Human Genome Project and Its Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:


The ethical concerns about the ability to obtain this information revolve around the possibility of discrimination against people who have less than superior gene pools and that those people will be shunned from society, or worse yet, rounded up and locked up before they have ever done anything wrong.

In addition there is also the concern that the wealthy will be able to genetically order perfect children with the highest IQ's the healthiest DNA and the best looks, while those who are not wealthy will have children the old fashioned way and there will be an eventual class distinction between the children who have been genetically ordered and those who are a toss of the dice.

The other ethical issue involves a perceived right to privacy. The recent health care privacy act has worked to further protect a person's right to decide who has information about him and why it will be shared. If the HGP completes its goal there is a chance that people will lose that right to privacy as leaks and hacking ability extracts it for a fee.

The topic and concerns regarding the HGP is a human rights issue because once the mapping is complete it will detail all of mankind and there will be no going back in time to undue the abilities that the HGP will provide.

The question of ethics can also be held against several ethic theories including the Deontological Ethical Theory that in short states as long as one is following the basic preset principles or elements of that theory one is being ethical. In the case of HGP as long as nurses and other medical professionals only use the HGP information to provide the best care possible both during crisis and as a preventative measure then they are behaving ethically.

Immanuel Kant believed in the basic good of people when he theorized that there is a sense in each person that will cause them for the most part to choose the ethical path.

When and if the time comes that some decide to use HGP information in an unethical genetic engineering manner the Theory of Justice will prevail. The Theory of Justice believes that each and every person is entitled to identical rights and privacies. This theory is so strongly supported by the free world that there have been many wars to ensure its implementation and maintenance.

If and when the time comes that a few unethical minds decide to take advantage of HGP and its abilities the world will block that effort and demand the theory of justice be followed, including the implementation of legislation to insure that it is.


Though I understand the concerns of those who are against the project, I believe that the benefits of it will outweigh any possible risks.

A random survey of recent newspaper headlines gives some cause for concern. "Eggs May Be Fertilized Without Sperm," "Britain's First 'Designer Baby' to Be Born Soon" and "Fertility Ethics Authority Approves Sex Selection" are just a sampling of recent stories that tell of the accelerating conjunction of genetics and the fertility clinic, the site where the initial battle over the human genomic future will be waged (Brave, 2001). "

However the HGP has a much larger area of impact than the ability to create designer babies. It will be the key to disease and mental illness that mankind has hoped for throughout history.

The potential is there for mankind to use the information to manipulate its own evolution but I don't think it will happen. I read a survey once that asked thousands of people if they could look into the future would they? The vast majority of respondents said that they would not as they had no desire to know ahead of time what type of pain and suffering they might endure as it would take away their hope.

I believe the same concept applies here. I think that the ability to map disease can only have a positive impact on mankind as it will allow medical personnel to begin working on cures.

I believe as Kant does in the ultimate good of people and the belief that everyone has an inner sense that guides them to live ethically for the most part.

I believe that mankind has come far enough in its evolutionary process that it will develop guidelines and laws that will protect the rights of people and their privacy while at the same time allowing us to utilize the benefits.

Even now, however, we do not understand how all the different pieces of information are stored in the genome. We have merely begun to describe them and decode how a small percentage of the individual genes work, but it remains to be seen how they all are used and what traits they produce (Brave, 2001)."

What this says to me is that we have a long way to go before we need to worry about designer babies, and the other ethical problems that may arise in time.

The advances that this mapping will provide will help the medical community deliver the best care in history to patients and that will mean a significant increase in job satisfaction across the board for the medical profession.

The HGP will not create unethical issues in the field of genetic engineering, if anything it will create the desire to be more ethical than ever before as mankind steps across the threshold of ability and moves into a new frontier.


Bailey, Ronald (2001) Does Genetic Engineering Endanger Human Freedom?

The American Enterprise


The Nation

Elliott, E. Donald (2001) The genome and the law: should increased genetic knowledge change the law? Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy

Tauer, Jennifer Elle (2001) International protection of…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Human Genome Project And Its" (2006, December 03) Retrieved December 10, 2016, from

"Human Genome Project And Its" 03 December 2006. Web.10 December. 2016. <>

"Human Genome Project And Its", 03 December 2006, Accessed.10 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Human Genome Project One of the Primary

    Human Genome Project One of the primary concerns of the biological sciences today is human health. The more information is made known about the human body, the more curative and preventive steps can be taken to ensure the longevity and health of the human body. This is one of the ends of the Human Genome Project (HGP), which was concluded in 2003. The project ran for 13 years and was coordinated

  • Human Genome Project May Be

    Since the antigens are closely linked to race and ethnicity, it is much easier to find a biological match among people with similar ethnic and racial backgrounds than it is among any two randomly selected individuals. On the basis of tissue matching, organs from blacks will almost always go to blacks and organs from whites will almost always go to whites. Blacks, however, have a much higher incidence of

  • Human Genome Project Hgp Was Designed to

    Human Genome Project (HGP) was designed to provided detailed and complete information about the genes in human DNA. Not funded by any private corporation, the HGP will generate information that can be used by a wide variety of agencies and companies in the 21st century and beyond (Guyer & Collins, 1995). With this information, scientists can greatly improve how they perform human research, and the medical implications may have few

  • Ability to Study of Human Genome Is

    ability to study of Human Genome is an important scientific discovery that posed major threats to the great ideals of human dignity, privacy and confidentially of one's medical history when it first made headlines in 1998. To fully exploit the scope of this discovery, Human Genome Project was launched that again had few supporters and numerous opponents. The general public, not aware of the deeper scientific reasons behind launching

  • Genome Project on Drug Design

    IV. TESTING ON HUMANS The only thing that is lacking at this point according to all reports is for testing on humans to be completed. The Time Asia articles states: "The last step for the ace-2 inhibitor, as for any drug, is human clinical trials. Because the U.S. Food and Drug Administration requires such rigorous testing, this is by far the most expensive part of drug development. So for human trials

  • Human Cloning the Subject of Human Cloning

    Human Cloning The subject of human cloning was once the stuff of science fiction novels and television programs. As technology and science improves, the creation of clones has become, potentially, a real likelihood in the impending future. For the follow, the definition of human cloning is that which has been designated by the American Medical Association: The term "cloning" will refer to the production of genetically identical organisms via somatic cell nuclear

  • Genome Human Cloning Human Cloning

    (iii) in the United States, Brazil, Germany and France, humans have been receiving their own stem cells to re-grow heart muscle in the unforeseen incident of heart attack or injury. This was found to be successful in majority of the cases. (iv) in one more incident, the vision of 23 patients was restored after limbal adult stem cell transplants. This line of therapeutic care has assisted a lot of

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved