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My time management style
My time management style is very proactive and engaging. I tend to plan activities either a week or a day in advance. Activities that are easily foreseeable are incorporated into my weekly activities. For example, a doctor's appointment is generally planned well in advance of the actual appointment. This provides both my wife and I flexibility in our planning. Activities such as work take high priority in our household. On many instances, activities are planned in advance around my work schedule to insure that my family is financially stable. My daily log incorporates planned activities such as shopping and other leisure activities. These activities are planned in advance and occur either before or after my work. The time for these activities is also very flexible in case and important or urgent activity requires my attention.
Roles and Patterns
very important roles within my life…
Time Management Inside Out
Julie Morgenstern has some very useful advice for anyone that is living with a busy schedule, and that includes students taking a full load of classes in colleges or universities. In Morgenstern's book, Time Management Inside Out, the author offers step-by-step instructions for those who are harried by deadlines or otherwise are unable to get important things done on time. What Morgenstern presents is almost deceivingly simplistic, but when it comes to managing time for the busy professional or the heavily involved committee person, discipline in the sense of managing time effectively is vitally important. This paper summarized the book.
Time Management Inside Out
Morgenstern is obviously a person who doesn't waste time and her aptitude for keeping things organized shows in "Part 1" -- "Laying the Foundation." efore launching into her narrative on managing time correctly, she is so sure of herself she actually takes…
Morgenstern, Julie. 2004. Time Management from the Inside Out, Second Edition: The Foolproof System for Taking Control of Your Schedule -- and Your Life. Macmillan: New York.
Time Management in Organizations: A eview of Literature
Time management as a process and research construct have numerous dimensions that makes it dynamic and, from the researcher's perspective, susceptible to being measured incorrectly when tested for cause-and-effect study types. In this review of related literature on time management, focus would be on how this process and construct is implemented at the organizational level. Application of time management in organizations would be a more dynamic and challenging study of interest, since the time management construct, by itself dynamic, is also integrated into a more dynamic and culturally diverse environment, which are characteristics of organizations (specifically, business organizations).
Discussions in this literature review will have the following structure, which are all relevant dimensions to exploring, describing and analyzing time management as applied in organizations: (i) usefulness of time management in organizations, (ii) causes that result to project delays resulting from ineffective time…
Blackstone, J. (2009). "A tutorial on project management from a theory of constraint perspective." International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 47, No. 24.
Crawford, J. (2006). "The project management maturity model." Information Systems Management Journal.
Darby, M. (2010). "The 9-Vector View of Human Performance." American Society for Training and Development (T+D).
Ding, H. (2008). "Project management, critical praxis, and process-oriented approach to teamwork." Business Communication Quarterly, Vol. 71, No. 4.
Time management: proposal
I once read in a biography about Benjamin Franklin that he rested for 45 minutes per day around 2.00 in order to rejuvenate his energy. treatise on cognitive neuroscience affirmed his belief albeit in a different way and with elaboration. It opined that particular moments of the day carried specific energy levels; that the morning provided the greatest resources of energy intensity, that midday (between 1:00 PM and 2.pm provided the least), and that from the hours between 3.00 and 7.00 tasks involved a different part of the brain and, therefore, more physical but less intellectual activities succeeded during this part of the day. ccording to this routine, therefore, the morning would be devoted to intellectual study, a brief rest during the 2.00pm time slot would replenish energies, whilst the afternoon would be dedicated to physical projects.
I tried this for several months straight for almost a…
All time management techniques are equally effective in reducing stress, each provides its own facet and none can be, it seems to me, ranked more or less effective than another. This specific strategy is intriguing in that it uses the brain as a base and provides a different innovative perspective. Adoption can lead to increased productivity and, possibly, greater health.
Marshall, C. (1998). Time management: proven techniques for making the most of your valuable time.
Time management is typically defined as the process of exercising control over the amount of time we spend on specific activities -- more specifically in how we can increase our own efficiency and productivity. There are a number of ways that one can increase their time management skills, a number of tools to help, and certainly a large number of books designed to do just that. It is interesting to note, however, that there are so many materials on time management, yet almost everyone seems to have, at least some time in their life, problems and issues with time management at home or at work, and a constant struggle to "add" more time to their lives. And what is the reason for this? Is it endemic to humans? Were primitive people rushed for time? Or, are the sweeping changes in society and the global marketplace causing us to try to…
Time Management and Personal Productivity. (2011, March). Retrieved from timemanagementsolutions.com: http://www.time-management-solutions.com/
Allen, D. (2001). Getting Things Done. New York: Viking.
Bronson, P. (2006, October 23). How We Spend Our Leisure Time. Retrieved from Time Magazine: http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1549394,00.html
Foster, M. (2006). Do It Tomorrow and Other Secrets of Time Management. New York: Hodder and Stoughton.
And this is also a valuale lesson for my future as a marketing director, when I will have to make sure that the final outcome of my coordinated product will have a eneficial impact upon the company, ut it will also e realized through reduced usage of the company's resources.
Finally, the results of my work changed in the definite meaning of improvements. With reducing the procrastination and keeping the interruptions to a minimum I was ale to etter concentrate on the task. And the final outcome showed it. Not only was my work at a superior quality, ut I managed to learn more and etter use and apply the knowledge I had gained y completing the task. All these increased my confidence in myself, which was soon ovious to my colleagues and teachers. I am now ale to etter interact with those around me and I have more self-respect.…
bibliography and then discussed the retrieved information with my coordinating teacher. Once he approved of the subject, I began to collect as much information as I could and think of a structure for my paper. Only then I started to actually write.
There are two sorts of interruptions, those from yourself and those from others. However it is rather difficult to reduce the interruptions from others, I could reduce the interruptions from myself by establishing a clear work schedule and sticking to it. For instance, I would generally eat before starting to work, so didn't have to stop.
Keeping my work area organized
Similar to the other components of the action plan, keeping my work area organized was highly important and aided me in reaching my final objective. In this order of ideas, I cleared my desk from any potential distractions, such as magazines or my mobile phone.
At ResCare Inc. The time consumed between the auditing processes and conducting training is substantial. This time could be used more efficiently and there are opportunities to reduce the time frame between those two processes. There are methods that can be used to manage and reduce this time which fall under the realm of time managing process. Time management is processes of planning, creating awareness, and harnessing control over the amount of time spent on specific activities to increase the overall level of efficiency and effectiveness. Some of the more popular types of time management concepts are: The ABC analysis, Pareto analysis, The Eisenhower Method, and POSEC method.
The ABC analysis approach is a technique that organizes activities based on their priority and importance. The "A" category of tasks are those that are perceived as being the most urgent and important while the "B" tasks are important but…
Babakhanlou, H., Behzadiohar, N., Kurnik, F., Rousta, H., & Zand, H. (2009, December). Time Management. Retrieved from Universtiy of California: http://zetilyan.com/hagint/Final%20E-Book/Assignments/Research%20Assignment%203/Time_Management.pdf
Benta, D. (2011). On Best Practices for Risk Management in Complex Projects. Informatica Economica, 142-152.
Buggey, T. (2007). Storyboard for Ivan's morning routine. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 151.
Hollmann, J. (2009). Recommended Practices for Risk Analysis and Cost Contingency Estimating. AACE International Transactions, 1-14.
Time management and department integration are two of the things crucial in a company and which determine the final outcome of any action or project one may embark upon. As is the case here, Carl Robins found himself in a difficult situation because he was no able to properly schedule the activities that needed to be performed in his department so that the project could go on at the planned date and time.
Carl Robins, working as a campus recruiter for AC Inc. successfully managed to hire 15 new employees, trainees which would have been working for Monica Carrolls, the Operations Supervisor. In order to properly integrate them into the working mechanism, these new hires needed to be trained and they needed to have all their hire paperwork ready so that they could start working by July, as it had been discussed with Monica Carrolls.
This meant that Carl needed…
1. Prochaska-Cue, Kathy. Thirteen Timely Tips for More Effective Personal Time Management. On the internet at http://ianrpubs.unl.edu/homemgt/nf172.htm
The author points out that other extracurricular activities including sports and music can enhance student achievement. However, if time is not properly managed academic achievement can suffer greatly.
To combat this issue students and their parents must make sure that extracurricular activities do not interfere with schoolwork. Students should also have enough time to get the proper amount of sleep and free time (Dumais, 2008). Over scheduling can be detrimental to achievement if not properly monitored. However, students can also learn beneficial time management skills when they are encouraged to engage in the appropriate amount of activities (Dumais, 2008).
Time Management is also a major issue in college. The issue of time management becomes even more complicated in college because students have additional responsibilities that may not have been present in High School. Time Management in college entails prioritizing which can be accomplished by the creation of lists that identify…
Claessens B.J.C., Van Eerde W., Rutte, C.G. And Roe R.TA. Planning behavior and perceived control of time at work. Journal of Organizational Behavior v 25, 937 -- 950 (2004)
Dumais S.A. Adolescents' Time Use and Academic Achievement: A Test of the Reproduction and Mobility Models. Social Science Quarterly, Volume 89, Issue 4 (p 867-886)
Forsyth, Patrick. Successful Time Management (2nd Edition). London,, GBR: Kogan Page,
Mancini, M. (2003) Time Management. McGraw-Hill Trade
Even an individual that is very good at managing his or her time will occasionally experience stress and anxiety in college simply because the workload is so heavy (Lahmers, 2000). However, older students that return to college often have less stress in their lives when it comes to their education and this is largely thought to be because they have better skills at managing their time (Lahmers, 2000).
When they manage time effectively they are not rushed to complete tasks and therefore they do not have the stress that the younger college students often face when working to meet a deadline. It is important for counselors and faculty members to help emphasize to students when they first start out on their college careers that managing their time is one of the most important things that they can do (Lahmers, 2000). This means that these students must not only make time…
Konig, CJ & Kleinmann, M. (2007). Time management problems and discounted utility. RedOrbit.
Lahmers, AG (2000). Factors associated with academic time use and academic performance of college students: A recursive approach. Journal of College Student Development.
McKean, M & Misra, R. (2000). College students' academic stress and its relation to their anxiety, time management, and leisure satisfaction. American Journal of Health Studies.
Marlowe, J, Koonce, J, Lee, J, & Cai, Y. (2002). An examination of the impact of student's work time on academic performance. Consumer Interests Annual.
For my scenario, Attention to task, approach to structure and strategy of action, are also related in the following ways; I mostly like writing down ideas that come into my head on pierces of paper while attending to other matters such as phone conversation, listening and contributing in meetings, among others. These papers in turn are left on my desk hence causing overcrowding of papers on it which take more time to retrieve information on them.
Areas that need improvement in my time management skills and recommendation
I need to change the following; my attention to task from divergent to convergent, my approach to structure from being loose to tight, and lastly my strategy of action, from being proactive to reactive. The following changes can assist me to improve on my time management skills. They include, arranging of leaflets and files in an orderly manner for easy retrieval, attending a…
PFEIFFER J.W. 1995. Developing Human Resource Annual, San Diego, CA, Consulting.
POTHUKUCHI, B.R. 2008. Personality-Time Management Skills Relationship. ICFAI Journal of Organizational Behavior, 7, 57-61.
TIETZE, S. & MUSSON, G. 2005. Recasting the Home-Work Relationship: A Case of Mutual Adjustment? Organization Studies, 26, 1331-1352.
Drucker Time Management
The importance of time management: Peter Drucker
Peter Drucker made the common cliche that 'time is money' an integral part of his managerial philosophy. The management of time is the key to an enterprise's effectiveness: manage time and all things will follow, believed Drucker, including money. While managers often keep strict watch over an organization's profitability, they often fail to give equal scrutiny to how they manage their own time. "Drucker suggested managers measure how they spend their time and compare that with how they should be spending it, then make the requisite modifications. His overarching question: 'What needs to be done right now for the business'" (Buchanan 2009).
Time is a scare resource, much like money, but it is taken for granted. Effective time management ensures that an organization is using the rest of its resources wisely. Poor time management is also a symptom…
Buchanan, Leigh. (2009). The wisdom of Peter Drucker. INC. Retrieved:
Drucker, Peter F. (2006). The effective executive. Harperbusiness Essentials.
Ferris, Tim. (2008). No schedules, no meetings. Four Hour Work Week. Retrieved:
Skills For Online Learning
One of the strategies for proper planning includes staying linked in with school contacts. The student can address policies, meet deadlines, and support services for campus-based and online students. The university occasionally reaches out to students with reminders on the Mason email account. However, it is ultimate remains the responsibility of the student to seek such information. The focus is aimed at finding helpful information among student resource pages and links such as academic integrity, deadlines, and policies. Others include important dates and deadlines, honor code, library services, responsible use of computing, online writing lab, and stay connected. Students should make the best from their courses through regular communication with instructors and other classmates. The concept allows students to have increased exposure to various perspectives, practicing articulated ideas, receiving feedback on thoughts, and avoiding isolation (Bates & Sangra, 2011).
Successful online students…
Bates, A.W., & Sangra, A. (2011). Managing Technology in Higher Education: Strategies for Transforming Teaching and Learning. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Bullen, M., & Janes, D.P. (2007). Making the Transition to E-learning: Strategies and Issues. New York: Idea Group Inc. (IGI).
Stavredes, T. (2011). Effective Online Teaching: Foundations and Strategies for Student Success. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Pharmacology: Treatment for Post Partum Depression
I do not believe that it is necessary for Andrew to give up his dream. Certainly, it appears that he has the scholarly talent to make a success of such a career, and if it is his dream, he should definitely carry on in pursuit of it. The fact that he made little effort at school and still obtained good grades attests to the fact that he has no learning deficiencies. Indeed, he appears to be exceptionally gifted at internalizing information. However, it is a little ironic that it is precisely this gift that is causing him chagrin. Hence, while it is not necessary for him to give up his dream, Andrew needs to make a few tough decisions about his future.
Andrew is clearly very smart. The problem, however, is that, although he has put more effort into his work, one hour per…
Baran, B., & K-l-c, E. (2015). Applying The CHAID Algorithm to Analyze How Achievement is Influenced by University Students' Demographics, Study Habits, and Technology Familiarity. Educational Technology & Society, 18 (2), 323 -- 335.
Chadron State College (n.d.). Ten Study Methods That Work. Retrieved from: http://www.csc.edu/learningcenter/study/studymethods.csc
Gentry, R. (2012). Making College a Success by Assessing and Navigating Candidates' Study Habits. Academic and Business Research Institute International Conference, 22-24 March. Retrieved from: http://www.aabri.com/SA12Manuscripts/SA12088.pdf
Nadinloyi, K.B., Hajloo, N., Garamaleki, N.S., and Sadeghi, H. (2013, Jul. 9). The Study Efficacy of Time Management Training on Increase Academic Time Management of Students. Procedia -- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84.
Part of the principal's position in the community is to engage community leaders, parents, politicians, and organizers. As a liaison between the school board, educators, and residents, the principal represents the school. The school plays a central role in the community, extending beyond that of the education of students. As Berg, Melaville & Blank (2006) point out, the role of principals has changed dramatically over the last several generations. Principals used to be invisible members of the community as their focus was within the walls of the school itself. Now, "schools stay open evenings and weekends and students and community members learn in new ways during more hours of the day," (Berg, Melaville & Blank, 2006, es1). Not only are schools functioning more like community centers, but principals are also taking into account the lives students have outside of school. School is only one facet of a child's life.…
Berg, A.C., Melaville, A. & Blank, M.J. (2006). "Community and Family Engagement." Retrieved online: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED494521.pdf
Time management and scheduling plays a vital role in any company. Our case study analysis will be based on the fact that successfully integrating your department's activities and your own responsibilities with those of the other departments plays a key role in getting the job done on time and with the best results. Every member of the company must be a team player and, as any team player, you have to know what your role is on the field.
After having been recently hired by ABC Inc. And placed in charge of campus recruiting, Carl Robins successfully completed a recruitment program for new possible hires within the company. The 15 trainees were to work for the operations Supervisor, Monica Carrolls and needed to be prepared for their future position. The schedule was pretty tight and just as straightforward: the paperwork regarding the new trainees was to be completed by the…
Time Management skills are not specialized or exclusive to a certain group, instead every single person needs to acquire them in order to make themselves more productive and to get more out of their day. You may not read it anywhere but time management is closely connected with sense of achievement and success, which further boosts your self-confidence and makes a more effective person, student, and employee on the whole. This is my personal experience and I know how time management has helped me get more done and how this has led to success in various ways. There is a simple Pareto Principle very famous for its advocacy of time management. This principle states that 80% of work can be done with 20% of effort so if we apply 80% of effort, imagine what we can achieve. In fact I am so sure of the effectiveness of time management skills…
The more than 3 hours per day I spend socializing will be cut down significantly, to an ideal average of 1.5 hours per day.
Athletics are highly important to me and my overall sense of health and well-being. In fact, I believe that athletics are a key to keeping my mind sharp for school. However, I spend almost 2 hours on average per day doing athletic activities. That time can be used more wisely while still reaping the benefit of physical exertion. I will cut my sports time down to 1.25 hours on average per day. Condensing my workouts will free up more time for academics.
4. I will keep a time log until I am spending more time on studying and classes. The time log will help me monitor my progress especially as I endeavor to reduce my time spent socializing and on the Internet. The log will also…
Scope and Time Management:
Managing Constraints in Project Management
Managing the constraints of time, cost and scope determines the level of quality a given project attains. The strategies project management professionals use to optimize the performance of projects take into account these three constraints while also looking for dependencies on hwo these specific resources are used (Clark, 1989). The constraints of time, cost and scope are also used for determining the duration of a project's schedule and the level of investment made in process re-engineering and improvement to improve performance over time (Hameri, Heikkila, 2002). Controlling a project for scope has immediate effects on time management, and can accelerate the completion of a project if taken in the context of constraint-based optimization (Woolshlager, 1986). There are a wide variety of optimization techniques and tools available for ensuring the highest possible project performance for the lowest cost (Amalesh, Hengle,…
Amalesh, J., Hengle, A., Sawhney, R., & Kumanan, S. (2007). Estimating product development time using extended PERT model. IIE Annual Conference.Proceedings,, 1575-1580.
Clark, K.B. (1989). Project scope and project performance: The effect of parts. Management Science, 35(10), 1247-1247.
Ari-Pekka Hameri, & Heikkila, J. (2002). Improving efficiency: Time-critical interfacing of project tasks. International Journal of Project Management, 20(2), 143-153.
Schnoll, L. (2011). How will you manage? Quality Progress, 44(9), 62-64.
Not spending so much time struggling entirely on my own has also freed up a large segment of time each week as well. What I've also noticed is that setting goals for learning, both from a content and time standpoints, really works. Saying to myself I will learn a series of concepts in a given chapter or segment of the course and getting the urgency to master those concepts within a given timeframe is a tremendously powerful motivator. While I don't make all the deadlines I set for myself, the urgency to learn a specific area within a given timeframe really helps to say "no" to distractions and feel better about mastering a given area of a course. I'm finding this really helps in my more difficult classes as well.
Competing with myself puts time management into an entirely different perspective. I'm no longer the slave to the clock or…
workshop, the feelings that were created during the same, an evaluation of what was good or not good, an analysis of the marking criteria and a conclusion/action plan that ties up the loose ends and good points mentioned above. While it is possible to not glean the relevant points and important details of a workshop or other learning vehicle, the points to be taken from this particular learning opportunity were hard to miss.
Before getting into the minutia of what was learned and why it was so effective, it should first be defined and summarized what reflection is and how it is relevant when it comes to study skills and the like. Indeed, it is entirely possible to become so enraptured and engrossed in classwork and the other common activities of school life while at the same time not gaining and keeping the proper perspective about the process, what could…
Hesse, J. (2013). Poor grammar on websites scares 59% away - Real Business. [online] Real Business. Available at: http://realbusiness.co.uk/tech-and-innovation/2013/11/12/poor-grammar-on-websites-scares-59-away/ [Accessed 15 Oct. 2016].
Kurtz, C. (2002). Accurate documentation equals quality patient care. - Pubmed - NCBI. [online] Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11962063 [Accessed 15 Oct. 2016].
The document states the plan of an organization in different phases. For each phase there will be a different management strategy. The document has described the management strategy and the effects that they will have on the performance of the business and why that particular management strategy has been chosen.
Management structure needs to be examined carefully when a new business venture is setup. In order to develop and build on the business plan a compact management structure is necessary. The managers are the people who are responsible for steering an organization towards achieving the business objectives. In the second phase the business plan will be implemented on the basis of geographical region and the management structure will be based accordingly.
The four key functions of management are planning, organizing, leading and controlling the business. The type of managers which are selected for the business venture must be…
Gomez-Mejia, Luis R.; David B. Balkin and Robert L. Cardy (2008). Management: People, Performance, Change, 3rd edition. New York, New York USA: McGraw-Hill. pp. 19.
Kleiman, Lawrence S. (2010). " Management and Executive Development" Reference for Business: Encyclopedia of Business
Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries (2003). The Dark Side of Leadership - Business Strategy Review 14(3), Autumn Page 26
Richard Barrett (2003). Vocational Business: Training, Developing and Motivating People, - Business & Economics - 2003. - Page 51
The assistant manager even walked the woman to the door when their business was concluded and wished her a good day before returning to his post. The researcher expected to see the assistant manager complain to others about her after she was gone, but this did not appear to be the case. It could have happened later, but it did not happen while the researcher was observing the assistant manager. Although the research did see several areas where management techniques were not the best, the treatment of that customer by the assistant manager sticks out in the researcher's mind as the most important example of what was seen during that observation time.
Management Principals Found
The idea of using basic management principles appears to be strong at Target. While the store looks to the future and works at being innovative as well, it also ensures that the management pays attention…
I think the two top skills to possess are probably time management and interpersonal skills. The definition of time management it is the process of planning, creating awareness, and harnessing control over the amount of time spent on specific activities to increase the overall level of efficiency and effectiveness. These principles and processes vary from one company to another but they are critical to any organizations effectiveness. I would focus on time management to improve the overall efficiency and effectiveness of the organization.
Many scholars and business leaders have discussed how the principles of managing time are used in time processes and they can serves as a guide for people. If used they might help to foster manage time however there are more than one technique that can be applied to time management. Thus the specific time management plan must be chosen for the organization and management strategy.…
Deming, W. (2011, September 22). The Deming System of Profound Knowledge. Retrieved from The W. Edwards Deming Institute: http://deming.org/index.cfm?content=66
Vinzant, J., & Vinzant, D. (1996). Strategic Management and Total Quality Management: Challenges and Choices. Public Administration Quarterly, 201-221.
Zeithami, V., Berry, L., & Parasuraman, A. (1996). The Behavioral Conseqences of Service Quality. Journal of Marketing, 31-46.
Effectively, time management in the opinion of Imundo (1993) boils down to activity management. For this reason, the better an individual is able to manage his or her own activities, the more effective the said individual is likely to be when it comes to time management. Managers must therefore ensure that monkeys do not keep being transferred to their backs. In the words of Oncken and Wass, "managers should try to increase the discretionary component of their self-imposed time by minimizing or doing away with the subordinate component." This way, they can get all the time they require to better manage their other more pressing duties.
It is important to note that in most cases, managers as Lussier and Achua (2009) note believe that they can accomplish tasks more effectively than their subordinates and for this reason, they refuse to delegate. Indeed, effective delegation of tasks has always been a…
Imundo, L.V. (1993). The Effective Supervisor's Handbook (2nd ed.). New York, NY: AMACOM.
Lussier, R.N. & Achua, C.F. (2009). Leadership: Theory, Application, and Skill Development (4th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
The effort of personal development in the modern day society is more and more dynamic, complex and demanding, and in order for the individual to succeed, it is necessary to devise and employ a series of techniques to best manage the resources. And the first and most important resource of all is time, and this is so because time is the most irreplaceable and scarce resource (IslamKotob).
Therefore, time management emerged as a growingly popular discipline, defined in numerous ways. A relevant definition of the concept is provided below:
"Time management embodies the optimal utilization of time as well as other available resources in the way that leads to the achievement of objectives. This cannot be done except through commitment, analysis, planning and follow-up in order that time can be better utilized in the future. Thus, the concept of time management in an integrated one, inclusive of all…
Forsyth, P. 2013. "Successful time management" KOgan Page Publishers
Kahle, D. 2003. "10 Secrets of time management for salespeople: gain the competitive edge and make every second count." Career Press
"Time management from Islamic and administrative perspective" IslamKotob
Abraham H. Maslow and Douglas M. McGregor both believed that in order for people to work to their full potential, they're basic needs have to be satisfied. (Herzberg, 1964) Douglas McGregor also put forth the concept that people's management-behavior is dependent upon their view of human beings and work. (McGregor, 1960) rganizational design concepts have been constantly evolving since the last fifty years. Change is good and should be used as a strategy for organizations to achieve their goals and objectives. (McNamara, 2003)
This thesis will be based on primary as well as secondary research. Initially an extensive secondary exploratory research will be conducted on the topic of management styles used globally, the culture and values of the Middle East and management styles that were used in the past and those that are currently used. This phase of the thesis is expected to take about a month and…
Osterman, Paul. "Supervision, Discretion, and Work Organization." The American Economic Review 84.2 (1994): 380-84.
Porter, Michael E. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: Free Press, 1990.
Tannenbaum, Scott I, and Lisa M. Dupuree-Bruno. "The Relationship between Organizational and Environmental Factors and the Use of Innovative Human Resource Practices." Group & Organization Management 19.2 (1994): 171-202.
The attitude of the followers toward the leader is another significant indicator of leader effectiveness.
esearch on performance-oriented and relationship-oriented behavior gave evidence that both the dimensions of behavior are necessary for leadership effectiveness (Dhar & Mishra, 2001, p.256). One thing that has proven consistent throughout the research of Dhar & Mishra is that regardless of the level of management there are certain characteristics that are necessary throughout in order for that person to be an effective leader. The characteristics that are consistent regardless of managerial level are Ability to facilitate, ability to influence, ability to be accountable, ability to build teams, ability to negotiate, ability to reward, ability to manage time, interpersonal orientation, and analytical skills. In contrast, there was a list of skills stated to be necessary depending on ones organization (Dhar & Mishra).
In conclusion, one could state that even though there are different levels of management…
Dhar, U., & Mishra, P. (2001, September-December). Leadership Effectiveness: A study of Constituent Factors. Jornal of Management Research, 1(4), 254-266.
This means, assessing where the company is currently sitting, examining the various obstacles that are standing the way of achieving the objective and what possible solutions can used to overcome these obstacles. Once this has been identified, you want to begin taking the different solutions and implementing them. This requires that all managers, work together in making an effort to change the work environment for the better. Where, they will embrace of all the different opportunities as a way to increase productivity within an organization. (Gerhart, 1995) Once, there is agreement on how to move forward, managers must begin communicating what is taking place with employees by addressing those issues that are most important. In the case of communication and employee needs, managers would need to conduct regular meetings with employees, discussing a whole host of issues that could be affecting performance. This means that managers must be proactive, where…
Common Workplace Problems and Solutions. (2010). Retrieved March 21, 2010 from Work Expert website: http://workexpert.co.cc/commonworkplaceproblems/
Bower, T. (2003, June 18). Turning Around a Problem Employee. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from Tech Republic website: http://articles.techrepublic.com.com/5100-10878_11-5035052.html
Clinch, G. (1991). Employee Compensation and Firms Research and Development Activities. Journal of Accounting Research 29 (1). 59 -- 78. Print.
Gerhart, B. (1995). Employee Compensation: Theory, Practice and Evidence. Cornell University.
Since, this one lacks structure means that many employees can become confused about their responsibilities. Once this occurs, it can often lead to employee issues, where this confusion can become an issue of contention between the staff and management. As management is telling them to engage in particular activity, yet they don't understand why they are doing such tasks. Over time, this can cause moral to drop as those employees who do not thrive under such a system, begin to lower the overall positive attitude in the work environment. ("Contingency Theory," 2010)
Despite some of the obvious weaknesses, the contingency theory is effective for those organizations that are small. This is because the in formalized structure allows managers / owners the opportunity to adapt to changes that are occurring in real time. Where, they can use their experience and common sense to adjust to various business conditions. As a result,…
Building Emotional Capital. (2004, June 24). Retrieved April 10, 2010, from Executive Education website: http://executive.education.insead.edu/programme/documents/Nissan_004.pdf
Contingency Theory. (2010). Retrieved April 9, 2010, from Values-Based Management website: http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_contingency_theory.html
Babineck, M. (2006, March 13). The Enron Trial. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from Chron website: http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/special/enron/3718892.html
Bissonette, Z. (2008, August 1). How Does General Motors CEO Rick Wagoner Still Have a Job. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from Blogging Stocks website: http://www.bloggingstocks.com/2008/08/01/how-does-general-motors-ceo-richard-wagoner-still-have-a-job/
Management of Information Systems Business Strategy: Lessons to Be Learned From the Clinic and esort Cases about the Creation, Implementation and Use of Business Intelligence
The objective of this work is to examine the lessons to be learned from the clinic and resort cases about the creation, implementation and use of business intelligence in management of information systems business strategy.
Business intelligence is described as the "business capability of extracting actionable insight from business and market data to support better decision-making and improved corporate performance." (The Business Intelligence Guide, 2011) Furthermore, Business Intelligence is the business reported to be the "most wanted technology by business across the world" because business intelligence "even in current times of economic downturn, when IT budgets are being cut, is still at the top of the list of urgently needed business capabilities." (The Business Intelligence Guide, 2011) The critical need for business intelligence was learned…
Briggs, Linda L. (2011) BI Case Study: Hospitality Firm Clean Up with BI. 26 Jul 2011. TDWI. Retrieved from: http://tdwi.org/Articles/2011/07/26/Case-Study-Hospitality-Firm.aspx?Page=1
Business Intelligence (2011) The Business Intelligence Guide. Retrieved from: http://thebusinessintelligenceguide.com/bi_solutions/index.php
Konitzer, Kate and Cummens, Mike (2011) Case Study: Using Analytics to Improve Patient Outcomes and Billing Accuracy at Marshfield Clinic. TDWI. 11 Jul 2011. Retrieved from: http://tdwi.org/Articles/2011/07/11/CASE-STUDY-Using-Analytics-to-Improve-Patient-Outcomes-and-Billing-Accuracy-at-Marshfield-Clinic.aspx?Page=1
The objective of the study is to carry out the analysis on chapter 8 and 9 of the book titled "Project Management, the Managerial Process." (Larson, & Gray, 2010 p.iv). The chapter 8 of the book discusses the strategy the project manager could schedule resources and costs. On the other hand, the chapter 9 carries out analysis on the strategy to reduce project duration.
Larson, & Gray, (2010) discusses in their book that the project manager often faces challenges in developing an appropriate project scheduling and the chapter discusses the strategy that the project manager could employ to develop a project's resource schedule. Within an organization, there are often more projects than available resources, thus, the priority is to select projects that could contribute to organizational efficiencies. Faced with the project's constraints, it is critical to schedule resources to make a realistic judgment from the available resources and…
Larson, E.W. & Gray, C.F. (2011). Project Management - The managerial process (5th Edition), New York, The McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Sloninsky, J. (2011). Innovations in Project Controls: Integrating Cost and Schedule. University of Texas. Dallas.
One of the crucial elements towards the realization of organizational success and profitability is creating a suitable working environment for all employees to thrive as they carry out their respective responsibilities. In essence, employees' contributions towards the achievement of established business goals/objectives is largely influenced by the nature of the working environment and working conditions. However, employees' behaviors also play a crucial role in determining their productivity in the workplace. Self-defeating behaviors in the workplace contributes to stress, which in turn affects employees' input to work processes and the overall profitability of an organization. This paper examines the management of stress brought by self-defeating behaviors in the workplace. The evaluation includes recommendations of suitable solutions to this issue based on organizational theory concepts and the concepts of organizational behavior.
The organization I work for has several divisions or department that are mandated with various responsibilities and tasks towards…
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…
In addition to this, planning the menu is important in order to determine the types of foods that are necessary in this case.
d) the efficiency of the project can be increased by crashing other activities in addition to creating the guest list and purchasing the food. Annie can crash activities like buying decorations and planning the menu. By crashing the buying of decoration Annie reduces the costs of the project by $70 and its duration by 2 hours. It is also recommended to crash this activity because it does not depend on the number of guests and it does not influence other activities. By crashing of the planning of the menu activity, Annie reduces the cost of the project by $60 and its duration by one hour. This activity influences activities like purchasing of food, and preparing it. Therefore, the reduction of planning the menu can help increase the…
1.Meyer, B. (2002). Project Costs and Crashing. Management of Operations. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
Install exterior siding
AM - 7:30 AM: I gradually pull myself out of bed after pressing the snooze button three times. I walk to the bathroom to brush my teeth and shower. Then I return to my room where I get dressed, briefly hesitating because I don't know exactly what to wear; many of my clothes are in a heap on the floor.
After getting dressed, I go eat breakfast in the kitchen. I head straight for the fridge, where I find milk for the cereal I eat almost every day. I also pour myself a cup of juice. While I eat, I cram for some of my classes and review material I know will be on a test today.
I stuff my books into my knapsack and head outside. I walk to school at a brisk pace, meeting a few friends along the way. We chat on our way to…
Management and Business Issues
There are multiple time management issues that uben has evinced in this brief case study. Firstly, it is apparent that he has issues with prioritization of his time. In situations in which there are multiple factors vying for his time, he seems to concentrate on the latest one or perhaps the one that seems the most fun. Instead, I recommend that he prioritize his activities, beginning with school work, so he can have enough time to do the activities he enjoys. Additionally, he has scheduling issues. He does not seem to keep a schedule, which is demonstrated in the fact that one day he missed math class because he overslept. By determining a schedule and reinforcing it with a calendar and an alarm clock, he should be able to manage his time better.
Marc is mistaken that the one other fitness center is his only form…
Managing Diversity and Equal Opportunity
With the turn of the 21st century, a dramatic increase is being witnessed in the international flow of labor with repercussion for domestic labor supply and management. The native, racial and emigre mixture of the employees is predominantly important for the workplace. The importance of this domestic cultural multiplicity in the labor force, highlighted by worldwide influences and necessities, has lately encouraged the researchers to focus on the companies' and managers' response to diversity, be it of any form (Watson, Spoonley, & Fitzgerald, 2009).
If the workforce of the present times is compared with the one that was found 20 years ago, it will be easy to observe that there are "more white women, people of color, disabled persons, new and recent immigrants, gays and lesbians, and intergenerational mixes (i.e., baby boomers, Generation Xers, and Generation Nexters)" (iccucci, 2002) today. This situation has given birth…
Hemphills, H., & Hayne, R. (1997). Discrimination, Harassment, and the Failure of Diversity Training: What to Do Now. Westport, CT: Quorum Book. Retrieved December 15, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/23366693/discrimination-harassment-and-the-failure-of-diversity
King, A.S. (1995, December). Capacity for Empathy: Confronting Discrimination in Managing Multicultural WorkForce Diversity. Business Communication Quarterly, 58(4), 46+. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-18023663/capacity-for-empathy-confronting-discrimination-in
Ollapally, A., & Bhatnagar, J. The Holistic Approach to Diversity Management: HR Implications. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 44(3), 454+. Retrieved December 15, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-210224380/the-holistic-approach-to-diversity-management-hr
Riccucci, N.M. (2002). Managing Diversity in Public Sector Workforces. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Retrieved December 14, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/100875091/managing-diversity-in-public-sector-workforces
The use of managerial accounting to keep profit margins where they need to be and make sure that individual product offerings are not a net drain on the company is not the only thing that Thai Airlines can and must do to keep a competitive edge and to protect themselves from things like corporate malfeasance and terrorists attacks, but it is certainly a major thing that should be take into account and otherwise dealt with in a timely and complete nature. It will not be easy for Thai Airlines to keep their competitive edge largely because other firms will be doing the exact same calculations and measurements. However, not doing so would be ceding progress and adeptness to their competitors. As such, not doing managerial accounting should be a non-starter for Thai Airlines.
AccountingExplained.com. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting Introduction | Accounting Explained. Accounting Explained | Financial and Managerial…
AccountingExplained.com. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting Introduction | Accounting Explained. Accounting Explained | Financial and Managerial Accounting Notes. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://accountingexplained.com/managerial/introduction/
CEIBS. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting for Decision-makers_CEIBS. China Europe International Business School. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://www.ceibs.edu/execed/index/8079.shtml
CSUN. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting. California State University, Northridge. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://www.csun.edu/~hfact004/Managerial.html
McGraw-Hill. (2013, May 12). The Work of Management and the Need for Managerial Accounting Information. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073526703/student_view0/ebook/chapter1/chbody1/the_work_of_management_and_the_need_for_managerial_accounting_information.html
The two basics to keep in mind is that managerial accounting should be used early and often and not just internal stakeholders should be heeded and listened to (Tutor2U.net, 2013).
In conclusion, Thai Airlines would benefit greatly from an entrenched and well-managed managerial accounting framework. It should supplement and complement both the financial accounting mechanisms of Thai Airlines as well as general process management, general product management, marketing, other accounting matters and general business decision making for Thai Airlines. Part and parcel of all of that is integrating stakeholder's expectations and conversely managing the expectations and perceptions of those same stakeholders is also vital on a number of levels. However, if all of the above is managed and managed well, then the outcomes for firms like Thai Airlines that use managerial accounting effectively will tend to be very good.
Holtzman, M. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting for Dummies…
Holtzman, M. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting for Dummies Cheat Sheet - for Dummies . How-to Help and Videos - for Dummies. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/managerial-accounting-for-dummies-cheat-sheet.html
Money-Zine.com. (2013, May 12). Financial vs. Managerial Accounting. Money-zine.com Home Page. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://www.money-zine.com/investing/investing/financial-versus-managerial-accounting/
Singha Beer International. (2013, May 14). Singha Beer International. Singha Beer International. Retrieved May 14, 2013, from http://www.singhabeer.com/
Tutor2u.net. (2013, May 12). Accounting - Introduction to Stakeholders. tutor2u | Economics | Business Studies | Politics | Sociology | History | Law | Marketing | Accounting | Business Strategy. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://www.tutor2u.net/business/accounts/stakeholder_theory.htm
The History of Apple Corporation
Strategy Development and Implementation
The History of Apple Corporation
The corporation has an exciting history, as it has transformed to the biggest and most successful technology firms in the world, under the best managers of time. Both the employees of the firm, the management and the product consumers have been linked to the firm's success. The firm was started with the two Steves, who from their early lives had shown considerable interest in electronics. Steve Jobs and Steve Woznlak were former employees at Atari and HP respectively. However, in April 1976, the two conceptualized the Apple computer, which was among the first personal computers at that time. The company has focused on products that are innovative and new in the market ever since it was started. It is Job that started developed the legendary Macintosh, which is known to many as 'Mac'. There…
Lamb, C.W., Hair, J.F. & McDaniel, C. (2011). Essentials of Marketing. New York: Cengage Learning.
Quelch, J.A. & Deshpande, R. (2004). The Global Market: Developing a Strategy to Manage Across Borders. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Schermerhorn, J.R. (2011). Exploring Management. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Managing Human esources
Change and conflict are some of the manager's current challenges. This thesis tries to inquire into the change processes and managers response to conflicts that arise as a result of change resistance. The manifestation of conflict and the impact of conflict are also discussed. The thesis also looks into the different theories formulated to explain change process and their relationship to conflict management. Also covered is the way decision makers can mitigate conflict and bring sanity in their organizations.
Today's managers are faced with the trade off between change and conflict. Change has become an irresistible part of organization and managers must therefore come up withy strategies and policies of managing change in an order to reduce conflict that may hinder the performance and also to reduce performance gap.
Conflict is bound to occur when different individuals have different perception, opinion, ideas and thought. Change and…
Knudsen T.(2003).Human Capital Management: New Possibilities in People Management. Journal of Business Ethics, 21(2),42-45.
Humphreys, M. (2005). Natural Resources, Conflict, and Conflict Resolution: Uncovering the Mechanisms. The Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49 (4), 23-36.
Kindler, H.S. (2005). Conflict Management: Resolving Disagreements in the Workplace. London: Thomson/Course Technology.
Kotter, J. (1995, march-april). Leading Change:Why Transformation Efforts Fail. Havard Business School Review, 59-67.
The Improve Phase of the DMAIC process is also essential for managing the piloting and testing of the Six Sigma solutions discovered. It is also essential during the new product development process for measuring and quantifying the unique value proposition of the product or service being produced as well. The final phase, Control, is essential in both a Six Sigma and new product introduction process as well (Pestorius, 2007).
The DMAIC process aligns very well to the new product development and introduction process and is used extensively for that purpose in applying Six Sigma to marketing. Six Sigma can change an entire company's culture and make the many processes synchronized and in unison in making new product introductions more profitable and capable of gaining market share as a result.
Brian Cocolicchio (2007). Sales and Marketing the Six Sigma Way. Quality Progress, 40(9), 79. Link: http://www.sixsigmaselling.com/six_sigma_selling/2006/07/about_sales_and.html
Fundin, a.P., &…
Brian Cocolicchio (2007). Sales and Marketing the Six Sigma Way. Quality Progress, 40(9), 79. Link: http://www.sixsigmaselling.com/six_sigma_selling/2006/07/about_sales_and.html
Fundin, a.P., & Cronemyr, P. (2003). Use customer feedback to choose six sigma projects. ASQ Six Sigma Forum Magazine, 3(1), 17-21. Retrieved from http://asq.org/sixsigma/2005/03/use-customer-feedback-to-choose-six-sigma-projects-en.pdf
Hasan, M., & Kerr, R.M. (2003). The relationship between total quality management practices and organisational performance in service organisations. TQM Journal, 15(4), 286-286.
This allows for proper safety since Via Christi is located in Wichita, Kansas, which is the biggest city in the state (Via Christi, 2011).
In regards to the internal environment, all employees and patients are treated with dignity and respect. The facilities' each have in place safety measures for fires and tornadoes. Each person is asked how they can get assistance, and clinical staff tells the patients what it is they are going to do before they do it, so that no harm or offense is done to anyone without their consent. Infection Control is taught and enforced, such as frequent hand washing or using hand sanitizers for anyone who enters or leaves the hospital (Via Christi, 2011).
Explain how management contributes to its effective or non-effective performance
Via Christi management contributes to the effective performance of the hospital. They maintain and stress that everyone is treated with "human dignity,…
Via Christi . (2011, January). Standardized Orientation for Personnel. Retrieved April 9, 2011,
from Via Christi Hospitals Inc.:
If these managers are unfit at achieving such objectives, the change process will not be effective.
Establish the vision and the strategy
Any change management process must start by building a vision that the new organization will be based on. Same as all companies are built on a vision of their founders, so should the new organization that will result after the change management process, be built on a vision.
Although the manager will create the vision of the new organization, he should make sure that all the stakeholders in included in the process. The vision should not only be directed at how the museum will look like from an artistic point-of-view, but it should also be directed towards its employees and how they will participate in the change management process and in the new organization, and towards the new image that the Louvre will present in comparison with similar…
1. Change Management for Shared Services and BPO (2010). SourcingMag. Retrieved August 22, 2010 from http://www.google.ro/imgres?imgurl=http://www.sourcingmag.com/library/graphics/Framework_for_change_management.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.sourcingmag.com/content/c070618a.asp&h=454&w=445&sz=40&tbnid=d5hnQISSPQ2oRM:&tbnh=128&tbnw=125&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dchange%2Bmanagement&zoom=1&hl=ro&usg=__6JeBM0DmBEEc0EVToXVilzkpzrI=&sa=X&ei=fupwTOLODIPN4AbxnuzSCQ&ved=0CDcQ9QEwAw .
2. Kotter, J. (1995). John P. Kotter's eight steps to successful change. Retrieved August 23, 2010 from http://www.businessballs.com/changemanagement.htm .
3. Cellars, T. (2007). Change Management Models. Retrieved August 23, 2010 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/237685/change_management_models_a_look_at.html .
4. ADKAR -- A model for change management (2007). Change Management Learning Center. Retrieved August 23, 2010 from http://www.change-management.com/tutorial-adkar-overview.htm .
.. every employee must become an operational strategist.... Strategic planning must no longer be considered an elitist activity that happens behind closed doors.... Rather, planning must be viewed as a continuous, interactive, and democratic process that empowers managers and employees together to create the future of the firm." (Purser & Cabana)
Lear (1992) blames the downfall of General Motors and IM in the early 1990s to their reliance on hierarchical management. He recommends banishing the dinosaur. General Motors did just that and transformed its organization into a matrix (Prewitt, 2003). Today the company is on the brink of bankruptcy indicating that the company's performance can't be totally related to its organizational structure.
5. Give a clear and convincing logical argument why this structure is best for Hybrid
Motors. In this argument, you need to also argue that other possible structures are not as good. It is absolutely essential that you…
Heiss, M, Stoeckl, S, and Hausknotz, C. (2004, October 18-21). The bottom-up/top-down pattern: an organizational pattern for a balanced management system. Engineering Management Conference, 2004. Proceedings.2004 IEEE International. Vol. 1, pp 317-323
Lear, R.W. (1992, April). Going, going, gone - changing nature of business management - Speaking Out. The Chief Executive. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4070/is_n75/ai_12289893
Prewitt, E. (2003, September 1). GM's Matrix Reloads. CIO. http://www.cio.com/archive/090103/hs_reload.html
Purser, R.E. And Cabana, S. (1997, May). Involve employees at every level of strategic planning. Quality Progress.
This qualitative study, which used the methods of case study, in-depth interviewing, and focus group discussions (FGDs) is particularly vital to the implementation of change in organizational structures, from being a hierarchical to being decentralized. Like Perry, the study puts the manager's role as the most pivotal within the organization, primarily because s/he serves as the 'catalyst' for change and innovation in it.
Other literature also stress the role of power and control in helping the "new managers" of the 21st century to further develop their significant positions in the organization. Hill's (2005) study of managers for the century reflects how learning is achieved through experience, backs up theoretical assumptions that management for the 21st century does not demonstrate parallelism between its theories and actual applications. This assertion is mirrored in a theoretical study by Drejer (2004) and Klagge (1998), wherein he found out that training and learning for new…
Balogun, J. (2004). "Organizational restructuring and middle manager sensemaking." Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 47, Issue 4.
Callanan, G. (2004). "What would Machiavelli think? An overview of the leadership challenges in team-bases structures." Team Performance Management, Vol. 10, No. 3.
Drejer, a. (2004). "Back to basics and beyond: Strategic management -- an area where theory and practice are poorly-related." Management Decision, Vol. 42, Issue 3.
Hill, L. (2004). "New manager development for the 21st century." Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 18, Issue 3.
There is a major difference in launching any new initiative where adoption is key to its success relative to introducing one where compliance can be demanded. B Management, by not informing employees of the change, is in effect saying through their actions that compliance is demanded or they will lose their jobs. The sobering fact of 13,000 people let go or nearly 25% of the workforce is a force in the B culture that implies compliance is critical if one is to stay employed. The swipe card is introduced by management through a compliance-driven strategy with none of the business benefits defined that are relevant to those most affected. Consequently, it fails as a program and serves as the volatile catalyst of a wildcat strike.
The lessons learned include the following. First, B Management needed to be more transformational as a leadership team, less authoritarian and transactional. Transformational leadership seeks…
Assume that you have been retained as a change consultant by BA management to advise them on how to avoid such a situation in the future. What lessons emerge from each perspective and what recommendations would you draw from each in constructing your advice to BA management?
BA Management first needs to realize that this type of program, which affects thousands of employees and their lives, must be launched to maximize adoption, not compliance. There is a major difference in launching any new initiative where adoption is key to its success relative to introducing one where compliance can be demanded. BA Management, by not informing employees of the change, is in effect saying through their actions that compliance is demanded or they will lose their jobs. The sobering fact of 13,000 people let go or nearly 25% of the workforce is a force in the BA culture that implies compliance is critical if one is to stay employed. The swipe card is introduced by management through a compliance-driven strategy with none of the business benefits defined that are relevant to those most affected. Consequently, it fails as a program and serves as the volatile catalyst of a wildcat strike.
The lessons learned include the following. First, BA Management needed to be more transformational as a leadership team, less authoritarian and transactional. Transformational leadership seeks to create trust by being authentic, transparent and showing how the vision of change is relevant to the better performance of an enterprise (Nussbaumer, Merkley, 2010). BA Management failed to deliver a transformational vision for the program or even consider the people it would affect the most. Second, BA Management could have explained in detail why the swipe program would be essential for the airline to stay competitive, and designed it to provide employees with more flexibility and freedom to interchange schedules. If Southwest Airlines can do this with a regional operation, surely BA has the ability to do the same. The lack of vision and explanation of benefits to the employees, and
A second problem can be seen in the differences in cultures. This is especially apparent when looking at management styles. What might be considered acceptable in the United States might often be a cultural nightmare in another country. Trying to manage personnel in other parts of the world also brings about issues with communication. The ways in which people communicate is very different around the world. Again, something that would be perfectly acceptable here may often be seen as offensive in another part of the world.
A leader and manager must evaluate organizational competencies and intellectual capital and create and integrate models in order to establish a framework for application of duties to the employees so as to create a good healthy working condition. This will help to motivate all the employees to do their best at the work that they perform. An organization has to focus on determining different…
Globalization. (2010). Retrieved from Answers.com Web site:
Leadership vs. Management. (2010). Retrieved February 28, 2010, from Changing Minds Web
This concept originated with the principles of Total Quality Management (TQM).
The notion that only managers play a role in controlling work activities is based on two false ideas. One is the antiquated notion of totalitarian management. Modern management does not follow this style, as it is often not consistent with organizational objectives. The second false idea is that the manager can control the employee at all times. In practice, managers merely provide instruction and guidance with respect to work activities. Employees often devise their own ways of performing different tasks, and it would be near impossible for management to control this. Thus, employees do exert some control over work activities.
Q3. Operations management can be applied to any managerial function.
Operations management techniques are based around analysis of processes. Control is merely one aspect of the role, even within the operations setting. In fact, operations management also consists of…
This is one way to ensure everyone can work together with the same goals and information. Neighboring states could us the same criteria for training, thereby cutting training costs and ensuring cooperation and understanding from neighboring responders in the U.S. As well.
It is clear the field of emergency management is not what it was even ten years ago. Today, there are more considerations about terrorism, global warfare, and WMD that were not as prevalent even ten years ago. Emergency management has to evolve as disaster and the threat of disaster evolves. With all the talk of global warming, there may be ramifications from that problem that may become much more apparent in the future, and emergency management may have to deal with those too, such as mass evacuations, massive climate change, and other problems.
Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Farazmand, a. (2001). Handbook of crisis and emergency management. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Managing High Performance
A familiar challenge for any expanding enterprise is how to find and manage the highest potential employees who can over time mature into leadership positions. While there are always more applicants that positions available in senior management, the task of any leadership team is to accurately and with insight find those employees with the greatest potential of success (uggiero, 2008). From the very informal succession planning techniques small businesses use that are tantamount of planning sessions, to the much more rigorous and thorough high potential employee development programs, there is a very wide variation in approach and results (Bloch, 1996). The intent of this analysis is to provide a small, rapidly growing company with insights into how best to manage the dilemma of having 50% of its workforce looking to advance their careers with a limited number of positions available while also giving the majority of employees…
Bloch, Susan. (1996). Coaching tomorrow's top managers. Employee Counseling Today, 8(5), 30-32.
Kevin S. Groves. (2007). Integrating leadership development and succession planning best practices. The Journal of Management Development, 26(3), 239-260.
Ruggiero, J. (2008). Identifying and Developing High Potential Leadership Talent. Journal of Personal Finance, 7(2), 13-33.
Managing ecruitment and Selection
Being able to successfully manage the recruitment and staffing of an entire Human esources (H) department is the foundation of a successful enterprise. For example, eese and French cite the work of Bratton and Gold in saying, "ecruitment is the process of generating a pool of capable people to apply for employment to an organisation. Selection is the process by which managers and others use specific instruments to choose from a pool of applicants a person or persons more likely to succeed in the job(s), given management goals and legal requirements" (2010). This quote aptly highlights the extreme importance of being able to successfully woo and establish a team of competent people who are equally invested in doing an exemplary job with a given company. Thus, the H department needs to understand the nuances and strategies that go into the process of successfully winning over the…
Burton, J., 1998. Managing Residential Care. New York: Routledge.
French, R. & ., 2010. Recruitment and Selection. [Online]
Available at: http://www.cipd.co.uk/NR/rdonlyres/01F95685-76C9-4C96-B291 -
A manager's duty is not to be liked but to be effective; a manager remains firmly committed to the health of his or her organization by following rules, regulations, and guidelines. "A leader is someone who people naturally follow through their own choice, whereas a manager must be obeyed," ("The Difference between Management and Leadership," 1997). Effective managers and leaders both motivate and inspire people to reach their highest potential.
In order for a manager to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture, he or she should develop strong interpersonal awareness, including mediation skills and respect for diversity. As a director of development at a private Catholic high school, I work in a stimulating environment that requires ascription to rational and financial goals as well as to spiritual, ideological, and interpersonal goals. With a diverse student body and a diverse staff, I must retain a strong emotional as well as…
The Difference between Management and Leadership." (1997). Retrieved August 20, 2005 online at http://www.see.ed.ac.uk/~gerard/MENG/ME96/Documents/Intro/leader.html
Leading vs. Managing -- They're Two Different Animals." (2001). Online Women's Business Center. Retrieved August 20, 2005 online at http://www.onlinewbc.gov/docs/manage/leading.html
Maccoby, Michael (2000). "Understanding the Difference between Management and Leadership." Research Technology Management. Volume 43. No. 1. January-February, 2000. pp 57-59. Retrieved August 20, 2005 online at http://www.maccoby.com/Articles/UtDBMaL.html
Management Info Systems
My mother often tells the story about one Summer as I was growing up. Each year, we would host a family reunion at one of the local parks. My mother hated this time of year because the guest list seemed to grow larger every year, and she was in charge of so many things. To her delight, when I was 9 years old, I offered to "manage" the reunion for her. I asked her for all the people who would attend, and spent days quizzing her on who would do what, who would bring what, and even what would the contingency plan be if the weather turned sour or some other unknown were to occur. My contribution to the event was a very precise and colorful chart in which I used up every single color combination in my crayon box, drew lines for responsible people and products…
When all the needs or expectations of the stakeholders are met, the business will continue to thrive.
Core Human esource Functions
Involuntary turnover is rampant among employees of high talent. These employees form then crucial asset that determine the overall success of the organization. Involuntary turnover occurs due to issues such as frequent absences, premature termination of contracts, sexual harassment or by the mere fact that an employee becomes overqualified for a particular job. Supposing I were a top H manager in my firm I would hire people who are qualified to fill any vacant positions taking keen attention to exclude overqualified persons so as top avoid the occurrence of involuntary turnover in the future (Taylor, 2005).
Additionally, I would introduce strategies that seek to retain employees in the organization. One of the strategies would be to introduce teambuilding activities such as retreats and workshops. I would also ensure that…
Svensson, G., & Wood, G. (2003). The dynamics of business ethics: a function of time and culture -- cases and models. Management Decision, 41(4), p350.
Taylor, S. (2005). People resourcing. London: Chartered Inst. Of Personnel and Development.
Management Perspective on Aviaton Safety
Aviation Safety Management
However, this topic narrows substantially when one considers it from a management perspective. Management has a number of diverse concerns that it must consider in regards to aviation safety. For the most part, these safety issues are typically balanced out with issues related to cost and customer satisfaction. Although safety should always be the principle point of concern, management oftentimes has to temper this with practical considerations related to finances regarding time and money spent. Management can help to mitigate the severity of financial constraints, however, by involving as many people as possible in the safety and quality assurance process via a team-based approach. Additionally, there are certain Safety Management System (SMS) programs that can help to stratify different facets of safety management. Finally, it is important for management to make aviation safety a continuous process which is increasingly refined and improved.…
Burnside, J.E. (2013). "Top five pre-flight mistakes." Aviation Safety Management. Retrieved from http://www.aviationsafetymagazine.com/issues/33_5/features/Pre-Flight-Check-Mistakes_10554-1.html
Conyers, B. (2013). "Safety management systems: beyond theory." SM4 Safety. Retrieved from http://sm4.global-aero.com/articles/safety-management-systems-beyond-the-theory/?disp=pdf
Grosenick, C. (2002). "Quality assurance: how does it impact maintenance?" Aviation Pros. Retrieved from http://www.aviationpros.com/article/10387519/quality-assurance-how-does-it-impact-maintenance?page=3
Waikar, A., Nichols, P. (1997) "Aviation safety: a quality perspective." Disaster Prevention and Management. 6 (2): 87 -- 93.
Management of Work-elated Stress
Who is responsible for the management of work-related stress? While there are those who are convinced that the responsibility of managing work-related stress lies primarily with the management of an organization, others are of the opinion that individual employees have the primary responsibility for managing work-related stress. In this text, I not only state but also substantiate my position on these divergent points-of-view.
The Management of Work elated Stress
In basic terms, "stress is the experience of opportunities or threats that people perceive as important and also perceive they might not be able to handle or deal with effectively" (George & Jones, 2010, p. 245). It is important to note from the onset that although stress related to work is somewhat normal, excessive stress on this front could be counterproductive. This is more so the case in those instances where it affects both the emotional and…
George, J.M. & Jones, G.R. (2010). Understanding and Managing Organizational Behavior (6th ed.). New York: PH Professional Business.
Hawkins, L. (Ed.). (2003). Tolley's Guide to Managing Employee Health. Ohio: LexisNexis Group.
Undercover Boss is a great show for illustrating core management concepts. A season five episode features the CEO of the Larry H. Miller Company, owner of the Utah Jazz along with eighty other concerns. This episode features issues related to occupational health and safety, customer service and marketing. In the episode about Modell's Sporting Goods, a family-owned business that has been around since 1889, issues related to logistics, wages, and social justice come to the fore. In the first season episode featuring the CEO and president of 7-11, issues related to management and corporate structure, customer service, and quality assurance are brought to light. These three episodes can all be used to better understand textbook concepts, from the particular skills managers need to succeed to ethics and social responsibility. Of these three episodes, the most engaging was the one about Modell's because of the way the owner came to…
Schermerhorn, J.R. (2012). Exploring Management. 3rd edition.
Undercover Boss Utah Jazz: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_Tc3qCOj68&feature=youtu.be
Undercover Boss Modell's: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8jadl9usH3s&feature=youtu.be
Undercover Boss 7-11:
c) Change support
In the context of the closing of the Orlon manufacturing operations, a useful approach to the problem would be constituted by the action research. This type of research specifically implies that the individual assesses the situation, but in doing so, also seeks solutions to resolving the problem (Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill, 2009). This type of research combines the theoretical stance with the practical stance. Through its lenses then, the following steps would be implemented:
Assessment of the means in which the stakeholder perceive the change
edesign of the means in which change is handled in order to ensure that it is understood and embraced by as many stakeholder categories as possible.
d) Fictional change
An important change which could impact DuPont is represented by the need to entirely replace the technological system. Such a change would generate employee reticence due to the elements of novelty, but also…
Blecker, T., 2005, Information and management systems for product customization, Springer
Saunders, M., Lewis, P., Thornhill, a., 2009, Research methods for business students, 5th edition, Pearson Education
Case study: change at DuPont