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eport a: Entertainment Industry Structure and elationships.
The entertainment industry in general is a complicated and often violent beast. It crushes most of the hopes and dreams it cultivates. For the handful of successful industry employees today, thousands, or even millions, have shattered dreams. At the same time, the structure of the industry is such that often even those with some success do not always achieve this long-term. This is true on both sides of the camera, microphone, stage, and other tools of the trade. Entertainment industry structures, relationships, and operations are all subject to rapid and unexpected change. apid technology developments have further complicated the management of this stormy industry.
Industry Structure and Industry Bodies
The entertainment industry contains many components, of which the two largest are probably film and music. In addition, television, radio, and theater also make up large sectors of the industry. In addition,…
Deloitte Consulting (2009). Competing for Talent: How media and entertainment companies can maximize their workforce during challenging economic times. Retrieved from: http://www.deloitte.com/assets/Dcom-China/Local%20Assets/Documents/Industries/Technology,%20media%20and%20telecommunications/cn_tmt_competingfortalent_220709.pdf
Ontario Ministry of Labour. (2013). Introduction to Safety Guidelines for the Live Performance Industry in Ontario. Retrieved from: http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/pubs/liveperformance/gl_live_intro.php
Wexler, H. (2012, Mar. 29). Sleepless in Hollywood: A Threat to Health and Safety. Retrieved from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com /haskell-wexler/film-industry-hours-sleep_b_1385766.html
Michael J. olf's book, The Entertainment Economy: How Mega-Media Forces are Transforming Our Lives, was published six years ago but nevertheless offers timely insights into how the forces of American corporate entertainment are shaping our culture.
The author points to the end of huge military spending at the conclusion of the Cold ar, but those military-related industries were replaced by entertainment revenue for those cities. The author also mentions instances where the economy had fallen flat in a given area, and some form of entertainment was introduced which not only bolstered the sagging economy, but provided jobs and spread the power of corporate-created entertainment throughout the land.
Chapter Two: while American's watch their personal savings dip into the red ink zone (2.1% of earnings), they are spending (or were, in 1999 when the book was published) 8.4% on entertainment. olf writes that Americans are all about…
Wolf, Michael J. The Entertainment Economy: How Mega-Media Forces Are Transforming Our
Lives. New York: Times Books / Random House, 1999.
While royalties are discounted, an earning party may qualify for increases as well. Substantial record sales provides artists with an increase in the royalty rate based on specific plateaus of record sales, such as Recording Industry Association of America (R.I.A.A.) certification for gold and/or platinum sales. Even if a contract does not spell out for these increases, it may be possible to renegotiate if the sales are significant.
Negotiating a Contract
When negotiating a contract for the use of preexisting content, the following factors must be considered (Kaufman, 1996):
The contracting party. Often, in the entertainment industry, it is unclear who the proper party is to acquire rights from. A lawyer must be certain to obtain rights from the party that actually has the legal right to grant those rights (as opposed to a subsidiary whose claim to own those rights may be in question). If one counsels ritney Spears,…
Colfin, Bruce. Jacobson. (September 8, 2003). Unraveling the Mystery Behind Record Royalties. Jacobson & Colfin, P.C.
Frank, Leslie. (May 1, 2004). Music Faces the Digital Divide. King, Holmes, Paterno and Berliner LLP. U.C. Davis Business Law Journal 9. http://law.freeadvice.com/intellectual_property/music_law/calculation_royalties.htm .
Iandorio, David. (Spring, 2004). Entertainment Law. Doerner, Saunders, Daniel & Anderson, L.L.P. Intellectual Property Group Newsletter, Volume 1, Issue 1.
Kaufman, Kenneth. (1996). Legal and Business Issues for Online Publishers and Content Providers. The Internet and Business: A Lawyer's Guide to the Emerging Legal Issues, Computer Law Association.
In recent years, politicians and citizen groups have criticized the entertainment industry for its violent content, claiming that it is responsible for violence in society. However, many claim that this consensus is overblown and unfounded by substantial research.
There is considerable sociological and statistical data that suggests that violence begets violence and the root factor in the United States has been war, a continuous experience in one zone or another and one that has become "embedded in daily life through a highly militarized culture" (Cockburn 27). Japan, for example, has extreme violence on its TV and mobile screens, yet has a very low level of social violence (Cockburn 27).
According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, statistics show that school violence is at its lowest level in years despite the increase in violent video game sales, therefore, how can there be a correlation between violence in media and…
ACLU Sees Political Opportunism, Not Science, In Report Linking Pop Culture and Youth Violence." American Civil Liberties Union Freedom Network. http://archive.aclu.org/features/f091300a.html.(accessed 06-28-2003).
Cockburn, Alexander, When U.S. politicians get fired up about screen violence, it has to be election year: real causes of social crime in the United States." New Statesman & Society. Volume 9. May 17, 1996; pp 27.
Newit, Annalee. "Blame Game: Gamers say social problems, not video games cause violence" San Francisco Chronicle. January 14, 2002 http://www.sfgate.com/cgibin/article.cgi?file=/gate/archive/2002/01/14/gameviol.DTL .(accessed 06-28-2003).
Tax Research Memorandum
From: Tax Accountant, CPA
You are employed by Ski USA, a distributor of ski equipment and boots. You have been a bicycle racer for two years, in which you have participated in about 50 races annually, winning some so there is revenue, and incurring expenses, some being paid by sponsors. The National Bike Racing Association has ranked you in two events, the dual slalom and downhill races.
The issues are 1) whether the racing expenses can be a deduction for adjusted gross income against the winnings from the races from races and the sponsorship money received and, if so, 2) how much can be deducted for AGI against the racing winnings.
As explained in IRS Publication 463, Revenue Rule 2003-106 says that ordinary and necessary expenses to entertain a client, customer, or employee can be deducted if expenses meet…
In a recent poll teens between the ages of 12 to 17 who were polled. In the poll 69% said that they believed it was legal to copy a CD from a friend who had purchased the original. Only 21% said that it was legal to copy such a CD if the friend got the music for free. 58% felt it was legal to copy the friend's purchased videotape or DVD. 19% thought copying was legal if the film was not purchased ("Is copying a," 2011) . The entertainment industry feels that this will cost them billions of dollars in lost revenue.
The first poll is a Gallup poll that deals with popular attitudes about George Bush, and Barack Obama. In the poll, a majority rated President Obama "about the same" or "worse" than George . Bush, according to a new Gallup poll. It polled a…
Is copying a crime? well…. (2011, September 24). Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/la-fi-pollmusic9aug09,0,2672402.story .
Jones, J.M. (2011, September 11). Majority rates obama same or worse compared with bush. Retrieved from Worse-Bush.aspx.
Wyatt, J. (2004, Sept 24). Obama's likability is keeping him afloat. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2011/09/24/general-us-obama-they-like-im_8698625.html .
' Entertainment can also provide additional clarity to understanding a serious issue. For example, a 'man (or woman)-on-the-street' interview can poignantly highlight the seriousness of the credit crisis in a way that lists of facts and figures cannot. Graphics, compelling photographs, and narrative pieces of reporting can make the higher-level concepts behind a news story more memorable, while a technically 'serious' news story might make little impression and thus do little to educate or empower the public.
Of course, opponents of using entertainment to sell the news would state that the more that entertainment corrupts the news, the less hard news is included in the broadcast. The news becomes about the individual anecdote, rather than the more serious concepts at stake, and merely helping a single human being cannot heal Haiti or New Orleans. Or, the news can easily become so entertainment-focused it simply manufactures bubble gum for the mind,…
NPR Official Website. May 14, 2011.
Entertainment Industry Concept Aging, Gender, Personality Development Movies Television Shows
Uniqueness vs. Universality
The field of Psychology offers a vast network of concepts, principles, and theories to explain and describe the mental and behavioral characteristics of an individual or group. It is a science that explores biological, cognitive, social, and various other aspects of the human mind and human interaction to explain behavioral traits and development, among other attributes. One such principle of psychology that attempts to explain a realm of behavioral traits is personality psychology -- a branch of psychology supported by studies of personality and individual differences. Personality psychology is an umbrella term, covering a range of theories and concepts. One such concept offering insight into differences between individuals is study of Uniqueness vs. Universality.
Uniqueness vs. Universality explores resulting personality as a product of the individual vs. The product of a group dynamic. The argument investigates whether…
Alexander, M. (2009). The couple's odyssey: hollywood's take on love relationships.
International Review of Psychiatry, 21(3), 183-188.
Bazzini, D. (1997). The aging woman in popular film: underrepresented, unattractive, unfriendly, and unintelligent. Sex Roles, 36(7), 531-543.
Hesse, M. (2009). Portrayal of psychopathy in the movies. International Review of Psychiatry, 21(3), 207-212.
In this situation, it made it possible for the audience to feel that the individuals were salvageable despite the negative elements of their lives, such as engaging in prostitution or drug abuse. This is much the same as the empathy which may be created in stories where the main characters engage in similar vices, where the author wants the character to be likeable and understandable. In addition to creating a sense of caring what happens to the character, this also facilitates the conveyance of the underlying message. As the audience builds this empathy, it is more likely that they will want to take action based on the information presented to them, and feelings created by the documentary.
It is also possible that certain topics may be broached in a more sensitive manner through use of a pseudo-fictional element. One example of this is in 'Unmade eds' in which renda Monte…
Bickford, Donna M. "Using testimonial novels to think about social justice." Education, Citizenship and Social Justice 3.2 (2008): 131-146.
Bruzzi, Stella. New Documentary: A Critical Introduction. London: Routledge, 2000.
Corner, John. "What can we say about 'documentary'." Media, Culture and Society 22.5 (2000): 681-688.
Higgins, Lynne a. "Documentary in an age of terror." South Central Review 22.2 (2005): 20-38.
Visual entertainment dominates modern cultures. From hundreds of television channels to hundreds of thousands of video channels on the Internet, getting an in-depth look into the lives of others is a common occurrence, made possible because of the social influences of visual media. eality television shows have shifted values from that of being conservative to being able to do just about anything on television. Value is no longer placed on privacy and decency, but on advertising everything that occurs in a person's life. Visual media entertainment has converted society from one full of morals and values, to one with limited respect. Although visual media has brought great advances to society as well, a limited number of individuals actually take advantage of this phenomenon.
When looking back to the 1950's it becomes impossible to imagine that in just 60 more years, life as it existed back then would no…
Fiske, J. (2011). Television culture. (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Haridakis, P., & Hanson, G. (2009). Social interaction and co-viewing with YouTube: Blending mass communication reception and social connection. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media,53(2), 317-335.
Huffaker, D. (2010). Dimensions of leadership and social influence in online communities. Human Communication Research, 36(4), 593-617.
Kaplan, A.M., & Haenlein, M. (2010). Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of social media. Business Horizons, 53(1), 59-68.
Black Entertainment and Sports Institutions/Organizations in Atlanta, GA
1880s to the early 1900s -- "African-Americans in Atlanta were entertained by traveling minstrel companies and local orchestras which performed at social events held at the first Odd Fellows Hall, located on Piedmont Avenue. Atlanta University offered musically talented students, including James eldon Johnson, brother of J. Rosamond Johnson, who entertained throughout the city during the late 1890s" (Mason, Jr. 10).
Circa 1900 -- "81 Theater" -- Blues Theater that became known as the home of Bessie Smith (Hill).
"…following the race riot of 1906 to the 1930s…Virtually every known entertainer and musician in the country appeared in Atlanta. These entertainers traveled the 'chittling circuit' and came to Atlanta on broken-down buses and down segregated back roads to perform on its states. For .C. Handy, Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Duke Ellington, Count Basie, the Nicholas Brothers, Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan, Jackie ilson,…
Black Press Magazine. "Black Press Sponsors 3rd Annual Atlanta Hip Hop Film Festival." 2007. Blackpress.org Web site. Web. 13 March 2012.
Black Sports Museum. African-American Sports Museum of Atlanta. n.d. Web. 13 March 2012.
Caldwell, Carla. "Emory Univ. Library Builds Collection on Black Athletes." 19 July 2011. Bizjournals.com. Web. 13 March 2012.
Clark Atlanta University. History. 2008. Web. 13 March 2012.
Clearly, restaurants and bars have their work cut out for them if they wish to capture their share of the scarce entertainment dollars in the market right now. When the main criteria for where to go becomes "whatever is nearby and cheap," that is bad news for those in the industry.
Making it even more difficult for restaurant and bar owners, people are traveling less as well for the entertainment. 40% of respondents indicated that they mainly stick close to home now, or combine entertainment such as dining at a restaurant close to a movie theater.
Even teenagers, normally prolific entertainment spenders, are feeling the pinch. Parents are reducing allowances, which in turn has caused teens to reevaluate their financial priorities. "My parents are definitely a lot stricter on how much cash they give me," lamented John Demet, 17, "I should probably look into getting a job soon if I…
That may be easier said than done. The unemployment rate in Atlanta hit 10.1% in December, up from 7.6% in December 2008. In the entertainment industry, this has lead to a vicious cycle. Fewer consumers have jobs, and those that do are more fearful for their economic future than before. In an attempt to save more money, consumers are cutting out all types of discretionary spending. The entertainment budget is often one of the first things to go. This impacts people in that industry, causing even more reduction in entertainment spending. "Times are very tough right now," notes Yolanda Press, 62.
For Atlanta's entertainment industry, economic recovery cannot come soon enough. It is clear from the survey results that Atlanta residents love to go out, on all nights of the week, but under the present circumstances they have been forced to cut back. With a recovery, the big spenders will return, marking a win-win situation for entertainment-starved citizens and recession-weary proprietors alike.
For the time being, there seems to be little that can be done. Consumers need to start going out again, patronizing their favorite restaurants and night spots. For that to happen, however, they need to feel confident about the economy, and in particular their jobs. Only then will the entertainment industry start to see its revenues increase and begin to feel a sense of relief. In the meantime, they need to continue to be creative in their marketing and promotions to attract the business of those who are still going out.
2005 was marked by the acquisition of Caesars Entertainment, for an estimated $9.3 billion. The period from June to December of the same year was employed with the fusing of the two operations, including unifying business systems and processes. Harrah's operations are also closely connected with property acquisitions in the Las Vegas and Atlantic City. Throughout 2005, the company has consolidated its land assets basis in these U.S. regions for further operational development.
Revenues increased at Harrah's to $7.11 billion in 2005, an increase of 56.35% from 2004. On the other hand, net income marked a decline to $236.4 million, 35.7 $ less than the net income in 2004. This marks both an increase in operational costs, but it can also be assimilated to the increased investments for sales.
The total assets have grown in value at an exponential rate from 2004 to 2006, with 139%. This…
1. About Us - Company information. On the Internet at http://www.harrahs.com/harrahs-corporate/about-us.html.Last retrieved on September 22, 2007
2. On the Internet at http://www.harrahs.com/harrahs-corporate/about-us-responsible-gaming.html.Last retrieved on September 22, 2007
3. Yahoo Finance. On the Internet at http://finance.yahoo.com/q/co?s=HET.Last retrieved on September 22, 2007
4. 2005 Annual Report. On the Internet at http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/84/84772/images/ha05_ar.pdf.Last retrieved on September 22, 2007
Vaudeville [...] vaudeville and popular entertainment between 1870-1920. Vaudeville relied on obvious humor and often stereotypical behavior to help entertain the audience. Often, this humor was ethnically based, or at the expense of someone else. This blatant and obvious humor was funny to an audience less sophisticated than many theatergoers, which may be one reason vaudeville lost favor and eventually disappeared from the American theater scene.
The films at the American Memories Web site show many different sides of vaudeville. However, they all show simple forms of magic, bicycle riding, or even circus acts. None of the acts is especially sophisticated, and many of them use humor as a base form of entertainment. For example, the "Bowery Waltz" number shows the ill effects of drinking in the bars of the bowery, but it also caricatures the type of people that frequent bowery bars, and shows them all as pathetic drunkards.…
Bordman, Gerald. American Musical Theatre: A Chronicle. New York: Oxford U.S., 1992.
Mintz, Lawrence E. "Humor and Ethnic Stereotypes in Vaudeville and Burlesque." MELUS 21.4 (1996): 19+.
Musser, C. "Edison Motion Pictures 1890-1900," 1997, p. 329; Niver, K.R. "Early Motion Pictures, 1985; F.Z. Maguire & Co. Catalogue, March 1898, p. 42.
Niver, K.R. "Early Motion Pictures, 1985." Edison Films Catalog, no. 105, July 1901, p. 49; AFI cat.: film beginnings, 1893-1910, 1995.
American Family in Television Entertainment
Popular Culture: The American Family in Television Entertainment
In the 1950s and 1960s, television entertainment depicted a "traditional" American family, which generally equaled a man and woman who were married, homeowners, had at least one car (sometimes two), and had two to three children (Taylor, 1989). There were exceptions, of course, but television indicated to the American people that the "norm" was to have this particular type of lifestyle. These television programs catered to a demographic (individuals grouped together based on specific characteristics) that was interested in seeing shows about a lifestyle that was nearly expected of the American people but that was not really what was seen in society (Coontz, 1993). The episodic series that were seen at that time portrayed people with struggles, but those struggles were generally very mild compared to what society was really experiencing. These television programs showed something that…
Coontz, Stephanie. "The Way We Never Were: American Families and the Nostalgia Trap" (1993) New York, NY: Basic Books.
Jenkins, H., McPherson, T., & Shattuc, J. "Hop on Pop" (n.d.). The Politics and Pleasures of Popular Culture.
Lipsitz, George. "Time Passages" (1990). MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Spigel, Lynn. "Welcome to the Dreamhouse" (2001). London: Duke University Press.
I think Kyla is right about the fact that Jennifer Lopez is multi-dimensional and talented in many different ways. I actually believe that it is this part of her persona that makes her successful. She may not have the strongest voice or be the greatest fashion designer in the world, but when you stop to consider how many things she does well, I think the cumulative effect is what drives her to success in all of these different forms of entertainment. One of the most important things Kyla said is that Lopez remembers where she came from I think a lot of people support her because of that fact.
I never realized that Britney Spears had so many accomplishments before I read Nicole's post. Spears is someone who I definitely consider a performer. All of the special effects in her videos and in her on-stage performances reinforce this fact.…
Popular entertainment is overly influenced by commercial interest. Superficiality, obscenity, and violence characterize films and television today because those qualities are commercially successful. Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with this opinion. To support your position, use reasons and/or examples from your reading, your observations, or your experiences as a consumer of popular entertainment.
This assertion seems unusually pertinent to a current obsession of the media at this moment in our pop cultural history. Quite recently a popular singer, attempting to resurrect her flagging career, exposed -- apparently deliberately -- a naked breast during a live, half time show during the Super Bowl. The breast in question of course belonged to one Ms. Janet Jackson, and although the singer coyly referred her exposure as a "wardrobe malfunction," her previous assertion upon her fan website that the half time show was going to exhibit something exciting or daring…
Full Metal Jacket directed by Stanley Kubrick. Specifically it will discuss why the film is not fit for family entertainment. Stanley Kubrick is known for his violent and controversial films, from "Clockwork Orange" to this particular film. The film tells the story of Marine Corps recruits, first in basic training and then in combat in Vietnam, and it is definitely not a film for the entire family. It is extremely violent and it paints a picture of madness and military service that is certainly not appropriate for children. It may not even be appropriate for adults.
"Full Metal Jacket" is the epitome of a war film. It looks at the extreme violence of war and attempts to bring it to the viewer in a realistic way. It serves that purpose very well, because it does bring home the violence of war and how the country's military trains our young people…
Full Metal Jacket. Dir. Stanley Kubrick. Perf. Matthew Modine, Vincent D'Onofrio, R. Lee Ermey. Warner Brothers, 1987.
Gates, Philippa. "Fighting the Good Fight:' The Real and the Moral in the Contemporary Hollywood Combat Film." Quarterly Review of Film and Video, 22, 2005. 297 -- 310.
Gruben, Patricia. "The Invention of a Protagonist in Full Metal Jacket." 270-279.
Perel, Ziveh. "Individuality and Group Identity in Stanley Kubrick's Marine Corp." 223-232.
lockbuster Entertainment is currently the biggest name associated with video rental, both in the United States and abroad. The company has reached this position through focused goals, effective marketing strategies, and a clear knowledge of the market it serves. Combined with this is the company's conscientious involvement with its community, and its expansion and pricing according to marketing demands. lockbuster thus works with its customers and market in order to achieve its mission and goals by means of a variety of concepts and strategies.
lockbuster's Marketing Concepts and Strategies
In any business, marketing concepts and strategies need to be developed in order to sell products that satisfy customers. These products should also then be provided at locations and prices acceptable to buyers, in keeping with the concepts of product, distribution, promotion and pricing (Pride and Ferrell, 2000, p. 8). These are kept in focus by lockbuster in creating the company's…
Baker, Michael J. (1996). Marketing: an introductory text. Basingstoke: Macmillan Business.
Blockbuster Entertainment. (2004). Blockbuster Inc. www.blockbuster.com
Desjardins, Doug. (2003, July 21). "The transition from rental to retail bodes well for Blockbuster sales." DSN Retailing Today. Online article database: http://www.findarticles.com .
2003, May 5). "Blockbuster DVD sales are sudden runaway hit - Blockbuster Entertainment Group." DSN Retailing Today. Online article database:
The Sociology of Fast Food
Discussion 1: The sociological imagination allows a thorough investigation of the ways values, norms, and beliefs are transmitted. With an imaginative eye, the sociologist can critique social institutions and structures that would otherwise be taken for granted. The sociologist can imagine ways in which normalized social institutions and normalized social values affect the daily lives of individuals: impacting income disparity; gender relations; and race relations.
Discussion 2: The sociological imagination can lend insight into the impact of Fast Food and its associated industries, institutions, norms and values on American culture. For example, the low wages that Ehrenreich and Ritzer refer to in relation to Fast Food have an enormous impact on class structure in the United States. The low wages paid to Fast Food workers has become normalized to the extent that labor unions have become political and social pariahs in the United States. Similarly,…
Social Minorities in Stereotypical Depiction
Social Minorities in Stereotypical Depiction at Entertainment Media
Social Minorities in Stereotypical Depiction at Entertainment Media
In the 21st century, media has become so powerful that it is considered to be shaping the culture and affecting prevalent social systems. Particularly speaking in the context of entertainment media, masses are referring to it in their all possible leisure time. With the advent of international culture and globalization, people are interested to know about other people. Media is playing an important role in spreading awareness about other cultures. Entertainment media is playing the same role with little different perspective.
Since the purpose of entertainment media is to present an overall image of a community is less span of time, it leans towards the most influential, prominent and stereotypical depictions. It is interesting to mention that there are certain stereotypes present about every community and they are…
Akers, R. (2009). Social Learning & Social Structure. NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Baron, R. & Richardson, D. (2004). Human Aggression. USA: Springer.
Bushman, B. & Philips, C. (2002). Catharsis Theory and Media Effects. USA: MacMillan Reference.
Learning Theory Database. (n.d.). Social Learning Theory (Bandura). Available from http://www.learning-theories.com/social-learning-theory-bandura.html
National Event Planner Interview
A national event planner must be equipped with some serious communication skills in order to thrive and be successful. As Rob Hard has shown, successful event planners must have excellent verbal and written communications. When I asked an acquaintance who is a professional in the field why this was so, the answer I received was telling: “Because when you’re in charge not only of coordinating the event, the planning, the organizing, but also of bringing it all to fruition, you have to be a communicator. You’re basically like the director of a tent-pole film: everyone is looking at you for guidance, for answers, for direction. You have to be able to step up and give all that.” In other words, a national event planner has to be able to communicate a vision, a reality, a plan, a method, a schedule, a template, a means of operation,…
Hard, Rob. “What Does an Event Planner Do?” The Balance, 5 Mar 2017. https://www.thebalance.com/what-is-an-event-planner-1223579
National Event Pros. “Celebrate with Confidence. https://nationaleventpros.com/
Argumentative Essay: Should Entertainment Address Politics and or Social Issues
Entertainment refers to activities which provide diversion or give people enjoyment, amusement, laughter or fun. Entertainment can be provided by a third party or an individual can choose to create their own, as is the case with participating in a game or a hobby. Where entertainment is provided by a third party, the individual being entertained is a passive consumer. The diverse nature of entertainment and people's varied differences has led to the development of a big industry to cater to these needs. The entertainment industry currently consists of motion pictures, music, television, gambling, fine arts, sports, gaming, toys, print media and broad casting (Thoman).
Role of Entertainment in Addressing Politics and Social Issues (Arguments For)
Several reasons exist on why entertainment should address both political and social issues. Entertainment currently enjoys a huge place in the society and the…
Shopping as Entertainment
hen the Bluewater shopping center in Kent advertises itself as 'the most innovative and exciting shopping and leisure destination in Europe today' (Bluewater website) it is reflecting a widespread and highly significant trend. For many contemporary large-scale shopping centers, leisure and entertainment are as important as, and are thoroughly integrated with, their retail activities. The combining of shopping with entertainment has been recognized in the cumbersome term 'shoppertainment' (Lamancusa). Thus the MetroCentre in Gateshead invites its visitors to 'Uncover the world of shoppertainment at the Centre' (MetroCentre website); Sawgrass Mills Mall at Fort Lauderdale, Florida, boasts that it 'features almost 2 miles of "Shoppertainment" (SawgrassMills web site); the Madrid Xanadu center is promoted by its U.S. owners with the slogan 'Shoppertainment heads to Europe' (Madrid Xanadu web site). Indeed, the Mills Corporation, the American developer behind Sawgrass Mills, Madrid Xanadu and many other such enterprises, registered the…
Bluewater website: http://www.bluewater.co.uk [visited 5 May 2004].
Falk, Pari and Campbell, Colin, eds. (1997) The Shopping Experience. London: Sage.
MetroCentre website: http://www.metrocentre-gateshead.co.uk [visited 5 May 2004].
Goss, John (1993) The 'magic of the mall': an analysis of form, function and meaning in the contemporary retail built environment. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 83 (1) March, pp. 18-47.
Microsoft has not yet taken a stand on DRM issues nor have the defined their strategies for dealing with the intricacies of RIAA and NARAS as it relates to the content purchased. As a result, consumers vary of the RIAA and NARAS are taking a much more cautious approach to adopting the Microsoft digital music store as a result. There is a very good chance however that Microsoft will concentrate on an aggressive strategy to eventually attain DRM-free status of their downloads while also appeasing the legal entities that dominate this industry. Their challenges and the series of efforts they will need to make in order for this entire strategy to be successful will be fascinating to watch evolve over the coming years. Yet these two examples illustrate a fundamental fact about the future of Internet-based distribution of music and digital media, and that is only larger, more vertically oriented…
Apple, Investor Relations (2009). Investor Relations. Retrieved May 7, 2009, from Apple Investor Relations and Filings with the SEC Web site: http://www.apple.com/investor/
Anirban Banerjee, Michalis Faloutsos, Laxmi Bhuyan. (2008). The P2P war:
Someone is monitoring your activities. Computer Networks, 52(6), 1272.
Grant Buckler (2006, July). Bull from the entertainment industry. Computer Dealer News, 22(10), 11.
Popular Entertainment and Commercial Interests
Popular entertainment is overly influenced by commercial interest. Superficiality, obscenity, and violence characterize films and television today because those qualities are commercially successful."
Through a variety of overt and subtle ways, commercial interests are the key determinants of the content of popular entertainment.
For example, two summers ago, a movie called The Cell opened amid criticism of its stylized depictions of extreme violence. In the opening scene, a pretty girl lies dead in a bathtub. The camera zooms into her vacant eyes and pulls out to show the killer fishing out her bloody kidneys. A later scene shows the killer twirling his victim's intestines around on a stick. Critics complained about the senseless violence, but the movie made $57 million in the United States alone. However, when it was time to release the movie in the international market, New Line Cinema had a problem with…
Romance Writers of America. "Romance Fiction: Publishing's Billion-Dollar Genre." from the RWA National website. Retrieved November 25, 2002 from http://www.rwanationa.com/statistics.stm
Waxman, Sharon. "Sweat, Tears and Blood: In the debate over movie violence, one voice that's seldom heard is the filmmakers'." The Washington Post Magazine. October 29, 2000. 8-14.
Sharon Waxman, "Sweat, Tears and Blood," The Washington Post, October 29, 2000, p.8.
Romance Writers of America, Romance Fiction: Publishing's Billion-Dollar Genre.
Feminism & Entertainment
Toeing the line between taking a social stand and coming off as “preachy” is not the easiest thing to do. It is to be expected that the media and entertainment will always be a force in terms of showing where society is going. However, there are some people and entities that push such narratives entirely too strongly. The verbiage in the readings for this assignment explains that the Mary Tyler Moore Show struck the proper balance. Rather than being about the browbeating of men or society, it just showed what was possible and perhaps subject to change in terms of broader society when it comes to women in the workplace. While shows that try to adjust social norms can come off the wrong way, it would seem that the Mary Tyler Moore Show struck the right balance.
It is not reasonable or proper to expect media…
Popular Entertainment Venues
Family obligations are often at the heart of individual drive and guilt. They can drive a person to succeed and they can drive a person to do things that go against their very nature. In the film Alice Adams, the play Buried Child and the television series Everybody Loves Raymond the concepts of family obligation are the underlying motive to plot and action. The thing that is the same about these three programs on the thought of family obligation is that all of the characters do things for each other in the name of family obligation that they really don't believe to be the best thing for the individual they are trying to help.
In Alice Adams, Alice's not so glamorous family must make attempts to put on a show for her when she tries to improve her social status, not because they think there is a…
Goldstein, Jeffrey 1999 'The Attractions of Violent Entertainment', Media Psychology, vol.1, no.3, pp. 271-282.
The core idea of this article is that majority of researchers only concern themselves with effects of violence in mass media, neglecting the question of why the audience is attracted to violent entertainment in the first place. The author describes the attractions of violent entertainment, based on a project supported by the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation (HFG).
This article fits into a lot of different categories on violence such as the violence in movies and video games. There is plenty of literature that dives into this subject matter but appears to tackle this subject matter. Other articles makes the point at that violence is basically the foundation of a lot of films, TV movies, and not to mention even action series. To take it even further, violence is repeatedly identical with "action." For the reason that…
Cantor, J. (., 1998. Children's attraction to violent television programming. In J.Goldstein (Ed.), Why we watch: The attractions of violent entertainment. New York: Oxford University Press.
Goldstein, J., 2009. The Attractions of Violent. Media Psychology, 34(7), pp. 271-282. .
Guttmann, A., 2008. The appeal of violent sports. In J. Goldstein (Ed.), Why we watch: The attractions of violent entertainment. New York: Oxford.
The National League was formed in 1876 and enabled spectators to observe touring athletes play the game. The first World Series was played between the National League and its rival, the American League, in 1903. The popularity of baseball allowed for the financing of large baseball fields such as Fenway Park, Shibe Park, and Wrigley Field (Sports and Leisure, 2011). This era also saw the rise of collegiate football, boxing, and basketball.
The rise of entertainment was meteoric in the Gilded Age. With Americans working less and having a higher expendable income, they were able to enjoy entertainments such as expositions, amusement parks, vaudeville shows, sports, and music. To this day, the influence of these innovations and pastimes can still be seen in modern entertainment outlets and continue to amuse audiences everywhere.
Jim Crow Laws:
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that were enacted between 1876 and 1965…
About Vaudeville. (1999). Retrieved from American Masters:
An Introduction to American Cultural Expression during the Gilded Age and Progressive
Era (n.d.) Retrieved from: http://bss.sfsu.edu/cherny/cultlexp/expo.htm
Gaming, particularly as a form of entertainment has evolved throughout time. Over the past centuries gaming has taken many shapes and forms. Usually, the more popular games of the past required strategy and opponent anticipation. As society now moves towards the information age, many games have migrated to a digital format. The migration of gaming from physical games to that of a digital format is not without its strengths and weaknesses. As will be discussed in detail throughout the document, digital gaming offers much strength in relation to its physical counterpart. For one, digital gaming is faster, more convenient, and offers seamless access. However, in some instances it can be impersonal particularly over long distances. Physical gaming, is more personal, teaches proper sportsmanship, and develops closer relationship. Depending on the individual's desired outcome, particular gaming formats offering varying benefits to the consumer. Monopoly in both its physical and digital form…
1) Lieu, Tina (August 1997). "Where have all the PC games gone?" Computing Japan.
2) John Wills (1 October 2002). "Digital Dinosaurs and Artificial Life: Exploring the Culture of Nature in Computer and Video Games." Cultural Values (Journal for Cultural Research) (Routledge) 6 (4): 395 -- 417
3) Williams, J.P., & Smith, J.H., eds. (2007). The players' realm: studies on the culture of video games and gaming. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co. ISBN 978-0-7864-2832-8
Oprah: A Profile of an Entertainment Empress
Oprah Winfrey rose from obscure origins in the Southern United States to become one of the most iconic and influential women in the world. Her journey was one that brought her in connection with dynasties like the Kennedys and it was one which attracted interest from journalists of all walks of life. She capitalized on her image and her talent to become a media maven and today her name is as much a brand as Pampers or Coca-Cola. How did she do it? Kitty Kelly has written that she did it in much the same way that all powerful people do it as they go on to become titans, moguls, global czars of industry: she was both admired by fans (Jones, 2011) and feared by those in her employ (Kelly, 2011).
Kitty Kelly's unauthorized biography of Oprah reveals the real woman behind the…
Harris, J. & Watson, E. (Eds.). (2007). The Oprah Phenomenon. Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky.
Jones, J. (2011). Oprah Winfrey: Celebrity with Heart. Melrose Park, IL: Lake Book Manufucturing, Inc.
Kelly, K. (2011). Oprah: A Biography. NY: Random House.
evolution Movies Marketing
Workers Protection Acts
Investigate ways in which community arts organizations develop and maintain an audience
In the recent past, there has been a notable improvement in the field of arts. Many people in the community are now garnering interest in arts like never before. As a result, there has also been an increase in the community art organization. This is of course due to the need to fulfill the demand for the interest in art. However, it is an enormous challenge for organizations to acquire audience. Furthermore, the bigger challenge is to maintain the audience that they already have. Therefore, it is imperative that there are strategies that can happen in both situations. Community art organizations need to use all the appropriate methods to acquire a new audience. This is possible through advertising although the most suitable is to get to know the target group. There should…
Carpenter, G., & Blandy, D.E. (2008). Arts and cultural programming: A leisure perspective.
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Cherbo, J.M., Stewart, R.A., & Wyszomirski, M.J. (2008). Understanding the arts and creative sector in the United States. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press
Daragh O'Reilly. & Finola Kerrigan. (2010). Marketing the arts: A fresh approach. Taylor & Francis. London.
On the other hand, parents are not the only ones who should feel responsible for the caliber of popular entertainment. At some point, the media industry must look inward and decide what kind of role it can or will take in the society. Because the media will be concerned primarily with the bottom line, we must, however, forgive any industry that chooses consciously to air and market violent media. When that media is aimed directly at children, though, a line has been crossed. The entertainment industry can and should be self-regulated regarding the promotion of violent video games, films, and television shows. Based on the fact that media violence potentially contributes to the public health issues that Bok addresses in Mayhem: increased fearfulness in the society; increased appetite for more media violence; desensitization to violence; and increased levels of aggression, the media industry and parents alike need to shoulder some…
Furthermore, animals are given much more respect within entertainment than otherwise. Animals are viewed with both awe and joy by those who are watching them. They raise the level of awareness we feel for animals and make the audience care more. They would receive no better treatment were they "in the wild" or domesticated. Having animals in entertainment can be equivalent to having a pet at home, both of which is not demeaning as a rule.
Using Animals within entertainment does not hurt animals, on the contrary it helps improve their overall image within audiences, and at the same time they receive special and respectful treatment from their caretakers. It is a win-win situation for both sides.
Anderson, Kay. 1998. Animals, Science and Spectacle in the City, in Jennifer Wolch and Jody Emel (eds) Animal Geographies: Place, Politics, and Identity in the Nature-Culture orderlands. 27-50. New York: Verso.
Beardsworth, Alan and Alan Bryman. 2001. The wild animal in late modernity: The case of the Disneyization of zoos. Tourist Studies 1(1):83-104.
Bostock, S. 1993. Zoos and Animal Rights. London and New York: Routledge.
Croke, Vicki. 1997. The Modern Ark: The Story of Zoos, Past, Present and Future. New York: Scribner.
Survive With No Internet
The internet is a home to millions of people worldwide. The internet is a platform that completely changed how people communicate and go about their business. Currently, there are 2,405 million internet users all around the world, out of a population of 7 billion. This means that for every 100 inhabitants an average of 35 people are internet users. Since almost half of the population depends on internet to survive, it would be true to say that it is impossible to survive without internet. This essay appreciates the value of the internet but goes on to explain how to survive without it and still enjoy a smooth and informed life. The essay has six basic steps that will help people survive without internet and they include the following; make friends with a smart person, develop more facial expressions, create the biggest scrapbook ever, produce a vaudeville…
Nike has a steady new product pipeline and any one product can fail miserably, but Blizzard has long lead times and needs every new product to be a hit, otherwise its subscriptions will dry up. Gamers will not have enough loyalty to wait another ten years for the next iteration to give the company another try.
As a result, Blizzard is forced to have a much stronger emphasis on managing products. The products need to be finely managed, and this is why the company gives more leeway to its developers. Nike can afford a miss, but Blizzard cannot. Thus, even though Nike employees are active people, the company relies more on its marketing department to drive product development, while Blizzard very specifically relies on its engineers.
The approach that each company has taken with respect to developing and managing products has worked well for each firm. It is hard to…
Cendrowski, S. (2012). Nike's new marketing mojo. CNNMoney. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from http://management.fortune.cnn.com/2012/02/13/nike-digital-marketing/
Mourdoukoutas, P. (2012). Why Nike's buzz marketing strategy is riskier than Red Bull's. Forbes. Retrieved November 21, 2011 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/panosmourdoukoutas/2012/10/18/why-nikes-buzz-marketing-strategy-is-riskier-than-red-bulls/
Takahashi, D. (2008). Q&a with Paul Sams, Blizzard Entertainment's Chief Operating Officer, on post-merger life. Gamesbeat. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from http://venturebeat.com/2008/08/18/qa-with-paul-sams-blizzard-entertainments-chief-operating-officer-on-post-merger-life-2/
The criminal association principle suggests that being socialized to regard crime as acceptable or to admire criminals plays a role in the choices made in that regard. The fact that Pistone and Napolitano were actually raised in very similar circumstances where each had the same type of exposure to organized crime families illustrates that rational choice is more important than criminal association because Pistone made the conscious choice to become a federal agent rather than one of the criminals who controlled his childhood neighborhood (Macionis, 2003; chmalleger, 2008).
The segment of the criminal justice system portrayed by Episode 71 is criminal investigations and the operations of the criminal justice system. Fisher was allowed to plea bargain the charges of attempted murder despite the fact that she deliberately shot the wife of her lover in the head in the attempt to murder her. The episode suggests that her age was a…
Macionis J. (2003). Sociology. Princeton, NJ: Pearson.
Schmalleger F. (2008). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st
Century. Hoboken, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Michael Eisner, CEO
The purpose of this memo is to provide an outline of the case Walt Disney Company: The Entertainment King and the outline the alternatives that Disney has at its disposal. The best alternative for restoring ROE growth is to tap back into what made Disney great in the first place, which is creative ideas that are nurtured and brought to market.
The company has been suffering from a decline in ROE, which is currently below 10%. The rebound Disney experienced last year was almost entirely due to the success of Who Wants to be a Millionaire?, which has masked underlying weakness in the rest of our businesses. The company lost several key executives, creating a talent void. This in turn affected creative output, and the company began its slide at this point. The company's rebound in 2000 was aided by strong performance…
In addition many researchers point out that having a consistent vision and strong, defensible unique value proposition are also critical for the continued viability of a restaurant.
elationship marketing and the ability to build and sustain a loyal customer base are just as critical as the ability to manage a restaurant financially. The immediacy and trust that customers develop over time with a restaurant becomes an integral part of its brand, and the continual reinforcing of this trust-experience-loyalty triad is critical for the growth of any independent or franchised restaurant.
Additional factors that positively affect long-term restaurant viability are having a distinctive and highly differentiated concept that is defensible even in areas where there is high restaurant density. The core concepts of Differentiation, cost leadership, and focus have been suggested as competitive advantages for coping with competition (Porter, 1980, 1985). A firm can achieve profitability over a rival in two…
Bayou and Benett - Profitability Analysis for Table Service Restaurants. Cornell Hotel & Restaurant Administration Quarterly. April 1992.Pgs. 44-59
BB&T Capital Markets - CEC Entertainment Profile. BB&T Capital Markets Report. July 26, 2006. Barry Stouffer CFA, CPA
Bruderl & Schussler -, "Organizational Mortality: The Liabilities of Newness and Adolescence," Administrative Science Quarterly 35 (1990): 530-447.
Domino's (2005) - From the 2005 Analyst Day Presentation downloaded from the Internet on November 26, 2006:
PC BANG - PC Bang is a Korean Internet cafe with 21460 outlets across Korea.
Kinko's - Kinko's is a copy centre chain with 1100 stores across the United States and overseas.
Office Max - Office Max is a retail chain which also has a major online presence. Office Max offers a full range of business services.
Staples - Staples is a retail chain providing office supplies and services. It also has services available online.
Local Coffee Shop - Local coffee shop providing food and drinks to local customers.
SERVICES PROVIDED BY POTENTIAL COMPETITORS
PC BANG - PC Bang provides Internet services, specializing in entertainment. Its main service is providing an online gaming venue.
Kinko's - Kinko's operates from a store front, offering a full range of office services. Those services include photocopying, scanning, printing, mailing and fax services, FedEx drop boxes, videoconferencing, electronic document transfer, paper and office…
Since the supply is being specifically restricted, only a price increase could occur. Thus, creating exclusivity creates value to the seller.
The third reason why exclusivity is valuable is that it creates differentiation (Finkelstein, 2009). Differentiation is a key driver of value for many products and services. Exclusivity does not equate to differentiation, but it does increase the perception of differentiation, simply by virtue of the fact that the product is not mass market. The perception of differentiation is sufficient to drive value, regardless of whether or not there is actual differentiation. Thus, exclusivity drives value by being a means to achieve the perception of differentiation.
4. Senk argues that shopping in largely entertainment, a point to which I agree. Entertainment is simply something that amuses, diverts attention or pleases. In that respect, shopping is very much entertainment. As with any form of entertainment, shopping meets other purposes as well;…
Finkelstein, A. (2009). 10 tips for building your brand on a budget. CIFFOB. Retrieved December 3, 2009 from http://www.ciffob.com/tin-tuc/10-kinh-te/77-10-tips-to-building-your-brand-on-a-budget.html
Cohen, M. (2006). Why customers do what they do. New York: MacGraw-Hill Professional
Given the strong and increasing competition in the gaming and entertainment industry, Mandalay should apply a more aggressive strategy. The group should continue to expand the business. This will attract more clients, and it will expand Mandalay's number of target segments, which will eventually lead to increased incomes.
As mentioned above, Mandalay's strategy should focus on social responsibility also. By involving in the lives of its customers, Mandalay will be a more present figure in the customers' minds, which should lead to an increased degree of loyalty. Customer loyalty can also be reached by increasing customer satisfaction.
As a consequence, Mandalay's marketing department should seriously focus on discovering and analyzing customers' needs that have not yet been fulfilled. Implementing something new could help Mandalay gain serious competitive advantage over other gaming and entertainment industry players.
Mandalay should continue to exploit the advantage gained by addressing the entertainment oriented customers and…
The traditional print version of newspapers worldwide has suffered serious setbacks in recent years, to the point that some industry experts are predicting the ultimate demise of print newspapers. But there are creative ways to keep the newspapers in business and profitable, and this paper sheds light on those potentially successful strategies. Also, a news service should be available that reports instantly important economic and business news to points all over the globe. The emergence of smartphones make it easy and practical for that kind of pivotal economic information to be uploaded and used.
hat Has Happened to the Newspaper Industry?
According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), an international forum (with membership in 34 countries) that seeks to provide a vehicle for governments to work together in the effort to find solutions to common problems, the growth of the global newspaper market slowed down…
Anderson, David Ray, Sweeney, Dennis J., Williams, Thomas Arthur, and Williams, Thomas
A. 2008. Statistics for Business and Economics. Florence, KY: Cengage Learning.
Arthur, Charles. 2011. How the smartphone is killing the PC. The Guardian. Retrieved December 19, 2011, from http://guardian.co.uk .
Newspaper Association of America Foundation. 2008. Youth Media DNA: In Search of Lifelong Readers. Retrieved December 19, 2011, from http://www.naafoundation.org .
He also asserts that government participation in the arts beyond its role as a consumer can pose significant hindrances to the artistic processes. He claims that politics tends to "seek stability, compromise, and consensus," and as a result avoids supporting art that may "offend majority opinion or go over its head" (38). The market, on the other hand, has "liberated artists…from the potential tyranny of mainstream market taste" (23).
Is Government Funding Necessary or Appropriate?
There are many who disagree with Cowen, claiming that public funding for the arts is crucial to maintaining a vibrant, diverse, and forward-thinking creative community. These arguments are generally characterized by the theory that, while art as a market commodity is a healthy and valuable part of the artistic culture, there must also be a forum for art as a public good. This forum cannot be trusted to the market, which may or may not…
Becker, Howard. 1982. Art Worlds. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Cowen, Tyler. 1998. In Praise of Commercial Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Jenkins, Henry. 2006. Convergence Culture: Where old and new media collide. New York: New York University Press.
McChesney, Robert. 2004. The Problem of the Media. New York" Monthly Review Press.
Discuss specific challenges that managers face in each of the following industries that were less important five years ago.
An important challenge in the apparel industry today was also present five years ago but has become increasingly important in the interim (and looks to become increasingly important still in the years to come) is that of the difficulty that American businesses have in competing with companies overseas. This is arguably true in all fields but is especially so in those fields in which there is a high need for long hours of relatively unskilled labor.
Making clothes is a very labor-intensive process and all such industries (in both heavy and light manufacturing) are experiencing problems in today's marketplace. The decision this month of Levi Strauss to close its last American plant and to have all of its garments produced overseas is emblematic of the fact that it may…
Griffin, R. & Ebert, R. (2003). Business. (7th ed.).. New York: Prentice.
Mall of America: A case study
Why has the Mall of America been such a marketing success so far?
Although malls are often criticized as generic entities, the Mall of America has distinguished itself as unique from its competitors not only because of its sheer size but also because of the various entertainment and hospitality options it encompasses. It offers a host of theme parks and 'concept stores' as well as venues for commercial and personal entertainment. It has even spread out into hotels, spas, museum space, classrooms and convention halls. The Mall has the option for smaller entrepreneurs to purchase a kiosk for a limited time to sell their wares, further diversifying the available shopping experiences.
Q2. What (a) retail and (b) consumer trends have occurred since Mall of America was opened in 1992 that it should consider when making future plans?
When the Mall opened in 1992, shopping…
Models of Media and Politics
A review of media / political models sheds some light on why the United States' cultural themes have been such a dominant dynamic in Europe, among other global venues. In describing the three models of media and politics, Daniel C. Hallin and Paolo Mancini report that the media in Southern Europe (the "Mediterranean" or "Polarized Pluralist Model") is "an institution of the political and literary worlds" more than it is market-driven (Hallin, et al., 2004 90). The North and Central European model is called the "Democratic Corporatist Model" -- and is certainly more market-driven and far less politically driven; and the third model is the "North Atlantic" or "Liberal model" of media and politics (Hallin 87).
The North Atlantic or Democratic Corporatist model, according to Mark a. aker II encompasses Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the "Low Countries" and Scandinavia, and can be broken down into three…
Arango, Tim, 2008, 'World Falls for American Media, Even as it Sours on America. The New York Times, Retrieved Nov. 24, 2010, from http://www.nytimes.com .
Artz, Lee, and Kamalipour, Yahya, 2007, the Media Globe: Trends in International Mass Media. Rowman & Littlefield: Landham, MD.
Baker, Mark a., 2010, 'Hallin & Mancini, the North / Central European or Democratic Corporatist Model by: Mark a. Baker II', Global Media. Retrieved Nov. 24, 2010, from http://globalmediastudies.blogspot.com .
Hallin, Daniel C., and Mancini, Paolo, 2004, Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge University Press: New York.
This was not the case in the early days of film, however.
Instead, the studios either owned or worked in close collaboration with movie theatres, the vast majority of which had only one screen at the time. Instead of being able to choose which movie one wanted to see upon arriving at the theatre, choosing a movie meant choosing which studio's latest picture seemed most appealing, and going to that theatre. The arner brothers did not have a lot of money to build theatres with; they managed to construct a few in major cities, but that was it until Harry arner talked to independent theatre owners and convinced them to advertise arner's films for a small price (BOS 2).
The boost that arner Brothers Studios got from these advertisements allowed them to grow their business, and even obtain a large loan from Goldman Sachs that was used to build more…
Animation USA. "Warner Bros." Accessed 26 November 2009. http://www.animationusa.com/wbmore2.html
BOS. "Warner Brothers." Box office Spy. Accessed 26 November 2009. http://www.boxofficespy.com/warner-brothers-history-2.html
Warner Bros. "Company History." Accessed 26 November 2009. http://www.warnerbros.com/#/page=company-info/the_studio/company_history/
Blues music however did not cross racial lines, with the majority of famous blues musicians still residing in New Orleans and various other well-known black music entertainment venues of the South.
Gospel music has been an African-American church tradition with influences from traditional African music and especially prevalent during the slavery era. Later (most likely because of those particular ignominious associations and all they implied, especially in the South) gospel music was strongly discouraged within mainstream society and actively suppressed.
Similarly, blues music represented a blending of black musical traditions with a centuries-long history originating from the earliest days of American slavery. Sammy Davis Jr. And Nat King Cole, were and remain today among the best-known of early black entertainers within the (then) up-and-coming rock 'n roll genre of the 1940's. Each had a heavy influence upon Elvis himself.
Obviously, though, the blending of Southern musical traditions was not started…
African-American Musical Tradition." (June 9, 1998). Retrieved January 9, 2007,
From: http://www.questia.com/html .
Bane, Michael. White Boy Singin' the Blues: The Black Roots of White Rock.
Harmondsworth, Eng: Penguin, 1982.
At stake in the long run is the global agora: the universal library- movie theater-television-concert hall-museum on the Internet. The legal and social precedents set by Metallica v. Napster -- and half a dozen other e-music lawsuits-are likely to ramify into film and video as these, too, move online. hen true electronic books, e-magazines, and e-newspapers become readily available, their rules of operation may well be shaped by the creation of the heavenly jukebox. Music, according to a National Research Council report released last November, is the "canary in the digital coal mine." (Mann, 2000, p. 39)
The initial response of the entertainment industry has been negative, in that the music and video industry responded to fears that demonstrated a lack of willingness to alter marketing and outlet options to electronic forms, as technology had not quite met the expansion, but now things are changing and technology has created a…
Goldsmith, Jack L. "3 Against Cyberanarchy." Who Rules the Net? Internet Governance and Jurisdiction. Ed. Adam Thierer and Clyde Wayne Crews. Washington, DC: Cato Institute, 2003. 31-70.
Mann, Charles C. "The Heavenly Jukebox." The Atlantic Monthly Sept. 2000: 39.
Nicholson, Laura J., Tom F. Shebar, and Meredith R. Weinberg. "Computer Crimes." American Criminal Law Review 37.2 (2000): 207.
The high level of debt capitalization inheent in how they have financed thei stoes, which is infeed fom the case study, also could be applied to a moe effective cloud-based delivey achitectue. Netflix did this and was vey pofitable as a esult. Thid, Blockbuste has fa to go in tems of ceating a moe effective custome expeience. Thee is significant potential fo geat upsell and coss-sell as a esult.
The theats include a highly commoditized and shinking move ental maket in the U.S. And globally, including the apid commoditization of titles that ae easily gained though othe channels. In addition, the gowing theat and costs of piacy is vey significant fo Blockbuste and evey othe etail chain as well. Thid, the cost stuctue of the chain is slanted towads etail and epesents a significant financial isk in tems of continually financing the debt.
Blockbuste is continually on the…
references. Become a very focused marketed on the customers with the highest potential for Lifetime Customer Value (LCV) and the lowest churn rates possible.
lockbuster has 2800 video stores in 28 countries around the world, many of which are franchises. Its membership is thought to number 40,000,000+ people. lockbuster manages $5 billion in annual sales, and is the top retailer for movie rentals in the U.S. Recently, however, it has been facing tough competition, in view of the fact that the five major Hollywood movie studios are planning to rent movies to college students directly, and in view of the fact that new web-based movie-rental companies are starting up, for example, Netflix, which offer more flexible, movie-on-demand services. We will be discussing more about this competition that lockbuster faces later.
In view of this, lockbuster has therefore had to radically rethink its marketing strategies, and its pricing policies, in order to try and keep its existing customers, and to attract new customers to use its services. The first way it did this was to…
Blockbuster takes on Netflix. www.cnnmoney.com May 29, 2002.
Olsen, S. (2002). Blockbuster takes on Netflix. www.cnetnews.com. August 8, 2002.
Patsuris, P. (2003). Blockbuster takes on new strategy vs. Netflix. www.forbes.com/business. April 21, 2003.
Siklos, R., Anderson, S. And Browder, S (1999). Blockbuster Finally Gets it Right.
Exclusivity for these groups signals uniqueness. In a creative and individualistic society such as America's, uniqueness has cachet and value to the consumer, so any fashion item that can convey this uniqueness will also have value.
Exclusivity also has value because of its scarcity. This is a simple supply and demand equation. The price of a good (its value) is related to the demand for it and the supply of it. When demand is higher than supply, the price increases. Thus, by managing the scarcity of items in the stores, any popular or high quality items will be subject to supply constraints. The consumers of Urban Outfitters know this, and respond by assuming scarcity. They purchase the product quickly, knowing that they may otherwise lose out on the opportunity to do so.
The third reason why exclusivity is valuable is because of the thrill of the hunt. This psychological characteristic…
Nudity in Television
Nudity is increasing in the television shows and movies with every passing day. More number of actresses and models agree to do nude shoots. As the technology is also advancing at a fast pace, even young children have access to such nude photo shoots and scenes by making use of the internet. It can be said that actresses and models are signing contracts for nude scenes and shoots because the benefit from the aforementioned actions can be two-fold. Firstly, the payment for the shoot increases with nudity and so does the popularity and rating of the actresses and models. However, what is important for us to analyze is the impact that this increasing trend of nudity and vulgarity is leaving on the entertainment industry with respect to the ethical dilemmas that it must face. Therefore, the main theme of this paper would be the identification of the…
Feminist Legal Theory. "Women in film and television: empowered or objectified?" 2012.
Gelt, Jessica. "The CW reins in steamy sex scene on 'Reign'." Show Tracker, 2013.
Gish, William. "10 Hottest Actresses Topless." Break Media, 2010.
Huff Post. "Nymphomaniac' Character Posters Showcase Shia LaBeouf, Uma Thurman In Salacious Moments (Slightly NSFW)." 2013.
Additionally, the affordability of the Disney products and services is also relative. While in the economically developed countries in the western hemisphere, the Disney products and services are affordable and part of every day life, within the less economically developed countries, the Disney products and services are less affordable; here, they represent social statements and signs of wealth, which integrate an overall experience, rather than a simple product or service.
All in all, the Disney capabilities and resources become mixed to create a series of organizational strengths, which, among other things, include the following:
Innovation and commitment to high quality
Brand strength and customer loyalty to the brand
The ability to create experiences, rather than just products and services
Large size of the corporation, which integrates extensive financial and human capitals (both labor as well as intellectual)
The ability to serve the entertainment needs of various age groups
2009, Walt Disney SWOT analysis, MBA Tutorials, http://www.mba-tutorials.com/marketing/348-walt-disney-SWOT-analysis.html last accessed on December 15, 2010
2010, Walt Disney Co: Key Ratios, Money Central, http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/compare.asp?Page=ProfitMargins&Symbol=DIS last accessed on December 15, 2010
Team Handball is a game in which two teams of seven players each pass a ball and throw it into the other team's goal. There are six outfield players and a goalkeeper. In the opinion of this author, it would qualify as a sport due its competitive, recreational nature and the existence of a professional association ("USA Team Handball Association").
Sky Diving or parachuting is the action of exiting an aircraft and the returning to earth with the help of a parachute ("How Stuff orks"). hile not centralized, this author sees its competitive spirit and participatory nature to qualify it as a sport .
Suits would focus on the competitive nature of sports and how it brings about and promotes team building (Suits, xvi.). This is a quality that will pay off in terms of dividends in almost any field of endeavor. In this case, it would apply even…
"Delaware River Tubing." Web. 15 Sep 2011.
"How Skydiving Works ." How Stuff Works. 2011. Web. 15
Urban Outfitters Case Study
Urban Outfitters has defined a highly differentiated and unique shopping experience, supported by the eclectic and highly varied store layouts and merchandise strategy. This approach to retailing appeals to the individuality and uniqueness every consumer also sees in themselves, allowing the consumers to define themselves by what they like. INA actuality, Urban Outfitters is more aligned to key marketing concepts and strategies than its much larger and less differentiated competitors including Sears and Wal-Mart. Appearing non-conformist and counter-culture within its image, Urban Outfitters is actually providing an escape for consumers to use their purchases to define who they really are and what they actually care out. etailing that appeals to the values and individuality of a consumers are highly effective in creating loyalty and continued repurchase (Puccinelli, Goodstein, Grewal, Price, aghubir, Stewart, 2009). The intent of this analysis is to explain why Urban Outfitters continues to…
Arndt, M.. (2010, March). Urban Outfitters' Grow-Slow Strategy in Europe. Business Week,1.
Grewal, D., Levy, M., & Kumar, V.. (2009). Customer Experience Management in Retailing: An Organizing Framework. Journal of Retailing: Enhancing the Retail Customer Experience, 85(1), 1-14.
Patton, P.. (2008, February). URBAN OUTFITTERS. Fast Company,(122), 53,56.
Puccinelli, N., Goodstein, R., Grewal, D., Price, R., Raghubir, P., & Stewart, D.. (2009). Customer Experience Management in Retailing: Understanding the Buying Process. Journal of Retailing: Enhancing the Retail Customer Experience, 85(1), 15-30.
Lincoln Park Zoo
ecreational activities can be termed as a necessity for every individual despite his age, social status or society. A man with a 9 to 5 job would certainly prefer a vacation or a short weekend road trip. A housewife who is busy taking care of her children and dealing with the household chores all day long would long for a change. Similarly, children attending schools, tuitions and taking exam would prefer an entertainment to get a break from their routine life. This is because of the fact that humans often want change from their daily routine which builds up stress, work load, tensions and burden them up with worries. Consequently, it is not only their work or the responsibilities which are adversely affected, but their health and well being is also compromised. Therefore, although every man would want shelter, food and clothes for their living,…
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Lincoln Park Zoo. (2012). Zoo Families. A Magazine of Conservation and Education. Vol. 11, No.3
In ancient Rome, the gladiator games were a popular form of entertainment—but they were also much more than this and served multiple purposes within the Roman civilization. The games were used both by Roman authorities and by the slaves of Rome (the gladiators) as a tool, wielded for a different aim respectively. The Roman religious and the politicians used the games as well for their own ends. While the combats that took place in the arenas dazzled audiences, the violence and spectacle was really but one aspect of the contests, and an examination of the underlying social, political, religious and economic subtexts of the gladiator games reveals much about the nature of ancient Roman society. This paper will identify the four main purposes of the gladiatorial games in ancient Rome—the expression of political influence, the expression of religion, a means of emphasizing the Empire’s power, and grounds for slaves…