Art History & the 21st Essay

Download this Essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Essay:

His paintings were and are provocative because, instead of using personal confessions (like Dali), he uses irony and wit and intelligence to make his point hear. "The Treason of Images" is controversial in the sense that it makes the viewer question art and language and the meaning that we apply to objects. Magritte questions the assumptions made by people about the world, changing the scale of objects and defying the laws of gravity

Picasso, Dali and Magritte were all controversial artists of the early 1920s who expressed their fears, their guilt and fantasies as well as their question through their works of art. All of the artists had a major influence on other artists to come as well as a major impact on society during that time. While some may have considered these artists a threat to society, their works express a heightened sense of reality and an awareness.

Surrealism, expressionism and symbolism attempted to express the inner life or more implicit workings of the human condition. Expressionism was depicted not in an objective realistic fashion but in a subjective fashion, its aim was to stir emotion and illicit response. The works are usually highly personal to the artist and the artist tried to recreate the event or image with his or her own sensibility in mind. Hughes states that the flaw with expressionism was that its only hero was the Self

, which spurred the German Dadaist movement, laughing at the self-indulgence.

Vassily Kandinsky was highly spiritual and expressionistic in his perspective on art. More radical members of the art world laughed at him, and his work was labeled bourgeois and self-indulgent. His works were abstract, employing non-representation properties of color and form

. His 1913 piece or art entitled "Composition VII" was one of the most complex and confounding pieces he ever painted. This piece is an emotional composition that is representative of his great artistic vision and his necessity to express his emotional thoughts and feelings. The oval at the center of the piece appears like the center of a hurricane, encompassed by swirlings and twisting of color. Kandinsky was always trying to create a pure painting and though his art was considered highly emotional during his lifetime, his maelstrom of colors and life is a vivid interpretation of his incredibly expressive inner life. He once said, "Black is like the silence of the body after death, the close of life"

Piet Mondrian

"saw art not as an end but as a means to an end -- spiritual clarification"

. He always tried to link his spiritual life and his philosophies with his art. He truly believed that art could change a person's life for the better and many considered him to be downright religious in his views. He was a devout man who, similar to Kandinsky, came to abstractionism through another medium - not via expressionism but via cubism

While his later works often appear cold in appearance at times a bit too methodical, his paintings are representative of a search for a different form that doesn't have any links to modern or daily life. In a way, it could be stated that he was looking for the divine through his paintings. While being deeply spiritual in idea, his paintings, especially "Composition No 10, Pier and Ocean," painted in 1915, appears to be incredibly mathematic in style. This painting was created in two version and one can see the first version subtly coming though; Mondrian didn't seem to care that the first version was visible and perhaps this is something worth considering.

While Salvador Dali may have been controversial in his day with such works as "The Persistence of Memory," he was also a surrealist who used his inner world to express his art. Precisely, surrealism can be defined as what lies beneath reality and while Dali has proclaimed that he uses images to confuse reality, there is also an indirect meaning beneath his works and especially "The Persistence of Memory" as noted earlier. While it can be suggested that the washed up Dali himself on the shoreline of what is possibly his homeland of Spain, the way in which he is washed up is a point of question. The depiction seems to imply some sort of defeat for Dali and thus he is sent back to his home, broken and without anymore time. The location has a dream-like quality, however, with its golden mountains and its blue sea which seems to inspire hope or perhaps that he has been too late in getting to the fantasy place -- wherever that may be. Perhaps Dali saw life and his work as an artist as a race against time, in which case, he is sadly expressing that he could never come out the winner.

Dali was known to by impacted by the landscapes of his boyhood in Spain. The watches in the painting, though they appear to be wilting in the son, perhaps alluding to the notion that time and memory (in the title) can be devastatingly deceptive.

Dali, as well as other Surrealists, admired de Chirico and the fact that he was able to create such strange encounters between objects. Incompatible objects became clear in Dali's world and "The Persistence of Memory" is one of those pieces that can inspire such questions about time and memory and the fight against time, spurring great emotion. While few may look at Dali's work and see an emotional inner life, his work is one hundred percent representation of what was going on in his head. The fact that he so liked to confuse people as to the meaning of his works may be proof that the studies were very intimate to him. Part of the reason one may fail to see the deep inner life in his work could be a result of his image, which was often referred to as manic or mad

All of these artists expanded the realm of visual expression as well as creativity with their use of their inner worlds. Some may be more of less apparent, but Dali, Kandinsky and Mondrian all contributed greatly to visual expansion.

Works Cited

Cottington, David. Cubism in the Shadow of War: The Avant-Garde and Politics in Paris,

1905-1914. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.

Elsaesser, Thomas. Metropolis (MFI Film Classics). London: British Film Institute,

2008.

Glyphs. Kandinksy: Compositions. May 8, 2010. http://www.glyphs.com/art/kandinsky/

Hughes, Robert. The Shock of the New. New York: Knopf; Rev Sub-edition, 1991.

MOMA. "The Persistence of Memory." 1931. May 10, 2010.

http://www.moma.org/collection/browse_results.php?object_id=79018

Perry, Gill., Frascina, Francis. Primitism, Cubism, Abstraction: The Early 20th Century.

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Philadelphia Museum of Art -- Collections May 8, 2010.

http://www.philamuseum.org/collections/biography/16573.html

Visual Arts: Rene Magritte. May 8, 2010. http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-artists/rene-magritte.htm

Robert Hughes. The Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 9.

Robert Hughes. The Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 9.

Robert Hughes. The Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 10.

Robert Hughes. The Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 11.

Robert Hughes. The Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 14.

David Cottington. Cubism in the Shadow of War: The Avant-Garde and Politics in Paris, 1905-1914. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998). 13.

Robert Hughes. The Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 15.

Robert Hughes. The Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 15.

Thomas Elsaesser. Metropolis. (London: BFI, 2008). 75.

Thomas Elsaesser. Metropolis. (London: BFI, 2008). 42.

Thomas Elsaesser. Metropolis. (London: BFI, 2008). 43.

Robert Hughes. Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 16.

Gill Perry & Francis Frascina. Primitism, Cubism, Abstraction: The Early 20th Century. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.). 3.

Gill Perry & Francis Frascina. Primitism, Cubism, Abstraction: The Early 20th Century. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993). 3.

Gill Perry & Francis Frascina. Primitism, Cubism, Abstraction: The Early 20th Century. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.) 4.

Robert Hughes. Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 24.

MOMA. "The Persistence of Memory." 1931. http://www.moma.org/collection/browse_results.php?object_id=79018

Robert Hughes. Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 241.

Philadelphia Museum of Art -- Collections. May 8, 2010 http://www.philamuseum.org/collections/biography/16573.html

Visual Arts: Rene Magritte. May 8, 2010. http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-artists/rene-magritte.htm

Robert Hughes. Shock of the New. (NY: Knopf, 1991). 78.

Glyphs. Kandinsky: Compositions. May 8, 2010. http://www.glyphs.com/art/kandinsky/

Glyphs. Kandinsky: Compositions. May 8, 2010. http://www.glyphs.com/art/kandinsky/

Robert Hughes. Shock of the New.…[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Art History & The 21st" (2010, May 08) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/art-history-amp-the-21st-2875

"Art History & The 21st" 08 May 2010. Web.9 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/art-history-amp-the-21st-2875>

"Art History & The 21st", 08 May 2010, Accessed.9 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/art-history-amp-the-21st-2875

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Art Analysis of Sacrifice of Isaac by Lorenzo Ghiberti

    Art "Sacrifice of Isaac" Analysis This paper will focus upon Lorenzo Ghiberti and one of his artistic works called "Sacrifice of Isaac." The paper will provide a context within which to explain and evaluate this sculpture. Referencing art history, world history, and the artist's personal history, the paper will explore and analyze "Sacrifice of Isaac" as a seminal work of a famous artist that serves as a masterpiece representing the entire artistic

  • Art Culture

    Art Culture: Public Space Art Public art like that of Koon's Train (2011), Serra's Tilted Arc (1981), Lin's Vietnam Veterans Memorial (1981), and James' Sea Flower (1978), ignite discussion to the point of its modification, re-arrangement, or removal. The reason for this controversial treatment of public art is its ability to embrace a variety of aesthetic practices. The adoption of different aesthetic values like poster art, outdoor sculpture, earthworks, multimedia projections,

  • History in the 19th Century

    It was an important event in the nation's history because it was the first time that America was dominated by internal conflicts that challenged its democracy (Fortuna, n.d.). However, once the fighting came to an end, its significance became clear because of its effects on the American society. Despite of taking more than 60,000 lives, the American Civil War contributed to the establishment of the Democratic South and Republican North.

  • History as Myth This Based Myth Atreus Thyestes

    History As Myth This-based Myth Atreus Thyestes In paper I conversational I supposed a myth teacher a continuing education program geared library patrons aged 50+, a conversation actual essay. Below directions assignment: Briefly describe a historical event, a controversy, a world event, a current event, a military group action, a political event group, a religious group action, a similar phenomenon. Thyestes and Atreus: The great Civil War of Mycenae Once upon a time,

  • Lesson Plan Amp Reflection I Didn t Know

    Lesson Plan Amp; Reflection I didn't know what state you are in so was unable to do state/district standards! Lesson Plan Age/Grade Range; Developmental Level(s): 7-8/2nd Grade; Below grade level Anticipated Lesson Duration: 45 Minutes Lesson Foundations Pre-assessment (including cognitive and noncognitive measures): All students are reading below grade level (5-7 months) as measured by standardized assessments and teacher observation Curricular Focus, Theme, or Subject Area: Reading: Fluency, word recognition, and comprehension State/District Standards: Learning Objectives: Students will develop

  • Branding New Service Dominant Logic

    Branding in Service Markets Amp Aim And Objectives Themes for AMP Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Branding Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Categories and Themes Branding Theory Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Branding Concept Characteristics Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Sampling of Studies Reviewed Evolution of Branding Theory Evolution of Marketing Service-Brand-Relationship-Value Triangle Brand Identity, Position & Image Just as marketing increasingly influences most aspects of the consumer's lives, brands

  • Investigations Workplace Violence

    Workplace Violence Everyday in the United States millions of Americans leave their homes and enter the places of their employment. Captain Among these millions, most report to work unaware of the prevalence of workplace violence or fully understand the gamut of actions that represent such violence. It is typical of the media to only report high profile cases including a former employee or a worker losing control - the most


Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved