Understanding The Dynamics Of New Public Management Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Government Type: Essay Paper: #60788663 Related Topics: Bureaucracy, Customer Relationship Management, Waste Management, Government Agencies
Excerpt from Essay :

Public Management

The History, Evolution And Purpose Of Public Management

The following study discourses that the new perspective of public management has addressed inadequacies and failures in public sector performance in recent years. The concepts applied locate problems lying in the scope and processes of public administration and public sector activity. The centralized bureaucracies, inefficiency and waste in resource use have addressed issues of inadequate accountability mechanisms among other matters in public management. The memo illustrates the shift in which traditional public administration has transformed into new public management in the consideration of immediate theoretical backgrounds. The principal agendas of reform within new public management are representative of the experiences, and possible adaptation of changes in the governance structures international basis.

In Europe, authorities are expected to ensure that the levels of performance are consistent with existing performance. This scale applies to the top 25% authorities where time targets are selected. Further, the overall objective is 2% yearly in efficiency improvement. The issue of accountability allows citizens to have an empowerment of public management reforms. The public sector organizations, as well as other local authorities, have been subjected to diverse performance standards with requirements of meeting an increasingly high-performance target. However, various service providers define the goals and norms. Citizens in the public have minimal influence on the service provision standards....


A citizen's charter allows public services' users to have an empowered level in providing meaningful consumer powers and services.

One of the warrants of the argument is that hands-on professional practices of management have a high probability of yielding desirable outcomes. People with particular involvement in public service delivery require a proactive management concept in reacting to administrative needs. Modern general managers are expected to have discretion within decision-making practices in areas of responsibility. This is different from the traditional public administration where operations are based on established rules and regulations. The implemented policies for any government lack discretionary advances and other direct responsibilities. Public management also allows for active individual decision-making authorities with shared responsibility for public service. The alternative public management lies in the middle of public sector activities while professional managers are perceived as the ingredients of improving public sector performance (Box et al., 2001).

The second warrant is the explicit level of performance standards. New public management has brought about rigorous performance measures in public sector institutions. The concept illustrates that the organizations should pay more attention toward fulfilling the goals and policies in the delivery of other services. Subjecting the public managers in the performance evaluation leads to disciplinary mechanisms that compel the public sector bodies into focusing on immediate and specific responsibilities. It is important to undertake the tasks in an efficient and effective manner. Public management modules argue for the performance measurement…

Sources Used in Documents:


Behn, Robert, D. (1995). The Big Questions of Public Management. Public Administration Review 55(4):313-324.

Behn, Robert D. (1998). The New Public Management Paradigm and the Search for Democratic Accountability. The International Public Management Journal 1(2):131-164.

Box Richard et al. (2001). New Public Management and Substantive Democracy. Public Administration Review 61(5):608-619

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