Ozone a Little Is Good Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Due to the Montreal Protocol signed in 1987 in which 160 of the world's nations joined together in banning CFCs and in an initiative to try to off-set any further effects due to emissions of gases that deplete the Ozone there are many recent reports that the hole in the Ozone layer is becoming smaller.

The "impressive global response to ozone layer destruction," were sung praises of the Secretary-General but also cautioned that it is not a time for complacency. There were minimum effects of decreasing to the ozone levels in the Antarctic during the decade of the 1990's. During 2000 and 2003 the hole extended over 10.8 million square miles or an area larger than the North American Continent.

All damages to the Ozone layer are not of the manmade type. It is known that volcanoes emit sulfuric acid droplets during the course of an eruption. Although it is expected that the ozone will recover, if all nations abide by the CFC banning agreement and other mandates of the Montreal Protocol of 1988, it is understood among scientists that reality has it that the Ozone will not fully recover for at 50 and up to a possible 100 years.

Since the initial agreement of the Montreal Protocol, the Protocol has been the object of several amendments and also been improved through revision. Approximately 100 chemicals that damage the ozone have been banned or will or have been phased out of use. Donors to the Multilateral Fund have turned over $1.3 billion for development and implementation of the Protocol. Although the Ozone is not back to normal the layer has been "stabilized." Without the collaboration of the many peoples and countries on the earth the preservation of the global environment would not have been even a faint hope. However, the battle is not won and certainly won't be unless first the Ozone layer is returned to its' original condition and then a collective effort be made in preventing this type of occurrence again in the future.

According to an October 2004 Ozone report the hole in the layer over Antarctica has shrunk by approximately 20% compared to last year. According to the National Institute of water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) the measure of the hole, peaking at 9 million square miles against the comparison of 11 square miles two years ago. State in this report was the fact that the Ozone layer sits approximately 9-19 miles above the earth. Since the 1987 Montreal Protocol over 100 difference substances that cause damage to the Ozone has been phased out and banned in over 180 states.

Summary and Conclusion:

Although reports do seem to indicate that the Ozone layer hole is shrinking, there are scientists that state that it is too early to make conclusive statements however, it does seem logical that at the cutting out of 100 different substances that damage the Ozone happening simultaneously and on the part of 180 nations that the lessened impact to the Ozone layer over the years since the Montreal Protocol came into being that a difference may very well be able to be detected at this point in time. Another consideration is that global warming is entirely independent of the influence of human beings and although this too seems logical, in light of the careless and irresponsible behavior of mankind in relation to industrial practices of the past, that consideration seems highly unlikely.

Bibliography:

Ricks, Delthia (2004) "U.S. Urban Air Polution: Ground-level Ozone Tied to Deaths"-

Newsday Report [Online] Retrieved from HighBeam Research ttp://www.highbeam.com library/doc3.asp?DO CID=1P1:102525028& num=4& ctrlInfo=Round9b%3APro d%3ASR %3AResult& ao=

Fundamental of Physical Geography (nd) Chapter 7: Introduction to the Atmosphere: Atmospheric Composition [Online] located at; http://www.physicalgeography.n et/fu ndamenta ls/7a.html

Mukhopadyay, R. (2004) Rubber World: Ozone Attack and Tire Sidewall Protection (Tech Service); 9/1/2004; Mukhopadhyay, R.

Robson, Seth (1999) "Ozone Hero: The Man Who mended the Hole" The Press Caterbury, NZ 1999 May 7 [Online] at: http://www.highbeam.com/library / doc3.asp? DOCID=1 P1:23250298& num=63& ctrlInfo=Round9b%3AProd %3ASR%3A Result ao=

Gonzalez, Gustavo (1996) "Environment: Crisis Over Damage to Ozone Layer" Inter-Press Service English News Wire 1996 September 16.

Ricks, Delthia (2004) "U.S. Urban Air Polution: Ground-level Ozone Tied to Deaths"-

Newsday Report [Online] Retrieved from HighBeam Research ttp://www.highbeam.com library/doc3.asp?DO CID=1P1:102525028& num=4& ctrlInfo=Round9b%3APro d%3ASR %3AResult& ao=

Ricks, Delthia (2004) "U.S. Urban Air Polution: Ground-level Ozone Tied to Deaths"-

Newsday Report [Online] Retrieved from HighBeam Research ttp://www.highbeam.com library/doc3.asp?DO CID=1P1:102525028& num=4& ctrlInfo=Round9b%3APro d%3ASR %3AResult& ao=

Ibid.

Fundamental of Physical Geography (nd) Chapter 7: Introduction to the Atmosphere: Atmospheric Composition [Online] located at; http://www.physicalgeography.n et/fundamental ls/7a.html

Ibid.

Fundamental of Physical Geography (nd) Chapter 7: Introduction to the Atmosphere: Atmospheric Composition [Online] located at; http://www.physicalgeography.n et/fundamental ls/7a.html

Ibid.

Robson, Seth (1999) "Ozone Hero: The Man Who mended the Hole" The Press Caterbury, NZ 1999 May 7 [Online] at: http://www.highbeam.com/library / doc3.asp? DOCID=1 P1:23250298& num=63& ctrlInfo=R ound9b%3AProd %3ASR%3A Result ao=[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Ozone A Little Is Good " (2004, November 24) Retrieved December 10, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/ozone-a-little-is-good-59459

"Ozone A Little Is Good " 24 November 2004. Web.10 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/ozone-a-little-is-good-59459>

"Ozone A Little Is Good ", 24 November 2004, Accessed.10 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/ozone-a-little-is-good-59459

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Ozone Layer Is One of

    On Feb. 2, 2007, the United Nations scientific panel studying climate change declared that the evidence of a warming trend is "unequivocal," and that human activity has "very likely" been the driving force in that change over the last 50 years. The last report by the group, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in 2001, had found that humanity had "likely" played a role." (Science, 5 December 2008). Ozone and Earth's

  • Ozone Layer Factors Impacts the

    His government wanted HCFCs to replace CFCs. HCFCs are far less damaging to the ozone layer. They are used in refrigeration. He proposed that the deadlines for the cessation of the use of CFCs be advanced by a decade. The global agreement was to phase out CFCs among industrialized countries by 2030 and among developing countries by 2040. It was also later discovered that HCFCs warm up the earth

  • Map Reviews Platts a Provider

    it's intended to show them show the locations of provincial protected areas, highlight individual parks by the use of inset maps, and list the facilities available in the parks. Appropriately, there is a separate map for each province with parks highligted in green. As such, the maps do an excellent job of showing the geographic details such as highways, cities and airports in the provinces, but the information that

  • Global Warming Is a Lie

    What Marshall does to bolster his argument that Global Warming is a sham is quote from scientists and experts in the field who are doubters; for example, Dr. Boris Winterhaiter, a professor of marine geology in Australia, claims that Al Gore's movie is full of "circumstantial arguments." And those arguments, Winterhaiter is quoted as saying, "are so weak that they are pathetic. It is simply incredible that they, and his film, are commanding public attention," the

  • Is the European Union a State or What Else Distinguishes it From...

    European Union a state, or what else distinguishes it from other International Organizations The primary question concerning global organizations as a medium of global governance relates towards the quantity and excellence of this governance within an era where we now have an overdeveloped global economy as well as an under-developed global polity (Ougaard and Higgott, 2002). There's a powerful disconnect amid governance, being an efficient and effective collective solution-seeking process

  • Environmental Hazards as a Consequence of Crude

    Environmental Hazards as a Consequence of Crude Oil/Natural Gas Exploration, Transportation, Refining and Storage Ever since crude oil was first successfully drilled in the U.S. In Titusville, Pennsylvania, in 1859, the demand for oil has only been increasing over the years in countries all over the world. (Camden, 1883) Crude oil, from which various petroleum products are obtained, is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon component found trapped in rocks below the

  • Sustainable Development A Global Challenge Need

    Sustainable Development - a Global Challenge Need for Change State Sovereignty Sustainable Development Challenges for Businesses The Role of MNCs in Sustainable Development The Global Compact Initiatives outside the Global Compact What is International Sustainable Development Law (ISDL)? International Environmental Law and its Impact on Australia Sustainable Development: A Global Challenge For many years, sustainable development has been one of the controversial issues faced by world leaders and citizens (Parmetier, 2002). The issue pervades both private and public sectors, and is


Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved