Discussion 2: Application of Theories in Project Management
Change theories and systems thinking are important in nursing practice owing to the fact that they support safety and quality activities. Systems thinking includes a body of tools, methods, and theories which address various concerns in healthcare (Peters, 2014). Therefore, it would be prudent to note that systems thinking helps healthcare professionals come to terms with prevailing events and think of how improvements can be made in the realm of healthcare. According to Peters (2014), systems thinking also involves a wide range of theories which are used to explain a particular phenomenon. Tools in systems thinking are applied in different settings in healthcare. For instance, some systems such as systems archetypes facilitate teams and help them understand patterns that may be applied to the situation. Other systems thinking tools such as process mapping, social network analyses, and network mapping are used to analyze and illustrate connections between organizations and people as well as quantitative and qualitative processes. Further, some systems thinking tools and methods like scenario planning are used to forecast events in the future which happens to be useful in public health owing to the fact that it helps identify possible outcomes and prepare for the said outcomes (Peters, 2014). Moreover, approaches in systems thinking guide researchers and health planners by providing guidance on calibration of models against real data, identifying and testing hypotheses, and making explicit assumptions (Peters, 2014).
Theories are important in nursing…of the change gradually (Wagner, 2018).
Theories and models serve as frameworks that guide research projects. Essentially, a theoretical framework, as Grant and Osanloo (2014) point out, is derived from theories that have already been validated and tested and considered acceptable in literature. Therefore, since theories are derivatives of a theoretical framework, they can be used to guide research projects. For instance, a theoretical framework helps researchers to understand their research questions. Essentially, a research question should articulate and embody some aspects of a theoretical framework which are then explored in a dissertation. In addition, theories serve as frameworks by guiding a research whereby they help in determining the things that will be measured and examined (Grant and Onsaloo, 2014). This helps researchers build…
System Issues & Chikfila Systems thinking is a way of synthesizing the issues surrounding any organization in both a macro and micro manner. This allows more shared values through teamwork, mental paradigms, the ability to think in the future, and look at projects in a way that are best for the organization as a holistic entity. Thus, when the process of inquiry is moved from the individual and rote (only knowledge)
4) II. Peter Senge - the Learning Organization Peter Senge, who describes himself as the "idealistic pragmatist" states that learning organizations are: "...organizations where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire, where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, where collective aspiration is set free, and where people are continually learning to see the whole together." (1990: p.3) the learning organization in the view of
They must never become complacent and assume that they have considered all factors and can now relax, or they can slip into the "boiling frog" phenomenon: circumstances may turn so gradually negative that they do not notice the changes until they have large problems instead of small ones to solve (Beckford, 2002). Conclusion Just as the example of the soldiers at the bridge faced with a battle situation for which they
This is especially important in the context of the Broker Front Office Tool (BFOT) strategies aimed at streamlining attracting, selling to, and servicing indirect channel partners and resellers. This aspect of bringing the Voice of the Customer (VoC) into the transformation of it initiatives into channel-based strategies is even more difficult than evolving change management programs within the four walls of any organization. Bringing change to agents and the
.. Second, to understand a system we need to understand how it fits into the larger system of which it is a part... Third, and most important, what we call the parts need not be taken as primary. In fact, how we define the parts is fundamentally a matter of perspective and purpose, not intrinsic in the nature of the 'real thing' we are looking at. (Kofman and Senge, 1993,
Despite the occasionally inherent resistance to the learning process in some systems and within certain individuals, Senge stresses a manager must have a vision of a learning organization as a group of people who are continually enhancing their capabilities to create what they want to create. He calls his own view as that of an idealistic pragmatist, seeing organizations as places "where people continually expand their capacity to create