In the wake of the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill, about thirty percent of the oil, and "the most volatile fraction" of it, evaporated in a period of about ten hours (Handwerk, 2011). This was the primary aerosol emanation Another ten to twenty percent evaporated over the course of the next few days, and those turned into a wide plume of aerosol that was later identified as being comprised of intermediate or semi-volatile organic compounds (Xie, 2011). This secondary aerosol was composed of both light and heavy types of hydrocarbons, which have contributed to air pollution over a wide area (Handwerk, 2011). Ironically, the pattern of aerosol evaporation from the oil spill has advanced scientific understanding of how secondary aerosols form after the initial chemical conversion from their most volatile compounds (Xie, 2011). According to the EPA (2014), in addition to volatile organic compounds, the oil spill released specific compounds like hydrogen sulfide and also coarse particulate matter.
The earth's atmosphere is uniform in composition until 80k, except for the differences in ozone composition in two distinct places: the stratosphere and closer to the surface. Stratospheric ozone exists at 20-30k, and provides a natural barrier between life on earth and ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Close to the surface and within breathing range is ozone accumulation due to volatile carbon-based compounds like those released in the spill...
Specific injuries included oil inundation of birds, preventing them from being able to fly and therefore feed themselves or avoid predation; the ingestion of oil, leading to poisoning; the weighting down of turtles in oil, and the devastation of corals within a seven mile radius of the spill (National Wildlife Federation, 2014). Longer term impacts are equally as severe including sick dolphins, stranded turtles, and declining fish populations (National Wildlife Federation, 2014).
Cleaning up oil spills like the one by BP involves a number of different processes, depending on the nature of the contamination and the situational and environmental variables. Bioremediation refers to the use of microorganisms, plants, fungi, and natural nutrients to help metabolize the pollutant (Radermacher, n.d.). Although far from ideal, bioremediation can be one tool in the cleanup arsenal. Other methods include the use of booms to contain…
So far, this is not the case, and oil companies only pay royalties on production. This is another area under scrutiny in the MMS scandal. There are reports, dating back to 2008, that the royalty offices of the MMS, located in Denver, routinely accepted oil company numbers on the amount of oil they produced, rather than independently auditing the numbers. No one knows how much lost revenue to the
"But we did kill a lot of resources," said Beck. That having been said, Beck does believe that some habitat losses -- and some that occurred prior to the oil spill -- can be "re-engineered" if the marshes receive the attention they deserve to receive. Meanwhile, the assertion that the oil has dissipated and there is "very little" oil that is recoverable goes against the tone of a story in
Oil Spill Damage The effects of oil spills have had lasting effects on the marine and terrestrial ecosystems that affect the respiratory, food chain, and reproductive systems of marine and terrestrial wildlife for decades. "Human activity has depleted marine species 90%, seagrass and wetland habitat 65%, and degraded water quality 10-1,000 fold" (Narisimha). A major portion of these statistics has been due to oil spills. It has been difficult for scientists
Oil Spill Response Plan In order to effectively respond to any oil that might arrive on Florida's beaches as a result of the spill in the Gulf, one must take into account the different regulations governing the response to crises such at this on the local, state, and federal level. As the city currently does not have an oil spill response plan, in this case it is helpful to look at
BP Oil Disaster Impact and Lessons Learned On April 20, 2010, the BP Deepwater Horizon spill dumped more than 4.1 million barrels of crude into the Gulf region over 87 days (Walsh et al., On the Edge). The oil and gas industry developed new technologies in pursuit of valuable energy supplies, venturing into deeper waters farther from the coastline (National Commission, 85). Regulators, however, failed to keep up with the industrial
BP Oil Spill Gulf. BP Oil Spill A Detailed Description of the issue 3 The basis of the issue 6 What ethical change, deficiency, or conflict brought it about BP Oil Spill happen Gulf. "BP is in the business of finding oil, refining it, and selling the gas (and propane, etc.) that results. In the course of doing business, BP interacts with a huge range of individuals and organizations, and those interactions bring with them ethical