Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Aviation Security after 911
In recent times, airport and aviation security have become an important aspect of aviation industry. Significant changes in airport and aviation security have been witnessed after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Notable changes include new airport security procedures, implementation of advanced screening and scanning technologies. New airport security measures include arrival of passengers two hours before their flight if traveling in domestic flight and random screening of luggage. Such measures had been introduced in order to promote aviation security in order to prevent terrorist activities. Advanced screening and security were needed to combat the threat of terrorism and therefore, to avert such attacks, transportation security agency was formed during the Bush administration. The goal of aviation security is to provide maximum security and safety to air passengers and employees, to capture terrorists and to ensure that 9/11 attacks do not occur again. The goal of this paper is to analyze the topic of aviation security after 9/11 in the lights of broad and diverse academic resources.
Formation of Transportation Security Agency
After 9/11, Transportation Security Agency had been created in order to improve aviation and airport security in order to deal with terrorist attacks. TSA works collaboratively with local and regional agencies in order to promote security in the transportation sector including railroads, buses, subways, ports and highways (DiLascio 123). However, it primarily focuses on airport security to avert terrorist attacks. Duties of TSA in terms of aviation security revolve around screening baggage and passengers at all American airports. TSA also collaborates with law enforcement agencies to avert the risk of baggage theft. In 2007, an operation was carried out by TSA in which weapons were stolen by airport employees (DiLascio 124).
New Technologies and Privacy Issues
In the year 2010, WBI or whole body imaging systems had been introduced at American airports by TSA in order to promote airport security and to reduce the risk of terrorism. Such systems were used previously as part of experimental studies in order to determine their effectiveness. WBI systems are now the main screening systems at airports and utilize the usage of advance technology, which can effectively catch the smallest details. Currently, two AIT systems have been employed by TSA, which are: Rapiscan Secure 1000 and Provision System (DiLascio 125). The former operates on X-rah backscatter technology and the latter employs wave imaging technology. Critics assert that this technology invades privacy and refer it as "virtual strip search" (Seidenstat 276). For this purpose, TSA also provides the option of pat-down search in order to deal with privacy concern. It should be noted that this technology can only identify conceal objects but cannot detect or reveal explosives. Upon detection of concealed object, further inspection is made. Procedures include visual inspection, pat-down procedures and conducting tests to determine whether the individual is carrying an explosive or not by taking the sample from his or her clothing or skin.
From surveys, it has been suggested that about 70 to 80% of American citizens approve the usage of AIT systems in order to promote aviation and airport security. However, some groups have asserted that these systems invade privacy (DiLascio 134). One such group is the American Civil Liberties Union, which assert that this system of body screening invades privacy and gives comprehensive details of body. Furthermore, complete body imaging of children is of great concern as it is difficult to determine whether it breaks laws regarding child pornography (Seidenstat 277). Upon detecting of an unidentified object, the passenger is also subjected to pat-down procedures. Frequently, sexual harassment charges have been made by female passengers asserting that such procedures allow and promote inappropriate touching. .
New Policies and Framework
The issue of airport and aviation security has significant attention since the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, which completely destroyed the World Trade Center and killed hundreds of innocent people. The tragic event raised security concern and changed the face of aviation security in the twenty first century (Nicholson 14). These terrorist attacks called for greater aviation security and thus, led to the formation of Transportation Security Agency in 2001. Drastic changes were witnessed in airport security measures and tools such as knives, box cutters and screwdrivers were banned. In 2002, increased security measures concentrated on checking baggage for explosives (Nicholson 14). In 2004, domestic and international passengers needed to remove their jackets for screening. Selected passengers would also be subjected to pat-down procedures (Nicholson 14). In some cases, passengers were…[continue]
"TSA Transportation Security Agency Specifically Airport Security" (2012, November 04) Retrieved October 21, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/tsa-transportation-security-agency-specifically-107636
"TSA Transportation Security Agency Specifically Airport Security" 04 November 2012. Web.21 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/tsa-transportation-security-agency-specifically-107636>
"TSA Transportation Security Agency Specifically Airport Security", 04 November 2012, Accessed.21 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/tsa-transportation-security-agency-specifically-107636
The physical passage from the entrance hub should consist of a single hallway, as narrow as safety limits will allow and without any branching, to ease the monitoring of movement. This hallway would connect the entrance hub to the main public area of the airport, where shopping and food service establishments would located. Again, this area should be modeled after many existing airports; a large and open area resembling a
Airport Security Design and Implementation The objective of this work in writing is to devise a plan for setting up a state-of-the-art airport security system. This work will discuss: (1) The security force: selection, organization and training; (2) Airport lay-out: suggest a design which maximizes security management efficiency and passenger flow while minimizing discomfort and delay to air travelers; (3) the screening system step-by-step detailing the process, the equipment used and
By federal law, all passenger airliners now feature cockpit doors that are locked by the pilots from inside the cockpit. Likewise, pilot training now includes the specific instructions not to open the door in response to any occurrence or emergency in the passenger cabin; instead, pilots are under instructions to land the aircraft immediately in response to any perceived emergency that would have previously been cause to investigate beyond
However, the reviews published by customers have also tended to shine a positive light on the personnel at the airport, nothing that the staff seems to be particularly well-tuned to the needs of passengers even during such infrequent but challenge system-wide failures. Major success factors Major success factors will be the reduction or outright prevention of security breaches, the retained convenience of flying, the prevention of system failures, the maintenance of
Aviation Security Keeping passengers safe on their flights involves more than just making sure the aircraft in use is fully functional and operationally fit. Aviation security involves keeping dangerous people from becoming passengers, and that entails security checks during the boarding process, and more. This paper points to the steps that government officials and airline management must take to ensure the safety and security of private and commercial air travel. National Strategy
S. Constitution. Notwithstanding the defendant's claim that the money orders were not his, the DEA and other federally authorized airport security seized the briefcase because they had probably cause to do so. One federal statute 31 U.S.C. § 5324(a) (avoiding currency transaction reporting rules) was referenced. Moreover, believing that they had probably cause to believe money laundering was involved they invoked 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(i) and 1957(a) (2000). And after
Beginning in October of 2005, organizational arrangements for emergency management functions on a federal level were put into place, in the reorganization begun by Secretary Chertoff. Pros and Cons about the Homeland Security Program There are good things about the Homeland Security Program in the U.S. A list of positives would include the fact that some safeguards must be implemented in order to keep the country safe. Local and national law