Using Positive Behavior Supports and Instruction Research Paper

Excerpt from Research Paper :

Positive in Student Behavior Change

The purpose of this research is to investigate ways to increase positive behavior of students in special education programs who spend time in inclusive general education settings. The research design is action research, which generally means that quantitative data collection will be conducted, although the stakeholders in the action research project may chose to also collect qualitative data. Since the unit of analysis will be individual students in classroom settings, a case study framework for the action research is both logical and practical.

What methods are effective for increasing positive behavior during instructional time?

What methods are effective for increasing positive behavior throughout the school building.

What data collection approach will inform all phases of the positive behavior intervention.

What supports are needed by school administrators to increase the positive behavior of students with learning difficulties?

Target Behaviors

The goal of the action research is to increase the time when students in special education and inclusion settings attend to and cooperatively engage in classroom instruction. Assessing student needs will lead to the identification of behavior supports that will increase time spent sitting and attending to task.

Literature Review

A deep and extensive body of literature on positive behavior support in classrooms and in school-wide systems has been developed by a six-university consortium on positive behavioral support. Horner (2013) and colleagues from other universities and state-level behavior support teams introduce and oversee implementation of school-wide positive behavior supports and instruction (PBSI) and also provide technical assistance for individual classroom teachers and teams. Lyons (2012) reported that,

"Current literature on Inclusive education suggest that there are two cornerstones for effective practice may be identified (a) curricula and instruction that are accessible and beneficial to all students and (b) a continuum of supports and services for students and teachers. Studies report that when a foundation of appropriate instruction and support are in place, inclusive education can benefit all students."

Rationale for the Research Design

There are strong precedents for research designs in the area of behavior change in school settings; a number of models are available through the PBSI literature. Action research is based on the notion that a change of practice will occur as a result of having conducted an investigation. As practitioners modify their behavior in an ongoing fashion in response to research findings, social change is generally a by-product or is, in fact,…

Sources Used in Document:


Horner, R. (2013, March 18). Presentation at the Orange County RtI Conference. Rob Horner University of Oregon Orange County RtI2 Conference. Retrieved from

Georgia Department of Education. What Is Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports? Georgia's PBIS Framework. Retrieved from

Lodico, M.G., Spaulding, D.T., & Voegtle, K.H. (2010). Methods in educational research: From theory to practice.

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