In the early days of information technology, some of the industry’s leading professionals were self-taught people who mastered computers as they became increasingly common in the modern workforce. Today’s information technology professionals may have the same independent spirit, but also need to be well-versed in the common computer technology and programs that are used in a variety of organizational settings. Whether you want to work in education, business, government, healthcare, or another type of organization, the best way to start a successful career in modern information technology is through a formal information technology or computer science degree program.
Information technology professionals have to start with the basics of computer programming. Though many people in the field will never actually have to write any programs, but will, instead, work with existing software, understanding programming is a critical part of any information technology job position. Therefore, students must be familiar with C++. This computer language is considered a hybrid language and is general-purpose object-oriented programming language with the convenience of having pre-defined classes. It is used in a wide variety of programming scenarios.
While you may not ever tackle programming in your professional life, there are three areas of information technology study that every computing professional will have to understand: hardware, software, and security. Computer hardware refers to the physical components of a computer or computing system. You are probably already familiar with the hardware that most users have on or in their own computers: motherboards, central processing units (CPU), random access memory (RAM), hard drives, solid state drives, optical drives, video cards, power supplies, monitors, keyboards, mice, heat sinks, data cables, fans, battery backups, webcams, flash drives, printers, speakers, tablets, sound cards, and modems. However, as an IT professional, you will be expected to understand network hardware like: routers, network switches, repeaters, bridges, access points, printer servers, firewalls, and cables or wireless communication devices that allow network computers to communicate with one another.
Software refers to computer data or instructions and is subdivided into two groups: system software and application software. System software runs the computer or network, while application software is task-specific. IT professionals are expected to be proficient with today’s most commonly used software, which includes Microsoft applications for general office usage, but may also include very industry-specific programs in some areas.
Computer security refers to protecting a computer or computer system. Many people think of computer security strictly in terms of protecting the software or the data stored on a computer or network from virtual attacks. While this type of security is important, it is equally important to consider the physical security of hardware; if hardware is accessible, then the data on the computer is vulnerable.
If you explore systems analysis and design, the you will need to combine all three of those components to create a system that balances the need for user-friendliness with the need for security. System designers must be able to anticipate the needs for a system, design the system components, chose the software to run on the system, and possibly design databases that can manage data and help coordinate between users.
Information Technology Change Management in Home Health Care
I hope enjoyed time holidays. Now back work . In team task week, a topic weekly focus debate paper labor unions change process. There sufficient information argue sides. Let . See: The labor union change process difficult employees management; I labor union make process a bit easier parties.
Implementing Information Technology Change in a Health Care Facility
There is a shift from the traditional institutionalized health care provision to home-based care provision. The shift comes amid increasing cases of chronic and terminal diseases that require constant monitoring and timely diagnosis for quick recovery. In the health care arena, the need to uphold quality of care to patients and their immediate family members is paramount. This need can fail to be met if the global advancements in management system that facilitate service delivery are not embraced. The potential to improve home health care…… [Read More]
Processing examples are conversion of encoded or typed words to printable format or running of computer programs such as the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Lastly, controlling ensures that all other four operations of the computer are efficiently working together, while at the same time, ensuring also that each operation does not interfere with the other operations. Examples of control measures in the computer are warnings or prompts that pop up whenever an operation is detected to overlap with another operation and the System Task Manager to monitor the activities and determine the speed and efficiency of processing within the computer.
4. Ergonomics is the science wherein technical fields such as engineering and industrial design are used to develop ideas, devices, and solutions that are suitable to the working conditions of the user. In the field of information technology and computer-mediated jobs, ergonomics is critical because it ensures that…… [Read More]
Information Technology Acts
What were the advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating the creation of each act?
One of the common challenges that most regulations will face is keeping up with the changes in the technology. As the law, is designed to provide everyone with some kind of protection against potential abuse. However, improvements in technology have transformed the way that everyone is living their daily lives. This is when the laws must be updated to reflect these advancements. In some cases, this involves taking existing regulations and addressing specific issues. While at other times, this requires implementing new guidelines that will address specific moral and ethical issues. Two such regulations are: the Fair Credit eporting Act of 1970 and the Do Not Call Implementation Act of 2003.
Fair Credit eporting Act of 1970
The Fair Credit eporting Act of 1970 was implemented to address…… [Read More]
Nanotechnology attempted to show the potential of this new technology and included the wide range of fields that are connected to the concept of the nanometer scale. These include machining, imaging, metrology or measurement, micromachines, instrumentation and machine tools, scanning probe microscopy, fabrication of components, nanoelectronics, molecular engineering, among others. (Journal Review: Nanotechnology)
Another important step in the development of this technology in both a practical and theoretical sense was the development of " bottoms up" programs and research initiatives. As noted above, the 'bottoms up' approach is considered to be the area where the greatest potential for nanotechnology applications exist. In 1991 Japan's Science and Technology Agency began instituted a "bottom-up" approach, in which "...very small structures are built up from molecular components using, for example, scanning probe microscopes. "(Nanotechnology Race: MITI Adopts 'Bottom-Up' Strategy_)
Since the 1990s there have been an increasing number of developments that have contributed…… [Read More]
And this money is required to be raised from the market as the company does not generate this amount of revenue either from profits or from internal accruals. (DeHayes, 2003)
5. What should Tim do now?
After taking into account all the known and understood pros and cons, there are some points on which Tim has to take action. These are (i) the manner in which to raise capital needed either through fresh issue of shares or depend on Venture Capital -- VC funding. In case his project is a runaway success, he will definitely get more doses of VC funding, however any failure will ruin him. He has to use a number of channel partners like sales forces, territory wise, and websites to sell the software to various customers. (DeHayes, 2003)
6. Prepare the presentation Tim should make to the board.
A i) Ladies and Gentlemen, I take this…… [Read More]
The need for continually creating and updating the security techniques and technologies involved in an enterprise system is the ethical responsibility of the IT professional.
In order to successfully protect the information and intellectual property assets of a firm, an IT professional also needs to make a personal commitment to stay as current as possible on existing and future technologies (Pemberton, 1998). This commitment needs to be supported by the leaders of an IT organization within a firm, complete with budgets created to pay for ongoing certification and training. The continual pursuit of professional competence is an ethical requirement of any IT professional and any leader of an IT function must continually focus on how to create a culture that embraces learning and change (Gotterbarn, 1999). From an ethical standards standpoint, lifetime learning is not an option, it's a requirements. As knowledge is the precursor to behavior, IT professionals need…… [Read More]
In the nursing field, there is becoming a concept such as the digital divide among nurses. Even though many nurses are familiar with the Internet and access it on a daily basis, there are some nurses who are familiar with other emerging technologies as it pertains to nursing and there are some nurses who feel that navigating the Internet is the only technology they need to know (Lupianez-Villanueva et al., 2011).
There is more that needs to be done in order to bring all nurses up to a speed where they are competent and comfortable using information technology. Information technology must become a mandatory part of nursing curriculum in colleges and universities nationwide. There is a known shortage of workers in this field and the shortage will continue to grow if there is a growing reluctance to learn new technologies. As more and more newly educated nurses are entering the…… [Read More]
One of the main sources of development of human beings is through the development of knowledge and in this exercise; we shall be talking about a group in our society who are mainly interested in the development of knowledge -- a university. In these organizations also, information technology now plays an important role as the storage and transfer of knowledge within the organizations and from outside the organization. In this, information technology has to play a major role.
In earlier times, it was felt that knowledge had to be accumulated over a lifetime, and this consisted of facts, events, procedures and other matters. This was stored in our memories, while today a lot of the storage takes place in the memory disks of computers whose capacity keeps increasing and it is the job of the information technology specialist who has to advise us on where the information is…… [Read More]
It is possible to avoid becoming a victim of such crimes through some basic precautionary methods. Firstly, it is essential to store or discard personal information in a careful manner. This means personal documents should not be left lying around or shared through internet. All personal information should be stored in a secure place. All sorts of old receipts, expired cards, bank statements and checks should be disposed of in an appropriate manner so that nobody can glean any sort of information by rummaging through the trash. (United States Department of Justice, 2010); (Vacca, 2002); (June, 2000)
Secondly, one must be very careful about divulging personal identifying information like Social Security Number to people through the Internet or telephone. Persons impersonating bank officials may ask for essential information like passwords or account information using which identity theft can be done. Third, billing cycles must be constantly checked. In case bills…… [Read More]
For example, it is no longer advisable to use a paper-based payroll, as apart from being more likely to become subject to fraud, it is an environmental hazard. Imagine the filing needs for a payroll for 100 people in one year only. Also, there's the consideration that almost everyone has and uses email. Electronic mail enables immediate correspondence between separate entities and quicker responses to urgent matters.
More than this, integrating IT into strategic planning provides consistency in quality and ability to create a system of resource-based theories (RT). According to a study by Mario Caldeira, Paul Cragg and John Ward on Information System Competencies in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: "Resource-based theory (RT) has been developed to explain how organizations can achieve competitive advantage. This theory focuses on the idea of costly-to-copy attributes of the firm as an essential way to achieve superior performance. According to resource-based theory, resources that…… [Read More]
The reference company is the oil giant Chevron. Because there is a growing demand for the development of Internet, intranet, and extranet business-to-business (B2B) transaction capabilities, the Stamford, Connecticut -- based Gartner Group predicts that by the year 2004 more than 50% of all enterprises will use the Internet for more than 80% of their external procurement activities. Meanwhile, almost every company offering products and/or services has developed or is developing Web sites ranging from information-only sites, known in the industry as "brochureware," to sophisticated Web-commerce sites where customers can select and purchase products ranging from music CDs to automobiles.
To make the transition to a successful E-commerce operation, nearly two-thirds (61%) of the 250 IT executives surveyed by Information Week esearch say E-business has prompted the reengineering of the IT department. And about three-fifths (59%) say business processes and functions had to be reengineered. Most affected were…… [Read More]
Information Technology (IT) CS
The modern day businesses are more globalized based on which economic and corporate concerns have given rise to the concept of corporate social responsibility. The new economy has had a great effect on the knowledge that the stakeholders now have. One of the main aims of corporate social responsibility is that corporations being an important part of the society and communities must address various environmental and societal concerns. Based on this, many companies by the help of implementing CS have worked on the importance and implementation of human rights, environmental standards, as well as labor. Here it needs to be added that the corporate social responsibility extends outside the doors of an organization into the communities and societies in which the organization operates. The boundaries of corporate social responsibility of the organization involves not only the employees and workers of the organizations but the…… [Read More]
Information Technology Acts
The advancement of information technology has generally been considered to be a good thing, but there are also problems that have been created by it. Some of these have to do with the lack of privacy, and others have to do with the protection of the most vulnerable members of society. Two acts will be discussed here: the Children's Internet Protection Act of 2000 and the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) of 1991. In both cases, the advancement of information technology created ethical issues that led to the need for the acts. When individuals and companies work to create new technology, it seems as though they often do not spend much time thinking about the possible ramifications of that technology. In some cases the technological advances are used in ways that were not expected, so the ramifications could not have been realistically seen or envisioned at the…… [Read More]
Information Technology Acts
While information technology today has many distinct advantages, it is also important to acknowledge that there are some specific potential drawbacks. These drawbacks relate especially to the right to privacy of people making use of information technology. Users of Internet subscription services, for example, expect certain privacy rights in terms of the contact and personal information they choose to divulge. At the same time, large institutions like learning establishments and health insurance companies are required to provide their clients with a certain level of privacy assurance. For this reason, certain technological advances have required a revision of legislation to ensure that the privacy of citizens is protected. Two such pieces of legislation include The Family Education ights And Privacy Act (FEPA) of 1974 and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996.
The Family Education ights and Privacy Act of 1974 was passed to…… [Read More]
Information echnology -- Annotated Bibliography
Baker, N. (2011). he Borderless Enterprise. Internal Auditor, August, 28 -- 33.
his article endeavors to explain the various trends in digital media. he author contends the use of digital technology is evidence of a deeper trend and shift in global culture. he article is as philosophical as it is technical. his article could be considered a technical article or a philosophy of technology article.
Durkee, D. (2010). Why Cloud Computing Will Never Be Free. Communication of the ACM, 53(5), 62 -- 70.
his author intends to prepare readers about the revolutionary changing in the market because of cloud computing. he article could be intended for both beginners and experts in cloud computing. he author describes the fundamental characteristics of clouds and cloud computing. he author describes models and strategies regarding marketing and pricing of cloud computing. he author does a thorough job…… [Read More]
Ray Panko, professor of IT management at the University of Hawaii, Shidler College of Business. Their current report, covering 2006-2016, is especially interesting because it's the first BLS study which "fully reflects the dot-com bust and recovery, and takes IT offshoring into account," Panko says. Even after accounting for those factors, "the BLS again predicts robust job growth for IT occupations."
IT occupations will remain at the leading edge of job growth - in terms of both demand for specific occupations, as well as sheer job volume - for at least a decade. But total employment is not growing as in the boom times. The good news: those IT staffers with the right skills will be partying like it's 1999. In particular: boutique SMB consulting firms in hot segments such as security will be in demand (partially due to being lower priced than their big firm competitors), analysts predict.…… [Read More]
Implementing a private Cloud-based ILS will give each department real-time availability of data from both the ECM and EKM systems, tailored to the specific roles through the use of customizable ILS-based interfaces. One of the most critical success factors of implementing any new enterprise system is to plan for making everything form the workflows to individual screens as permeable and customizable as possible (Lampert, Vaughan, 2009). This is essential for aligning the specific information roles and needs to the contents of the library and its content and knowledge management systems.
In conjunction with the Cloud-based ILS system, the library must also include federated search across all sites, so that users can quickly find what they are looking for. Federated search needs to also be integral to the CMS and KMS platforms as well, ensuring immediate, real-time access from requests and queries. The new system architecture also needs to include a…… [Read More]
Today business world is changing rapidly. The cause of this is globalization, high IT investment and technological change in relationship with high cost of research and development (Frishamar, 2004). The function of information technology has become important part of how companies manage and control their resources, different companies and organizations respond to technology in different ways (Johnson, 2007). IT plays a significant role in modern business especially in looking at accounting function; it has transformed the nature of business and accounting practices where computers are used in recording data this results to time saving and enhances accuracy.
As we look into the technology of the future in accounting functions and accounting information systems our views collects what is near us that is, increase adoption of collaborative technology and the interchangeability of collaborative tools. Use of computing leads to the edge of what we can currently hold.
Many tasks…… [Read More]
Often information systems projects require two or more project teams to collaborate with one another to complete critical foundational elements of a new information system, and the dependences of each of these tasks needs to be shown and clearly communicated to all members of a project team. In addition, these tools and techniques must also take into account the requirements of the entire lifecycle of the product (Stewart, 203). The ability of a project manager to define how the specific code sets and features will be used in subsequent generations of the application need to be addressed during the initial planning stages to ensure a high level of integration. The development of extensions to an Enterprise esource Planning (EP) system that is used for managing the manufacturing of PCs, laptops and servers by Dell is an example of a longer-term project managed extensively through the use of these tools and…… [Read More]
However, a complex project might need a higher level of expertise that not only requires project management skills but also experience with technology.
What are the pros and cons of the following statement?
If the Internet is to flourish, the creators of the information on our information superhighway must be protected. Intellectual property rights must be respected. If First Amendment rights are used as a justification for violating property rights, the next step will be the loss of some or all of these rights, as government bodies move in."
The above statement pertains on the ongoing debate regarding intellectual property and privacy rights. Intellectual property refers to the legal rights that are granted to inventions and works of art that has commercial value. In the it sector, this mostly pertains to digital content such as movies and music. Privacy pertains to the right to withhold information to unauthorized parties or…… [Read More]
agu-Nathan, & agu-Nathan T.S. (2007). the
Impact of Technostress on ole Stress and Productivity. Journal of Management
Information Systems 24(1): 301 -- 328.
The researchers collected data from two public sector organizations in the United States. The researchers mail out 264 questionnaires to the employees of these organizations and 233 were returned to the researchers. The researchers did not explain how the two organizations were initially chosen. It is possible that this initial choice was convenience based.
The researchers used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to identify a five-factor structure that represented the underlying components of techno stress. De Coster (1988) posits that EFA, traditionally, has been used to explore the possible underlying factor structure of a set of observed variables without imposing a preconceived structure on the outcome.
Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) used to validate the factor structure of a set of observed variables. CFA provides the researcher with the…… [Read More]
A use the learning process to address business-unit priorities and define action plans create new e-approaches to align teams on key business objectives target managers' individual development needs in leading performance through people provide a learning and communications initiative that would support peer learning and shared objectives.
An IT manager should be able to determine and define the priorities of his organization. This is important because it is from his understanding and view of the organization's needs where the strategies of his IT department/division will be based. In organizational meetings concerning management processes, the presence of an IT manager is most of the time necessary due to the widespread transformation of the many tasks into computerization. Hence, during such instances, an IT manager should take the lead of identifying the best e-solutions to the needs, particularly on information needs, of his organization. He must have the ability to create approaches…… [Read More]
In the case of input data to computers of any type, let us remember that a computer is just a machine and depends on the instructions given to it by the individuals who have programmed the machine. The programmers try to put in solutions in the operating programs for every sort of problems that can be done by the material input to the computer for processing. This is in the form of data directly by an individual or from another machine. For the different data sources that are given in our requirement, remember that printed questionnaires and long documents consist of large amounts of data in one item to be entered. These have many sources for errors and these have to be searched for and then the process of entry is done by another individual.
The next type is of telephone surveys, and these again have to be…… [Read More]
The IT building blocks that IBM has been using are compute, storage, and network. These building blocks have been the underlying force that IBM has relied upon over the years in order to build its business and meet the needs of its customers. Since its inception, IBM has been a technology company and it used to focus on hardware, software, and service agreements. These fall under the computer building block. Heavily investing in computer technology has ensured that the employees are able to work with the best hardware and they can meet their daily requirements or targets with ease (De Haes, Van Grembergen, & Debreceny, 2013). With the advancement of technology, the company was forced to adapt to the changing times and they are now focused on storage especially in the cloud. Cloud computing has been the best solution that most businesses have been opting for due the advantages they…… [Read More]
Given the virtual ubiquity of information technology (IT) today, it is not surprising that while collar crime using these resources has assumed new importance and relevance (Dervan, 2014). As discussed further below, white collar crimes are by definition nonviolent in nature but the enormous amount of funds that are derived from such unlawful activities are increasingly being diverted to fund violent terrorist organizations that target the interests of the United States at home and abroad (Ndubueze & Igbo, 2016; Priyatno, 2017). The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of white collar crime in general and how IT has been used to perpetrate these crimes in recent years in particular. In addition, an examination will also be provided concerning the various types of white collar crimes that are committed using IT and how they are facilitated through collaboration between mainstream business practitioners and the criminal underworld preparatory to…… [Read More]
Networking Needs and Security
1. “What are the key components of a typical P2P application? Describe their functions.”
There are myriad components that play vital roles in typical P2P applications. Perhaps the most salient of these is a server—a file server, in particular. Because of the connected, transferable nature of P2P networks, most applications are designed to exploit this connectivity by sharing data. In this regard, a P2P network functions as a microcosm of the vision of the semantic web. Nonetheless, most applications have some functionality which acts as a file server, enabling the exchange of information between other applications and servers in the network in question. Another integral aspect of the vast majority of applications for P2P networks is their processors, or core processors in several instances. These processors provide vital functionality related to the redundancy which functions at the center of the way most of the machines (and…… [Read More]
Information Technology in the Era of WikiLeaks
The protection of America’s secrets, military information, data obtained through surveillance, and so on has been a top priority since Edward Snowden, Chelsea Manning and WikiLeaks came on the scene. Julian Assange, now under arrest in England, and wanted in connection with the Manning hacking of federal documents, is the emblem of the information wars being conducted in the Digital Age. For some, Assange is a hero; for others, particularly those with authority in the State, he is an enemy. On the one hand, Assange, Snowden and Manning represent the need and right of the public to know what its governments are doing in the face of so little transparency today. On the other hand, they represent the threat to the security of the State and its defense information systems. This paper will discuss the ethical issues related to the use of…… [Read More]
In the field of information security, access control refers to the selective restriction of access to a resource. It is a security technique that is used to regulate who or what can use or view a resource within a computing environment. Basically, there are two main types of access controls namely logical and physical. Physical access control will limit the physical access to buildings, and IT assets, while logical access will limit connection to computer networks, data, and system files (Younis, Kifayat, & Merabti, 2014). Access control systems are charged with performing identification, authorization, authentication, approval, access, and accountability of the entities by using login credentials. There are three main types of access control that will be discussed in this paper namely mandatory access control, discretionary access control, and role-based access control.
Elements of Access Control
Mandatory access control (MAC) is a security strategy where only the administrator has…… [Read More]
Business Process Reengineering Strategy and Information Technology Integration
The purpose of this paper is to provide a review, analysis and synthesis of a series of selected peer-reviewed articles concerning the best practices for incorporating new and established technologies into business operations using business process reengineering (BPR). To this end, the paper presents a review of the relevant literature to provide an introduction of the context of the articles and a description of the operations management strategies evaluated. In addition, an identification of the key themes that emerged from the selected articles is followed by an analysis of the patterns of similarities and differences in how each author has presented each theme.-Finally, an evaluation concerning the implications of operations management strategies on the successful management and leadership of an enterprise is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the foregoing issues in the conclusion.
Review and Analysis…… [Read More]
Crete LLC’s Windows Server 2012 Network Proposal
Crete LLC is a business organization that produces and distributes solar panel for the consumer market. In the past few years, the solar panel market has experienced tremendous growth because of the increased consumer demands for solar panels. Consequently, Crete LLC seeks to establish itself as a major industry player in order to meet the high demand for solar panels. Therefore, the company seeks to establish offices in three locations i.e. Los Angeles, Houston, and Dallas with the main staff situated at the Houston and Dallas offices. Crete LLC needs to adopt technology in order to enhance success and profitability in the market. Therefore, data security is a priority given that the organization is likely to experience issues relating to patent and trademarks. The sales personnel at firm’s Los Angeles office need secure remote access to the Houston office. This report provides a…… [Read More]
Infrastructure and Security
Relationship Between Infrastructure and Security
Data is the most valuable asset for a data collection and analysis company. Therefore, the security of this data should of utmost importance to the company. The context of data determines its overall value. Information Technology for any company is valued based on its ability to present, store, analyze, manage, and protect the data in order to support the operations of the company. Data might have different value based on the type of data, but all data should be kept safe at all times. The value of data is placed depending on the usability of the said data. While any data can be said to be valuable, corrupted or incomplete data would not be valuable to any company (Chou & Sengupta, 2008). Therefore, there is need to ensure and guarantee the safety of data. The infrastructure that is put in place should…… [Read More]
The purpose of this study is to develop timely and informed answers to a series of guiding research questions and subquestions to identify the risks and barriers that are associated with Internet of Things implementations. These types of studies are important today because the Internet of Things is changing the manner in which companies of all sizes and types operate their businesses, and current trends indicate that these implementations are increasing exponentially. The Internet of Things allows conventional computer-based networks to incorporate data collected from everyday objects to provide real-time analyses and new applications for these technologies are being developed every day. Indeed, there are already more mobile devices in use around the world than there are people, and most authorities agree that the Internet of Things deployments will continue to increase well into the foreseeable future. Chapter one of the study provides the rationale in support of…… [Read More]
Warehouse management is the control and optimization of the various processes in a warehouse. A warehouse management system (WMS) is an internal tool used to control and optimize the flow of materials. The functionality of the WMS is broken down into three operations; put-away, replenishing, and picking (Novák & Kraj?ovi?, 2011; Sahuri & Utomo, 2016). The basic principle for the WMS is directing the three operations to the relevant locations as per user defined criteria. A WMS can be a standalone or integrated with the organizations enterprise resource planning (ERP) system. This paper will focus on a standalone WMS and the discussion will seek to establish both software and hardware requirements for the server-end and client-end, then determine the competitive advantage for using WMS, provide recommendations for improvement and lastly, draw a conclusion.
Server-Side Hardware Requirements
There are various WMS solutions and each has specific requirements. While there are basic…… [Read More]
Report of The Analysis and Attack Strategy
Information on the Organization
Bain & Company is a global management consultancy that has its headquarters in Boston. The company offers advice to private, public, and non-profit organizations across the world. Bain & Company advises leaders on marketing, strategy, operations, IT, and organization. Since it is a consultancy organization it has access to sensitive information from the organization that it consults for stored in its company servers. This information ranges from financial records, human resource records, the structure of the organizations, and IT systems used by the organizations. All these are valuable information and records that can be attractive to attackers. Therefore, there is a need to ensure that the information and records are stored securely and there is no possibility of an attack. Records like employee Social Security Numbers, bank information, and place of residence can be used for identity theft. Sensitive…… [Read More]
Intellectual property (IP) for the company refers to any copyrights, trademarks, patents, trade secrets, and any other information that is related to the company's services and products (Biagioli, Jaszi, & Woodmansee, 2015). The company is committed to competing fairly in the marketplace. This commitment to fairness will include respecting the intellectual property of our clients, customers, suppliers, business partners, and competitors. No company employee, agent, or independent contractor should steal, misuse, copy or distribute the intellectual property rights owned and maintained by others. The purpose of this policy is to ensure that the company maintains its reputation as a fair competitor, guarantee the integrity of the competitive marketplace in IP, and to comply with the laws regulating IP and industrial espionage.
This policy is applicable to all employees of the company, agents, independent contractors, directors, and officers. Subsidiaries, partnerships, business units, and joint ventures where the…… [Read More]
In order to ensure compliance within the LAN-to-WAN domain it is vital to have protective and security layers. Firewalls, intrusion detection systems, virus scanners, and other protective software would provide assurance that the security policies for the organization are implemented and adhered. Having multiple locations, there will be huge amounts of data that is transmitted between the four locations and this should not be interfered with in order to ensure that employees are able to perform their duties. Therefore, the security solutions implemented should also have a public key to encrypt and decrypt the data. Securing the four locations and allowing for data transmission will require an innovative and secure layout at all locations. Compliance within the four locations will ensure that the facilities are secure and they are operating within the laid-out security policy.
The firewall will act as the first layer of protection and filtering for…… [Read More]
HIPAA And HITECH Regulations Impact on Implementation of Health Care Systems
Impact of HIPAA And HITECH Regulations on Health Care Systems for The Future with Mention to State and Federal Differences
When the HIPPA act was signed into law many players in the healthcare industry were uncertain of how this would impact their provision of healthcare and obey compliance with HIPPA requirements. HIPPA is mainly focused on the privacy of patient information and guaranteeing its privacy during transmission. Therefore, healthcare systems are required to have encryption in place to ensure that data is not readable if intercepted during transmission. HIPPA regulations only cover the healthcare providers. However, HITECH regulations cover all the entities that deal with healthcare who are referred to as business associates (Weaver, Ball, Kim, & Kiel, 2016). They include any entity that does business with a hospital or doctor. According to HITECH regulations, any business associate must…… [Read More]
Data in information systems allows for businesses to process various actions in a way that is seamless. If one imagines a business as a factory, many businesses main product is data. From hospitals to banks, data is created, stored, transferred, and viewed every single, work day. If this data is of poor quality, it may slow down a business’ processes. For example, a hospital’s medical records are still on paper and have not been transferred to a digital copy. Such an event can trigger easier data breaches and longer wait times for information to be retrieved, copied, and transferred.
What makes data quality poor? There are collectively defined standards that define data quality. They are accuracy, completeness, consistency, uniqueness, and timeliness (Kimball, Ross, Thornthwaite, Mundy, & Becker, 2011). When poor quality data is inaccurate like for example, the last name of a customer in a bank, this leads to service…… [Read More]
Overview of the Company
IT All-Stars is a managed service provider targeting small- and medium-sized enterprises. The service desk is the typical point of contact with customers, and a basic workflow begins when a customer has a problem. The customer submits a ticket, and then a technician works to solve the problem (i.e. Internet not working, person forgot password, etc.). The business model is that the company proactively manages the IT function for the client, so also does things like managing the hardware (i.e. replacing it when the warranty expires, servicing, managing domains, etc.).
Justification for Lean
A lean approach in services is utilized in order to streamline the delivery of routine processes. The objective of implementing lean is to ensure consistent service delivery through consistent process delivery, which in turn means that delivery will be faster, and more accurate. Faster response times mean happier customers, and when techs…… [Read More]
Information Technology (IT) is a broad-based term that includes a combination of the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of information in a computing or telecommunications platform. In terms of a scientific discipline, it is relatively new, appearing in a 1958 article in the Harvard Business Review in which the authors said, "this new technology does not yet have a single established name. e shall call it information technology (IT)" (Dunn, 2011). The field has been part of the tremendous growth in computing and telecommunications, and remains vital -- it is behind the recent emergence of next generation web technology, bioinformation, cloud computing, global information systems, and large scale databases.
The IT area manages technology in a wide variety of fields that include software, hardware, information systems, and programming languages. IT professionals perform a wide variety of functions from installation of applications and hardware to designing and maintaining complex networks and…… [Read More]
This must be avoided at all costs because not only do we set up ourselves and the company for disgruntled passengers, we are also making ourselves liable because the flights are leaving earlier than they are supposed to. This should not happen at all, but in the event that it does, we must do everything in our power to get the customer on a similar flight to the one missed to keep him on schedule. In addition to this, some type of perks or credit should be given such as a certain dollar amount off of their next flight. We must do this in order to avoid serious customer frustration with our airline which could lead to low customer satisfaction.
Another thing that we must focus on is empowering our employees, no matter what position they hold in order to serve our customers better. Not only supervisors, but agents should…… [Read More]
Migrate off of any individualized content management systems and processes not integrated to a single portal platform for greater cost and time savings in administration. Olson (32) provides an excellent case study on how universities are making use of open source portal applications to alleviate redundant and often conflicting data in multiple portals on an IBM WebSphere platform
Define and build out a portal development plan that encompasses all shared processes across the project areas.
As Murphy and Columbus state, re-organize content by the context of each dominant workflow, and this could include larger, more complex projects as defined by Aquarius Marketing first, then align to the customer-facing processes to ensure the highest levels of efficiency and responsiveness.
Development of a portal roadmap that allows for eventual move to Web Services based on a Service Oriented Architecture, giving Aquarius Marketing greater scalability than if a single, stand-alone application was chosen.…… [Read More]
1) Given the recent tardy but well-meaning responses by the federal, state and local officials in the Gulf Coast, it can be assumed that the nation remains relatively unprepared for a terrorist attack of September 11-proportions. The U.S. is struggling to negotiate a nuclear arms treaty with Iran and North Korea (the latter having recently agreed to forego additional nuclear weapons testing in exchange for light-water nuclear reactors, a "breakthrough" that returns the U.S. To the same position it had under the Clinton administration) and is waging a fighting war in Afghanistan and Iraq.
2) "Taking the battle to the enemy" appears to be immensely preferable, at least from the perspective of someone sitting safely at home pontificating about it, than waiting for an attack of any sort on the nation's interests.
3) Certainly, the U.S. And much of the world has increasingly come to rely on the…… [Read More]
He sat on the issue until he was able to retire and then brought the unethical actions into the light. In the meantime, the government through the NSA was amassing significant information about the Internet usage of American citizens. No matter the justification for this action, it cannot be supported ethically. As individuals, we may have nothing to hide, but the erosion of civil liberties and privacy is a dangerous precedent to set. The information gathered today could easily be used against American citizens in the future, should some new justification be conjured up. It is crucial that unethical it behavior is rooted out at every possible opportunity. Only by speaking out against illicit behavior can we operate in the it world with clear consciences.
Gibbs, Mark. "iretapping, histle Blowing and it Ethics." Network orld. 9 Nov. 2007. 28 Nov. 2007 http://www.networkworld.com/columnists/2007/110907backspin.html.… [Read More]
Hence the development of the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) Model which lead to the development of the Internet and the Ethernet standard and the TCP/IP protocol, both of which nearly the entire Internet runs on today.
#9, in what way have phones and computers converged? Why is this convergence occurring?
The personal productivity tasks of communication as it relates to the use of telephones and computer systems has long been an area developers and entrepreneurs have poured time and money into. Now with the concept of the Mobile Web, it's possible to have PDAs and cell phones that make it possible to access any website, any e-mail account, from any location there is a cell phone signal. The impetus is the overlap of personal productivity processes.
Q.#9, Read the information on the Thawte Web site about how users can be authenticated (Web of Trust). Briefly explain how the…… [Read More]
Semi-structured decision-making processes involving IT systems allow the decision maker to exercise substantial autonomy but constrain that autonomy within the boundaries of specified outcomes of automatic information and situational synthesis. In principle, semi-structured decision making involving IT systems may simply limit the available choices of the decision maker based on objective data or other situation-dependent information that must be incorporated into the decision in a manner determined by IT processes outside of the ability of the decision maker to control.
The Role of Technology Systems in Structured Decision Making
In structured decision making, the decision maker cannot exercise independent decision-making but must rely exclusively on outcomes determined by IT systems based on the data inputs into the system. Within that process, the human decision maker is merely one component within an automated process that provides no autonomy over decisions or any opportunity to make independent decisions. Typically, the worker simply…… [Read More]
Information System/Internet Strategy
Information technology and Internet systems have become such an integrated part of life today that all businesses of any significant size have at least some form of electronic media as part of their daily operations. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine how any business could function without at least an e-mail platform or an electronic database connection. What I have learnt about decision making, the role of information, information systems, and knowledge management should help me in my current job situation, when thinking critically about the ways in which other businesses conduct their operations, and in constructing my own operations should I be a business owner in the future. This knowledge can be applied to my current work situation at the telecommunication company Orange, as well as to a group investigation I was part of for the Manchester University.
The Orange company, where I am currently employed,…… [Read More]
Translating complex functions into computer code is well outside of the capabilities of non-professionals.
Conversely, organizations whose websites do little besides help establish a searchable web presence to direct prospective customers to brick-and-mortar establishments, or whose websites need to support only a small variety of relatively simple, one-dimensional orders (such as quantity and color preferences of a small number of products) may very well be able to minimize the cost of web creation. Generally, they may still require information technology (IT) professionals to help them launch the website and create its most essential features. However, unlike business organizations that require highly sophisticated websites capable of supporting a large number and variety of complex functions, they may be able to purchase web creation services in an ad-hoc manner. For example, the organization may be capable of providing the artwork and logos in a form that only requires that they be translated…… [Read More]
Information Technology: Smart Card vs. Voucher
Long and Short-Term Costs
Over the long-term smart cards are more affordable than vouchers for customers, sanctuaries and shops because they retain their value over time and continue working without further investment. Vouchers however while perhaps more affordable for customers initially, require pre-payment and additional payments once a voucher is used.
They may prove more expensive in the long-term if lost or stolen, at least to customers. While the sanctuary or shop may invest more money in the short-term to utilize smart cards, over time the investment will actually pay for itself and then some with respect to the added security benefits smart cards offer and the long-term benefits use of these cards offer compared with vouchers (Clark, 1990).
Economic and Social Benefits
Smart cards are considered useful in a variety of applications, making transactions secure and user friendly, hence their popularity (Clark, 1990).…… [Read More]
We agree that people still purchase books.
The reason is that today the author gets paid upfront and if people do not read the book, the publisher has to bear the loss. Secondly publishers are able to 'sell the books' to the bookstores' based on 'consignment system', whereby the 'book store' is able to return the books which are unsold against a 'full refund'. (Grossman, 2009) Jeanie Comstock (2009) says that some of the changes that became mandatory include the quality, readability and accessibility of documents. The changes in publishing technology have also called for changes in the roles for technical workers, communicators and even writers. Thus the intervention and role of the technical communicator has changed so that the matter or book published to day is readable, articulate, and navigable both in the printed and in the electronic media. The composite problem is also to keep up the author…… [Read More]
Technology & Logistics
The author of this report has been asked to answer a fairly general but intriguing question. That question asks the author of this report to define how technology can improve the management of global logistics. Of course, technology can be used to improve logistics in any number of ways. However, the author of this report will center on a few in particular. Indeed, the use of barcodes, networking technology, wireless technology and voice recognition technology are just a few ways and manner in which technology can be used and leveraged to achieve more efficient and error-free logistical performance. While this technology can be daunting and complex, the results garnered from using them effectively is obvious and easy to see.
One example of how technology can aid logistics is through "hidden" barcodes. Most everyone is familiar with the UPC codes used in retail stores to tie an…… [Read More]
Information Technology holds great promise for improving the way a government serves its citizens in various services it conducts to the citizens. This rapid adoption of information technology has produced substantial benefits to the citizens, tax payers, and businesses alike. It is therefore recommended for every particular government to develop digital services to streamline all its operations. One area where governments should enhance its key functions is the establishment of online tax preparation services for the citizens.
It is quite obvious that the government is actively involved in taxation, and this is where the provision of information technology makes the entire process easier and more efficient. Electronic provision of tax forms and other tax information is very beneficial to the residents and falls within the traditional scope of government's activity. This is why government must actively engage tax payers in electronic filing since it is appropriate in boosting the efficiency…… [Read More]
Customization and Standardization: A View of Cloud and Grid Computing
Sequencing a genome, storing vast video libraries, or utilizing a non-essential application for occasional use are all functions performed within the realm of information technology. Meeting a particular task need was once the challenge of the end user or organization to ascertain their current and future use to guide their technology purchases. In the not so distant past, limitations of hardware or budget constrained the application of technology. Networking information technology proved one solution to sharing resources and boosting capabilities, while at the same time allowing for centralized governance models to facilitate access and protect privileged information.
As the capabilities of technology advance in computational power, storage, and connectivity, new uses emerge to enhance the capabilities of science, business, and individuals. Scalability, the matching of correct resources to a particular need in time, both up and down, has…… [Read More]
The use of information technology has become a necessity in the developed corporate world that has been faced with a variety of developments that have been identified to make work easier for management in organizations. For the sake of better understanding of available information, managements require application of technologies such as software that can facilitate the processes that are involved in management. This paper seeks to discuss a development plan for the introduction of a new software technology in the management process of an organization. The paper will look into the business need for the technology, the initiative as well as other technologies that can be used to improve the effectiveness of the initiative.
Every organization that is considered to be progressive with an advantage of a going concern is characterized with a level of growth in its operations and capacity. Most business enterprises are realized…… [Read More]
Bharti Airtel is the world's fifth largest telecom company and it is famous for outsourcing everything except finance, marketing and sales. In the early days Bharti used to do all the business processes itself and it used to cost much more. Then they came up with the idea of outsourcing everything and just keep the departments of core competencies. And they kept marketing because in today's world every telecom company is providing the same services. The only difference between them is brand positioning that is how a product or a brand's image is in the consumer's mind. So, they made sure they pay specialized attention on that and for that they hired the famous Asian musician A. ehman for the special Airtel tune that attracted people and associated them with AirTel.
Airtel outsourced their IT processes to IBM, entire network operations to Ericsson and Siemens along with…… [Read More]
Information echnology Annotated Bibliography
Cloud Computing and Insider hreats
Bhadauria, R., Chaki, R., Chaki, N., & Sanyal, S. (2011) A Survey on Security Issues in Cloud Computing. CoRR, abs/1109.5388, 1 -- 15.
his article is very explanatory in nature. his article would serve best in the opening sections of a research paper, such as in the introduction or the historical review. his article has a formal and academic tone; the intention to be informative. Readers who have little to no knowledge in this area would be served well by this article. Furthermore, more advanced readers and more knowledgeable readers would benefit from this article as it is comprehensive and would be favorable for review purposes or purposes of additional research. he article explains with texts and with graphic representations the nature of cloud computing, provides a brief history, and lists implications for use and research. he article is…… [Read More]
A Brief Critique of Database Security Articles
The focus of both papers to be critiqued is the definition, status, and significance of database security. As many corporations such as Amazon and Google move toward using cloud computing, there is greater concern for the security of information contained within databases. Long before cloud computing (long in technology terms), database security was a primary concern in information technology. The paper will offer insight as to the validity of the arguments presented in each piece as well as significance of the topic in general.
Mashburn states that although companies utilize databases placed on the Internet, most companies are unaware of their databases' security. He claims that companies are prioritizing the convenience of using Internet databases over preventative security measures to keep the data safe. This lack of awareness will ultimately cost companies money. The data may be compromised in some way…… [Read More]
4. Control Phase: This phase is the one in which maintaining the project within the "scope, cost, and schedule" as well as "within acceptable quality" is addressed due to the possible variables. "Unknown or unproven technologies....make these projects difficult for the project manager to baseline the scope, schedules, and costs during the Planning Phase." (Systems Lifecycle Development, 2001) Key deliverables in this phase are the development, testing, implementation and documentation of the scope control, schedule control, cost and quality control as well as the contract administration and configuration management in the project.
5. Closeout Phase: the final phase is characterized by the project being brought to an end with the manager of the project holding responsibility for making sure that the processes in closeout are accomplished while the systems are transitioned to maintenance perspective. The main activities in this phase are administration of closure of the project as well as…… [Read More]
Certificates can be personal or set up by the users for certain trusted authorities. Once an SSL connection is recognized, the server certificate in use can usually be scrutinized by looking at the assets of the page conveyed over the SSL connection. Certificates and keys are normally stored on the hard disk of the computer. Additionally to needing a password when the private key is used, it is typically also required to import or export keys and certificates. Some browsers also hold key and certificate storage on a secure external device (Using PKI, 2004).
Certificates given to web servers and individuals are signed by a Certificate Authority. The signature on a certificate recognizes the particular Certificate Authority that issued a certificate. The Certificate Authority in turn has a certificate that connects its identity to its public key, so you can verify its uniqueness. A certificate authority issues a policy defining…… [Read More]
Vandalism is a major concern because of the nature of the products manufactured by the organization and the high rate of theft generally associated with motor vehicles and motorcycles. It is recommended that the organization conduct a thorough perimeter and site security audit for the purposes of ensuring the maximum mitigation of any risks of vandalism and theft. To the extent that internal vandalism is a concern, it is recommended that the organization invest in security cameras to monitor critical areas. Additionally, employee physical access to specific areas on the grounds of the company should be restricted appropriately based on responsibilities. Likewise, it is recommended that different degrees of it system access be assigned to employees on the basis of need instead of allowing universal system access to all authorized it system users.
Modern it systems are inherently vulnerable to many types of malicious attempts at unauthorized…… [Read More]