Theories Of Psychology In Group Work Research Paper

Length: 4 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Children Type: Research Paper Paper: #79630563 Related Topics: Social Cognitive Theory, Psychodynamic Theories, Psychodynamic Theory, Social Learning Theory
Excerpt from Research Paper :

¶ … Psychology in Group Work

Learning Theory

There are many theories that describe the process of human development. Most of us have identified with the learning theory. The learning theory has been given credit because it makes sense. In this article, we shall discuss one theory, which the author developed in an educational setting. The focus is on Bandura who is the key theorist in his learning theory (Agnew, 2007). Behaviors are taken into focus in Bandura's learning theory. The theory is significantly useful offering techniques of teaching and modifying of behavior. In the following sections, examples are going to be provided. This study will begin with clarification of the basic concept of the specified theory. This will be followed with a discussion of the theory's practical use: both classroom and clinical application (Bandura, 2006).

The learning theory of Bandura

The learning theory of Bandura provides that we learn from one another through modeling, imitation, and observation. This theory has often been referred to as link between cognitive and behaviorist learning theories. This is because the theory has incorporated motivation, attention, and memory. Bandura provides suggestions, arguing that the learning process must be perceived through observation and modeling behaviors, emotional reactions, and attitudes. Based on his theory, some of the significant features that insinuate learning are as follows:

The features and attention of the observer (level of understanding, interest, and reinforcement of the observer)

Organization and retention of mental association

Both mental and physical practice and exercise

Observed and experienced consequence or motivation by performers of the task


One example of the clinical application is a person trying to overcome the challenge of phobia trying to offer help to another person suffering from the same disorder. Bandura experimented people who had snake phobia. Such people viewed others who disguised being afraid of snakes getting closer to them but knew that they were pretending. The participants who took part in this tried and to their surprise and managed to overcome their fears (Shaffer & Kipp, 2010).

Classroom Applications

Bandura has employed the theory to design activities meant for both infants and pre-school children. Children usually learn by examples. An infant will always strive to try what they see especially activities that are accompanied with rewards. When communicating with a toddler, one must ensure eloquence, deliberate words, and complete sentences. Infants always transform what they hear to verbal. If the environment of the child is covered with a lot of violence, this is what the child will grow up to be. This might justify the reason why the author suggests the need to monitor the amount of television content that a child is exposed to viewing (Toseland & Rivas, 2012).

The most important period in life is the infancy stage, which is very significant to the basic needs of the child before the child can learn new things. With this tactic, the child can focus his or her attention somewhere else such as productive activities rather than its own wants and needs. In Bandura's theory, he argues that before a child is ready to learn, their needs must be satisfied first. This argument supports point where he states that attention is a necessity in learning by example. When a baby's needs are met, it will be easy to allow them focus more on other activities. Learning outcomes are improved when the activities at hand are prioritized (Gang & Akers, 2006).

If infants are held, scared and left hungry, they will not be able to learn. There is a certain time during infancy when all the needs of infants are met. Infants usually require frequent sleep, love, food, and reassurance thus the planning of lessons for infants is very difficult. At this…

Sources Used in Documents:


Agnew, R. (1985). A revised strained theory of delinquency. Social Forces 64 (1): 151-167. doi:


Bandura, A. (2006). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory.

Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall

Cite this Document:

"Theories Of Psychology In Group Work" (2013, February 22) Retrieved July 4, 2022, from

"Theories Of Psychology In Group Work" 22 February 2013. Web.4 July. 2022. <>

"Theories Of Psychology In Group Work", 22 February 2013, Accessed.4 July. 2022,

Related Documents
Theory of Group Development
Words: 2629 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Business - Management Paper #: 4997968

Group Develoment Theory of Group Development Cognitive Behavior Therapy Cognitive Behavior Therapy is one of the group development theories or models that are used in today's societies and institutions. The validity of making and developing groups is geared towards equitable management of the available group and behavior of people within an institution or place of work. According to Cognitive Behavior Therapy, group development is a lucrative endeavor that has to be worked

Cognitive Theory and Social Work
Words: 1015 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 85741449

Both types of reflection are ways to restructure cognition. Dynamic reflection focuses on problems and problem solving, while existential reflection seeks to discover meaning in life. In either case, the helper's role is to facilitate the reflection process. Congruence with Social Work Values and Ethics To determine the congruence between cognitive therapy and social work values and ethics, the writer consulted the National Association of Social Worker's (NASW) Code of Ethics

Organizational Psychology Group Dynamics
Words: 1232 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Business Paper #: 13385446

Organizational Behavior An Examination of Group Dynamics Group work is often times the most honest and productive type of work because of the challenges, the exchange of ideas and the creativity-promoting environment it inherently contains. Group work, however, is most productive when group dynamics function smoothly. It is for this reason that organizational behavior is important to study in order to see what, in fact, achieves the kind of productive behavior expected

Group Counseling Attitudes and Perspectives
Words: 5248 Length: 19 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 78161847

Group counseling helps to advance self understanding and awareness which may combat repressive tendencies. Teaching coping skills in a group setting can help participants to develop needed tools and stimulate psychological growth (Lambie & Sias, 2009). Participants in group counseling also learn positive interpersonal/social skills that can be generalized beyond the hospital setting and applied in daily living (Shechtman, 2004). Cancer patients learn to adapt to novel social situations and

Group Counseling This Work Explores
Words: 4344 Length: 17 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 11183732

) may typically be used in the conduction of the activity; and 3) Activities can be standardized and adapted with a minimum of alteration for use across groups and members so that a common framework can be replicated. (Trotzer, 2004) The main feature of activities are: 1) Technical; and 2) Mechanical and have "...parameters and directions that make them merely tools." (Trotzer, 2004) Categorization of the activities of a group are on the

Group Therapy Dynamics by the
Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 57406059

Goals -- For Bion, groups have specific goals that are differentiated by the manner of dissonance individuals bring: drug dependency, sexual abuse, a fatal disease, etc. This coming together out of homogeneity with a clear and stated aim -- dealing with the issue. Each group may or may not be identical in make up; for instance, there can be commonalities within the group, but the goal is the same. Uncovering