Technology and Disaster Management People who are in vulnerable areas for instance in the case of flooding and mudslides can be warned in advance through the communication technologies. Authorities can also be made aware of the possible disasters and advised accordingly on what to communicate to the people within their jurisdictions. In the case of any hazardous material exposure, the only reliable tool that can help track its prevalence is the communication technology through which people can call in or send short messages or even emails to give their reports on the same.
Technological improvements have seen the face of disaster management in the recent past change significantly from the times when disasters use to strike unawares, the response was uncoordinated, recovery was unprofessionally doe and generally the damages left behind after disasters, be they natural or man made, were of colossal measures. The role of communication in disaster management is the focus of this particular section of the paper, the areas where communication comes in handy to help in disaster management will be highlighted below.
The most significant section of any disaster management is the mitigation of the disaster. If there is anything that can be done to stop a disaster from happening or a natural disaster from affecting a population, then that is deemed the most valuable step. The sensing technologies can be used in mitigating disaster for instance the stream gauging systems to tell the possibility of flooding by river runoff, the earthquake sensors to warn of an approaching earthquake and the use of the data collected by the satellite to map out the vulnerable areas to an approaching cyclone and typhoons. These are data that can be made available through the satellite images and other sensors communicating with a central station.
In the process of disaster preparedness, the use of communication technology cannot be overlooked. There is need to have the first responders communicate with the communities that are likely to be affected and enlighten them on the way they should respond, the safe exit routes, the supplies they will need and even the precautions they need to take in the process. Disasters like terrorist attacks need a lot of ...
The communication technology cannot be overlooked in the response and recovery after a disaster has happened. Once a disaster strikes, there will be need for communication between the first responders and the affected community. With the data collected from the ground of the extent of the damage experienced and the number of people affected, the extent of the effect and the location of the affected, the communication technologies of varying levels can be employed to pass the information to the authorities, institutions and political leaders for immediate action in order to help the people in distress. There can be the use of communication technology to account for the people who area affected by the disaster and the demographic distribution of the affected for better targeted assistance to be sent to them. From the communication systems with feedback mechanisms like the short text on phone, the number of people missing can be accounted for faster in the case of a disaster. In as much as countries and organization may give forth assistance to the affected countries, without the communication technology it would be impossible to ensure the help reached the most needy places and due to the fact that many transport systems may be disrupted by the disasters, communication remains the only means to knowing where the relief is most needed. Once the relief food and other supplies as solicited for, it is through the communication channels like mails and text that the levels of supplies remaining in a given region can be determined. Communication technology can also help the relevant…
People who are in vulnerable areas for instance in the case of flooding and mudslides can be warned in advance through the communication technologies. Authorities can also be made aware of the possible disasters and advised accordingly on what to communicate to the people within their jurisdictions. In the case of any hazardous material exposure, the only reliable tool that can help track its prevalence is the communication technology through which people can call in or send short messages or even emails to give their reports on the same.
Disaster and Technology Technology In Disaster Management Information technology is the basis of effective decision making. Access to reliable and accurate information is important after a disaster since it opens, share and coordinate system. Access to reliable, accurate and timely information at all levels of society is crucial immediately before, during, and after a disaster. In preparedness for disaster communication needs to anticipate a situation which involves ICT element including; broadcasting radio, television,
The disaster management plan will minimize the potentialities of the disaster in the areas as follows: (1) Minimizing potential economic loss; (2) Decreasing potential exposures; (3) Reducing the probability of occurrence; (4) Reduction of disruptions to operations; (5) providing an orderly recovery; (6) minimizing insurance premiums; (7) reduction of reliance on certain key individuals; (8) protecting organizational assets; (9) ensuring the safety of personnel and customer; (10) Reducing disruptions
A b) Event management People react differently when faced with disaster, some may respond and follow the disaster response plan without a problem, other may forget key instructions and follow their own plans, the most dangerous situations however, are when individuals freeze and fail to act when disaster strikes. Response before, during and after a disaster can be the difference between life and death. (Bridegan et al., 1997) Failure to heed
Magma and gasses building up just below the surface before an eruption can cause a bulge many miles in diameter. Since they are so large, these swells cannot be seen by the naked eye (Kerr, 2003). Satellite-borne radars alert volcanologists when such bulges appear. The satellites monitor global positioning (GPS) devices on the ground, using triangulation to mark whether the ground is bulging. Yet, again, the lack of a
The lack of onsite training and motivation is not a problem anymore as terrorists get to watch videos of dangerous activities (destroying helicopters, beheading soldiers etc.) and read digitized letters of suicide bombers. Google earth is a software which uses satellite images to enhance maps to a whole new level. However its capabilities can backfire with regards to safety as terrorists might use it to plan attacks on crucial
This is an important element, in reducing the overall amounts of collateral damage and casualties from these events. How the Use of this Technology is Helping to Address Risk Management The use of this technology will play an interconnected role in the larger disaster management plan that an organization will utilize. Where, it will consist of two parts to include: prevention and response. Prevention is when you are taking into account