Phobia Essays (Examples)

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All subjects surveyed showed signs of anxiety that occurs specifically in relation to a certain situation or object.
The following questions were contained on the survey. Individual phobic symptoms included insects, Scores for individual phobic symptoms ranged from 0 to 4:0 = no information; 1 = no; 2 = doubtful; 3 = mild; and 4 = moderate to severe.

ESULTS:

Frequency of reported phobias. (Males/Females) reported having greater number of phobia symptoms. The comparison was x % versus x%, which was/was not statistically significant.

More than x percent of individuals reported only one phobic symptom and more than x percent reported two or fewer symptoms; one individual reported four or more symptoms. The break down by gender was:

The top 5 phobias found for this age group where 1)fear of clowns 2) fear of the dentist-dentophobia 3)fear of the dark-achluophobia 4)fear of heights-hypsiphobia 5)fear of spiders-arachnophobia.

Frequencies

Phobia(s)

Gender

Discussion

As expected, x percent of youths of both genders….

Phobias and Addictions
Grade Course

Families often pat their dogs and cats when they successfully catch a ball. Teachers and parents reward children with grades and gifts on their good performance with the motive that they continue to progress in a similar and a better way. At times, while travelling down the road some buildings or shops remind people about incidents or beloveds. These are some of the examples where environment is playing a major role in shaping the way individuals behave or respond. In this regard, behaviorism is a school of psychology which emphasizes the idea that learning occurs because of the environment. In other words, this school of thought says that the environment of an individual shapes his behavior. Therefore, a new behavior can be learned or unlearned by the different aspects of behaviorism; classical and operant conditioning.

There are a number of experiences and situations which almost everyone can relate….

Social Phobia in Children
PAGES 11 WORDS 3594

Social Phobia in Children
It is natural for the people to feel shy, self-conscious or nervous in front of others at certain occasions. Anyone can feel conscious or can have sweaty palms and racing heart when addressing a large audience or while presenting themselves in front of others. Most of the people can easily manage such feelings and can come over them. While for others, the anxiety that accompanies these feelings is very extreme and hence it cannot be handled easily.

Social phobia is also known as Social Anxiety disorder (SAD). It can be defined as a common anxiety disorder which is characterized by the feelings of intense fear humiliation, embarrassment and unpleasant and negative evaluation by other people in various social situations. The people suffering from this disease have a high tendency of avoiding social situations. ecent studies have indicated that social anxiety disorder is very common among adolescents, the life….

Social Phobia
PAGES 5 WORDS 1508

Social Phobia
There is a condition in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders known as social phobia. Social phobia, a term used in DSM-IV, is now known as social anxiety disorder as contained in DSM-V. This change has been necessitated by the need to capture the broad scope of the condition. And this recent change reflects that new understanding of the subject matter (Mellings and Alden, 2000).

Before now, the primary understanding of social phobia is the uneasy and extremely discomforting feeling an individual may experience while performing in public. This definition has been judged too narrow by expert researchers. DSM-5 has brought a new dimension to the issue such that social anxiety may be diagnosed in individuals who respond to social situations in a variety of ways (Mellings and Alden, 2000).

For example, a person may find it very uncomfortable engaging in conversation with others, especially those he does not know.….

Conditioning Theories: Phobias and Addiction
Phobias and Addiction

Phobias and Classical Conditioning Theory

Classical conditioning theory proposes that an individual can acquire a phobic response to a conditioned stimulus (CS), if the CS is paired with an aversive unconditioned stimulus (UCS) of sufficient strength and/or nature to elicit a negative affective reaction (Armfield, 2006, p. 747). For example, if a golfer is hit by lightening on the 15th hole, the UCS is being hit by lightning and the CS is playing golf. If the golfer lives through the experience, he or she may be unable to overcome the fear of being hit by lightening (unconditioned response) and never be able to walk onto another golf course (conditioned response). If it was a stormy day when the CS was paired with the UCS then the golfer may be able to overcome the new phobia by playing only on clear days, but they will always….

Impact of Phobias
PAGES 14 WORDS 4238

Abstract Phobias are a kind of anxiety disorder that can make an individual to experience extreme irrational fear regarding a situation, object, or living creature. Phobias should not be confused with normal fears since phobias are linked to a particular situation or object and they are persistent for 6 or more months. In this paper, we will describe what a phobia is and offer the differentiation of phobias from normal fear. We will then provide the diagnosis criteria for phobias as indicated in the DSM-5 manual. The 4Ds will be analyzed as they relate to phobia and the models of abnormality will be discussed. Treatment, history, culture, and prognosis will form the later part of the paper.
Description
According to Sutherland, Middleton, Ornstein, Lawson, and Vickers (2016) a phobia is defined as a type of anxiety disorder that makes an individual experience extreme irrational fear about a living creature, situation, place, or object.….

Mental Health and Phobias
PAGES 3 WORDS 1002

Managing Phobias
Phobias are seen to be unreasonable, and overwhelming fear of objects or situations posing little or no danger and evoke anxiety and avoidance. Specific phobias are known to last longer than the usual fears, and they cause psychological and intense physical reactions. The phobias are known to affect one's ability to function normally in the workplace, social setting and even at school. Causes, types, and symptoms of specific phobias have been presented to show readers the relevance of understanding how to go about dealing with this anxiety disorder. Specific phobias are known to be common anxiety disorders, and there are treatments and therapies for these disorders. Mental health professionals are specialists who work with patients facing phobias, and through them, they overcome their fears. It is imperative to understand that phobias are commonly treated without medications, but if a doctor prescribed the medicine, then they are to be….

A second phase might involve exposing to subject to motion pictures of moderate elevation, again without actually experiencing any elevation himself or herself.
A third phase of the process could involve exposing the subject to the mildest degree of stimuli that involve physical involvement, such as sitting by a closed window at an elevation well below the height at which the subject firs begins to experience a phobic response. Subsequently, the window might be opened and the subject allowed to become comfortable sitting next to it; the subject would then be encouraged to gradually increase the height of the window until it first approached the height at which the subject first begins to experience a physiological reaction. According to practicing and psychologists (Shapiro, 2002) and psychological theorists alike, (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008), the most crucial aspect of successful systematic desensitization is avoiding any dramatic increase in the degree of exposure….

According to the principle of habituation, a fear response weakens when elicited repeatedly. According to the principle of extinction, the fear response decreases or weakens when the patient is exposed to the feared situation and does not undergo a fear experience or arousal (Porter et al.).
The therapist first determines and ranks the patient's feared situations according to severity (Porter et al., 2006). Distress is measured by the Subjective Units of Distress

Scale at a range of 0 to 100 from minimal to severe. The person should remain in the situation until his distress level decreases to at least half. Exposure should not terminate when he is at the peak anxiety level or experiencing a panic attack. Terminating exposure at this point will reinforce the phobia. It can also develop aversive arousal that can lead to escape behaviors. These behaviors can lessen the probability of overcoming the feared situation, increase the….

Justifying Islamophobia
PAGES 12 WORDS 4004

They can also measure avoidance, as there are people who are so fearful of the Muslim culture that they will go out of their way to avoid Muslims and not have to interact with them in any way. There is a social stigma to Muslims in the eyes of many people, and that stigma is not always about hatred. It is much more often about fear, but that fear can manifest itself in different ways -- and some people seem angry at a group of individuals they are afraid of, as a way to try to cover up their fear. That fear can come from a lack of understanding, which can be worked through with knowledge and information.
Alternatives

There are some proposed alternatives to both the term and the concept of Islamophobia. Professor Fred Halliday and other scholars have argued that it is not really Islam that people are upset….

clinical psychology in a real-World situation.
Overview of Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia refers to the fear of becoming embroiled in situations from which it may be difficult to escape, or situations wherein help is not available, if such a need arises. Several people believe that agoraphobia merely denotes fear of public places (open spaces); however, the condition is much more complex. An agoraphobic person may be afraid of:

travelling by any means of public transportation visiting a mall going out of home

If agoraphobics find that they are in any stressful situation, the usual panic attack symptoms they experience will be as follows:

quickening of heartbeat hyperventilation or rapid breathing feeling sick feeling warm and sweaty

Agoraphobics will avoid circumstances that may lead them to anxiety; they may only go out of home with a partner or friend. Such people would prefer ordering their groceries online to going to a supermarket. This behavioral change is called "avoidance"….

All of the information I was gaining about a topic I had not previously understood was intriguing to me, and made me excited and ready to learn more. General Psychology I and Abnormal Psychology were my two favorite classes at Bergen, and I wanted to pursue additional psychology classes.
I transferred to Fairleigh Dickinson and enrolled in General Psychology II with the expectation that I would learn even more about psychology. I did not have an expectation as far as what topics would be covered in the course, but I did expect the material to be harder and more complex; I was right. I did not expect to study the biology and physiology of the brain, and I struggled with understanding and memorizing the material. Memorizing and understanding the parts of the brain and their function, such as the thalamus, cerebellum, brain stem, etc. did not appeal to me and….

Manuscript Critique
Mogg, K., Pierre P., & Bradley, B.P. (2004). Selective attention to angry faces in clinical social phobia. J Abnormal Psych, 113 (1), 160-165.

The present study investigated the time course of attentional biases to emotional facial responses in patients with diagnosed social phobia. The social phobia group showed enhanced vigilance to angry faces, relative to happy and neutral faces, compared to matched controls at 500 ms but not 1250 ms of exposure duration

The results of the present study provide evidence for initial vigilance for angry faces in patients with clinical social anxiety. These data are consistent with several studies related to cognitive bias in anxiety disorders (Mogg & Bradley, 1998). esults from this study suggest that social phobia has a different pattern of attentional bias from other anxiety disorders. Social phobia is characterized by attentional avoidance rather than vigilance for external threat cues.

The finding of attentional bias for angry faces….

Rock Decided to Meet Lucas
PAGES 11 WORDS 3404


Miami was where it all happened. I dated then. I guess you could say I had a life. Back then, if I were to be living under any rock, it had to be a very beautiful one, such as limestone, the kind of limestone that grew in small crevices on the road leading up to my grandfather's home on the island. I felt then that Prince Charming would come, eventually and when he did he wasn't going anywhere. After all, I am amazing; he must just not have received the memo quite yet. All of this was in the past and the time was now. I had been through enough doubt and feeling that I was some creature living under a rock. I was going to meet him and this situation would be resolved. Tonight was my coming out from under the rock.

Lucas. His name is Lucas Walker. We are….

Psychology Counseling
PAGES 4 WORDS 1479

However, they should also know what aspects of they reveal are confidential. An adolescent should know if he or she says that he 'hates his parents' that the therapist does not have a responsibility to 'tattle' to the client's parent, even if the parent is paying for the session
2b. Discuss 2 counseling situations where duty to warn would be necessary. What would be the ethical issues involved: If the client is likely to be harmful to others, such as if he or she threatens someone physically, the therapist must report the threats. Also, if the client is likely to be harmful to him or herself, such as threatening suicide or acting in a manner that is so severely delusional he or she is not competent to engage in basic self-care, the therapist may need to act. (Such as a patient engaging in severe self-harm or a patient with a….

Anxiety is a normal feeling that can be present in a variety of people.  However, when a person feels excessive anxiety, which is characterized as anxiety that is either without a cause or is disproportionate to any stimuli, then the anxiety may go beyond a normal reaction and be part of an anxiety disorder.  When you are writing a speech about anxiety, it is important to differentiate between that anxiety that is a normal part of everyday life or even a normal reaction to unusual stressors and anxiety that 

Outline for Speech on Anxiety Example

I. Introduction

Globalization is an interesting topic because the term means different things to different people.  Globalization specifically refers to the interactions and integration of the people of the world.  There are various types of globalization, with the three main types being economic, political, and cultural.  Of course, these three types of globalization rarely, if ever, occur in isolation.  Exposure to other people, ways of life, and worldviews leads to changes in various sectors.  It is no wonder, then, that so many people find the idea of globalization to be very threatening.  In fact,....

Certainly! Here are a few suggestions for social injustice essay topics:

1. Income inequality and its effects on marginalized communities.
2. Gender bias and discrimination in the workplace.
3. Racial profiling and its impact on communities of color.
4. Access to quality education for low-income students.
5. Environmental racism and its consequences on disadvantaged communities.
6. The criminal justice system's disproportionate treatment of minorities.
7. Discrimination against LGBTQ+ individuals in society.
8. Disability rights and the challenges faced by disabled individuals.
9. Child labor and exploitation in developing countries.
10. The refugee crisis and the global response to displaced populations.

Remember, when writing about social injustice, it is essential to research....

Thesis statement: The Little Albert Experiment conducted by John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner in 1920 showcased the significant similarities and differences between classical conditioning and operant conditioning, illustrating the importance of environmental factors in shaping human behavior.

Some potential subtopics to explore in your thesis could include the ethical considerations of the Little Albert Experiment, the lasting impact it had on the field of psychology, and the implications it has for understanding the development of phobias and anxiety disorders in individuals. By delving into these subtopics, you can provide a comprehensive analysis of the experiment and its broader implications for the....

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5 Pages
Term Paper

Psychology

Phobias Research Estimates That Between

Words: 1246
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Term Paper

All subjects surveyed showed signs of anxiety that occurs specifically in relation to a certain situation or object. The following questions were contained on the survey. Individual phobic symptoms…

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3 Pages
Essay

Psychology

Phobias and Addictions Grade Course Families Often

Words: 1403
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

Phobias and Addictions Grade Course Families often pat their dogs and cats when they successfully catch a ball. Teachers and parents reward children with grades and gifts on their good performance…

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11 Pages
Research Paper

Psychology

Social Phobia in Children

Words: 3594
Length: 11 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Social Phobia in Children It is natural for the people to feel shy, self-conscious or nervous in front of others at certain occasions. Anyone can feel conscious or can have…

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5 Pages
Research Paper

Psychology

Social Phobia

Words: 1508
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Social Phobia There is a condition in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders known as social phobia. Social phobia, a term used in DSM-IV, is now known as social…

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2 Pages
Essay

Psychology

Conditioning Theories Phobias and Addiction Phobias and

Words: 766
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Conditioning Theories: Phobias and Addiction Phobias and Addiction Phobias and Classical Conditioning Theory Classical conditioning theory proposes that an individual can acquire a phobic response to a conditioned stimulus (CS), if the…

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14 Pages
Research Paper

Psychology - Abnormal

Impact of Phobias

Words: 4238
Length: 14 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Abstract Phobias are a kind of anxiety disorder that can make an individual to experience extreme irrational fear regarding a situation, object, or living creature. Phobias should not be confused…

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3 Pages
Essay

Psychology - Behaviorism

Mental Health and Phobias

Words: 1002
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

Managing Phobias Phobias are seen to be unreasonable, and overwhelming fear of objects or situations posing little or no danger and evoke anxiety and avoidance. Specific phobias are known…

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2 Pages
Essay

Psychology

Altophobia and Desensitization Phobias and

Words: 562
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

A second phase might involve exposing to subject to motion pictures of moderate elevation, again without actually experiencing any elevation himself or herself. A third phase of the process…

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4 Pages
Term Paper

Psychology

Exposure Therapy for Agoraphobia a

Words: 1319
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Term Paper

According to the principle of habituation, a fear response weakens when elicited repeatedly. According to the principle of extinction, the fear response decreases or weakens when the patient…

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12 Pages
Research Paper

Race

Justifying Islamophobia

Words: 4004
Length: 12 Pages
Type: Research Paper

They can also measure avoidance, as there are people who are so fearful of the Muslim culture that they will go out of their way to avoid Muslims…

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4 Pages
Essay

Psychology

Application of Clinical Psychology in Agoraphobia

Words: 1337
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Essay

clinical psychology in a real-World situation. Overview of Agoraphobia Agoraphobia refers to the fear of becoming embroiled in situations from which it may be difficult to escape, or situations wherein…

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3 Pages
Essay

Psychology

Expectations of Psychology Prior to

Words: 1053
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

All of the information I was gaining about a topic I had not previously understood was intriguing to me, and made me excited and ready to learn more.…

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3 Pages
Term Paper

Psychology

Manuscript Critique Mogg K Pierre P &

Words: 807
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Manuscript Critique Mogg, K., Pierre P., & Bradley, B.P. (2004). Selective attention to angry faces in clinical social phobia. J Abnormal Psych, 113 (1), 160-165. The present study investigated the time…

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11 Pages
Term Paper

Urban Studies

Rock Decided to Meet Lucas

Words: 3404
Length: 11 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Miami was where it all happened. I dated then. I guess you could say I had a life. Back then, if I were to be living under any rock,…

Read Full Paper  ❯
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4 Pages
Thesis

Psychology

Psychology Counseling

Words: 1479
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Thesis

However, they should also know what aspects of they reveal are confidential. An adolescent should know if he or she says that he 'hates his parents' that the…

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