The basis of this ideology was set by the leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. It basically strives to promote freedom of the Lebanese from both Israeli occupation, as well as the threat of the Western "imperialism." The most relevant excerpt in the ideology of Hezbollah is presented below: Today, Hezbollah offers a multitude of social services to the Lebanese population and this continually raises its notoriety and public support. Finally, another goal has been that of increasing its power, which has also been achieved, proof of this success standing the increased number of Hezbollah members who activate as powerful politicians in the Lebanese government (BBC News, 2002).
The solution to Lebanon's problems is the establishment of an Islamic republic as only this type of regime can secure justice and equality for all of Lebanon's citizens.
The Hizballah organization views as an important goal the fight against 'western imperialism' and its eradication from Lebanon. The group strives for complete American and French withdrawal from Lebanon, including all their institutions.
The conflict with Israel is viewed as a central concern. This is not only limited to the IDF presence in Lebanon. Rather, the complete destruction of the State of Israel and the establishment of Islamic rule over Jerusalem is an expressed goal (Military Advantage, 2009).
Hezbollah was initially founded with the goal of freeing southern Lebanon from under Israeli occupation and fighting for the general freedom of the Palestinian populations. In time however, their objectives evolved as a result of the numerous interactions and developments in communities. The fight against the Israelites led them to the creation of an intense feeling of hatred, to culminate in the belief that Israel as a country does not have the basic right to exist. Once Lebanon was freed from Israeli occupation, the Hezbollah promoted an agenda according to which all land occupied by Israeli was land that needed to be freed and their new goal was that of eliminating Israeli all together. This newly developed goal of freeing the world from Israeli and their occupation threat makes the Hezbollah members believe that they are entitled to take any measure they consider necessary, including acts of terrorism. Additionally, the Hezbollah movement has made it clear that the Western civilizations represent a threat and they have often engaged in actions with the specific goal of punishing the United States interventions in the Middle East (Military Advantage, 2009).
Aside its fight against the Israelis and the American threat, Hezbollah also prays on its goal of inspiring all oppressed populations to raise their weapons and fight to free their lands. Also, their objectives include an improvement in the ...
In the contemporaneous society of increasing threats of terrorism, the specialized literature has become more focused on addressing the issue of terrorist organizations. Despite the existence of terrorism since ancient times, a definition is difficult to offer. Yet, terrorism may be understood as the use of violence in order to pressure decision makers to rule in favor of the agenda promoted by the terrorist organization.
The paramilitary organization Hezbollah was founded with the special purpose of fighting the Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon. In time however, the aims of the group evolved, as did their ideology and grievances. What is interesting about the Hezbollah is that all of their grievances, ideologies and goals are based on the same three core elements -- freedom for Lebanon, demise of the Israelis and the lack of desire to submerge to the imperialistic desires of the Western civilizations.
Morag, N., September 2006, The Economic and Social Effects of Intensive Terrorism: Israel, 2000-2004, The Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol. 10. No. 3
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2002, Who Are Hezbollah? BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1908671.stm last accessed on June 22, 2009
2009, Hezbollah, Military Advantage, http://www.military.com/Resources/ResourceFileView?file=Hezbollah-Organization.htm last accessed on June 22, 2009
What is Terrorism? Terrorism Research, http://www.terrorism-research.com / last accessed on June 22, 2009
Today, Hezbollah offers a multitude of social services to the Lebanese population and this continually raises its notoriety and public support. Finally, another goal has been that of increasing its power, which has also been achieved, proof of this success standing the increased number of Hezbollah members who activate as powerful politicians in the Lebanese government (BBC News, 2002).
Hezbollah's History, Ideology, Goals And Operational Capabilities The recent wave of anti-American demonstrations in Egypt and the murder of an American ambassador and three embassy staff workers in Libya makes it clear that America's global war on terrorism has simply fueled the growth of numerous terrorist organizations, including Lebanon's Hezbollah. Nevertheless, representatives of Hezbollah argue that they are not a terrorist organization but rather a political party with legitimate goals, while
Hezbollah Augustus Richard Norton's book Hezbollah: A Short History attempts to provide a balanced and nuanced view of the Shiite Islamic organization. Concerned primarily with the issue of self-rule and self-determination within Lebanon -- at least at the time of its founding -- Hezbollah has come to be labeled as a terrorist organization by many world governments, and Norton critically examines this identification and the events and perspectives that have led
"In the case of arms trafficking," they advise, "there are arms dealers eager to sell AK-47s to conflict zones all over the world. There are shipping and air transport services willing and able to transport the weapons to warlords who are destabilizing much of West Africa. The warlords trade diamonds for guns, and the arms brokers and transporters in turn launder the diamonds with brokers in Antwerp and deposit
Arab League and the War on Terror CONCRETE REFORMS OR LIP SERVICE? The Arab League's Contributions to the War on Terror The League of Arab States, also called Arab League, is a voluntary group of Arab-speaking countries, aiming at strengthening shared ties, coordinate common policies and direct these countries towards a common good (BBC NEWS 2007). It has 22 members, including Palestine, regarded by the League as an independent state. These 22
Overall Threat Assessment Literally “the party of God,” Hezbollah has transformed itself from a marginalized radical “clandestine militia” to a “mainstream political party,” (Harik 1). Hezbollah has cells on all inhabited continents, with a particularly sinister presence in Latin America (Byman; Noriega and Cárdenas). Before September 11, Hezbollah was responsible for “more American deaths than any other terrorist organization,” (Byman 54). Its global reach and history of attacks are not the
Red Cell Analysis -- Hezbollah Its supporters claim that it is just a political party with legitimate goals, while critics charge that Hezbollah is first and foremost a terrorist organization with the stated goal of eliminating Israel and establishing a Palestinian homeland in its place. This paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature together with governmental resources to determine which data collection programs would be best utilized