Police Department Roles and Functions Paper

Length:  3 pages (1049 words) | Sources:  3  | Subject:  Police | Type: Term Paper | Paper: #37326124 | Author:  

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The roles and functions played by the police force go far above the operational and technical aspects of their work. This study focuses on the roles and functions that different police departments play often categorized depending on the principal mandate of the police departments relative to the enforcement of the law. The study will also expound on the various types of police agencies in local, state, and federal levels, and their role in policing. The complexity and technicality of the job involved calls for proper coordination and clear distinction of roles as any conflict could compromise safety.

Excerpt from Term Paper:

In order to understand this aspect properly, it is essential to understand how the functions of police agency differ at the local, state, and federal level. At the local level, municipal police is the majority. However, it also comprises of the county sheriffs, county police, tribal and regional police. All these police wings are under the umbrella of the local government, which is also responsible for their remunerations and salaries. Because of the nature of their service, they usually have restricted types of equipment with limited privileges compared to the state police. The principal purpose is to enforce the laws of the jurisdiction, investigate local crimes, and handle all patrols. They include regional, county, municipal, tribal police force that gets authority from the governing body at the local level (Palmiotto & Unnithan, 2010).

Second in that category is the state agency. As the name suggests, state agency also known as the state  troopers , solves issue relating to the state using the local levels within the state to counter the various concerns. In most cases, their duties revolve around statewide investigations, highway patrols, and enforcing other traffic laws. They usually work with the Bureau of criminal investigations in dealing with emergencies, training law enforcement official and social crime such sex offenders and illegal drug abuse and other investigations that go beyond the jurisdiction and resources of the local police (Dantzker, 1999).

On the other hand, the federal agency deals with not only statewide concerns, but also oversees the solving and tackling crimes that directly or by extension affect the entire state. This level requires high specialization, training, and knowledge on both the local and state laws as it covers the entire country. Some of the bodies in this category include the Secret Service, Federal Bureau of Investigations (F.B.I), the Border Patrol, and the United States Enforcement Administration (D.E.A) (Stevens, 2011).

The patrol unit is one of the most significant departments in police organization in mobilizing and managing resident s contribution regarding social control and prevention of crime. Consequently, there role is to receive and process sensitive information from volunteers…[continue]

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