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Critique of Article: Health and Safety in the Engineering Classroom
1 The type of research is descriptive, to elicit statistics on how prevalent safety and health instruction is in the normal college engineering curriculum.
2. Yes, the problem is clearly stated. "The Professional Engineer's Code of Ethics includes the responsibility 'to hold paramount the public safety, health and welfare,' and yet several recent reports suggest that few undergraduate engineering programs include any structured course material relevant to identifying environmental threats to health and controlling occupational and public health and safety hazards." (Introduction, p. 1, par. 2, lines 1-4)
3. Yes, the research questions are defined, albeit indirectly through the use of tables and "subsets" of the questions asked. One table lists the reasons why professors do include instruction on health and safety in their classes, while the other addresses the reasons they would not include such instruction. While the questions…
Learning and Development Critique
Because of the complexity of the human mind and brain function, teaching and learning can be a complicated process. For this reason, it is often better to use a combination of approaches to ensure that teaching and learning occurs in an optimal way. The modified approach that has been suggested is the Intel-Hybridism theory, which combines Skinner's behaviorism theory and Piaget's cognitive development theory in order to provide a balanced basis for teaching and learning within a very deamnding environment. The combination of these two theories into a type of hybridism ensures that the strengths of both theories complement each other while also eliminating the individual weaknesses of each. As such, a stronger approach is developed by using what is best about both theories.
Skinner's beahviorism, for example, concerns the perfection of concepts that have been previously learned, whereas Piaget relies on powerful syntax for the…
Hull, E. (n.d.) Biology of Learning and Memory. Retrieved from: http://www.elaine-m-hull.com/lectures/biology_learning_memory_russia.pdf
Paris, S.G. And Paris, S.H. (2001). Classroom Applications of Research on Self-Regulated Learning. Educational Psychologist, 36(2). Retrieved from: http://lchc.ucsd.edu/MCA/Mail/xmcamail.2013_09.dir/pdf4cg5OwMfev.pdf
Mother Readings: Summary/Critique
In these readings, the role of single-motherhood and other nontraditional family models are examined for their role in the intergenerational perpetuation of poverty, especially in light of current United States assistance and taxation policy regarding children of single mothers and general family assistance. arfinkel et al. (1998) trace the development of current perceptions of single-mother families and other non-traditional family arrangements to the social stigmas and resultant policies of the decades following World War II, during which time a noticeable shift in recipients of family assistance occurred, moving away from widows and towards divorcees and women who had never been married. Much of their case about the social dogma that appears to be behind policy is made from an interpretation of divorce proceedings of the 1960s and 70s. The authors see a strong correlation in the eradication of a gender preference in custody matters to the level…
Garfinkel et al. (1998) is especially egregious in this regard in failing to acknowledge the increased advocacy for women's rights during the 1960s and 70s, decades which he sees important only (apparently) for the changes in the court's and legislature's attitude towards the growing absence (and growing social acceptance) of absent fathers. The programs during this era shifted assistance in favor of divorced and unwed mothers, and this monetary shift (especially in comparison to the wealth -- and the ability to provide child support -- of the father) is noted by the authors, but they fail to take into account the social stigma that was still present for most women who had children but were no longer married to the children's biological father. In addition, women's earnings over this time are not mentioned or analyzed, but instead the specific and average income of the fathers' is used to make comparisons and recommendations. Given the still-present disparity in earning between the two genders -- and the fact that this disparity was more pronounced in previous decades -- such measurements seem inherently biased.
The ignorance of certain essential figures is bad enough, but far worse I these studies is the ignorance of the many social issues at work that cannot be quantified. Garfinkel and McLanahan (1986) recommend increased independence and work as a solution to poverty, recommendations that were enacted by the PROWA. While it is true that working does provide better security than the federal government is able to offer, at least on the surface, the reality of finding and maintaining adequate employment as a single mother without a wide social network -- or with a social network that consists of other impoverished families -- is actually much more difficult than the authors appreciate. The demands of parenting can often interfere with employment, and many employers take this into consideration when determining suitability for certain employment positions. In an ideal world, everyone would have a job that supplied them with both adequate time and money to sufficiently care for their families. Of course, in this ideal world poor single mothers would not exist in the first place, rendering the issue moot.
Parke (2003) makes a similar error of omission in his recommendation that marriage should be encouraged as a cure for poverty among single mother families. The availability of marriageable men in impoverished areas, and the desirability of these men in terms of economic advantage, has been questioned by other scholars. In addition, the desirability of single mothers in such communities is also suspect. Finally, suggesting that marriage is purely a cause and effect of economic factors is antithetical to the spirit of self-fulfillment promised to those Americans living above the poverty line. Treating people as numbers will never result in long-term viable policies.
Her blooming full-pulsed youth stood there in a moral imprisonment which made itself one with the chill, colorless, narrowed landscape, with the shrunken furniture, the never-read books, and the ghostly stag in a pale fantastic world that seemed to be vanishing from the daylight. (Eliot, XXVIII)
However it is worth noting the implicit paradox expressed here in the notion of a married woman's "oppressive liberty." Dorothea Brooke marries sufficiently well that she is not condemned to a life of constantly cooking and washing underwear for Casaubon -- instead, she finds herself without anything to do, and this "freedom" from labor is actually what is most oppressive here. In some sense, then, Eliot's analysis of the problems of marriage is subsidiary to a larger point about women's social role and even educational status (an issue that obsessed Victorians in works ranging from the serious, in Tennyson's The Princess, to the silly,…
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. 1813. Web. Accessed 20 April 2014 at: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1342/1342-pdf.pdf
Besant, Annie. Marriage, As It Was, As It Is, and As It Should Be: A Plea for Reform. New York: Butts, 1878. Print.
Browning, Robert. "My Last Duchess." 1842. Web. Accessed 20 April 2014 at: http://www.bartleby.com/42/668.html
Eliot, George. Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life. 1874. Web. Accessed 20 April 2014 at: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/145/145-h/145-h.htm
Nursing problem addressed by this research is the level of confidence that patients in nursing homes and their family members have with respect to tests and treatments that occur in the residential nursing home rather than in a clinical or hospital setting. It is understandable that patients and family members might be concerned that the quality of care is not the same across all settings. And nursing homes are working hard to establish higher standards of care and to repair their (sometimes) tarnished reputations.
Nurses understand that the mind and body connection is very strong, and that a belief in the value of a treatment can impact the results that are experienced by that treatment. From this perspective, it is clear that nurses need to be engaged in processes that help to bolster the confidence of patients and their loved ones in the treatment plans and medical tests that they…
Burns, N., & Grove, S. (2011). Understanding Nursing Research (5th ed.). Elsevier.
Carusone, S.C., Loeb, M., and Lohfeld, L. (2006). Pneumonia care and the nursing home: a qualitative descriptive study of resident and family member perspectives
BioMed Central (BMC) Geriatrics, 6(2). doi: 10.1186/1471-2318-6-2. PMCID: PMC1379645. Retrieved http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1379645/
Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition (WMS-III)
This is a paper that reports and critiques the Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition (WMS-III). It has sources in APA format.
Standardized testing has become a norm for structuring studies on human behaviors. Studies on cognitive abilities, performance, behavior pattern as well as memory testing all have a great deal of dependence on the choice of the kind of tests adopted and the validity of the test is also dependent on the instruments used by the researcher. In the traditional model of assessment, psychologists and other professionals of similar fields depend on surveys and long duration of studies to be able to come to certain objective conclusions.
However, in the modern scientific environment, such assessments can be done through the use and support of instruments that are easily available as "kits" in the market. The basic aim of these instruments is to enable professionals to assess…
Doss, R. et al. . Comparability of the Expanded WMS-III Standardization Protocol to the Published WMS-III Among Right and Left Temporal Lobectomy Patients The Clinical Neuropsychologists, Vol.14, No.4, pp. 468-473.
D'Urso, P. (2001). The relationship between perceptual modality performances and short-term memory capacity of developmental Math and English students as measured by the MMPALT and the Wechsler Memory Scale III (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2001).
Fisher D, Ledbetter M, Cohen N, Marmor D, Tulsky, D. (2000). WAIS-III and WMS-III profiles of mildly to severely brain injured patients. Applied Neuropsychology, 7, 126-132.
Price, L.R. et al. . Redefining the Factor Structure of the Wechsler Memory Scale-III: Confirmatory Factor Analysis With Cross-Validation, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology Vol.24, No.5, pp. 574-585
Competitor Benchmark Critique
The objective of this project is to use the competitor benchmark to compare the following websites:
The audience of the two websites include tourists, holiday makers and people seeking to have a nice time.
The study uses the functionality, marketing tactics, navigation, content, usability, multimedia and e-commerce for the benchmark analysis.
Look and Feel
A comparative analysis of the two websites reveals that amatteroftaste.me scores higher than the second website in term of font style, and screen. The color content of the amatteroftaste.me is better by using the white color in the background and dark colors on top of the white color. The strategy makes the font be more readable to the user than the font of the nova.umuc.edu/~im639c23/imat639/about.html website. Moreover, the screen of the amatteroftaste.me is better than the screen of the second website making the contents be more readable to users. The amatteroftaste.me…
Sauro, J. (2013). How To Benchmark Website Usability. Measuring U.
Townsend, H.M. (2016).Who Am I. University of Maryland University College.
Grossman, Chaloupka & Sirtalan (1995) conducted a study in which they examined alcohol addiction. This empirical research was carried out to review and enhance the empirical literature regarding sensitivity to alcohol consumption and extreme consumption to variations in prices of alcoholic beverages. These researchers based their study on a model of rational addictive behavior that focuses on the link between past, current, and future consumption of a potentially addictive product. The study found that alcohol consumption among young adults is addictive on the basis that increases in past or future consumption contributes to an increase in current consumption. This paper provides a review and critique of this study based on its structure and content and the recommended content sections of a research study.
Elements Influencing the Believability of the Research
Is the report well written - concise, grammatically correct, avoid the use of jargon? Is it well laid out and…
Coughlan, M., Cronin, P. & Ryan, F. (2007, March). Step-by-Step Guide to Critiquing Research. Part 1: Quantitative Research. British Journal of Nursing, 16(11), 658-663. Retrieved from http://www.unm.edu/~unmvclib/cascade/handouts/critiquingresearchpart1.pdf
Grossman, M., Chaloupka, F.J. & Sirtalan, I. (1995, July). An Empirical Analysis of Alcohol Addiction: Results from the Monitoring the Future Panels. National Bureau of Economic Research, 1-48.
Hourly Nurse Rounds
Critiquing Validity and Robustness of Research in Hourly Nurse Rounds
There are different kinds of studies that are carried out in the nursing field to examine various issues in patient care. An understanding of these issues requires examining these studies to gain insights and inform practice. This paper evaluates two studies on the impact of hourly nurse rounds in lessening falls, pressure ulcers, and call light while increasing patient satisfaction based on evidence-based practice.
Olrich, Kalman & Nigolian (2012) conducted a qualitative study to examine the impact of hourly nurse rounds on fall rates, use of call light, and patient satisfaction in an inpatient unit with medical-surgical patients (p.23). The report is well-written and organized with clear title, accuracy and unambiguous. The authors have not provided a research question that reflects the identified phenomenon and guides the research process. The researchers did not conduct a comprehensive review…
entity; classes are a different thing altogether. By classes, one comprehends Marx to convey sections among individuals in proportion to the specific situations they inhabit in the class development, to the detailed ways in which they personalize class developments. Individuals partake in class processes; they in so doing inhabit class situations or positions. Some individuals execute compulsory and additional labor-Marx's direct makers-while others remove or correct excess labor. Thus making Marx's conceptualization of class multifaceted.
First, an individual can and generally does inhabit more than one class station and so becomes a participant of additional classes. Second, Marx postulates more than the two class situations defined as the players and extractors of excess labor. The adjective, "fundamental," makes headway to broadcast another category of class development and therefore another set of classes. The convolution of Marx's notion of class also materializes in the progress of relating it to social scrutiny.…
Resnick, S.A., & Wolff, R.D. (1987). Knowledge and class: A Marxian critique of political economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Individual Critique of a Quantitative Analysis eport
"A andomized Control Trial of Continuous Support in Labor by a Lay Doula:" a Critique of a Quantitative Analysis eport
The process of giving birth places exceptional strain on a mother and is associated with significant risks and complications. According to a recent report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 32.3% of all births in 2009 were delivered via cesarean section, a record rate (Martin et al., 2011). There are substantial risks involved with such a procedure for the mother as well as the child. Prolonged labor can increase the likelihood of having to perform a cesarean section (Lopez-Zeno, Peaceman, Adashek & Socol, 1992), while labor analgesia is also associated with a number of serious complications (Norris et al., 1994). The benefits of supportive care for women during labor are well established in the literature but nonetheless present a substantial…
Campbell, D.A., Lake, M.F., Falk, M., Backstrand, J.R. (2006). A Randomized Control Trial of Continuous Support in Labor by a Lay Doula. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs, 35, 4, 456-64
Lopez-Zeno, J.A., Peaceman, A.M., Adashek, J.A., Socol, M.L. (1992). A Controlled Trial of a Program for the Active Management of Labor. N Engl J. Med, 326, 450-454
Martin, J.A., Hamilton, B.E., Ventura, S.J., Osterman, M.J.K., Kirmeyer, S., et al. (2011). Births: Final Data for 2009. National Vital Statistics Reports, 60, 1
Norris, M.C., Grieco, W.M., Borkowski, M., Leighton, B.L., Arkoosh, V.A., Huffnagle, H.J., Huffnagle, S. (1994). Complications of Labor Analgesia Epidural vs. Combined Spinal Epidural Techniques. Anaethesia & Analgesia, 79(3): 529-537
1) While Caffarella and Barnett (2000) indicate that critique is the most influential element in helping learners produce a better writing product, critique can be an emotional event. Cameron, Nairn, and Higgins (2009) note that it proved helpful in their workshops to discuss the emotions that emerged as students prepared to give and receive feedback. What is the role of critique in the development of a researcher and scholar? In what ways can it positively contribute to a learner’s academic success? In what ways can it have a negative effect?
The role of academic critique, at its heart, is to offer a differing perspective that will review and assess the writing. It can be a teacher or professor that does the critique. It can also be a peer that does the critique. The danger, intended or not, when someone else does a critique is that the person receiving the critique…
cited in a doctoral-level report. There would be heavy use of literature reviews and other reference patterns that set the proverbial stage for the personal and new assertions of the writer. For example, a person writing about a sociological topic would have some sort of summary or literature review that would cite the work that is done up until that point. Those citations could be of those works that dovetail and agree with what the new author is trying to say. However, it could also be works that perhaps contradict the new author and may show what the new author is trying to correct or adjust. Regardless, doctoral-level works are typically subject to peer review and thus must be extremely well-done, valid and with strict attention to detail.
daunting undertaking, in large part due to the statistical tests and complex language involved (Coughlan, Cronin & yan, 2007). Whatever the case, the results of the analysis must be presented in a clear, readable manner, often with the use of tables, graphs, and charts. In Hayes, Douglas & Bonner's (2015) article, data analysis was conducted using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), a common data analysis tool. The results were presented with the help of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Measures of central tendency such as frequency, mean, and standard deviation as well as tables and graphs were used to present data relating to demographic characteristics, work environments, job stress, job satisfaction, and burnout. T-tests, ANOVAs, and correlation analyses were then conducted to explore relationships between nurse and work environment characteristics, job stress, job satisfaction, and burnout.
The study found that there were high levels of burnout amongst the…
Ahanchian, M., Meshkinyazd, A., & Soudmand, P. (2015). Nurses burnout in psychiatric wards. Fundamentals of Mental Health, 260-264.
Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., & Ryan, F. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: quantitative research. British Journal of Nursing, 16(11), 658-663.
Hayes, B., Douglas, C., & Bonner, A. (2015). Work environment, job satisfaction, stress and burnout among haemodialysis nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 23, 588-598.
Lee, P. (2006). Understanding and critiquing qualitative research articles. Nursing Times, 102(29), 30-32.
unequivocal (Coughlan, Cronin & yan, 2007). Also, it should ideally be 10-15 words long. The title of the quantitative article is "Work environment, job satisfaction, stress and burnout among haemodialysis nurses" (Hayes, Douglas & Bonner, 2015). The title clearly adheres to the recommended length of an article title. In addition, the title unambiguously identifies of the purpose of the study, which is to examine relationships between nurse characteristics, work environment attributes, job satisfaction, job stress, and burnout in nurses working in haemodialysis units.
The abstract should provide a succinct summary of the study, inclusive of the research problem, purpose of the research, methodology, sample size, findings, as well as conclusion and recommendations (Coughlan, Cronin & yan, 2007). The reader should judge from the abstract whether an article is worth further reading. Hayes, Douglas & Bonner's (2015) article provides a precise and straightforward overview of the study, clearly summing up the…
Ahanchian, M., Meshkinyazd, A., & Soudmand, P. (2015). Nurses burnout in psychiatric wards. Fundamentals of Mental Health, 260-264.
Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., & Ryan, F. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: quantitative research. British Journal of Nursing, 16(11), 658-663.
Hayes, B., Douglas, C., & Bonner, A. (2015). Work environment, job satisfaction, stress and burnout among haemodialysis nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 23, 588-598.
Lee, P. (2006). Understanding and critiquing qualitative research articles. Nursing Times, 102(29), 30-32.
, pp.69-70.] [5: Ibid., p.85.]
The rather stern critique offered of Fee and Stuart herein should not indicate that this book is entirely without value, merely that its presentation in title and chapter headings is somewhat misleading. There is plenty of common sense in what Fee and Stuart are doing here, but the difficulty is that very often an intelligent decision on their part is mingled with an overall failure to highlight many of the most important issues involved in the interpretation of a iblical text. Their last chapter on Revelation indicates both the best and worst of their method. In some sense, Fee and Stuart are going to be on their most careful behavior in this passage, as the idiotic handling of Revelation by any heretic with a penchant for paranoia has been well-evidenced over the past two millennia. ut the history of this particular iblical book, such as…
Fee, Gordon D. And Stuart, Douglas. How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth. Second Edition. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993.
Critique of a Literature eview: Obesity Prevention Interventions for Middle-School Age Children of Ethnic Minority: A eview of the Literature
Are the search strategy and the search criteria clear? What is included in the search criteria?
The research strategy and search criteria are clearly outlined in several sections of the literature review paper. The author identifies the "search terms" and "purpose" of the review in the abstract of the paper. Stevens declares that the literature was searched for key terms related to the purpose of finding, "interventions to reduce obesity in middle school-age children of ethnic minority." These terms are: "African-American, Hispanic, intervention prevention program, middle school-age children, Native American, obesity, review." In the "Methods" section, the author elaborates on the search strategy by listing the databases that were used to find research papers and defining the time frame (September 2008 -- November 20008) of the search. The…
Stevens CJ, Obesity prevention interventions for middle school-age children of ethnic minority: a review of the literature. J Spec Pediatr Nurs 2010; 15(3):233-43.
esearch Critique on "Empathy and social support for the terminally ill: Implications for recruiting and retaining hospice and hospital volunteers"
This particular research focuses on the relationship between empathy and social support as essential variables for the effectiveness of hospice and hospital volunteers. This paper will provide a critical summary and analysis of the research conducted by Nichole Egbert and oxanne Parrott, proponents of this Communication Studies research. The format of this critique will first discuss the nature of each research step/method taken by the researchers, and after the summary, an analysis and critique of the paper will then be conducted.
The first part of the paper that will be studied includes the determination of the research problem, identification of related literature used in the study, and the analysis of theoretical, conceptual, and operational or hypothetical framework of the study. As was stated earlier, the research aims to determine…
Babbie, E. (1979). The Practice of Social Research (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co., Inc.
Egbert, N. And R. Parrott. "Empathy and social support for the terminally ill: Implication for recruiting and retaining hospice and hospital volunteers." Spring 2003. (Attached document).
Sullivan, T.O., Hartley, J., & Fiske, J. et al. (1994). Key Concepts in Communication and Cultural Studies. (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
According to the authors, this dynamic that many contemporary views consider to be a universal fact of life actually evolved only after the social changes introduced by the Industrial evolution. In fact, any so-called "modern" shift to a more egalitarian sharing of family responsibilities represents more of a return to the more natural state of families than any "radical" or "new" approach.
Branden (1999) agrees, again tying in excessive adherence to typical male and female roles as a potential source of unnecessary strain, especially where marital partners may be better suited to a different arrangement or sharing of responsibilities. Likewise, oberts (2007) also acknowledges the damage caused to marriage by dissatisfaction, especially among wives, as to the roles prescribed to them by society.
Myth # 4 - the Unstable African-American Family:
In their criticism of the notion that the African-American community reflects a lower level of marital and family stability…
Branden, N. (1999) the Psychology of Romantic Love. New York: Bantam.
Roberts, S. (2007) the Shelf Life of Bliss. The New York Times, July 1, 2007.
Schwartz, M.A., Scott, B.M. (2000) "Debunking Myths about Marriage and Families" in Marriages and Families: Diversity and Change.
PRIVACY and CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
Protection and safeguarding of information created in the conduct of Lenox Hill
Hospital and its affiliates business including patient information, staff data, financial data, research data, strategic plans, statistical information, purchasing agreements and contracts.
The words information created are an unnecessary limitation that narrow the applicability of the provision, contrary to its obvious intent to apply as broadly as possible. Under a literal interpretation, the provision, as drafted, does not apply to any of the types of information listed unless that information is "created" by the hospital.
Therefore, a better formulation of that portion of the provision would read as follows:
Protection and safeguarding of any and all information created, accessed, maintained, collected, transmitted, duplicated, or utilized by the hospital or by any of the hospital's employees, agents, associates, consultants, contractors, and any other person or entity affiliated in any way with the hospital..."
eligion through its sanctity, and law-giving through its majesty, may seek to exempt themselves from it. But they then awaken just suspicion, and cannot claim the sincere respect which reason accords only to that which has been able to sustain the test of free and open examination.
The debate of science and metaphysics arises when one wonders if metaphysics is even a science or do we really need it. Kant puts forward this question to explain why metaphysics is a science and why it is needed. He argues that metaphysics is needed, 'if not as science, yet still as natural disposition' because human reason is naturally pre-disposed 'by an inward need', and not just by 'idle desire', to raise metaphysical questions that science alone cannot answer. (B21-2). For example the questions about soul or the existence of God come to our minds naturally and this is where metaphysics steps…
N. Kemp Smith, a Commentary to Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason', 2nd edn (London: Macmillan, 1930)
Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, trans. Werner S. Pluhar (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1996
Review and critique of a current article relating to women's biology
How Emergency Contraception Works to Prevent Pregnancy
Emergency contraceptives are drugs used to prevent pregnancy after women indulges in unprotected sex. There is a slight difference between birth control methods and use of contraceptives in preventing unplanned pregnancy. It is significant for women and men to learn and choose the appropriate method that guarantees their well-being. Use of contraceptives prevent fertilization of the ovum, while as birth control pills prevents pregnancy, and includes use of contraceptives such as, IUDs, sterilization, and abortion. This article reviews the health effects of various emergency contraceptives on female reproductive functions. The author argues that limited knowledge about Emergency contraceptive contributes to its overuse or its underuse and enhanced knowledge could trigger development of new ways, maximize use of current methods and increase acceptability of emergency contraceptives (Berger, 2012).
Review of the…
Ries, N.M. & Tigerstrom, B. (2010). Roadblocks to laws for healthy eating and activity,"
Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 182, no. 7, pp. 687 -- 692
Vocational Assessments Critiques
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition (SB5)
The Stanford-Binet is an individually administered test of intelligence and cognitive abilities for people between the ages of two to 85 years. The SB5 is normed on a stratified random sample of 4,800 people who categorically match the year 2000 United States Census, and the scores have been found to approximate a normal distribution. The SB5 measures the following five factors of cognitive ability: Fluid easoning, Knowledge, Quantitative easoning, Visual-Spatial Processing, and Working Memory. The SB5 is used for clinical assessment, neuropsychological assessment, educational placement, career assessment, compensation evaluations, forensics, and aptitude research.
Critique. Parallel forms have been developed and the standards have changed to present a balanced verbal and non-verbal IQ content. Moreover, the test has been revised to be more colorful, interesting, and, therefore, more appealing to test-takers. The test permits combinations of screener subtests to be used for…
____. (2012). Beta III. Retreived http://www.pearsonassessments.com/
HAIWEB/Cultures/en-us/Productdetail.htm?Pid=015-8685-202&Mode=summary [Type text] [Type text] [Type text]
hereas another image is showing, a bean bag in contrast to a retro office chair. These differences are designed to reach out to younger, middle age and older demographics. The way that this is taking place is to use images that are culturally neutral. Yet, they inspire a sense of joy and happiness. ("Blackberry")
Moreover, the differences between the various frames are showing intelligence and glamour. This is supposed to reach out to all audiences by highlighting trendiness and elegance. hen someone sees this they will feel that there is a social desire to become of part of what they are seeing. In the future, they will use this as a way to identify and create specific feelings automatically. ("Blackberry") (Cialdini)
According to Cialdini (2009), this is a tool that all advertisers will utilize to identify with a larger demographic of consumers. Commenting about how this occurs he said, "In…
"Blackberry." You Tube, 2012. Web. 22 Oct. 2012
Cialdini, Robert. Influence Science and Practice. Boston: Pearson, 2009. Print.
Robbins, Anthony. Awaken the Giant Within. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991. Print.
O'Guinn, Chris. Advertising and Integrated Brand Promotion. Mason: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.
Identification and Control of Extraneous Variables
What are the extraneous variables in this study? (1)
In what way(s) were appropriate measures used to control for the influence of the extraneous variables? (1)
Identify the type of each measurement strategy (i.e. Likert scale, visual analog scale, physiological Measure, questionnaire, observation, or interview). (1)
Identify the level of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval/ratio) achieved by each measurement strategy. (1)
Discuss how the instrument was developed or purpose of use. (1)
Report the reliability of each instrument from previous studies and the current study. (1)
Report the validity of each instrument from previous studies and the current study. (1)
Data Collection Methods
If appropriate, identify the intervention protocol. (2)
Detail how the data were collected. (2)
In what way(s) is the data collection procedures appropriate for this study? (2)
In what way were appropriate steps taken to protect…
This critique focuses on Chapter Eighteen of the book Intuitive Eating: A Recovery ook for the Chronic Dieter. y Evelyn Tribole and Elyse Resch. The writers are instructing their audience on how to eat successfully in order to maintain a satisfactory and still healthy weight. They use an outline form and cover their topics in an orderly fashion. The goal of Chapter Eighteen is to discuss dieting. Its objectives are to present readers with information that supports their theory that dieting is unhealthy, inefficient for weight control, and even dangerous, and to inform readers of a viable alternative to dieting as it is commonly practiced.
The authors use subtitles used to present steps. Step One is Recognize and Acknowledge the Danger That Dieting Causes. Step Two is e Aware of Diet-Mentality Traits and Thinking. Step Three: Get Rid of the Dieter's Tools. (Tribole and Resch, 1995) The steps…
Reeves, Richard. "The Stress Myth." Happy Mondays: Putting the Pleasure Back Into Work. (2001) London: Pearson.
Tribole, Evelyn and Resch, Elyse. Intuitive Eating: A Recovery Book for the Chronic Dieter. (1995) New York: Bedford/St. Martin's.
In viewing the field of education, the issue of students' lacking retention of material has long been associated with a teacher's inability to enforce learning materials in such a manner that every student within a class -- despite their own personal learning style -- retains the information presented to them in a way that aids in their academic proficiency, attitude, and memory of the information given them. Deveci (2003) defines the concept of differed learning styles as the difference between how students learn and what they learn, noting that only when different learning styles are utilized within the classroom, will students be able to take on a more individualized approach to their work that will aid in their overall academic achievement and success (Deveci, 2003, p.25).
The experiment presented by Guven and Yazicilar in a recent edition of the Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences aimed to present…
Deveci, H. (2003). The effect of problem-based learning to attitudes, success and retention in social studies. Eskisehir, Turkey: Anadolu University Publications.
Guven, B. And Yazicilar, O. (2009). The effects of learning style activities on academic achievement, attitudes and recall level. Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1.1: pp. 2578-2583. Web. Retrieved from: Science Direct Database.
Comparison of the Effect of isk and Protective Factors on Suicide Attempts in a Group of Triethnic Adolescents Divided According to ace, Gender and Age.
This is an critique on a research paper about self-reported suicide attempts in a triethnic group of adolescents. 2 references are given.
The purpose of the following paper is to evaluate and critique a study performed on a group of students pertaining to adolescent suicide. This study attempts to examine the multiple factors affecting recent suicide attempts in adolescents from three different ethnic backgrounds. The resilience model is used to describe and analyze the relationships between these variables categorized according to sex, age and race. A group of 10,059 school children from the 7th, 9th, and 11th grade in Connecticut were surveyed in 1996 and data from the African-American, Hispanic Latino and American Caucasian respondents was analyzed using bi -- and multivariate methods.…
1. Rew et al., 2001, Correlates of Recent Suicide Attempts in a Triethnic Group of Adolescents, Journal of Nursing Scholarship.
2.Oquendo MA, Ellis SP, Greenwald S, Malone KM, Weissman MM, Mann JJ, 2001.: Ethnic and sex differences in suicide rates relative to major depression in the United States, Am J. Psychiatry 158(10): 1652-1658
Woody Allen's Annie Hall
Music is hardly used at all throughout the course of Woody Allen's classic comedy film Annie Hall. Like the great Ingmar Bergman, a director that Allen has idolized throughout the course of his career, Allen chose to leave a music score out of the film altogether.
Allen has always been known for his unconventional use of music in his films. He has never commissioned an original score for any of his movies; rather, he prefers to use established jazz and classical music recordings. But in a lot of his films, these jazz scores can be heard constantly in the background. Not so in Annie Hall.
One of the few uses of background music to be heard in Annie Hall include a boy's choir Christmas melody that features in a scene where the characters are driving through Los Angeles. In another instance, Mozart's Jupiter Symphony can be…
Mogg, K., Pierre P., & Bradley, B.P. (2004). Selective attention to angry faces in clinical social phobia. J Abnormal Psych, 113 (1), 160-165.
The present study investigated the time course of attentional biases to emotional facial responses in patients with diagnosed social phobia. The social phobia group showed enhanced vigilance to angry faces, relative to happy and neutral faces, compared to matched controls at 500 ms but not 1250 ms of exposure duration
The results of the present study provide evidence for initial vigilance for angry faces in patients with clinical social anxiety. These data are consistent with several studies related to cognitive bias in anxiety disorders (Mogg & Bradley, 1998). esults from this study suggest that social phobia has a different pattern of attentional bias from other anxiety disorders. Social phobia is characterized by attentional avoidance rather than vigilance for external threat cues.
The finding of attentional…
Mansell, W., Clark, D.M., Ehlers, A., & Chen, Y.P. (1999). Social anxiety and attention away from emotional faces. Cognition and Emotion, 13, 673-690.
Mogg, K., & Bradley, B.P. (1998). A cognitive-motivational analysis of anxiety. Behav Res Ther, 36(9), 809-848.
500 ms assesses initial orienting; 1250 ms assesses subsequent attentional bias
Data greater than 2 standard deviations above the mean were discarded. Statistically, this outcome may be anticipated in 1 out of every 20 tests.
On Friday 6/15 I went to home depot to see a speech on "How to Manage You Lawn and Garden." I had seen a flyer in the store on a previous visit and decided that this would be an interesting event to attend so that I could learn how to take care of my yard at home. This was a free event that just required showing up at the specified time. I was hoping to pick up some tips on how to better care for my flowers and grass as I always seem to have hard time making it look good all summer long.
Evaluation of Speaker
The speaker was a representative from expertvillage.com. He had been invited to speak to the audience in regards to how to manage ones yard and garden. His motivation for giving this speak came from his intense passion for sharing with others…
This is important as any analyses and conclusions which are drawn from the study are directly applicable to the intended population. The survey was issued in a wide variety of language, which ensured wide participation from the immigrant population and ensured that the language barrier was not a limitation to the study. The study conducted the survey over the telephone, which would have ensured a wider participation than postal survey. The study also gained a 55% participation from a total of 11,039 which indicates that the survey would be truly representative of the immigrant population due to the large numbers of immigrants participating. The surveys were conducted in 2000, which was 5 years before the article, which indicates that factors may have changed within the period. It may have been more accurate if the data were to be published within a shorter time period after collection.
The respondents were…
Passel, J.S. (2005) Estimates of the Size and Characteristics of the Undocumented Population. Pew Hispanic Centre. Retrieved on November 3, 2007, at http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=44 .
Ponce, N., Nordyke, R.J. And Hirota, S. (2005) Uninsured working immigrants: A view from California County. Journal of Immigrant Health, 7(1): 45-53.
Tanner, J. (2003) Reading and Critiquing Research. British Journal of Perioperative Nursing, 13(4): 162-164.
Nursing esearch Critique
Provision of acute nursing care is impacted by complex needs of hospitalized patients suffering from dementia. Despite of the gains that have been made in the realms of medical care, older adults have had to contend with progressive cognitive decline, functional decline, and challenging behaviors that impact the quality of their lives. Quality of life of patients suffering from dementia is further eroded by suboptimal healthcare. Elderly patients suffering from dementia are at risk group because the healthcare providers lack understanding of the etiology of the cognitive impairment and misrepresentation of the condition (Joosse, Palmer & Lang, 2013).
The purpose for carrying out the research is explicitly stated. The research seeks to address the challenges in providing care to hospitalized patients suffering dementia and delirium superimposed on dementia. The research also seeks to outline nursing assessments, problem identification, and interventions for dementia and delirium that can promote…
Joosse, L.L., Palmer, D. & Lang, N.M. (2013). Caring for the Elderly Patients with Dementia:
Nursing Interventions. Nursing: Nursing Research Reviews, 3, 107-117.
Christ Book Critique
Everett Ferguson's book Church History, Volume One: from Christ to Pre-Reformation explores the relationship between the church and secular historical events. Since the inception of the Christian religion, those in positions of leadership have utilized the faith in the religion to extend power to the followers, often coming into conflict with secular leaders such as kings and queens. The book covers an extended period of time and deals thoroughly with the various struggles of the Christian religion and specifically the Catholic Church. The book also explains the writing of the Christian Bible and explains the ways that the religion spread until it eventually became the most influential belief practice in the western world. In the text, the author makes several arguments regarding this dynamic which deal with specific periods in Christian history including the first rise of Christianity in the waning Roman Empire, the growth of the…
Everett Ferguson, Church History, Volume One: from Christ to Pre-Reformation: The Rise and Growth of the Church in its Cultural, Intellectual, and Political Context. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2005)
This lack of trust further leads to dysfunctional conflict.
Dysfunctional conflict refers to a destructive and unhealthy disagreement among people. In a team, this could lead to a removal of focus from the task at hand. This occurs in the scene, where all the members of the team allow their emotion of fear to control their behavior. Rather than seeking solutions, they appear to look for scapegoats upon whom to blame their situation. The scene ends with the potential to resolve the conflict.
The scene focuses very much upon the conflict aspect of communication breakdown, rather than clearly illustrating the positive aspects of the team involved. There appears to be no basis of trust among the team members, which leads to an escalation of dysfunctional conflict. In order to better illustrate the full range of aspects involved in the concepts, the scene might have included a sense of basic trust…
The data gathered is subjected to statistical analysis using statistical methods of linear regression and chi square testing.
The main purpose of the study was to confirm the hypothesis that consultation with CNS or RN in a drug-monitoring clinic has a significant positive impact on the well being of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The study involved a single blinded randomized controlled trial over a period of three years. Subjects were chosen from the rheumatology out patient setting in a district general hospital with a drug monitoring service. A total of 71 subjects who were starting out on anti-rheumatic therapy were randomly assigned to either the interventional or the control group. While the interventional group was supervised by the CNS to assess patient needs (using Pendelton's framework) alongside drug safety evaluation, the control group was seen by an outpatient staff nurse purely for drug safety concerns. oth the groups were assessed…
Teri Britt Pipe; Kay E. Wellik; Vicki L. Buchda; Carol M. Hansen; Dana R. Martyn, 2005, "Implementing Evidence-Based Nursing Practice," Urol Nurs. 25(5): 365-370, Available at, http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/514532
Ryan, S, Hassell, a.B, Lewis, M, & Farrell, a. (2006). Impact of a Rheumatology Expert Nurse on the well-being of patients attending a drug monitoring clinic. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53(3), 277 -286.
Considine, J. & Botti, M. (2004) Who, when and where? Identification of patients at risk of an in-hospital adverse event: Implications for nursing practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 10: pp. 21-31
Experimentation Critique esource
Imagine analyzing an article in depth on its experimentation. What will one find? Will the variables impact the study? Will the researchers provide the necessary details for a person to or a group of people to replicate it? One will provide an analysis on a specific business article that deals with employment laws.
One needs to note the variables involved that are with the article. Since this is a business aspect studied in depth, one is able to make note of the experimentation used in the research. The independent variable is that of "discrimination, accommodation, race, age and gender. All of these are independent variables with this article. However, one needs to discuss the dependent variables involved in this particular study (Armstrong, Koch, Lewis, Hurley, Lewis, & McMahon, 2009). These include diseases, such as HIV / AIDS, heart, alcoholism, limbs, learning disability, and anything health related that…
Armstrong, A.J., Koch, L., Lewis, A., Hurley, J., Lewis, P., & McMahon, B. (2009). Gender, disability, and ADA title I employment discrimination: A comparison of male and female charging party characteristics: The national EEOC ADA research project. Review of Disability Studies, 19-33.
However, in doing so, Parker could be criticized of the fallacy of exaggeration -- Mrs. Post's missives are taken to an illogical, rather than logical extremes, beyond that was intended by the author. Parker is on more familiar turf, when she parodies the author's stress upon not offending individuals in conversation. But although witty, it is important to remember that Parker's social circle was different than those of Post's likely readership. Different social situations and context call for different behavior, thus making Parker guilty of a false analogy -- if one suppresses one's opinion in one dinner party does not mean one cannot write an editorial about the subject to the press the next day, or behave in a more loose and informal fashion at the Algonquin Round Table. After all, even today, one does not behave with the same good manners at a poker meeting between one's nearest and…
Parker, Dorothy. "Mrs. Post Enlarges on Etiquette." From Essays in Context. Editors Sandra Tropp & Ann D'Angelo. New York: Oxford Publishing Press, 2001.
A college student talking to an old high school friend through Instant Messaging may send that friend a copy of an interesting article that flashed across the screen. News may not be prime reason for using the Internet but still the Internet is vital for transmitting news and opinion, even of dispatches from war torn areas, or disaster afflicted zones where the conventional media cannot penetrate. In ages past, sitting around the television watching the news may have had other purposes than information -- family togetherness, relaxation, as well, but that did not discount the information received.
Furthermore, the Internet provides a plurality of viewpoints that the three networks and the major city newspapers did not and often still do not provide. One could even make a parallel to the plethora of newspapers of the turn of the century, all biased and slanted and somewhat dubious in fact-checking perhaps (but…
Mindich, David. Tuned Out: Why Americans under 40 don't follow the news. New York: Oxford Press, 2004
You have just answered an advertisement to participate in an experiment from researchers at Yale University. You enter a professional looking building and are met by a professional looking man in a white lab coat. You have been paid $4.50 (which would have easily filled up your gas tank in 1961) to participate in a memory and learning experiment. The experiment requires that you play the role of "teacher" and another volunteer plays the role of "learner" (at least you think that he is a volunteer). The goal is to teach the learner to learn and recall a list of words. Sounds pretty simple, does it not?
This is the basic premise for one of the classic experimental studies in psychology: Stanley Milgram's (1963) Behavioral Study of Obedience. Milgram was influenced by the trials of Nazi war criminals, particularly Adolf Eichmann, who had claimed that they had only…
Haney, C., Banks, W.C., & Zimbardo, P.G. (1973). Interpersonal dynamics in a simulated prison. International Journal of Criminology and Penology, 1, 69-97.
Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral Study of Obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 67 (4), 371 -- 378
Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to authority: An experimental view. New York: Harper Collins.
Packer, D.P. (2008). Identifying systematic disobedience in Milgram's obedience experiments: A meta-analytic review. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 301-304,
A Critique of Wilde's the Importance of Being Earnest
First performed in 1895, Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest satirized manners and social customs of late Victorian England. Focusing on a pair of young men who live "double lives," the comedy brings to light an element of English society that was ripe for exposure. Wilde was a master satirist. With this play, he shows how cynical attitudes creep into one and before long lead to all sorts of problems. For Jack and Algernon, maintaining a phony second identity is the only way to lead a satisfying life. However, as the story unfolds, the two realize that true fulfillment can only be obtained through honest living. This paper will critique Wilde's Importance of Being Earnest and show the plot, themes, characters and title all work to give an "important" message to the audience.
Otto einert (1956)…
Foster, R. (1956). Wilde as Parodist: A Second Look at the Importance of Being
Earnest. College English, 18(1): 18-23.
Pearce, J. (2000). The Unmasking of Oscar Wilde. UK: HarperCollins.
Reinert, O. (1956). Satiric Strategy in The Importance of Being Earnest. College English, 18(1): 14-18.
Policy Analysis Critique
ationale for the chosen policy
Avian influenza is a virus causing lethal infection in human beings (Sims et al., 2003). It can be transmitted from patients to other human beings. It is a deadly virus with track record of 6 deaths in Hong Kong in 1997. That incident was just the start of this health issue. The virus spread enormously and caused H5N1 infection numerous times in Hong Kong. The dawn of 21st century witnessed multiple instances of H5N1 virus (Ellis et al., 2004).
It was expected that the virus could be found in the poultry animals and was infectious. In order to prove it, there were certain laboratory tests conducted on chickens. These tests helped prove the presence and effects of H5N1 virus (Shortridge et al. 1998). Subsequently, it was proved that the chickens were highly pathogenic (Shortridge et al., 1998). It was also proved that…
Ellis TM, Bousfield RB, Bissett LA, Dyrting KC, Luk GS, Tsim ST, Sturm-Ramirez K, Webster RG, Guan Y, Malik Peiris JS. Investigation of outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza in waterfowl and wild birds in Hong Kong in late 2002. Avian Pathol, 2004 Oct; 33(5): 492 -- 505.
Ferguson NM, Fraser C, Donnelly CA, Ghani AC, Anderson RM. Public health risk from the avian H5N1 influenza epidemic. Science 2004; 304:968-9.
Ferguson NM, Galvani AP, Bush RM. Ecological and immunological determinants of influenza evolution. Nature 2003; 422:428-33.
Fielding R, Leung GM, Lam TH, Lam WWT. The use of live animal markets and perception of risk among the Hong Kong population. Department of Community Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, 2004.
Summary and Critique of the Book Streets of Hope
In Streets of Hope, Peter Medoff and Holly Sklar write about an impoverished area near Boston, called Dudley. Starting in the 1950's, people began to pull out of Dudley. The crime rate went up, the employment rate went down, and things just kept getting worse. By the time the 1980's came around, a full one-third of the land in Dudley was vacant. People began to use it as a dumping ground for everything from old autos to rotting garbage. The dumping was actually illegal, but no one except the Dudley residents ever complained about it, and no one ever got into trouble over it. Like in so many other impoverished neighborhoods, lawmakers and politicians looked the other way.
The people who live in the Dudley area finally started the Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative (DSNI). The goal of this was to…
Kretzmann, John P. Book Review. 1997. Urban Leadership Institute. 1 December 2002. http://www.cst.edu/URBANWEB/bookrvw.htm .
Medoff, P. And H. Sklar. Streets of Hope: The Fall and Rise of an Urban Neighborhood.
Boston, MA: South End Press, 1994.
NURSING CRITIQUE ON LAW: LIFE, LIERTY AND THE PURSUIT OF PALLIATION: RE-EVALUATING RONALD LINDSAY'S EVALUATION OF THE OREGON DEATH WITH DIGNITY ACT Y DURANTE (2009)
The objective of this study is to critique the work of Durante (2009) entitled "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Palliation: Re-Evaluating Ronald Lindsay's Evaluation of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act." The Death with Dignity Act was enacted by the state of Oregon on October 27, 1997. This act enables patients who are terminally ill to end their lives by use of self-administration of medications that are lethal in nature and that the physician has prescribed to the patient for this express purpose. The work of Durante (2009) examines the claims of Lindsay on this subject and reports that the evaluation of the experience of Oregon with physician-assisted suicide of Ronald Lindsay is "a much needed counterpart to moral speculation." (p. 28) According to…
Durante, C. (2009) Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Palliation: Re-Evaluating Ronald Lindsay's Evaluation of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act. The American Journal of Bioethics. 9(3): 28-45, 2009.
Death with Dignity Act (2014) Oregon. Gov Public Health. Retrieved from: http://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/Evaluationresearch/deathwithdignityact/Pages/index.aspx
Pros and Cons of the findings
The authors of Zero defection: Quality comes to service found out that there was tripling of the profits generated by one customer from in the fourth year than in the first year and this shows the advantages of loyalty because it leads to increased profits. All this profit is lost whenever the customer defects from the company. This increased profitability with loyalty is also evident in the credit card finding. The customer who is newly acquired generates only the base profit when using the card at first but after the second year, there will be improved economics. The usage increases as they become more familiar with the services. The disadvantage of these findings is that the profitability puzzle does contain many pieces and a direct association with loyalty is never definite (Ranaweera, 2007, p.115).
One advantage in the findings from the article The…
Because of their race, many Native Americans were denied to right to attend particular schools or to work for certain companies. Some employers and school directors express reluctance in hiring or accepting Native Americans in their institutions. This is most probably a result of the fact that stereotypes are sometimes considered more important than the actual value of an individual.
People at Sundance Institute are keen on showing that their main interest is in promoting talented people, regardless of the background that such people have. Even though it is difficult to associate matters like race and talent, it is very likely that one of the reasons for which Native American film enthusiasts are relatively anonymous in the motion picture industry is the fact that they were not presented with equal chances of making a name for themselves. ith the Native American and Indigenous Program initiated by Sundance Institute, matters are…
Takamura, Jeanette C. "Getting Ready for the 21st Century: The Aging of America and the Older Americans Act," Health and Social Work 24.3 (1999): 232
"Massachusetts: Native American Residential Fellowship Program - Peabody Essex Museum." Retrieved February 10, 2011, from the Indigenous Peoples Issues and Resources Website: http://indigenouspeoplesissues.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=8719:Massachusetts-native-american-residential-fellowship-program-peabody-essex-museum&catid=74:funding-a-grants&Itemid=103
"Native Lab Fellowship." Retrieved February 10, 2011, from the Sundance Institute Website: http://www.sundance.org/programs/native-lab-fellowship/
The main thesis of the book, which the writer succeeds to demonstrate in a very smart way is that the study process can be meaningful in itself (not just a tool we use in order to get a certain result) and the trick relies in making students want to make the information meaningful themselves. Therefore, proper motivation is one of the strategic solutions that are offered.
An entire chapter is dedicated to mindfulness and intelligence underlining that "when we are mindful, we implicitly view a situation from several perspectives, see information presented in the situation as novel, attend to the context in which we are perceiving the information and eventually create new categories through which this information may be understood." In this way a further myth is demolished, namely the belief according to which there are certain right answers which one needs to learn and keep, regardless of his own…
Langer, E. The power of mindful learning.
26 Yet public health continued to mean, even more than in the Clinton administration, a technological approach to national defense. In the Bush administration, pharmaceutical protection became the centerpiece of biodefense policy. On December 13, 2002, convinced of the Dark Winter-type threat of smallpox, President Bush announced his nationwide smallpox inoculation program. Publicity about Iraq's potential biological arsenal, especially in the lead-up to the 2003 invasion, and the threat of bioterrorism had convinced many in the public to participate. The states and the CDC were ready to handle the logistics. In addition, civilian participation was voluntary, which reduced legal liability for those who administered the vaccine and for the government.
As might have been predicted, this smallpox vaccination campaign found it difficult to circumvent the well-known fears of vaccination as a source of bodily pollution and the mistrust engendered when vaccines appear a worse health risk than the forecast epidemic.…
Fauci, Anthony S.M.D., Bioterrorism Preparedness: NIH Smallpox Research Efforts, available at http://www.hhs.gov/asl/testify/t011102b.htm Accessed on October 22, 2011.
Frist, William. The Political Perspective of the Bioterrorism Threat, in Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities, 29 (Stacy L. Knobler & Adel A.F. Mahmoud & Leslie A. Pray eds., National Academy Press 2002).
Neergaard, Lauran. Postmaster: Anthrax Threatens Mail, The Washington Post, Oct. 24, 2001, available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/aponline/20011024 / aponline090115_002.html Accessed on October 21, 2011.
Tanielian, Terri. Ricci, Karen. Stoto, Michael A. David Dausey, J. Lois M. Davis, Myers, Sarah. Olmsted, Stuart. Willis, Henry H. (2005) Exemplary Practices in Public Health Preparedness. RAND Corporation. http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/technical_reports/2005/RAND_TR239.pdf Accessed on October 21, 2011.
The birds flying away in the end are representative of the freedom to love each other that Allie and Noah now have with each other. No physical bounds can restrain them. These elements became apparent on the fourth viewing. I then went back through the scenes to see if bird imagery was hiding in other scenes. Birds were found throughout the story, such as Noah providing bread for Allie to feed the birds, a mockingbird on the porch after they make love, etc. Upon closer examination, this emerged as a central tool for conveying the theme that Noah and Allie's love was as wild and free as the birds.
An analysis of "The Notebook" is a prime example of how the technique of viewing the film several times until the layers emerge can reveal deeper meanings with each viewing. In order to understand how the various elements of the film…
Boggs, J., and Petrie, D. (2008). The Art of Watching Films (Ashford Custom 7th ed.).
Mountain View, CA Mayfield.
Dirks, T. (n.d.). Tips on Film Viewing. Part 2. Filmsite. Retrieved August 9, 2010 from http://www.filmsite.org/filmview2.html
Goudreau, K. (2006). American Beauty: The Seduction of the Visual Image in the Culture of Technology. Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society. 26 (1): 23-30.
" Cultural and social differences, then, between men and women are not so much reflections of differing social roles and expectations as they are reflections of basic genetic differences between men and women..." (Groenhout 51)
3.1. The family
To understand this criticism of feminism and the reaction to the attack on female domesticity, one has to know something about the background that initiated this reaction. This refers especially to the view of the family as a valued institution central to the structure of society that is in decline throughout the world.
A number or critics note how the feminist view and the "new" role of women in society has negatively affected the family. This has resulted as well in many feminists turning against the more radical views of feminism as they feel that they endanger the integrity of the family and family life. As one critic notes, "From the early…
Abrams, Kathryn. "From Autonomy to Agency: Feminist Perspectives on Self-Direction." William and Mary Law Review 40.3 (1999): 805. Questia. 14 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001258482 .
Kozol W. Fracturing Domesticity: Media, Nationalism, and the Question of Feminist Influence. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 20, no. 3, 1995.
Benedict, Helen. "Fear of Feminism." The Nation 11 May 1998: 10. Questia. 14 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002286596 .
Sampling Data Analyses the single-study critique paper 2 individual assignment. Develop individual response Single-Study Paper 2 IOM topic area. Use article Single Study Critiques 1-2. It a requirement a quantitative study paper.
Quantitative article analysis
The Nursing esearch article "Effectiveness of an Aspiration isk-eduction Protocol" addresses a proposed method to reduce the risk of aspiration in critically ill patients through a three-pronged intervention strategy. The intervention strategy components include "maintaining head-of-bed elevation at 30 degrees or higher, unless contraindicated; inserting feeding tubes into distal small bowel, when indicated; and using an algorithmic approach for high gastric residual volumes" (Metheny, Davis-Jackson & Stewart 2010: 1). It used a two-group quasi-experimental design of critically ill, mechanically ventilated adult patients receiving tube feedings. 329 were in the control population, 145 in the experimental group (Metheny, Davis-Jackson & Stewart 2010: 1). The patients were all drawn from the same five ICUs at a Level…
Metheny, Norma A., Jami Davis-Jackson & Barbara J. Stewart. (2010). Effectiveness of an Aspiration Risk-Reduction Protocol. Nursing Research, 59(1): 18 -- 25. Retrieved: doi:10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181c3ba05.
Pure Reason underscores the theory of Immanuel Kant that cognition depends on the employment of transcendental processes, which are contingent of the concept of categories. Kant's categories describe the phenomenon of pure understanding. For Kant, pure understanding is the state that permits and defines the corridor of reality as it is realized in the human mind. In The Critique of Pure Reason Kant seemed more interested in stating the existence of the categories than in defining them: "I purposely omit the definitions of the categories in this treatise. I shall analyze these conceptions only so far as is necessary for the doctrine of method, which is to form a part of this critique." Kant was content to allow a sweeping depiction of the categories rather than delve into exhaustive subtleties of them.
Comprehending Kant's categories requires an appreciation of his starting point, which was a response to the prevailing philosophical…
Spurgeon, Charles: Lectures to My Students Critique
Summary of Themes, Concepts and Principles
The main theme of Spurgeon's book is the author's encouragement to expressing authenticity in his preachers. This important theme is presented in three volume work through a series of principles intended to reflect the importance of genuineness, but also to determine preachers to be more genuine in their theological and in their public and private life. An important principle that Spurgeon advices his students to follow in their private lives refers to test their vocation in order to determine its authenticity, and to exceed their status as preachers to that of theologians, meaning they should master God's word and preach it wisely to the masses.
Other principles described by Spurgeon in his lectures refer to his students reflecting values like integrity, courage, zeal, dedication, character, earnestness, and others, in their work and in their relationship with others…
1. Spurgeon, C. (1995). Lectures to My Students. Grand Rapids. MI: Zondervan, 1979. ISBN: 9780310329114.
In the letter, those were rooms 112 and 113 (in the play, 108-109); "It seemed eminently more sensible to live in a part of a hotel which you knew would not be struck by shell fire" the author wrote in the letter (ashington, 2009, p. 1). The point ashington makes vis-a-vis Column is that room 109 wasn't just a "safe" place, it was a place with "good things" like sex, perfume, alcohol, hot water, and yes, food.
The brilliance of Hemingway's narrative -- not just in war themes but also throughout his work -- cannot be over-emphasized. In A Farewell to Arms Hemingway uses the character Frederic as narrator, and Frederic's narration is mainly descriptive, but in its simplicity, it packs a punch. Critic Katie Owens-Murphy explains that when Frederick -- an ambulance driver, not a soldier -- is asked about the war by a bartender, he first replies, "Don't…
Capshaw, Ron. (2002). Hemingway: a static figure amidst the red decade shifts. Partisan Review, 69(3), p. 441.
Fantina, Richard. (2003). Hemingway's masochism, sodomy, and the dominant woman. The Hemingway Review, 23(1), p. 84.
Hewson, Marc. (2003). "The Real Story of Earnest Hemingway": Cixous, gender, and 'A
Farewell to Arms.' The Hemingway Review, 22(2), p. 51.
Romeo & Juliet Movie Production Critique
This movie production critique is based on the William Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet version, starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Claire Danes. Staring off with the set, this was based as Verona Beach, and portrayed as a modern day city. There are many references to religion in the set, with angel statues and shots of churches and areas of prayer. Also, many of the buildings in the inner city (away from the beach), are large skyscraper-like buildings with large signs denoting Montague or Capulet. The mansion of the Capulet's is large and opulent, with gardens, many staircases, many rooms, and a large pool where the infamous "Romeo, oh Romeo" scene takes place. Modernism is apparent in the billboards, beach front and gas stations shown.
Use of light during the day is infused with color and intensity. The sun shines with golden abundance and each characters eyes…
Contest Critique Before Referencing
Contest Critique: Mobility Today 2007 Slingbox Giveaway
The online site Mobility Today sells mobile technology, and other forms of high-tech gear that is highly desirable to teens and twentysomethings who want the next new thing in computer printers, keyboards, GPS navigation devices and other high-tech accessories and gadgets. The online site must function in a highly online competitive environment where consumers have ample opportunities to shop for products from other vendors and to compare prices of the same product. To generate user interest and traffic Mobility Today recently hosted a 'Slingbox' Giveaway contest offering a Slingbox to the winner. A Slingbox is a device that enables a user to watch his or her home, cable television channels from his or her computer anywhere in the world. This means that someone with a cable connection in New York City can watch New York City local news on…
persuade classmates film effective social critique. Using Toulmin system, make a claim film's effectiveness ineffectiveness, provide reasons support claim, supply grounds film support reasons.
The cinematography industry generates numerous motion pictures directed at dealing with contemporary problems and while most of them are Hollywodian and thus commercial in character, they nonetheless manage to put across a thorough account of the topic that they discuss. Paul Haggis' 2004 film Crash is obviously meant to deal with racism and with the fact that it poses a threat to society's well-being. Although the script is filled with marketable elements and most events in it are unlikely to happen in real life (at least not in successive order), the movie express racism exactly as it is, emphasizing that society should indeed be alarmed because of the discriminating character people display on a daily basis.
Considering that Los Angeles is a city overwhelmed with…
1. Avila, Eric. Popular Culture in the Age of White Flight: Fear and Fantasy in Suburban Los Angeles (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004).
2. Fibbs, Brandon. "Crash." Retrieved November 2, 2010, from the Brandon Fibbs Website: http://brandonfibbs.com/2005/05/06/crash/
3. Greydanus, Steven D. "Crash." Retrieved November 2, 2010, from the Decent Films Website: http://www.decentfilms.com/reviews/crash2005.html
4. Gormley, Paul. Retrieved November 2, 2010, from the Darkmatter Website: http://www.darkmatter101.org/site/2007/05/07/crash-and-the-city/
Because our programs have such great diversity, we could literally become aware of many new cultures. I think that the parents could also do more volunteer work with or for the school. Classroom aides or lunch aids could help children see other' at work and in the school setting. But the most important, is that the schools address the lack of diversity in the text books. For example, we teach almost nothing about Muslim or Middle Eastern cultural perspectives in our curriculum. We are not trying to convert students, only make them more aware.
In addition, I am aware of some situational discrimination outside of the school. I have witnessed it myself and I must admit that I was quite surprised by it. Although the article was about educational issues, I can attest that our Arab and practicing Muslims students as well as others of Middle Eastern descendent have been…
Nieto, S. (2002). Affirmation, Solidary and Critique: Moving Beyond Tolerance in Education. In E. Lee, D. Menkart, & M. Okazawa-Rey (Eds.) Beyond heroes and holidays: A practical guide to K-12 anti-racist, multicultural education and staff development. Washington, D.C.: Teaching Change.
Geology: Critique of the Story Of Stuff
Geology: Critique of Story of Stuff
Annie Leonard's video documentary on the "materials economy" and the consumption-disposal mentality paints a picture of a world of: unsustainable resource usage, environmental degradation, and human health concerns. Throughout the video, Ms. Leonard cites a myriad of examples to support her claims however; many of these claims which are purported as fact are either blatantly incorrect or a clever misleading of the truth. Her statement that "government's job is to watch out for us and take care of us" (The Story of Stuff) is one such example. Debates have been waged for centuries on the proper role of government, and such an all encompassing statement on government's size and scope can hardly be construed as a definitive fact. That said an analysis of the video's veracity is better conducted in the context of the scientific "facts" which…
Global Forest Watch. (2000). United States: An Overview. Retrieved December 10, 2010
Hawken, P. Lovins, A. & Lovins, L. (1999). Natural Capitalism. Little Brown and Company, pp. 4. Retrieved December 10, 2010 from http://www.amazon.com/Natural-Capitalism-Creating-Industrial-Revolution/dp/0316353000#reader_0316353000
The Story of Stuff Project. The Story of Stuff Video. Retrieved December 10, 2010 from http://www.storyofstuff.com/
Systematic esearch eview
Critique of Systemic esearch (S) ELATED TO NUSING
Critique of a Systematic esearch eview (S):
Breast self-examination, breast awareness, and practices of systemic review
Breast cancer is one of the most deadly and fastest-spreading cancers in the world today. To mitigate the tide of this epidemic should ideally include preventative measures as well as proactive treatments. The purpose of the literature review "Breast self-examination, breast awareness, and practices of systemic review" by Parvani (2011) was to assess the current research findings on the degree to which breast self-examination and more general breast self-awareness campaigns were useful in increasing the rates of early detection of breast cancer.
esearch rigor of selected studies
Studies were not screened for specific levels of research rigor. General medical databases were searched for relevant studies using Medline, CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, and Cochrane using words such as "breast awareness," difference," "breast self-examination," breast…
Parvani, Z. (2011). Breast self-examination, breast awareness, and practices of systemic review.
Professional Medical Journal, 18(2), 336-339.
The environment extends beyond the family to friends and neighborhood. Neutrality has no effect on development of criminal behavior.
In order to understand the authors reasoning it is important to understand the concepts of behavior development, i.e. how observation of a behavior leads to development of that behavior. It is also important to understand the dynamics in various groups to understand why behaviors may be imitated from some sources and not others.
The author is working on the assumption that there are no other factors which develop criminal behavior. For example the assumption is that if criminal behavior develops then the criminal will undertake criminal activity at any possible opportunity. The theory does not explain why some children grow up in an environment which promotes crime and yet does not develop these behaviors and vice-versa.
If the reasoning of the author were to be accepted it has…