U.S. Health Care System Research Paper

Excerpt from Research Paper :

cornerstone beliefs of the American healthcare system -- indeed the American system of government in general -- are the values of individual liberty and private enterprise. This is why private, employer-provided insurance has dominated the healthcare market up until this time, despite the fact that the other major industrialized Western democracies consider healthcare a right, not a privilege, and have enacted either substantial government regulations to ensure that all citizens are ensured or created a system of government-provided insurance known as the single payer system. This ideal of 'choice' in the United States has made extremely high-quality healthcare available to a lucky few who can afford such care or who have jobs which offer extensive healthcare benefits. This, until recently, left many Americans uninsured. The profound resistance to the Affordable Healthcare Act amongst a substantial minority indicates the extent to which fears of 'socialism' outweigh the positive concept of providing healthcare for all, regardless of employment or income status.

American healthcare is extremely expensive, results in poorer health for the uninsured and ironically 'selectively' insures through government insurance a handful of persons (the poor through Medicaid; the elderly through Medicare and veterans). Rising costs due to inefficiencies of care and a lack of coverage caused America, "according to the Business Roundtable Health Care Value Index" to be judged inferior in terms of competitiveness to Canada, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom and France" because of the financial drain healthcare extracts from businesses who must provide benefits to employees and the excess bureaucratic waste financing care through private insurance companies generates within the healthcare system itself (Healthcare value index, 2009, Business Roundtable). Yet Americans -- even those who benefit from social programs -- remain stubbornly fearful of the specter of 'government' controlling medicine, although healthcare insurance companies (monolithic bureaucracies themselves) exercise tremendous sway over how care is provided.

Q3. Managed care entities use a variety of mechanisms to monitor and control utilization of services. One such example is capitation or "a fixed amount of money per patient per unit…

Sources Used in Document:

References

Alguire, P. (2013). Understanding capitation. ACP (American College of Physicians).

Retrieved from:

http://www.acponline.org/residents_fellows/career_counseling/understandcapit.htm

Healthcare value index. (2009). Business Roundtable. Retrieved from:

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