Proving The Existence Of God Anselm Vs. Aquinas Term Paper

Length: 2 pages Sources: 1+ Subject: Black Studies - Philosophy Type: Term Paper Paper: #16708842 Related Topics: God, Black English, Argument, Argumentative
Excerpt from Term Paper :

Anselm argumentation is known as the a priori proof for the existence of God or the ontological argument. In his work "Proslogion," chapters 2 and 3, "That God Really Exists" and "That God Cannot be Thought Not to Exist," are the key to the entire Anselmian philosophy on the existence of God. He uses a reduction ad absurdum argumentation to prove God's existence.

Indeed, he starts from the concept of "a being than which no greater can be conceived"

In his work, he says, referring to God, that we believe He is "something greater than which cannot be thought"

Further more, this something greater than can be conceived may exist in someone's thought, but, on the other hand, it cannot exist only in one's thought, but also in reality ("certainly that greater than which cannot be understood cannot exist only in thought, for if it exists only in thought it could also be thought of as existing in reality as well, which is greater"

). The final contradiction is that something greater can actually be conceived which contradicts our initial supposition that nothing greater could be conceived. This proves that God exists...

...

We notice in the nature that objects move (in the 13th century, when Aquinas wrote, it was most likely that they moved from natural sources rather than artificially). As something is moved, it is physically necessary for something to move it from the outside. At the same time, there must be an initial first mover that is not moved and which we may identify with the Supreme Force or God: "it is necessary to arrive at a first mover, put in motion by…

Sources Used in Documents:

Bibliography

1. St. Thomas Aquinas. The Summa Theologica. (Benziger Bros. edition, 1947)Translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province. On the Internet at http://www.ccel.org/a/aquinas/summa/FP/FP002.html#FPQ2A3THEP1

2. Ontological Argument. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. On the Internet at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ontological-arguments/

3. Anselm. Proslogion. Chapter 2. On the Internet at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/anselm.html

Ontological Argument. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. On the Internet at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ontological-arguments/


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