International Relations the Yugoslavian Civil Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Because of the army's status as Serbs, however, it aided only the rebels, leaving the Croats to fend for themselves.

But the conflict did not stay within the boarders of Croatia. Instead, it pushed past the boundaries of Bosnia Herzegovina and led to one of the most bitter and bloodiest battles of the war, which included the Serbs and Yugoslavian People's Army fighting against the Croats and Muslims of Bosnia. The violence of the conflict would allow Bosnia to take focus as one of the most disastrous sites of the war. The conflict not only caused massive amounts of bloodshed, but also fear that created an international attempt to aid victims and would-be victims on both sides ("Along Ethnic Fault Lines").

The extent of the ethnic conflicts, and the degree to which the violence flourished because of them, has been proved, primarily through the Serbian-Croatian conflict, the preferences of the Yugoslavian People's Army, and the violence and blood in Bosnia Herzegovina. Because some scholars suggest that the sate is disappearing from its modern position as sovereign, others believe ethnic conflict will become the primary outlet for conflict in the future (Salmon 13). The examples contained in the domestic ethnic origins of this war give credence to this theory. Thus, not only were domestic factors the most important, most developed, and most violent reasons for conflict in the Yugoslavian Civil Wars, but also are the sources of conflict that hold the most implications for the future of conflict and war.

III. Systemic Causes

Although one can clearly point to domestic causes as the primary source of the Yugoslavian Civil Wars, systemic causes helped lay a foundation for the conflict. This foundation can be seen primarily through the World War One Legacy. During the First World War, Axis and Allied powers had fueled the ethnic conflicts already thriving in the Balkans. Allied powers allowed Serbs to feel a burst of superiority and national pride, while Axis powers fueled and funded terrorist regimes whose written agendas included genocide. Although these may seem to be domestic concerns, they are a prime example of one of the most important observations in international relations -- the tendency of conflicts in one area of the world to fuel conflicts in another. Although the First World War had its roots in the Balkans, it was primarily a European struggle, yet it managed to fuel heated ethnic conflicts that lead to the Yugoslavian Civil Wars and breakup of Yugoslavia years later. In fact, in his monumental book the War of the World, Harvard International Relations Lecturer Niall Ferguson suggests World War One, World War Two, and the interceding and succeeding wars were simply one large world war, each smaller conflict using the steam of the larger conflict to explode into a full-fledged war. Although the breakup of Yugoslavia would probably have happened regardless of the European War's frustration of already tense ethnic situations, it may have happened with less blood or less ferocity if the First World War alliances had not complicated the matters.

IV. Conclusion and Implications

By studying the sources of conflict of the Yugoslavian Civil War in terms of individual, domestic, and systemic, one can quickly determine that the war had no single direct cause. Instead, it was fueled by a mixture of individuals' ideas and the ruling elite, domestic ethnic strife, and systemic alliances made during the First World War. The domestic causes of the war, however, can be quickly observed as the war's primary causes -- the ethnic conflict that left the region unable to stand unified. Because these ethnic conflicts are the center of the war, implications for the future of conflict in the international system are tremendous. With the state's decline as the system's primary actor, and ethnic conflict still boiling in the Middle East and Balkans, in addition to less severe cases elsewhere, a repeat this type of war may be in the future. Similarly, as large conglomerations of states, like the European Union, try to adopt that sovereignty shed by the state by unifying those of diverse cultures and ethnicities, a breakdown similar to that of the former Yugoslavian Federation may be observed. By studying the breakdown of Yugoslavia and the Yugoslav Civil Wars, students of international relations and foreign relations alike may be able to plan for the future.

Works Cited

Anastasiou, Harry. "Belligerent Nationalism in a Globalizing World: A Peace and Conflict Studies Perspective" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 Online . 2008-06-19

Ferguson, Niall. The War of the World. New York, Penguin, 2006.

Mandelbaum, Michael. "A Perfect Failure: NATO's War Against Yugoslavia." Foreign

Affairs. 78.5 (1999).

Nationalism and Counterrevolution." 17 June 2008. International Bolshevik Tendancy.

22 June 2008.

O'Connor Mike. "Along an Ethnic Fault Line, Bosnians Fear Hard-Liners." 1 June 1996

New York Times. 22 June 2008.

Salmon, Trevor C. Issues in International Relations. New York: Routledge, 2000.[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"International Relations The Yugoslavian Civil" (2008, June 22) Retrieved October 25, 2016, from

"International Relations The Yugoslavian Civil" 22 June 2008. Web.25 October. 2016. <>

"International Relations The Yugoslavian Civil", 22 June 2008, Accessed.25 October. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • World War II Economical and Military Abilities

    World War II Economical and military abilities of major participants of the war - Germany Soviet Union France Great Britain Important military campaigns France (including Belgium and Holland) Balkan campaign (Greece and Yugoslavia) Russian campaign Industrial production in 1943 World War II is the most tragic but extremely interesting period of human history of al centuries. It was a regular continuation of previous absurd bloody conflict - World War I. New war began after Germany was defeated in WWI and after

  • Global Refugee Regime Seems to Be Veering

    Global Refugee Regime Seems to Be Veering Away From Traditional Rules As the threat of war looms large, the situation of those displaced because of violence and fights is becoming the focal point of talks amidst humanitarian groups. Many wrote about the situation in Afghanistan. The last many years have brought about quite a lot of enormous "refugee movements and humanitarian emergencies." More than 50 million people have been displaced by

  • History of China s Importance to the U S

    history of China's importance to the U.S., from Nixon's visit to China in 1972 to the present, which contributed to the implementation of Obama's 'U.S. Pivot to Asia Strategy'? The Cold War represented one of the most important periods in the history of the world. It did not only changed the way in which the political world was configured following the end of the Second World War, but, at the

  • NATO Right to Intervene in

    Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Communist Bloc, the states of Eastern Europe sought to reassert themselves as independent political entities. Milosevic presented many of his activities in a nationalist context. The moves toward "ethnic cleansing" were part of a larger campaign to solidify the new Yugoslavia as an ethnically homogenous Serb Christian state. The artificial order of Communism was going to be replaced by something

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved