, what was the fatal flaw in the instructor's speech? Was it the profanity itself? Or was it the belittling…
speech, and I believe that this effort largely paid off. I began by thoroughly researching my topic on the internet. After going to a few search engines to get some ideas, I then got some reputable scholarly articles to reinforce what I had learned. After I had done the bulk of my research, I then prepared a formal outline for the speech -- this way I was able to ensure that I discussed all of the topics that I intended to. The outline was extremely useful for the actual writing of the speech, which consisted of my talking about the various points outlined by using the information I researched. Lastly, I performed the speech in the mirror several times and even before family members. The execution of my speech was fairly decent. I was extremely nervous and experienced "stage fright" (Grassi 21), yet tried not to show it. I believe…
Baker, Millie, Kingsley, Daniel. "Authentic Public Speaking." Training Journal. 2014. Print. 23-27.
Grassi, W. "Improve Your Speaking Skills: Maximizing the Speaking Club Experience. Canadian Manager. 38 (3): 21-22. 2013. Print.
Prud'homme, Patrice-Andre, Hensley, Brandon. "It Takes More Than Public Speaking: A Leadership Analysis of the King's Speech." Organizational Learning & Leadership. 11 (1): 19-28. 2013. Print.
Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) traditionally responsible providing services students communication disorders, time a "pull-" session classroom. With enhanced emphasis inclusion role appears changing.
What role should an SLP take in the classroom? Should SLPs also be trained in teaching methods? How can a teacher help integrate the SLP in the classroom?
Using a speech language pathologist (SLP) merely a specialist who 'pulls out' students from the regular classroom for resource room assistance does not fully utilize the skills a SLPs can provide. A good SLP does not merely instruct a student in the mechanics of speech: he or she must also deal with the physiological and psychological challenges students face when speaking in public. Having a SLP therapist as a regular presence within the mainstream classroom setting provides a resource for students when they are speaking aloud in public. Students must also learn to communicate in a manner that is…
Speech Is a Carefully Crafted Act of hetoric
Introduction and Biographical Background
An effective speech is a carefully crafted act of rhetoric. The most artless speechless are quite often those that in reality are the most studied in their preparation. We can ourselves come to understand the reasons underlying the effectiveness -- or lack of efficacy - of a speech by studying its structure through careful rhetorical analysis. That is the purpose of this paper, to provide just such an analysis of Hillary odham Clinton' speech, "Women's ights are Human ights."
Clinton's speech can be seen as belonging to a line of similar speeches in American history, include speeches urging women's enfranchisement given by Frederick Douglass and Susan B. Anthony. She relies heavily on the idea of enfranchisement, which lies at the heart of democracy - so much so that we tend to use the word as synonymous with empowerment.…
speech of Aristophanes in the Symposium. Specifically, it will evaluate Aristophanes' myth and answer the questions, do you agree with the view of love that it presents? Disagree? Do you consider it useful? Do you consider it misleading? Why? Aristophanes' Myth is meant to be funny, but it also makes the reader stop and think about the roles we assign to each other as humans, and as lovers. Myth is just that, something made up to educate or amuse, and this myth does both in its own way. Love is one of the strongest emotions, and so, it brings out strong reactions, just as this speech does.
The view of love that Aristophanes presents in his speech is certainly not the most accepted view of love, yet it has its own merit. Love does not have to be between a man and a woman. There is perhaps no more deep…
Aristopanes. "The Speech of Aristophanes." Symposium. pp. 25-31.
Though he is not the first to tell people they will need to make sacrifices he was one of the first who demonstrated his own limitations and the limits of the actions of the government without the full investment and wise actions of American consumers.
This thesis did not win him any favors, he was not elected for a second term, as to the credit of most consumers even today it is easier to look toward the government for failures of change than to look to themselves and see how their own actions have supported and furthered problems in the economy or elsewhere. To his credit he was honest to a fault, rather than making campaign promises during his term of office as many others do. His wisdom has been a model for later officials and the public has responded to them in the same manner, by continuing to believe…
Carter, Jimmy Address to the Nation on Energy (November 8, 1977) http://millercenter.org/scripps/archive/speeches/detail/3400
An adult can easily evaluate such a message and understand its content, but a child is not old enough to do so. Thus, these drug pushers are telling our children to use drugs for fun, and for sexual gratification. Such a message is inappropriate for responsible adults, much less children, and so should be limited to adult programming only.
Sports are most certainly not adult programming. Whatever venue is appropriate for these types of advertisements, it should be far away from impressionable young minds. Sport events teach our children so many good things -- about teamwork, hard work, and the healthy spirit of competition. We want our kids to absorb the positive messages from sports, and to that end we encourage them to not only participate in sports but also to watch them on television. This means that sports events should always be considered family-friendly programming, especially in day time…
B. Exercise enables you to set goals for yourself, and is an important way to reduce stress and put problems in perspective.
Transition) This also ties in with the spiritual component of exercise.
Main point III. Imagine running along the beach on a cool summer morning, or saluting the sun in a yoga pose after a long day. Exercise reconnects you with your inner child, and with the natural rhythms of nature and your body.
A. Exercise gives you an important time to relax and focus on your body and mind. It is a 'time out' from so many of life's other pressures.
B. Exercise allows you to play, while you still gaining the benefits of 'working out,' helping your body and mind stay young, so you feel younger.
Transition) Think of how much you enjoyed playing on a playground as a child -- working out was…
Exercise: 7 Benefits of Regular Physical Activity." The Mayo Clinic. 2005. [25 Jul 2006] http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/exercise/HQ01676
" (Fletcher in Gogeometry Website, 2008). The trail to Machu Picchu is known as one of the best trekking sites in the world, particularly for its landscapes that showcase the remnants of its historic past as well as its diverse ecology (ibid).
Mexico's Chichen Itza also showcases its nation's rich, historical past in the same way the Machu Picchu does. Chichen Itza, roughly translated as "at the mouth of the well of the Itza," is considered as a political, commercial, and religious center of the ancient Mayan tribe in Mexico. In this city, one can locate the Temple of Kulkulan (Feathered Serpent), the Observatory, an astronomical observatory, and Temple of the Warriors and the Sacred Cenote (Well of Sacrifice). These structures have religious and scientific significance for the Mayan culture (ibid.).
Not too far from Mexico, we can find Brazil's huge Christ edeemer structure. "Christ the edeemer is a large…
Garrison, L. (n.d.). Petra - Lost City in Jordan and One of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Retrieved at http://cruises.about.com/od/southwestasiacruises/ig/Petra/?once=true&on Nov. 12, 2008.
Gogeometry Website. (2007). New 7 Wonders. Retrieved at http://www.gogeometry.com/wonder_world/index.html . On Nov. 12, 2008.
Seven Wonders of the World Website (2007). The World Has Voted for the New 7 Wonders! Retrieved at http://www.sevenwondersworld.com/on Nov. 12, 2008.
Speech by a Teacher
Teachers in public schools are not permitted to invoke specific Biblical theories, parables, or otherwise invoke the word of God -- either denominationally or generally -- in their classes. The constitutionally imposed rule -- separation of church and state -- is widely considered appropriate and important to the American democracy within the secular and legal community.
Moreover, the rules of public schools make it clear that it is psychologically, morally, constitutionally and socially unacceptable to stealthily (or otherwise) attempt to interject God's word or God's prophets' narrative into an educational setting.
But a competent, alert and effective Christian teacher today need not break those rules in the process of presenting information God would approve of. hy? That is because there are values that God has emphasized in the Holy Bible that can be presented to students without ever identifying them as having come from God Himself.…
Cable News Network -- CNN. "Innocent man freed after serving 15 years in prison." KPLCTV.
Retrieved September 30, 2012, from http://www.kplctv.com .
Cumming-Bruce, Nick. "U.N. Says Syrian Refugee Numbers Are Surging." The New York
Times. Retrieved September 30, 2012, from http://www.nytimes.com .
To inform the audience about the importance of education and the impact that it will have on their ability to earn a living.
Why education is important in today's society?
To provide everyone with specific insights about how education can help to prepare them for the challenges they will face in future and the role that is playing in society.
Throughout the decades, the role of education in society has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because it has been shown to be an effective tool in teaching children about how to interact with the world around them. At the same time, it is a way of helping to open the minds of students about new ideas and how they can be used in a career. This is allowing everyone the opportunity to understand different views and if this something that interests…
Abdullah, N. (2007). Higher Education and the Importance in Today's Society. Yahoo. Retrieved from: http://voices.yahoo.com/higher-education-importance-todays-390322.html
Borkar, R. (2010). The Importance for Education. Buzzle.com. Retrieved from: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/importance-of-education.html
Speech or Letter
Currently there is a great deal of controversy surrounding the issue of the reinstatement of the draft in the United States. There are rumors and whispers rampantly floating through the media that are frightening the general public, while the officials who are actually in the know about the subject are categorically denying such intentions. In an article written just a few days ago the Coastal Post (with no byline) contends that a military and civilian draft is inevitable by spring 2005. (Coastal Post nline (http://www.coastalpost.com/04/07/01.htm)
The title of the article in and of itself is inflammatory "Military and Civilian Draft Expected in 2005 For 18- to 25-year-olds." The article goes on to state that there are two pending bills in the House and Senate (twin bills: S. 89 and HR 163) meaning Senate bill 89 and House of Representatives bill 163. The article states that those two…
One of the last bits of evidence offered by the unknown author is associated with the language of the proposed (and historically unsupported unpopular) legislation, "Congress brought twin bills, S. 89 and HR 163 forward this year...entitled the Universal National Service Act of 2003, "to provide for the common defense by requiring that all young persons [age 18 -- 26] in the United States, including women, perform a period of military service or a period of civilian service in furtherance of the national defense and homeland security, and for other purposes." This is not a bill to reinstate a draft it is an unpopular and historically unsupported demand for compulsory military service. Voluntary service has been the popular stance since the Vietnam Era.
This work is obviously and inflammatory and unconvincing attempt at persuasion, written by someone who will remain anonymous. It dismisses the opposition by taking away its voice and clearly does not deal with counter evidence. The rhetorical appeals of the work are associated with highly emotional and trigger happy conspiracy theories, and unknown sources and experts. The article on a whole is not persuasive and despite its strong title it did not scare me at all.
Coastal Post Online "Military and Civilian Draft Expected in 2005 For 18- to 25-year-olds," July 13, 2004 at http://www.coastalpost.com/04/07/01.htm
For example, he says, "Whatever the dangers of the action we take, the dangers of inaction are far, far greater" (Blair One). Bush's remarks are far harsher and already allude to many of the controversial actions Bush will take to "win the war on terror." He says, "Our response involves far more than instant retaliation and isolated strikes. Americans should not expect one battle, but a lengthy campaign, unlike any other we have ever seen. It may include dramatic strikes, visible on TV, and covert operations, secret even in success" (Bush).
While both men advocate quick retribution and continued action against terrorists, Blair's speech seems far more balanced and humane. He says, "This is the moment to bring the faiths closer together in understanding of our common values and heritage, a source of unity and strength" (Blair Two). Bush attempts to bring the American people together as well, but uses…
Blair, Tony. "Tony Blair's Speech (part one)." GardianUnlimited.com. 2 Oct. 2001. 28 Feb. 2007. http://politics.guardian.co.uk/labour2001/story/0,1414,562006,00.html
Tony Blair's Speech (part two)." GardianUnlimited.com. 2 Oct. 2001. 28 Feb. 2007. http://politics.guardian.co.uk/labourconference2001/story/0,1220,561988,00.html
Bush, George W. "Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People." WhiteHouse.gov. 20 Sept. 2001. 28 Feb. 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov /news/releases/2001/09/20010920-8.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
There is plenty of anecdotal evidence to support this theory -- several prominent school shootings have been ostensibly linked to video game playing -- but real scientific evidence is also emerging that suggests a more subtle but similar effect. In one study, college-age participants who had spent time playing olfenstein 3D, a first person shooter computer game, "punished" their opponents by subjecting them to loud noises of high intensity more frequently and for longer periods of time than participants that had played a non-violent computer game. In the words of Dr. Craig Anderson, one of the psychologists and researchers who conducted the study, "violent video games provide a forum for learning and practicing aggressive solutions to conflict situations."
Basically, time spent playing violent video games is time spent learning life skills that could be detrimental and counter-productive in real world situations, and could even replace more socially valuable skills sets…
American Psychological Association. "Violence in the Media - Psychologists Help Protect Children from Harmful Effects." Accessed 13 July 2009. http://www.psychologymatters.org/mediaviolence.html
Gunter, Barrie. The Effects of Video Games on Children. Wiltshire: Sheffield Academic Press Ltd., 1998.
Jenkins, henry. "Congressional Testimony on Media Violence." Accessed 13 July 2009. http://web.mit.edu/comm-forum/papers/jenkins_ct.html
Kirsh, Steven J. Children, Adolescents, and Media Violence. London: Sage Publications, 2006.
The benefits of the Internet as an information dissemination medium are manifold, but that does not mean that true, classical criticism has lost its value. Indeed, despite the cutbacks at newspapers, classic criticism is more vital than ever. "Critics are soldiers in the on-going culture war," cott contends, inferring that the role critics play is often greater than the act of writing a review. The way people think and view the world is often shaped by criticism. When the standards of criticism are compromised, as happens when editorial control is lost, then the influence on the way people think can become negative.
cott's argument was not lost on the generally older crowd in attendance at the Carlos Museum. The Academy itself plays an important role, along with critics, in defining the elements of popular culture that have the most value. While the public has flocked to see sci-fi eyepopper Avatar…
Scott's argument was not lost on the generally older crowd in attendance at the Carlos Museum. The Academy itself plays an important role, along with critics, in defining the elements of popular culture that have the most value. While the public has flocked to see sci-fi eyepopper Avatar in record-breaking numbers, the Academy chose the Hurt Locker, a movie that Scott called "the best non-documentary about the Iraqi War," as its best picture for 2009, indicative of that film's role in telling the story of today's world. The declining role of critics in media must stand as cause for concern among its members as well, in the face of multiple online sites for movie ratings that are both democratic and chaotic.
A.O. Scott joined the New York Times in 2000 as a film critic and now writes in a number of that paper's sections, and has a syndicated film-reviewing show At The Movies. He writes about a broad range of popular culture topics for the Times, anything from The Simpsons to Romanian cinema. He was born in Massachusetts but currently lives in Brooklyn.
The speech was well-received by the crowd, which notably did not include many members of the Internet generation. Scott's fears about the state of criticism were not tempered with much optimism on the night, although he admitted that he had little sense of where the profession was going. Although he derided the "miserable state of criticism today" and had some particularly choice words for Internet critics, he also gave credit for the value of the Internet. At this point, both classical criticism and contemporary criticism share the marketplace. Whether that is a good thing or not is up for debate, with Mr. Scott seemingly on the side of classical criticism. Whether that wins out, however, has yet to be determined. When pressed about his views on the future of criticism, Scott quipped "Your guess is as good as mine."
Millions of acres totally submerged in muddy Mississippi River water. Crops ruined. People sent fleeing from their homes. Schools shut down, mom and pop corner stores wiped out.
Why do you think my fellow students and I want to become engineers? We think we can come up with better, safer and more reliable solutions to flooding. Why didn't the levees hold along the Mississippi River? Why didn't the levees around New Orleans hold during Hurricane Katrina? Why did so many people die in Katrina?
The plain and simple answer is shoddy engineering. The Army Corps of Engineers did an incomplete job and messed up in New Orleans. The engineers that built the levees along the Mississippi River did not protect the citizens. There will be more flooding in the future, and the time is now to train competent students to think up new and better ideas to protect people and…
Speech on Alcoholism and Addiction
Main Points: I. Alcoholism is an addiction, not a character flaw.
Treating alcoholism requires modern rehabilitation methods.
The "Twelve-Step" program advocated by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
represents an extremely effective route to recovery.
Central Idea: For centuries, society has viewed addiction to alcohol and other substances as a defect in one's moral fiber, rather than a medical affliction. Modern scientific exploration into the subject of addiction has revealed that alcoholism is actually the result of neurotransmitters in the brain becoming activated, chemical responses throughout the body, genetic influences, and even environmental factors. By revising the widespread belief that addiction to alcohol is one's own "fault," and recognizing the litany of variables which determine whether somebody will be prone to addictive tendencies, the stigma placed on alcoholism may eventually be lifted.
A. For as long as mankind been aware that the actions of an individual are…
Dodes, L. (2002). The heart of addiction: A new approach to understanding and managing alcoholism and other addictive behaviors. New York, NY: Harper-Collins
Narcotics Anonymous Fellowship. (1991). An introductory guide to narcotics anonymous, revised. Narcotics Anonymous World Services, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.na.org/admin/include/spaw2/uploads/pdf/litfiles/us_english/Booklet/Intro Guide to NA.pdf
Braitenberg and Schuz (1998) stated that the average number of synaptic connections per neuron in the human cortex is approximately 10,000. This knowledge implies a huge potential for referential and recursive relationships between mental representations of elements like words and rules of syntax. Consider how the study of speech errors such as anticipation and perseveration are an important aspect of research on speech production. What is the most significant characteristic these types of speech errors reveal about the speaker's processing of intent into spoken words? Why?
Language is a characteristic of humans: every normal human being speaks; animals do not (Joyshree, 2014). That is, language is limited to humans only. While other animals interact with each other through a rigid collection of symbols, no group of animals possesses human language's combinatorial conventions, wherein symbols permute into an indefinite number of combinations, all of which have determinate meanings (Joyshree, 2014).
Croot K., Claudia A., Amy H. (2010).Prosodic structure and tongue twister errors. In Wook K.C. And Melissa A.R. (2012). The distribution of speech errors in multi-word prosodic units. Laboratory Phonology. 3(1): 5 -- 26.
Joyshree S. (2014). Lack of Syntax (Recursive Abilities) in the Natural Communication of Non-human Primates. Retrieved from: http://www.academia.edu/252113/Lack_of_Syntax_Recursive_Abilities_in_the_Natural_Communication_of_Non-human_Primates
Keating Patricia A, S. Shattuck-Hufnagel. (2002). A prosodic view of word form encoding for speech production. In Wook K.C. And Melissa A.R. (2012). The distribution of speech errors in multi-word prosodic units. Laboratory Phonology. 3(1): 5 -- 26.
Levelt Willem J.M. (1989). Speaking: From intention to articulation. In Wook K.C. And Melissa A.R. (2012). The distribution of speech errors in multi-word prosodic units. Laboratory Phonology. 3(1): 5 -- 26.
The fundamentalists have played upon the "pathological distrust" of intellectuals that has been fostered in the hearts and minds many Muslims (309). Islamic intellectuals have done little to diffuse this distrust, but they must diffuse it, if Islam is to survive in a healthy fashion.
Intellectuals must show that democratic ideals are Islamic ideals, and this must be expressed in a way that is persuasive to everyday Muslims. Muslim dissident scholarship is growing, particularly in Egypt and Iran, in the language of the common populace, and this must be encouraged. If rational and pro-democratic voices of intellectuals do not quickly learn to speak in a more accessible fashion about economic privation and the political concerns that occupy the minds of ordinary Muslims living in Islamic nations, these intellectuals will lose any chance of gaining a platform in the community.
Sachedina, Abdulaziz. "hy Democracy, hy Now?" From Islam and…
Sachedina, Abdulaziz. "Why Democracy, Why Now?" From Islam and Contemporary Issues. pp. 307-310.
educationists and teachers in the classroom today is identifying and dealing with children who have a speech, language or communication impairment, which negatively impacts on learning.. Many children find it difficult to understand how conversation works or don't make use of language at all. There are different terms used to describe specific speech and language difficulties, including "phonological difficulties, articulation difficulties, verbal dyspraxia, dysarthria, semantic pragmatic disorder, Asperger Syndrome and selective mutism." (Speech Impairments)
These specific speech and language difficulties can impact severely on the development and natural psychological and social growth of the child. Furthermore, it can also lead to further and more complicated problems - as will be discussed in this paper. "Children with a variety of speech and language impediments are increasing at risk as their language abilities fall behind those of their peers." (Children and Mental Health)
Emphasis must also be placed on recognizing the speech…
Bradford, J. Using multisensory teaching methods. Retrieved February 6, 2005, from Dyslexia magazine Com. Web site: http://www.dyslexia-parent.com/mag30.html
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21st century worker: Keeping employees motivated in a global economy
Employee motivation is critical in today's hyper-competitive, global business world; as such it is an appropriate topic for the speech to be presented to Hongkong Electric Holdings. Please find following the brief for this presentation. In this brief you will find the many factors that were taken into consideration, in its preparation. These include the best approach for this specific audience, how the topic had to be developed and limited to again fit with this specific audience's needs, what cultural adaptations were made for this presentation, and what aspects of the speech will connect with the company.
The 21st century worker: Keeping employees motivated in a global economy
Employee motivation is critical in today's hyper-competitive, global business world; as such it is an appropriate topic for the speech to be presented to Hongkong Electric Holdings. Please find following the…
Doyle, T. (1997). Analyzing your audience. Retrieved June 1, 2004, at http://www.abacon.com/pubspeak/analyze/analyze.html.
Earle, H.A. (Dec. 2003). Building a workplace of choice: Using the work environment to attract and retain top talent. Journal of Facilities Management, 2(3). Retrieved June 1, 2004, from Business Source Premier database.
Recruitment. (No date). Retrieved June 1, 2004, at http://www.heh.com/recruit/index.htm .
Simons, J.A., Irwin, D.B., & Drinnien, B.A. "Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs." Psychology - The Search for Understanding. (1987). Retrieved June 1, 2004, at http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/maslow.htm . http://www.abacon.com/pubspeak/analyze/analyze.html
However, Jefferson's "Declaration of Independence" also amounted to a declaration of war. He was well aware that the British government would not simply let the colonists pull away from England and declare themselves their own country or countries. England made huge profits from the American colonies and were not about to just roll over and let them cut themselves free simply because they didn't like a few laws the Parliament had passed.
In contrast to this is King's speech. While he lists the inequalities involved with being Black in a White-dominated America, he called for people to come together. He said, "I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood." He knew it was a dream and not a reality, as did…
Imagine that an institution whether political or financial wishes to make a move which is in the best interest of the people, but the media presents it as being disastrous instead. People are likely to question the validity of the decision and not only make a fuss about it, but actually impact it. Is this impact always direct? Well, sometimes, depending on the circumstances it can be. But most of the times it is an indirect one, because people will sanction the authorities which take decision directly affecting them. these authorities are naturally the political ones. And it is safe to assume that political authorities wish to maintain their power for as long as possible and not be sanctioned by the people because of their incapacity to manage the media communicated message. I think that now, the connection between politics- economy- media and the construction of economic relations across borders…