Stem Cells. It Will Consider The Current Research Paper

Length: 5 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Genetics Type: Research Paper Paper: #94244861 Related Topics: Periodontal Disease, Stem Cell Research, Cloning, Nuclear Medicine

Excerpt from Research Paper :

¶ … stem cells. It will consider the current moral discourse on the issue of stem cells and at the same time look at the basics or the foundation of stem cells themselves. How these cells can be utilized to conduct studies in cloning will be dwelt upon as well.

The pertinent issue on the floor of the U.S. congress in the deliberations on stem cell studies on humans is how to handle embryonic stem cell research (ESR), a kind of research that may generate crucial lifesaving therapies, which demands the damaging of embryos. Present national government regulations and policy documents tackle this issue basically via the limits on federal funding allocated to ESR (Aylesworth, 2010). The U.S. Department of Human Health Services is not permitted to spend any money on making human embryos for studies whereby the embryos will be damaged, thrown away, or intentionally be exposed to risks such as injury or worse by the Dickey amendment. Therefore specifically this particular congressional amendment prevents the use of HHS monies to create new embryonic stem cell lines (which may entail the destruction of embryos), however it does not prevent doing research using already created lines (Aylesworth, 2010).

Stem cell technique is among the most amazing innovations in the field of medicine in over a hundred years. Medical therapies founded on the use of stem cells have a great possibility of treating a lot of difficult-to-treat ailments and injuries that we may suffer in our lives. On the other hand our own inherent stem cell masses are important and require some consideration as well. They are unnoticed but play a great part in our daily well-being, aging and lastly reproduction (Knoepfler, 2013).

There are masses of inherent stem cells in the


Each and every day stem cells play an important role as the body's minute defenses having a huge impact. This is what fascinates researchers in the transplant branch of stem cell studies (Knoepfler, 2013). In each tissue of everyone's body, stem cells are always surveying ready to spring into action when one gets injured or diseased. They are activated immediately one gets injured and carry out their task as a battalion of tiny physicians, inside the body. They are our defenses against ailments. The way these inherent stem cells work assists us researchers to envisage how, when transplanted to patients the stem cells will act. This is a budding sort of medicine. It is expected that the stem cells that are transplanted to the recipient patient will function similar to our inherent stem cells, or maybe even superior and stronger (Knoepfler, 2013).

Cloning and Stem Cells

The sheep named "Dolly" was created by moving a nucleus from a well differentiated udder cell to a cytoplasm of an egg cell whose nucleus had been removed. Therefore it had to be remolded from an initial condition that matched that of an ordinary udder cell and its features to an embryonic condition or state. In this condition most genes that are for a particular tissue are deactivated while those that are pluripotent are now activated. Somehow this remolding stage is highly ineffective and subject to mistakes. Most likely this happens in a stochastic way, in a way that only a minor percentage of chimeric cells ever grow to the point that allows embryonic development to take place. Over the last 6 years no means to enhance or improve this remolding stage have been recognized. However what is certain is that various cell types function better or more efficiently than others (Voneky and Wolfrum, 2004). For instance the process of cloning via nuclear transfer has been known to be at least 20 times more effective when done from embryonic cells than from the adult one. This seems logical, because a majority of the pluripotent genes in embryonic cells will by now be activated and those that are particular to a tissue will be deactivated, hence demanding less remolding when compared to adult cells. It has been suggested a number of times, but not proven, that the entire genetic make-up of stem cells in adults might look like the genome of embryonic cell types.…

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