The Functions of Policing at the Local, State and Federal Levels
The functions of police work are highly complex and filled with myriad unpredictable challenges. Officers must place their safety and their lives at risk every day in the interests of maintaining order, protecting the pubic and apprehending law-breakers. The result is an occupation that is filled with stressors, pressures and dangers. One way that the structure of modern police-work helps officers to contend with these conditions is through the division of jurisdictions. American law enforcement is a sector comprised of many interdependent and overlapping agencies. And correspondent to the broader structure of American governance, this overlapping is somewhat hierarchical in nature, with jurisdictions generally determined by the unit of civil incorporation with which a precinct or department is affiliated. Therefore, at the local, state and federal level, responsibilities are generally divided among these different types of policing agencies even as interaction between them remains high.
The functions of local or municipal policing are highly contingent upon the type of community within which police operate. The experience of policing will be considerably different for the officer working in a small rural town than it will be for the officer who is part of a mini-station in a larger urban center. At the root of it, their functions are essentially the same. Police officers will be charged with the basic duties of monitoring and maintaining traffic order, collecting municipal revenues through the distribution of violation citations, apprehending those in the act or criminality or locating those suspected of committing crimes under investigation. That said, the frequency...
Particularly for those localities which are more populous, the pressure and peril associated with these functions is likely to be greater. As the text by Kappeler & Gaines (2009) indicates, "fear of crime is to be found among distinct populations and activities, that this is the best measure of police productivity; and that solutions to social problems should be enforcement-based. People are to interpret the causes of police-represented problems as stemming from local disorder, the circulation of drugs, violent gangs, unsupervised youths, and community outsiders." (Kappeler & Gaines, p. 373)
The degree to which these types of matter impact the community will typically indicate the preponderance of attention to such matters where police department functions are concerned. In such communities, the functions of enforcement and apprehension must also be supplemented by various levels of involvement with the community itself. Indeed, such functionalities must be in place in all manner of community but with foci of this involvement, again, varying based on factors such as population density. Such involvement will usually include some level of direct engagement with schools in the community, so that officers can take part in campus educational programs and drug prevention programs. Additional interaction with community agencies, neighborhood watch groups and others dedicated to the prevention of crime can significantly help to increase the trust reciprocated between police officers and members of the community. The opportunity is a stronger network of prevention and enforcement that begins with those that have the most direct interest in the…
This is when they will abide by these guidelines. The enforcement of these provisions will create a procedure for investigating offenses, protecting the rights of the accused and punishing those who violate the code of ethics. ("Police Officer Code of Ethics," 2004) (Berg, 1999) What makes this approach so unique is the department will function as an independent entity. This means that Internal Affairs will have the power to overrule
In most cases, their duties revolve around statewide investigations, highway patrols, and enforcing other traffic laws. They usually work with the Bureau of criminal investigations in dealing with emergencies, training law enforcement official and social crime such sex offenders and illegal drug abuse and other investigations that go beyond the jurisdiction and resources of the local police (Dantzker, 1999). On the other hand, the federal agency deals with not only
Police Department Organization: The local, state, and federal agencies are part of the criminal justice system that focuses on dealing with the problem of crime. The main components of the criminal justice system at all levels of government include police, courts, and corrections that deter or prevent criminal activities through arresting, trying and punishing criminals respectively. The local, state, and federal agencies have different functions that are geared towards the enforcement
Policing Policies Analysis This study seeks to strengthen the practice of policing by demonstrating the effectiveness of the problem-oriented policing. The information provided herein is useful to practitioners as it compares problem-oriented policing against community-oriented policing. Practitioners will be able to create much robust policing intervention when addressing real life situations within the field by grasping the theoretical mechanisms (Hess & Orthmann, 2011). In addition, by linking academic theories to policing,
Police Administration; Structures, Processes, And Behaviors 8th Edition The Evolution of Police Administration Over the centuries, police administration has evolved in several important respects including how police have been organized and what they considered their core strategy for providing value to the communities they serve (Perry, 2001). It is argued that the present police work is not very different from previous police work performed by the London Bobbies in 1829 and the
Policing Operations: Hidden Dangers, Real Weapons, and Potential Technologies Police officers are, undoubtedly, society's primary protectors. These individuals undertake assignments knowing that they could be placed in lethal danger, and do so in order to help complete strangers and keep a community safe. For this reason, police officers ought to be very much admired. Despite the personal and professional satisfaction that comes with being a great police officer, these individuals are also