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This internship in education administration provided me with a number of takeaways that will benefit me throughout my career. I learned how to create a safe, collegial environment for change in teacher practice. My strategies enabled a full court press on the issues facing the math department, and strengthened the will of the team to get the job done by insisting each member believes it is important to "Do your job!" My experience plowed through a maelstrom of perceptions -- some pre-conceived and some formed during the internship experience. I am confident I will be a better education administrator for having spent this time at Dunn Middle School.
Teachers face many challenges in classrooms today; one of the most difficult of these challenges is the ensuring that teachers engage in activities that serve as a foundation for continuous improvement. Staff development programs and services are integral to educational…
VI. POSSIBLE BRRIERS
Identified as possible barriers to implementation of assessment and assignment to remedial mathematics for frican-merican students to assist them in preparation for high school mathematics are the barriers presenting due to:
Lack of resources;
ttendance rates of students.
V. STEPS to IMPLEMENTTION
The above-stated proposal must be introduced to the district superintendent as well as administrators at schools throughout the school district. Support for the remedial mathematics program must be garnered among other teachers in schools throughout the school district. Toward this end, a copy of the proposal will be forwarded to all teachers of mathematics in the school district as well as to the school administrators, principals and the superintendent for the school district. Furthermore, local meetings will be held with representatives of the frican-merican communities in the school district to garner the general support for the remedial mathematics program…
Statistics and Test Scores: ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Madison_High_School_ (Dallas,_Texas)
With conscious awareness, the school leader becomes a reflective practitioner and therefore a more effective school leader. The readers must heed the words of the authors that "the variety of skills a leader must master is daunting" (p. 62). Therefore the authors prescribe that these responsibilities should not fall simply on one individual but rather a upon a distributed leadership team.
n Chapter 4, the authors present meta-analysis of the 21 behaviors or responsibilities of the principals that "have a statistically significant relationship with student achievement" (p. 64). Each responsibility is explained and its correlation with achievement is reported. Describing each responsibility, the authors give several scenarios which describe what each responsibility would do in the actual setting. The scenarios give practitioners a clear understanding of each one. For instance, in the Change Agent responsibility: "the school leader demonstrates [Change Agent responsibility]...when he makes a commitment to implement a new…
In conclusion, School Leadership that Works gives school administrators 21 responsibilities of which school leaders should be aware. The authors claim that their research "indicates that school leadership has a substantial effect on student achievement and provides guidance for experienced and aspiring administrators alike" (p.12). They sum up their work with a universalistic goal: "It is our hope that the information presented in this book will help principals and others translate their vision and aspirations into actions that will change not only our schools, but potentially, the world" (p. 123).
Marzano, R.J.; McNulty, B.A. And Waters, T. (2005). School Leadership that Works: From Research to Results. Alexandra, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Education Discrimination to Teachers
Teacher Discrimination Cases
Educational instructors, especially the teachers provide the necessitated skills and knowledge to students, thereby equipping them with essential life skills. The teachers are in most cases employed by union organizations, but in some state and cities, they are directly employed from the school boards. In the latter situation, teacher-related issues are handled by the respective school's board committees. Despite the employer's position or rank, individual or board, the teachers' constitutional rights need to be obeyed and implemented accordingly. However, laws pertaining discrimination are increasingly filed in the courts, and has seen several teachers win. The employer's are prohibited by the federal and state law from conducting decision-making processes that affect teachers from a discriminatory criterion. Some decisions are made in consideration of a teacher's race, age, ethnic origin, religion, physicality, gender and even color. Decisions of hiring, paying and promotion to the…
United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit. (1995). Bernadette Reynolds, Plaintiff-Appellant v. Denver Public Schools, Retrieved from URL< https://bulk.resource.org/courts.gov/c/F3/69/69.F3d.1523.94-1009.html>
Thomasville City Schools Settle EEOC Age Discrimination Suit: Arlene Lent vs. Thomasville City Schools. U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Retrieved from URL
Sargeant, M. (2008). The Law on Age Discrimination. London: Kluwer Law International.
Buckley, J.F. (2011). Equal Employment Opportunity 2011 Compliance Guide w/CD. New York: Aspen Publishers.
It is no longer possible for educators to rely only on their past education or occasional teacher seminars. Teachers need to recognize that professional development is a lifelong process and a continual program of personal growth. This includes learning activities to enhance one's internal and external knowledge base. For internal growth, more learning is required on policy and procedures, curriculum development, technology use, collaboration and teamwork, and student special needs, as well as on one's personal field of subject interest -- all for the end goal of improving the school and teaching students more effectively. Externally, because of the speed of change, a teacher must keep abreast of current global affairs, trends in education and other programs that impact student learning. Today's teachers must take their leadership skills and their creative thoughts and ideas and begin to establish new ways of enhancing their schools and impacting reform. Increasingly, they will…
- in a program managed through "teacher cooperatives," which are funded by "independent organizations" (in fact commercial vendors donating to schools for tax write-off purposes and to bring positive publicity to them) - would become assigned to work in more than one school. For example, a terrific advanced physics teacher would be assigned to work in two or three high schools, mentoring other physics teachers as needed, and his or her salary would not come out of district (taxpayer) funds.
3) Major Florida musical acts in hip hop, rock, jazz, and country music will put on major benefit concerts throughout the school year, to keep funds rolling into the accounts kicked off by corporations, and to alert the public about the need for teacher retention. These concerts will be promoted and produced by top promoters in Florida button-holed into donating their services by the governor, the President of the United…
Chandler, Joe (2003). BellSouth Launches $10 million Teaching Quality Initiative;
Initiative will Support Professional Development, Teacher Recruitment and Retention, PR Newswire, 10 December.
Critical Teacher Shortage Areas (2004). "Prepared for the State Board of Education:
Office of Evaluation and Reporting," Florida State Board of Education.
Opportunities in K-12 Urban City Schools
This paper intends to show that the best educational leadership can provide to individuals is to provide students with the skills they need to skillfully and successfully cope with "today" and upon doing so to be secure in the knowledge that the tomorrows and the future will follow. This paper will research, explore and examine the options that present themselves to today's graduate student with a Master of Education K-12 Leadership in the urban city school setting.
According to Elliot W. Eisner:
The unknowable future is not a sound basis on which to plan curriculum."
Eisner that upon first contemplating the creation of a curriculum that will prepare students for the future seems to be a task that is unachievable because the future world is something we see through a "glass but darkly" concerning the future. However, as Eisner points out no…
Eisner, Elliot W. (2003) Educational Leadership "Preparing for Today and Tomorrow" [Online] available at http://www.ascd.org/cms/objectlib/ascdframeset/index.cfm?publication = http://www.ascd.org/publications/ed_lead/200312/eisner.html
Deposition of Thomas Sobolo Ed.D http://www.mofo.com/decentschools/expert_reports/sobol_report.pdf
Deposition of Jeannie Oakes, Ph.D
Eisner, Elliot W. (2003) Educational Leadership "Preparing for Today and Tomorrow"
13. I also think that field experiences in the community are extremely necessary for success.
14. I don't think enough teachers complete their practicum or student teach in minority schools, and I think this area is underserved and not supported enough by administration and community in many areas.
15. I don't think many teachers would want immersion, living and teaching in a minority community, and I think this is far underserved in the educational community.
16. The group-setting model is very prevalent, and it does make for more challenge and support throughout college.
Almost all of these elements are extremely relevant to the 21st century learner, teacher, and total school environment. As classrooms become more diversified and unique, today's teachers must make more attempts to understand the different blends of students and cultures that fill their classroom, and educational curriculum is key to this basic understanding. Classrooms are not going…
Coballes-Vega, C. (1992). Considerations in teaching culturally diverse children. Retrieved from the Eric Digests Web site: http://www.ericdigests.org/1992-4/diverse.htm31 Aug. 2007.
Willis, a.I. (2000). Critical issue: Addressing literacy needs in culturally and linguistically diverse classrooms. Retrieved from the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory Web site: http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/content/cntareas/reading/li400.htm31 Aug. 2007.
Zeichner. (1993). 16 key elements of effective teacher education for diversity. Retrieved from the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory Web site: http://ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/presrvce/pe3lk5.htm31 Aug. 2007.
It is important to recognize the many different areas within adult education, and what type of students these areas attract. Ultimately, for the adult education department to be successful, it must attract a wide variety of students, and keep at least some of those students coming back to continue their education in order to be successful. Adult education serves a vital role in the upper education system, and it serves a diverse amount of people, but in most institutions it also has to support itself if not turn a profit, and that is an important aspect to take into consideration. Therefore, classes must be viable to the institution, but to the student, as well, to keep attracting a wide variety of students into the program.
In addition, diverse students could form a major foundation of the program, and so, it pays to understand these diverse learners so administrators and teaching…
The therapist will read the passage aloud to Jonathan, and ask him comprehension questions orally. This process will be repeated during Week 3. Week 3 will also feature a passage and comprehension questions. This time, however, Jonathan will be asked to read the passage aloud to the therapist and answer the subsequent comprehension questions. This week will include a writing exercise, with fairly simple instructions that relate to Jonathan's passion for athletics.
During Week 4, the complexity level of the reading will be increased to Level 2, with writing instruction still remaining fairly simple. Jonathan will also be asked to learn a number of similar word pairs for a brief spelling test. For Week 5, both reading and writing will be presented at a Level 2 complexity level. This will continue up to Week 8, when the sessions will finish. During the subsequent week, the post-tests will be administered to…
(3) How might you pose a question regarding No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in order to reveal your interviewee's philosophy regarding education?
"Do you believe that the increased focus on standardized testing within the NCLB concept is beneficial to the educational interests of students or harmful to those interests?"
"Do you believe that educational systems should place greater emphasis or less emphasis on standardized testing and why?"
(4) Does the tenure of your interviewee affect his or her philosophy? How do you pose a question so that it will reveal this information?
Absolutely. The tenured of educators would naturally affect their philosophies, particularly to the extent the length of time since their training makes more experienced educators less aware of changes in and the evolution of educational concepts to which they were never exposed. One question that might be useful to reveal this information would be: "What recent changes or…
S. is a worthwhile goal, but the No Child Left Behind Act of 2002 is a poorly conceived approach whose deficiencies may actually do more to undermine many aspects of education than any meaningful improvement inspired by its programs.
Caillier, J. (2007) No Child Left Behind Act: Are States on Target to Make Their
Goals?; Journal of Negro Education, Fall 2007 Issue. etrieved September 8, 2008, at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3626/is_200710/ai_n25139930/pg_10
Crawford, J. (2004) No Child Left Behind: Misguided Approach to School Accountability for English Language Learners. National Association for Bilingual Education. etrieved September 8, 2008, at http://www.nabe.org/documents/policy_legislation/NABE_on_NCLB.pdf
Darling-Hammond, L. (2004) NCLB Implementation Challenges: The Local Superintendent's View; Peabody Journal of Education, 80, 156-169.
Forgary, . (1997) Brain Compatible Classrooms. Andover, MA: Skylight Publishing.
Hendrie, C. (2002) Taking a Chance on Choice; Education Week, Oct 23, 2002. etrieved September 8, 2008, from www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=08choice.h22
Murray, C. (2006) Acid Tests: No Child Left Behind…
Caillier, J. (2007) No Child Left Behind Act: Are States on Target to Make Their
Goals?; Journal of Negro Education, Fall 2007 Issue. Retrieved September 8, 2008, at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3626/is_200710/ai_n25139930/pg_10
Crawford, J. (2004) No Child Left Behind: Misguided Approach to School Accountability for English Language Learners. National Association for Bilingual Education. Retrieved September 8, 2008, at http://www.nabe.org/documents/policy_legislation/NABE_on_NCLB.pdf
Darling-Hammond, L. (2004) NCLB Implementation Challenges: The Local Superintendent's View; Peabody Journal of Education, 80, 156-169.
Need for Study
Roles and Responsibilities of Assistant Principals
Historical Perspective of Assistant Principal Roles
Prior and Current Research Studies of Assistant Principal Roles
Assistant Principals and Use of Instructional Leadership
Transforming Assistant Principals into Instructional Leaders: Key Obstacles
General consensus indicates that the role of the assistant principals should move beyond its traditional clerical and disciplinary heritage to evolve to instructional leaders that deal with curriculum development, teacher and instructional effectiveness, clinical supervision, staff development and teacher evaluation. Yet, historical and current research shows that there has been little change in the assistant principal occupation since its origin in 1920. This paper uncovers research that tries to reconcile why the role change that practically everyone seems to want to happen hasn't been that quick to occur. As these reasons are better identified and understood, perhaps the twenty first century will see a positive transformation in the role of…
Anderson, L., & Pigford, A. (1987). Removing administrative impediments to instructional improvement efforts. Theory Into Practice, 26(1), 67-71.
Calabrese, Raymond (1987). A comparative analysis of alienation among secondary school administrators. Planning and Changing, 18(2), 90-97.
Chell, J. (1994) Introducing principals to the role of instructional leadership. SSTA Research Centre Report 95(14), 1-73.
Fullan, M. (1991). The new meaning of educational change. New York: Teachers College Press.
An Analysis of the book "Life in Schools" by Peter McLaren
Peter McLaren is a well-known proponent for enforcing social reform and teaching and discussing about new issues in education and critical theory, which is the critical pedagogy and multicultural education. His extensive works regarding the study of critical pedagogy has already made him popular and well received by students, scholars, and readers who are in line of thinking with Paulo Freire, one of the most famous educational thinkers who revolutionized the way scholars treat the problem of education in the contemporary American society. The book "Life in Schools: An Introduction to Critical Pedagogy in the Foundation of Education," (4th edition), published by Allyn & Bacon, is a reflection of McLaren's belief about the radical change the educational system needed, and the social reform the educational system needs in order relieve the poor, 'oppressed' people from suffering the commercialization…
Nature of Probable Research
The South Bronx section of New York is among the poorest and most diverse school districts in America. Crime and teenage pregnancy have plagued the primarily Hispanic and Afro-American Bronx community for decades. However, in recent years there has been a concerted effort to curb the dire social conditions and education system. For the purposes of our research we will focus on the efforts to improve the educational system through before school and after school programs.
The probable research will involve studying the effects of before school and after school programs on a low performing middle school in the South Bronx section of New York City. The research will examine the manner in which these programs have been implemented and the students that benefit from the programs. The investigation will also discuss the conditions present in some of the middle schools in the South Bronx…
Worth, Robert. (1999) Guess Who Saved the South Bronx? Big Government. Washington Monthly. Volume: 31. Issue: 4. Page Number: 26.
Zinsmeister, Karl (2002) The insufferable wonder. The American Enterprise. Volume:
13. Issue: 4. Page Number: 4+.
What works for one child is not necessarily going to work for the next. So how can one promote the use of standardized tests as the only way to measure educational learning and success? The premise of the No Child Left Behind Act is very honorable. Each child should be taught by the best teachers that there are and each school should be held accountable for making sure that this occurs. But the measuring device that this act relies on is faulty. It places so much emphasis on the scores of the tests that all of the other educational ideas are being lost among the numbers.
Beveridge, Tina. (2010). No Child Left Behind and Fine Arts Classes. Arts Education Policy
eview. 111(1), p4-7.
Caillier, James. (2010). Paying Teachers According to Student Achievement: Questions
egarding Pay-for-Performance Models in Public Education. Clearing House. 83(2),
Derthick, Martha and Dunn, Joshua M.…
Beveridge, Tina. (2010). No Child Left Behind and Fine Arts Classes. Arts Education Policy
Review. 111(1), p4-7.
Caillier, James. (2010). Paying Teachers According to Student Achievement: Questions
Regarding Pay-for-Performance Models in Public Education. Clearing House. 83(2),
How are these expectations communicated to your students?
I communicate my expectations to my students in written and verbal form when possible. At the beginning of each lesson, I hand out the overview of the lesson, which outlines the key deliverables and points of assessment. This helps students understand exactly what I will be looking for, and provides them with a focus for their learning experience. I also send students periodic updates when necessary, if my expectations change or if I want to check-in with students.
How would you promote these expectations during instructional time?
During instructional time, I promote my expectations of the students differently depending on the lesson. I try as best I can to provide examples of what I am looking for, so that students are clear about my grading parameters. Moreover, I promote instructional expectations sometimes by showing why the lesson is relevant to the students'…
Nearly all failing schools fit this description (Six Secrets of School Success 2000)." If a country is to overcome educational problems, they must take into account the mentality that poverty creates and how that mentality deteriorates the wherewithal to do well in school.
Although poverty is the issue that affects most underachieving schools, the idea of the super head was conceived as the answer to poorly performing schools. According to Marshall (2001), recruiting exceptional headmasters to improve schools was begun with what was once known as the Hammersmith County School (Marshall, 2001). The local authority school was located in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham (Marshall, 2001). The neighboring schools were grant maintained and church schools (Marshall, 2001). The Hammersmith School was being closed because of poor results and OFSTED reports (Marshall, 2001). However, instead of closing the school the administration decided to reopen it and called it the…
Education. 2004. Official Site of the Labor Party. retrieved January 15, 2005 from;
Mixed feelings from 'super heads'. retrieved January 15, 2005 from; http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/2132516.stm
Superheads' call for £120k a year, (2000). retrieved January 15, 2005 from; http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/914516.stm
Fifth, the NCLB is devoid of any meaningful consequences for failing to achieve federal objectives other than the publication of such failures in conjunction with the rights of parents to request transfers of their children to better-performing academic institutions (Darling-Hammond 2004). Critics have suggested that the most likely result of enforcement of such limited consequences for noncompliance is the overcrowding of institutions who fulfill the federal requirements to their detriment by virtue of diminution in their ability to meet the educational needs of increased enrollment of low-achieving students (Sonnenblick 2008). Likewise, the NCLB Act authorizes increased federal funding of home schooling and for-profit institutions that further reduces necessary funds to public institutions.
Sixth, whereas George H. Bush articulated the connection between adequate nutrition and access to healthcare and preparedness to learn in school, the NCLB Act ignores this element entirely. Many critics and career educators believe that any proposed educational…
Adams, D. & Hamm, M. (1994). New Designs for Teaching and Learning: Promoting Active Learning in Tomorrow's Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Caillier, J. (2007) No Child Left Behind Act: Are States on Target to Make Their Goals?; Journal of Negro Education, Fall 2007 Issue. Retrieved June 26, 2008, at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3626/is_200710/ai_n25139930/pg_10
Crawford, J. (2004) No Child Left Behind: Misguided Approach to School Accountability for English Language Learners. National Association for Bilingual Education. Retrieved June 26, 2008, at http://www.nabe.org/documents/policy_legislation/NABE_on_NCLB.pdf
Darling-Hammond, L. (2004) NCLB Implementation Challenges: The Local Superintendent's View; Peabody Journal of Education, 80, 156-169. Forgary, R. (1997) Brain Compatible Classrooms. Andover, MA: Skylight Publishing.
Gardner, like Emerson, Russell, and Einstein, also criticizes the substantive choice of subject matter and the ineficiency with which traditional educational methods inspire genuine understanding or long-term retention of what is learned that way.
I think that we teach way too many subjects and we cover way too much material and the end result is that students have a very superficial knowledge, as we often say, a mile wide and an inch deep. Then once they leave school, almost everything's been forgotten. And I think that school needs to change to have a few priorities and to really go into those priorities very deeply." (Gardner 3007)
Similarly, Gardner (2007) emphasizes the importance of transforming the educational environment from the accumulative approach of traditional education and the NCL approach to one that mirrors the suggestions of Emerson, Russel, and Einstein:
we need to have the individuals who are involved in education,…
BIBLIOGRAPHY Einstein, a. (1936) on Education (From Ideas and Opinions.) New York: Crown Emerson, R.W., (1884) on Education (From a World of Ideas). Friere, P. (1972) the Banking Concept of Education (From a World of Ideas)
Gardner, H. (2000) the Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts and Standardized Tests: The K-12 Education That Every Child Deserves.
New York: Penguin Putnam.
Gardner, H. (2007): Multiple Intelligences and New Forms of Assessment. Edutopia: What Works in Public Education the George Lucas Educational Foundation. Retrieved June 30, at http://www.edutopia.org/howard-gardner-interview#graph5
Russell, B. (1926) the Functions of a Teacher (From the Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell. London: Routledge.
That leads to some problems with the new software.
We don't purchase some of the neat things that you can get. Fortunately, a number of us pressed for projectors a few years ago, and we have them in each classroom. That makes it easier for us to use the computer to teach the whole class. We don't use smart boards or other tools, other than the computers and the projectors.
What is the set up in the elementary school setting regarding labs and stations?
We generally have one or two computers per class in the elementary schools. Sometimes the teachers use it to do internet research, or to play a DVD for their class. The teachers sometimes assign remedial work to some students, who work on the computer doing exercises during school hours.
A understand from my elementary school teaching friends that there are no computer labs, and that they…
When they see the library staff in this light, teachers are more willing to work with others in improving the effectiveness of their lesson planning (by incorporating more tools and techniques). (Gregory, 2003, pp. 100-109)
Task 4: Change can be difficult for some. Think about a change you would like to see in your educational or work environment. How would you implement this change? Consider and discuss the possible resistance that you may encounter from your professional community. How would you support them throughout the change process? How would you overcome any resistance to the change?
A change that can be implemented inside an educational environment is to unify the approach educators are using in reaching out to students. What normally happens is most teachers have different theories and practices they are following. This can be problematic as some of the most experience educators may be reluctant to alter their…
Adams, C. (2006). Differeniating Instruction. Waco, TX: Puff Rock Press.
Bender, W. (2009). Differentiating Math Instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Demmitt, C. (2007). Evidence-Based Counseling. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Dryer, W. (2007). Team Building. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.
A person find that grad school, where a good chunk of the course load is self-regulating work, research, or study, requires a lot more initiative and individual responsibility than ever before. This is one area where being more mature might give a person a benefit over students who have just left undergrad school. Knowing that one must stay on top of their classes, assignments, course requirements and graduation requirements is a key. It is also very important to realize that it is up to the individual to look for and seize occasions to network, have hands-on experiences, publish or otherwise go beyond what is required on the syllabus (Danesco, 2009).
Many problems can be avoided by doing some advance planning. It helps to have a good idea of what one wants to specialize in, and preferably a couple of particular research projects that they might like to work on. It…
Azuma, Ronald T. (1999). Excellent advice about graduate school life. Retrieved April 2, 2010,
Danesco, B. (2009). How To Address the Challenges of Returning to Graduate School. Retrieved April 2, 2010, from How to do things Web site:
Failure to pursue professional development gradually relegates all academic instruction to the mere presentation of history instead of the transmission of applicable knowledge conducive to the professional competence of students.
Service to the College Parameter - 15%:
If teaching (including its professional development component) account for 75% of faculty responsibilities, the remaining 25% relate to professional efforts that relate indirectly to serving the college by facilitating learning on the part of students and to maintaining and continually improving the learning institution. Within that general parameter, the larger responsibility is to benefiting the college with the remainder benefiting the general community.
Service to the General Community Parameter - 10%: In principle, teaching is a service to the entire community in which specific service to the college and its students is simply the most direct and efficient method of enabling the institution to fulfill its role within the larger external community. Therefore,…
Other models for the proposed school include increased use of hands-on active learning instead of the traditional reliance on the passive learning-by-lecture model and rote memorization of facts from textbooks.
Technology would be integrated in two specific ways: (1) the use of electronic media and computers to increase interest and learning in traditional academic areas; and (2) with the goal of providing practical training in the use of technology systems and the development of high-tech skills that are necessary for professional success and that also ensure the continued academic success in higher education or immediate employability after high school graduation where appropriate. Activity Plan, Physical Organization, Discipline, and Play: The envisioned program would implement the Multiple Intelligences approach to academic learning in the manner described and successfully demonstrated by Gardner (2000). ecause the school would emphasize early exposure to substantive lessons presented through intelligence-type-specific modules, the physical organization would be…
Adams, D. & Hamm, M. (1994). New Designs for Teaching and Learning: Promoting
Active Learning in Tomorrow's Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Gardner, H. (1993). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York:
Basic Books. Gardner, H. (2000). The Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts and Standardized Tests: The K-12 Education That Every Child Deserves. New York: Penguin Putnam.
Specifically, they failed to change gloves in-between cleaning incontinent patients and subsequently applying ointment to other parts of the body, and handling patients' clean bed linens, food trays, and personal belongings. One several occasions, I witnessed nurse's aides fail to change gloves in-between different patients. I saw a phlebotomist unnecessarily contaminate sterile dressings by careless handling. When questioned, she responded that her method was more time efficient. I also noticed everyone from nurse's aides to senior residents routinely place containers used for waste collection onto food carts, in some cases after picking them up off the floor.
In general, it seems to me that the routine of sometimes mundane or repetitive tasks -- even in the healthcare profession -- leads to carelessness and an apathetic attitude on the part of people entrusted to ensure the health and welfare of vulnerable patients.
Without condemning any of my colleagues for their lapses,…
98). The need for ongoing research to identify optimal solutions in a given setting is also made clear by the reliance on experimental methods to measure options. The efficacy of the scientific method is well established, of course, and it is not surprising that many educators are drawn to this super-philosophy as a way of formulating effective solutions to convoluted problems. For instance, Glickman and his colleagues add that, "The use of trial and error in a laboratory setting is the key to evaluating the outcome of action. Therefore, experimentalists do not view knowledge as absolute or external to human capabilities. ather, knowledge is a result of the interaction between the scientific person and the environment" (p. 97).
The research showed that educational supervisors are faced with a complex set of challenges in their day-to-day work that demands a viable educational super-philosophy. For this purpose, the research also showed…
Brubacher, J.S. (1939). Modern philosophies of education. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Ediger, M. (1995, Spring). Demonstration teaching in the schools. Education, 115(3), 371-375.
Garubo, R.C. & Rothstein, S.W. (1998). Supportive supervision in schools. Westport, CT:
principals who are equity-oriented, marginalized dynamics may crop up in schools that are changing demographically at a rapid pace (Cooper, 2009). This essay reflects upon how educators may play the role of transformative leaders by way of carrying out cultural work that tackles inequity, addresses and/or attempts to remove socio-cultural limits, and promotes inclusion. The theories of Cornel West on 'the new cultural politics of difference' appraise the topic, as do literary works on transformative leadership to promote social justice.
Highlighting the ever-changing policy responses in the history of educational leadership, along with their contextual settings, explains the necessity for another glimpse at the manner in which educational leadership should be considered in recent times. Gale & Densmore (2003) found that educational leaders are now faced with contradictory pressures -- on the one hand, to favor some student groups over others, yet, on the other hand, to ensure that disadvantaged…
Appiah, K.A. (2006). The politics of identity. Daedulus, 135(4), 15-22.
Barrett, A. (2012). Transformative leadership and the purpose of schooling. Unpublished dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL.
Bell, D.A. (1987). Neither separate schools nor mixed schools: The chronicle of the sacrificed Black schoolchildren. In D. Bell (Ed.); And we are not saved: The elusive quest for racial justice (pp. 102 -- 122). New York: Basic Books.
Brown, K.M. (2004). Leadership for social justice and equity: Weaving a transformative framework and pedagogy. Education Administration Quarterly, 40(1), 77-108.
The Challenges of Dual Credit: A Research Proposal
Dual credit or dual enrollment programs “are designed to boost college access and degree attainment, especially for students typically underrepresented in higher education,” (United States Department of Education, 2017, p. 1). With this lofty goal set, it should seem that dual credit programs would be reducing the educational achievement gap. After all, dual credit programs by definition allow all students the opportunity to potentially shorten the amount of time they spend in college, thereby reducing their tuition fees that enable the completion of a degree program. Yet recent research shows that college enrollment and completion gaps may be getting wider, based both on ethnicity and on socioeconomic class (Gewertz, 2017). The results of the RAND study reported by Gewertz (2017) may not be applicable specifically to the state of Hawaii, and yet educational attainment disparities do continue to exist and…
Pedagogic Model for Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students
Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs. During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results. All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of special…
Social Work Dimension of the Primary Teacher's ole." This article is written about the British Education System that is similar to that of the United States. Often teachers have to act as social workers for the students and parents.
STUDY EVIEW OF THE ATICLE,
THE SOCIAL WOK DIMENSION OF THE PIMAY TEACHE'S OLE"
The article review is about the social work dimension of the primary teacher, head teachers, and other staff in Britain. This article is a report on a qualitative research that was done in 15 schools and a national survey. Data concerning social work in the school were collected through documentation, analysis, interviews and observation in 15 schools in the North East of England. "The sample consisted of three infant schools, one junior school and 11 primary schools of which one has less than 100 pupils, three had between 101-200 pupils on roll, three were between 201-300 and…
Beadi, Nancy. "From 'Teacher as Decision Maker' to Teacher as Participant in 'Shared Decision Making': Reframing the Purpose of Social Foundations in Teacher Education" Teachers College Record Fall 1996 98 (1): 77
Bucknell, David. "Practice Teaching: Problem to Solution" Social Work Education Apr 2000 19 (2): 125
Counseling and Guidance" Education Administration Abstracts Apr 1994 29 (2): 198
Feinstein, Leon & Robertson, Donald. "Pre-School Education and Attainment in the National Child Development Study and British Cohort Study" Education Economics Dec 1999 7 (3): 209
Education is one of the critical aspects in the society especially in the case of the United States. The success of education relates to the ability of the relevant authority to adopt and integrate effective and efficient educational policy with the aim of addressing goals and targets in relation to elements of the society such as economy, politics, and social spheres. One of the critical federal educational policies is the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). This is the most recent iteration in relation to the context of Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). It reflects one of the major federal laws essential in facilitating federal spending on relevant programs with the aim of supporting K-12 schooling. NCLB educational policy should focus on integration of new qualification standards for teachers, concentrate on the improvement of schools, as well as include higher-thinking and problem-solving skills.
Tavakolian, H., & Howell, N. (2012). The Impact of No Child Left Behind Act. Franklin
Business & Law Journal, (1), 70-77.
Daly, B.P., Burke, R., Hare, I., Mills, C., Owens, C., Moore, E., & Weist, M.D. (2006).
Enhancing No Child Left Behind -- School Mental Health Connections. Journal Of
Higher Education Should Be Free
Should higher education in the United States be free? An examination of available evidence suggests that it should be. I hope to go through a number of the most persuasive argumens as to why higher education in the United States should be regarded as a public good (like clean air or working highways) rather than as a market commodity (like iPhones or Furbies). The United States is definitely out of step with the rest of the world, which does not attempt to make higher education financially inaccessible to qualified applicants. The current situation with the cost of higher education in America is untenable, as students complete their studies with crippling amounts of debt. The level of student debt has additional unexpected effects on the economic and social life of the nation, as I hope to demonstrate. Moreover recent attempts to provide free higher education, done…
Bady, Aaron and Konczal, Mike. "From Master Plan to No Plan: The Slow Death of Public Higher Education." Dissent. Fall 2012. Web. Accessed 17 March 2014 at: http://www.dissentmagazine.org/article/from-master-plan-to-no-plan-the-slow-death-of-public-higher-education
Cohen, Howard. "Who Should Pay for Higher Education?" July 8, 2003. The New York Times. Web. Accessed 17 March 2014 at: http://www.nytimes.com/ref/college/collegespecial2/coll_aascu_povcohen.html
Delbanco, Andrew. "The Universities in Trouble." May 14, 2009. The New York Review of Books. Web. Accessed 17 March 2014 at: http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2009/may/14/the-universities-in-trouble/?pagination=false&printpage=true
Frank, Thomas. "The Price of Admission." June, 2012. Harper's Magazine. Web. Accessed 17 March 2014 at: http://www.tcfrank.com/essays/The_Price_of_Admission
Even under ordinary circumstances, the NCLB motivates teachers to spend more time teaching standardized test-taking and less time on substantive teaching.
The other principal set of interrelated problems currently plaguing American education is that teachers are underpaid, there is little if any correlation between performance and compensation, and tenure policies make it virtually impossible to remove bad teachers once they have achieved tenure. As a result, the teaching profession cannot attract top talent, simply because the highest performing graduates have no incentive to take on high-stress, low-paying jobs where they cannot earn more based on their superior performance. In light of the tremendous importance of improving the American education system for the well-being of the country, public education must make only very limited use of standardized testing. Public funds should be directed into programs to increase the compensation of all entry-level teachers instead of being wasted on standardized test preparation…
Caillier J. (2007). "No Child Left Behind Act: Are States on Target to Make Their
Goals?" Journal of Negro Education. Retrieved September 12, 2010, from:
Darling-Hammond L. "NCLB Implementation Challenges: The Local Superintendent's
Education Industry Marketing Distance Learning?
"Online advertisements by traditional and dot.com institutions is an indication of a new trend in mass marketing of education. The strategies are based on traditional transactional marketing approach where each transaction is treated as an isolated event" (Shaik, 2005).
The opportunities for getting a degree without having to physically attend classes have grown exponentially the past twenty years or so, thanks to the explosive growth of distance learning (also called online education). This paper delves into the marketing of distance learning, and presents a wide range of approaches by various educational institutions and marketing eb sites that promote distance education.
According to eLearners.com, a eb site that markets online colleges and universities, there are 222 colleges currently offering distance education, and there are 5.6 million students taking courses online. The eLearners.com site sells ads to online colleges and universities and offers a link to each…
College-Scholarship.com. (2011). College Scholarships, Colleges, and Online Degrees.
Retrieved October 26, 2011, from http://www.college-scholarships.com .
Education-Portal.com. (2011). Colleges and Universities that Offer Free Courses Online.
Retrieved October 25, 2011, from http://education-portal.com .
Otherwise put, the professor can impact the institutional equilibrium by no longer subjecting to the rules that govern an institution.
Directly linked to modifying the rules of equilibrium, the teaching practices can impact the equilibrium by manifesting diverse human interactions. This basically translates into a breaking of the patterns of social interactions, which will perturb the institutional balance.
Then, an impact can also be achieved even if the players behave in accordance with the rules, but they do this at varying degrees or in different manners. To better understand, take the example of a professor implementing coronation games and another promoting iterated prisoner's dilemma games. Both teachers respect the rules of the educational institution, but implement different methodologies and will likely retrieve different results. Hence, even if they both respect the same rules, the fact that they retrieve different outcomes could materialize in a disturbance of the educational equilibrium.
integration of computer technology (and especially reading software) into classrooms vis-a-vis improvement of reading development in early childhood education. For the purpose of this study, reading development includes a range of skills, including letter recognition, sound identification and basic comprehension and retrieval. The age ranged focused on in this study is birth through age eight, and is focused on a range of educational setting.
The primary source of information on this topic came from a survey of the literature, but this secondary information was supplemented by observation and surveying of two teachers with different approaches to teaching reading. The results of this observational study that I performed are somewhat inconclusive, due in large measure to the significant limitation placed on the story by the size of the group being studied.
However, while certainly more could have been learned if the sample had been larger than two (the sample had originally…
Indeed, dental issues are a big problem, but in fact they are just the top of the iceberg which is the American medical system. Even if there have been serious attempts to reform the system and introduce a universal means of publicly financing medical care for all people, "Americans have fewer doctors per capita than most Western countries. We go to the doctor less than people in other Western countries. We get admitted to the hospital less frequently than people in other Western countries. We are less satisfied with our health care than our counterparts in other countries. American life expectancy is lower than the Western average. Childhood-immunization rates in the United States are lower than average." (Gladwell, 2005) Indeed, given the fact that the U.S. is considered to be the most advanced country in the world it is rather peculiar the lack of a reasonable medical care system, one…
Ellis, J, and Celia Hartley. (2004). Nursing in today's world: challenges, issues and trends. New York: Lippicott Williams&Wilkins.
Gladwell, M. (2005) The moral hazard myth. The bad idea behind our failed health-care system. In The New Yorker. Retrieved 15 January 2007, at http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/articles/050829fa_fact
Jarvis, W. (2001). Infection Control and Changing Health-Care Delivery Systems, in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol 7, No 2. Retrieved 15 January 2007 at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol7no2/jarvis.htm
Kikuchi, J, and Helen Simmons. (1994). Developing a philosophy of nursing. New York: Sage Publications.
Green's work entitled "Your First Year As A Principal: Everything You Need To Know that They Don't Teach You In School." This reflection will provide some of the ideas that resonated most loudly with my approach and philosophy. This essay will also give examples where I tend to disagree with the author and would suggest other alternatives.
It's Up to You
The most interesting concepts surrounding this work, is that there are so many things that a new principal will be exposed to during their first year. The only thing to truly expect is the unexpected. The author stressed that as a principal, it is up to that individual to lead the school in the desired direction. Do not sit back and wait for others to take charge as this job is explicitly laid out for a leader to take charge. She emphasized this when she wrote " in assessing…
Green T. (2009). Your First Year As A Principal: Everything You Need To Know that They Don't Teach You In School. Atlantic Publishing Group, Florida 2009.
Dumping $2.6 Million on Bakersfield (Or How Not to Build a Migratory Farm orker's Clinic)
The central issue of this case was that the social ecology of administration and other external factors were not taken into consideration during the implementation of a plan to build new health clinics for migrant farm workers in Bakersfield California.
The program was created to meet the requirements of legislation of the 1970 Migrant Health Act sponsored by Senator alter Mondale. Although there was plenty of money available, the money came with time constraints and the group who needed to spend the money had a poor overall knowledge of the community the funding was supposed to serve. This case was significant because it demonstrated how multiple levels of government, both federal and local, often mismanage their responsibilities simply because of poor communication and planning.
There were several factors that created this problem. The…
Aron, Michael. (1972). "Dumping $2.6 Million on Bakersfield (Or How Not to Build a Migratory Farm Worker's Clinic)." The Washington Monthly. October: pp.23-32.
Charles, Michael T.. (1989). "The Last Flight of Space Shuttle Challenger." Coping With Crises: The Management of Disaster, Riots and Terrorism.
Sciolino, Elain., Bronner, Ethan. (1999). "The Decision To Bomb the Serbs." New York Times. April 18.: p.1+.
1966, the Committee on Trauma and Committee on Shock, the Division of Medical Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences, and the National esearch Council collaborated on a seminal report on accidental injury. The report covers everything from ambulance services to research on shock and trauma. Therefore, the report, entitled Accidental Death and Disability provides thorough groundwork for the emergency medical services professions and the educational systems that support those professions.
One of the express goals of the report was to raise awareness about the public health concerns associated with accidental emergency and death. As of 1965, the year prior to the report's publication, 52 million accidental injuries killed 107,000 people, permanently disabled 400,000 people, and temporarily disabled 107,000 people in the United States (Committee on Trauma and Committee on Shock, Division of Medical Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, & National esearch Council, 1966, p. 5). Those numbers have since risen…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014). Accidents or unintentional injuries. Retrieved online: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/accidental-injury.htm
Committee on Trauma and Committee on Shock, Division of Medical Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, & National Research Council (1966). Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease in Modern Society. Available from: Emergency Medical Services Division.
Edgerly, D. (2013). Birth of EMS: The history of the paramedic. JEMS. 8 Oct, 2013. Retrieved online: http://www.jems.com/articles/print/volume-38/issue-10/administration-and-leadership/birth-ems-history-paramedic.html
Canadian Nursing: The equirements of Quality Nursing Care
Critical Success Factors in Nursing
In order to become a good nurse, one must have a good education, experience, and compassion. Not one of these factors is more important than the other; rather a good nurse must demonstrate competency in all three in order to influence patient outcomes in a positive manner and be successful in the nursing field.
Nurses within the Canadian health care system are traditionally responsible for carrying out many different functions at one time. Nurses are typically in the unique position of providing quality patient care on a one to one basis. Their interaction with patients is generally much more intimate than that of physicians, and patients often find themselves turning to their nursing care provider for guidance and support. Thus it is critical that a nurse not only have the ability to provide sound medical advice and…
Al-Almaei, S., Albar, A.A., Hanif, M. & Mangoud, A."In comparison: A study of the competence of nurses and physicians in primary care practice." International Journal of Public Administration, 23(4):461
Campbell, D., Cascio, R., Clark, M., Rains, A. & Sandor, M.K. "Evaluating
critical thinking skills in a scenario-based community health course." Journal of Community Health Nursing, 15(1), 1998: 21.
Peternelj-Taylor, C.A. & Yonge, O. "Exploring boundaries in the nurse-client relationship: Professional roles and responsibilities." Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 29(2), 2003: 55
Ritalin: Good or Bad?
Ritalin is a tradename for Methylphenidate hydrochloride, an antidepressant stimulant. It was created to stimulate the central nervous system and is used to treat increased compulsion to sleep and hyperactivity disorders in children.
According to University of Miami pediatric psychologist Dr. F. Daniel Armstrong, despite recent bad press regarding Ritalin, sometimes children need the drug to keep them safe and healthy. "Sometimes it is the safest way, especially if the children are at risk to themselves or others," said Armstrong (The Miami Herald).
However, a recent article in USA Today magazine points out that physicians are too quick to diagnose attention deficit disorders and dispense stimulants to children who exhibit normal activity levels. "The difficulties in finding a panacea for entrenched, maladaptive behavior in children do not provide sufficient justification for plunging into a nationwide pharmacopoeia for solutions." (USA Today)
hile many physicians and researchers…
Gehrke-White, Donna. Ritalin needed to keep kids safe and healthy, psychologist says. The Miami Herald, January 25, 2002.
Vatz, Richard. Weinberg, Lee. Problems in Diagnosing and Treating ADD/ADHD. USA Today, March 2001.
egardless of how one defines productivity, it is clear that one cannot be productive at work if one is not at work.
Of course, not all professional development is geared at reducing the impact of work-related stressors, but the reality is that that successful professional development should help relieve stress. In fact, professional development is considered a key element of establishing a healthy nursing work environment. According to the Florida Center for Nursing, professional development is one of the twelve essential elements of a healthy work environment. (Florida Center for Nursing, 2006). Obviously, a company's human resources department determines its policies regarding continuing education, including whether a company will offer in-office opportunities for continuing education, whether a company will pay for professional development, and whether nurses will be given time off in order to pursue continuing education. Therefore, it is important to understand the role of human resources…
Allen, M., Allison, M., and Stevens, S. (2006, April). Mapping the literature of nursing education. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 94(2 Suppl), E122-E127. Retrieved September 3, 2008, from Pub Med Central database.
Bowman, M. (1986). Nursing management and education. Dover: Croom Helm.
Ellis, J.R., and Hartley, C.L. (2004). Nursing in today's world: trends, issues, and management, 8ed. Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Fabre, J. (2005). Smart Nursing. New York: Sheridan Press.
Recruitment and Training of Religious Ministry
Theology, a definition. What does it take to recruit and train qualified members of the ministry today?
Description of Message: A hands-on approach that encourages growth of mind and spirit will provide lay people with a well-rounded vision and the knowledge absolutely necessary to be successful in the church. No two-year or four-year academic program alone can provide lay people with the insight they need to be successful ministers.
Interpretation of Results
Modern Day Society: Statistics Related to Religious Affinity
How to spot prospective church leaders
Criticism: How valid are such studies as mentioned above that measure the religious affiliation of the nation? It certainly seems a valid notion that the religious identity of the nation is certainly scattered, perhaps as scattered as the non-homogenous population. However, throughout time people were faced with cultural variety and managed to find truth…
Capps, Walter H. (1972). "The Ways of Understanding Religion." New York: Macmillan.
Hexham, Irving. (2003). "Concise Dictionary of Religion." Vancouver: Regent Press.
Kosmin, Barry. Egon, Mayer. (2003). "American Religious Identification Survey." Accessed February 25, 2003 at http://www.gc.cuny.edu/studies/aris_index.htm
Melton, Gordon. Lewis, James R. (2003). "Religious Requirements and Practices of Certain Selected Groups: A Handbook for Chaplains."
Education: Social Foundation
Brown v. The Board of Education (1954) was a landmark ruling that not only marked the beginning of the era of desegregation in the school environment, but also served as a frontal attack on the practice and doctrine of white supremacy in the overall society. Many viewed it as a reprieve for the Black-American community, but as Justice William Douglas revealed in 1971, the de jure segregation ruling in Brown v. Board of Education was more than just a mere reprieve for blacks; it was a direct effort towards integrating the philosophies, policies, and cultures of different communities to make public education accessible to American Indians, Latinos, African-Americans, and Asian-Americans just as it was to whites. As it turns out, however, desegregation of public schools did not even come close to being the one-fits-all solution that many thought would address all the inequality concerns of minorities --…
Benton, M.A. (2001). Challenges African-Americans Face at Predominantly White Institutions. Colorado State University. Retrieved 28 January 2015 from http://www.colostate.edu/Depts/SAHE/JOURNAL2/2001/Challenges.htm
Boland, P. (2013). Catholic Education in the 21st Century. Journal of Catholic Education, 3(4), 508-520.
India Country Today Media Network. (2011). Foundation Helps Native American Students Overcome Education Challenges. India Country Today Media Network. Retrieved 28 January 2015 from http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2011/11/30/foundation-helps-native-american-students-overcome-education-challenges-65093
Krogstad, J.M. (2012). One in four Native Americans and Alaska Natives are Living in Poverty. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 28 January 2015 from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/06/13/1-in-4-native-americans-and-alaska-natives-are-living-in-poverty/
Education programs institutions and various other organizations are granted approval by government appointed bodies for the type of services being offered to the community. This is known as the accreditation process, which is required in order to give quality services to the society. This paper focuses on the role and significance of the accreditation process.
OLE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF ACCEDITATION
Accreditation is the process through which educational institutions and some other organizations are granted approval by certified authorities. This process ensures that the community receives the highest quality of education and services. Without such a certifying body, it would be impossible for people to know what exactly is the standard of services being offered by a particular institution. For example, today we understand that there are certain institutions in the United States that are recognized by the government appointed body while others have not been given approval. This distinction helps…
Frederickson, H George, Getting ranked., Change, 01-01-2001, pp. 48
Prudence W. Dalrymple, Understanding Accreditation: http://muse.jhu.edu/demo/pla/1.1dalrymple.html
Explain what steps you would take to avoid conflict and misunderstanding with others in the work place, thinking particularly about students and colleagues from other cultures and backgrounds.
The five styles of dealing with conflict are: "Problem-Solve/Collaborate, Fairness, Efficiency, Be Done with It/Compromise, Force/Compete, Choose not to engage/Avoid, Serve/Accommodate." (Culture at Work, n.d.) Each of these methods has advantages and disadvantages. For example, problem solving is best used when the final resolution to an issue has long reaching consequences. But for any advantage there is also a draw back. For example, problem solving often takes time, energy, effort, and a commitment from all those involved and that is not always easy to get.
Therefore, one must be prepared to use all of the five styles of dealing with conflict because sometimes it is good to be forceful and other times it is best to avoid the conflict all together.…
Unknown, n.d.) Culture At Work. (n.d.). 5 Styles of Dealing with Conflicts. Retrieved at http://www.culture-at-work.com/5styles.html
Education can reinforce hegemony or be used to facilitate political resistance and catalyze social justice. Students and faculty at the University of Hawaii have empowered themselves through education, through changes to curriculum and also to the norms of public discourse. In “Native Student Organizing,” Trask also describes how political structures in education have a direct bearing on community empowerment. Left alone, university politics can too easily reflect the dominant, colonialist, and typically white discursive practices. Trask describes how concerted efforts at building campus organizations of resistance and decolonization can and will yield results that extend far beyond campus boundaries. In fact, education is often the breeding ground for broader social and/or political revolutions like the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s, which Trask recalls. During processes of transformative change in universities, it is important to create pathways for harmonious exchanges of ideas. Indigenous empowerment and the Hawaiian sovereignty movement can…
Higher Education Problem in the United States
The tuition rate in the U.S. higher education is one of the most expensive in the world. In 2012, the average tuition ranged from $3,131 to $29,056 per annum. Some ivy league colleges charge as high as $40, 000 per annum. For example, Harvard University and Princeton University tuitions were $43,938 and $41,820 respectively in 2014/2015 academic year. Thus, students' ability to pay for the colleges have been a great concern of the communities, colleges, and universities. While large percentages of American citizens intend to pursue their college education, the college tuitions continue to increase despite an increase in the number higher educational institutions. The only option left for prospective students intending to pursue their education is to seek for a loan. To assist the students, the federal government has set aside the funds to provide loans to a student under the "Federal…
Claudia, G. & Lawrence, F. K. (2008). The Race Between Education and Technology. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Luzer, D. (2012). "Can We Make College Cheaper?."Washington Monthly.
Smart, J. C. (2007). Higher education: Handbook of theory and research. New York, NY: Springer.
Thelin, J. R. (2011). A history of American higher education (2nd ed.). Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Such areas of contention include: 1) Individualized Educational Programs (IEPs), 2) transition plans, 3) evaluations, 4) reevaluations, 5) parental consent, 6) special education teachers, child find, 7) private schools and charter schools, 8) early intervening services, 9) accommodations, 10) alternate assessment, 11) education records, 12) mediation, 13) Parent notice, 14) Prior written notice, 15) due process complaint notice, 16) due process hearings 17) esolution sessions, 18) discipline, 19) positive behavioral intervention plans, 20) interim alternative placements, 21) manifestation review hearings ("Wrightslaw: Idea 2004," 2011).
The future of the act is featured in the 2008 update. There are still a lot of issues that were not fully cleared up. Much of the issues are at their base financial in nature, especially since the designation of someone as a person with right to compensation, special services or protection under the act (Friedline, 2011).
The American ecovery and einvestment Act (AA) of 2009…
Eligibility. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.wrightslaw.com/info/elig.index.htm .
Friedline, T. (2011, December 23). Individuals with disabilities education act (idea). Retrieved from http://newamerica.net/taxonomy/term/1900.
Wrightslaw: Idea 2004. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.wrightslaw.com/bks/idea04/index.htm .
Those who continue to trend lower in their results must engage in a number of actions to include:
Offering free tutoring and additional services to struggling students in the third year.
Changing the staff, curriculum, the administration and introducing other sweeping reforms during year four.
Turing the facility into a charter school, having the state takeover or hiring a private company to run the institution in the fifth year.
These different elements are showing how the No Child Left Behind Act is focusing on using testing and market forces to deal with the problems inside the education system. ("No Child Left Behind Act," 2004)
Analyze and discuss how the No Child Left Behind Act provides illustration of the connection between ideology and educational philosophy
The market-based ideology is working in conjunction with the No Child Left Behind Act. The way that this is occurring is through having measurable standards (which…
Investing in Our Future. (2012). White House. Retrieved from: http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/Investing_in_Our_Future_Report.pdf
No Child Left Behind Act. (2004). Education Week. Retrieved from: http://www.edweek.org/ew/issues/no-child-left-behind/
Smith, K. (2012). The Ideology of Education. Binghamton, NY: SUNY Press.
establishment of Higher Education in relation to accreditation begin in the early 19th century as the United States and other countries saw a need to regulate various fields of academic study. The earliest accrediting was forged from the need to develop credit transfer and degree equivalents among countries. Another reason that accreditation was needed is "to protect public health and safety and to serve the public interest" according to (ACICS, 2012). Faculty has played a role that has changed over time. There are basic processes involved in accreditation. One being peer assessment and evaluation primarily handled by Higher educational institutions and also third party agencies. The regulatory oversight is the process of promoting legislation at the state and federal level to determine policies of managing the accreditation process.
One of the earliest agencies to provide regulation of accreditation was the National Association for Accredited Commercial Schools in 1912. This was…
ACICS.org. (2012). History of accreditation. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from http://www.acics.org/accreditation/content.aspx?id=2258
American Assoc. Of University Professors (AAUP). (2012). Institutional accreditation a call for greater faculty involvement. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from http://www.aaup.org/AAUP/comm/rep/instaccred.htm
Crosson, F.J. (1988). The role of faculty in accreditation. Academe. Pp. 21.
Perley, J.E. (2007) The spellings commission report. Volume 134.
Ndunda (2004) defines research as the systematic use of several techniques to generate credible information regarding problems. This process helps in providing reliable and verifiable information rather than assumptions regarding the issue or problem being examined. Based on this definition, the research process can be defined as collecting and analyzing information regarding a specific issue to generate reliable information that leads to accurate conclusions. In most cases, the research process helps in generating information that can be utilized in effective decision making regarding a specific issue or problem. In the field of education, the research process involves the use of different techniques/methods to analyze an issue and provide reliable information about it.
In light of the definition of the research process, there are several steps involved with conducting research in order to generate reliable information. The first step in conducting research is identifying the issue or topic, which needs…
Johnson, R. B., & Christensen, L. (n/s). Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research. Retrieved from University of South Alabama website: http://www.southalabama.edu/coe/bset/johnson/lectures/lec2.htm
Ndunda M. (2004). Introduction to Educational Research. Retrieved from College of Charleston website: http://www.cofc.edu/~ndundam/NOTESSPRING2001/635chapt1.htm
Shuttleworth, M. (n.d.). Different Research Methods. Retrieved February 11, 2017, from https://explorable.com/different-research-methods
My vision for positive social change in the context of my professional and academic goals is to empower marginalized communities and the society as a whole through social change. I believe that in the present day, our existence in the society ought to be dignified. All people should be able to freely and fully exercise their human rights, gain accessibility to basic needs and also experience economic security. In the present day, different populations experience discrimination, for instance women facing prejudice at the workplace and also tribal sects such as the Aboriginal facing discrimination and ostracizing. Therefore, my vision for social change takes into account empowering the communities that are not only marginalized but also disadvantaged. Marginalized groups in different expenses, for instance tribal individuals, unorganized workforces, peasants, dalits, as well as women are all in the present day engaged in a tussle for power to attain equality…
Title: The title includes the precise identification of the problem; it contains the independent and dependent variables and target population. It must be clear, concise, and fully descriptive of the study. The recommended length is 12 words.
The Difference Between Fourth Grade Boys and Girls Attitudes Toward Physical Education
Abstract/Overview: The abstract summarizes the contents of the manuscript. The abstract should begin by broadly summarizing the problem and importance of the study in 2-3 sentences. The abstract should then clearly and concisely state the purpose of the study. Next, the abstract should contain a brief description of the target population, sampling methodology, description of the sample, and sample size. The abstract should also identify the research design and methodology. Finally, the abstract should name the instrument and explain the procedures for data collection and statistical analysis. The abstract should not contain any in-text citations. The recommended length is 200–250 words.…
S. Office of Education (Osgood 1999).
Each federal act preceding the Education for All Handicapped Children Act freed up funds for special education training programs and for special education programs themselves. Moreover, the legislation raised awareness about the breadth and diversity of the disabled community and helped to reduce stigma. President Johnson followed well in the footsteps of his predecessor by establishing the Committee on Mental etardation and helping to pass Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA, PL 89-10). The Act opened up funds to be used at the state level for special education and lead to the creation of the Bureau of Education of the Handicapped. Although focused on the needs of the mentally disabled community, the Johnson era legislation was integral in providing precedent for the Education for All Handicapped Children Act.
Osgood (1999) also suggests that impetus for the Education for All Handicapped Children Act came from…
Ford, Gerald. (1975). Statement on Signing the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975. Retrieved Mar 11, 2009 at http://www.ford.utexas.edu/LIBRARY/speeches/750707.htm
Osgood, R.L. (nd). The History of Inclusion in the United States. Retrieved Mar 11, 2009 at http://gupress.gallaudet.edu/bookpage/HIUSbookpage.html
Raschke, D. & Bronson, J. (1999). "Inclusion." Excerpt from "Creative Educators at Work: All Children Including Those with Disabilities Can Play Traditional Classroom Games." Retrieved Mar 11, 2009 at http://www.uni.edu/coe/inclusion/philosophy/benefits.html
Special Education Laws and Legislation." Retrieved Mar 11, 2009 at http://atto.buffalo.edu/registered/ATBasics/Foundation/Laws/specialed.php
Perspectives of a Teacher and an Administrator on Education
This is a report on the results of an interview with two veteran educational professionals, a 2nd grade teacher and an administrator. These interviews were conducted to better understand the subject's viewpoints on education and to gain insight as to why they chose to pursue their careers in education. The teacher reported she had been in the classroom for 24 years as a teacher and had experience as an instructional aide previously. The administrator stated he had taught for 19 years before he assumed his duties as a principal eight years ago. The teacher's highest level of education was a Bachelors Degree in Education plus 30 units of graduate work, while the administrator said he had a Masters in Administration and supervision. Both subjects revealed that they each had a sister in the profession and the teacher's mother had…
Penn is handled through the Wharton School, which also administers the graduate MBA program. Students take an intensive course load of business fundamentals, as well as credits devoted to traditional liberal arts degrees. That course load is indicative of the standard four- ear degree which is standard for other academic disciplines. That said the emphasis for the undergraduate business major is clearl designed to provide students with an education that is valuable to emploers from da one.
"Driven b the recession and one of the largest incoming freshman classes in the nation's histor, the business major is experiencing a surge in popularit among students" (Damast. a. September 24, 2009). Yet, the increased popularit of the business administration major underscores the long-term trend of the business degree.
Business has alwas been a popular major among undergraduates. In academic
ear 2006-07, the largest number of bachelor's degrees conferred was in business (21%),…
year 2006-07, the largest number of bachelor's degrees conferred was in business (21%), followed by social sciences and history (11%), education (7%), and health sciences (7%), according to the most recent figures available from the Education Dept.'s National Center for Education Statistics. (Damast. a. September 24, 2009).
The business administration student upon graduation can expect an extremely competitive salary. "According to a July report from the National Association of Colleges and Employers, the average starting salary for 2009 college graduates with bachelor's degrees in business increased less than 1%, to $47,239" (Damast. a. September 24, 2009). As the recession's lingering effects recede and economic growth returns, the job market for business school graduates should be one of the faster growing hiring segments. "The undergraduate business degree is now clearly on the path to respectability" (Bloomberg-Businessweek. May 8, 2006).
In discussing the business administration major it would be remiss not to mention the
The subject matter of systems administration includes computer systems and the ways people use them in an organization. This entails knowledge of operating systems and applications, as well as hardware and software troubleshooting, but also knowledge of the purposes for which people in the organization use the computers.
The most important skill for a system administrator is problem solving. The systems administrator is on call when a computer system goes down or malfunctions, and must be able to quickly and correctly diagnose what is wrong and how best to fix it. In some organizations, computer security administration is a separate role responsible for overall security and the upkeep of firewalls and intrusion detection systems, but all systems administrators are generally responsible for the security of the systems in their keep. (Encyclopedia.com, 2011)
What is a computer network? According to McGraw Hill Online Learning Center, "a network is two…
Armstrong, L. (1995), Let's Call the Whole Thing Off
Dignan, Ars Technica, Jan 28, 2001, post 305, http://arstechnica.com/civis/viewtopic
Encyclopedia.com - Information Technology- accessed 2011/1/14
Hegel, G.W.F., the Phenomenology of Mind, (1807), translated by J.B. Baillie, New York, Harper & Row, 1967