In an argument against this decentralization it is argued that "diminishing their importance would erode the privatized feel that now dominates the exercise of city power in America and, thereby, affect the life of every metropolitan resident." (Frug, 1999) it is argued that the community policing will create 'city power' which will be the forerunner of the decentralization of power to American cities. This would in the long run help the cities improve and become safe with more interaction between the citizens and in common aims. This will result also in community building. The police department which is more isolated from the public and views issues as 'us' and them angles will become more humane and cooperative in peaceful policing methods.
Community policing as a method of curtailing crime is being adopted by the police forces all over the globe. Even where the state and police show reluctance the local people form organizations that either cause vigilant watch over the community or take to following up the actions done by police in sensational cases. This concept has caught on in most of the world and now cases as old as 26 years are being reopened in the light of fresh evidence coming to light on account of individual and community activity. This change will redefine the roles and the methods how the police officers will do their jobs and also in a new manner which will necessitate new psychological training and readjustment. The Police as a force has wrested control to the department from the political bosses and have evolved over the years the platform for this change.
It is inevitable that community policing becomes a way of the social system. The reasons that the world has become a global village, and while on one hand it helps the country and the world community at large grow and become affluent has also given the pathway to the terrorist, and the nonconformist and the elite and sophisticated criminal better opportunities. Thus a small police force which plays multiple roles cannot be up to the task of controlling the entire community, especially since the modern times demand that crime be prevented before the attempt. A successful attempt can have devastating consequences for a community or even a state. The September eleven tragedy ought to have been prevented. Thus it is important that the community police itself and take active part in the vigilant prosecution of crime and take steps to prevent crime. The onus of reporting and seeing to it that activities that occur in the neighborhood are suspicious thus shifts to the member of the community. The citizen thus is empowered to participate with the law enforcing agencies in their primary role and also gets to interact with the community in such a way that community policing will create harmony with the people of a district or block and also create a venue for better interaction between the citizens and police and bring to light the problems of the police and citizens. This will result also in community building and in the long run integrate the community and avert such problems like racism. The police department and the police personnel will be saddled with better responsibility and will automatically become efficient because of the public eye that follows them. It also is a method of preventing police brutality.
Community policing as a method of curtailing crime today is either being experimented or has been adopted by the police forces all over the globe. Even where the state and police show reluctance over the involvement of individuals, the media acts as the community mouthpiece and brings public reaction to bear on the issue. This shows that people of the world are ready to take on the responsibility of protecting themselves. What is now required is to devise a system that can work integrating the police department, the citizen and the agencies that could provide correction facilities for the delinquents and help them get rehabilitated. The possibilities are endless. This is one step to a safer and better community and a decentralized policing method.
Crawford, Adam. (1999) "The Local Governance of Crime: Appeals to Community and Partnerships" Oxford University Press. Oxford, England.
Fielding, Nigel. (1995) "Community Policing"
Clarendon Press. Oxford.
Frug, Gerald E. (1999) "City Making: Building Communities without Building Walls"
Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ.
Hale, Donna C; Ross, Jeffrey Ian. (2000) "Making News of Police Violence: A Comparative
Study of Toronto and New York City" Praeger.: Westport, CT.
Hardina, Donna. (2002) "Analytical Skills for Community Organization Practice" Columbia
University Press. New York.
Kurke, Martin I; Scrivner, Ellen M. (1995) "Police Psychology into the 21st Century"
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Hillsdale, NJ.
Mcgrath, John E. (2004) "Loving Big Brother: Performance, Privacy, and Surveillance
Space" Routledge. New York.
Norris, Clive; Armstrong, Gary. (1999) "The Maximum Surveillance Society: The Rise of CCTV" Berg. New York.
Sirianni, Carmen; Friedland, Lewis. (2001) "Civic Innovation in America: Community
Empowerment, Public Policy, and the Movement for Civic Renewal" University of California Press. Berkeley,…