Identifying Opportunities To Reduce Income Disparities In South Africa Today And In The Future Research Proposal

Length: 4 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Africa / African Studies Type: Research Proposal Paper: #45846172 Related Topics: Natural Resource, Apartheid, Congress, Income Inequality
Excerpt from Research Proposal :

Part One: Research Proposal

Problem and Purpose Statement

Despite an abundance of natural resources, a modern infrastructure, and increasingly aggressive efforts by the national government and support from multiple nongovernmental organizations since apartheid ended in 1994, more than half (about 55% or 30.3 million people) of the South Africa population still lives in poverty today and another 13.8 million South Africans do not have enough to eat each day (Poverty & equity brief 2021). Moreover, current economic development indicators show that the per capita annualized consumption growth rate of the bottom 40 percent of the South African population actually suffered a 1.34% decline during the 4-year period from 2010 through 2014 (the latest statistic available from The World Bank). In sum, the situation for the poorest people in South Africa is worsening and there are few new opportunities available on the short-term horizon that can help them achieve their full employment potential and realize the complete range of human right guarantees in the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights and the South African constitution.

Against this backdrop, it is clear that South African policymakers as well as the international community must develop innovative solution which are targeted at not only alleviating the suffering of these impoverish individuals but pave the road for future economic development to ensure that everyone in South Africa that wants a job that pays a living wage can get one. Likewise, additional provisions must be made for the well-being of the people of South Africa who are unable to pursue gainful employment for whatever reason. To this end, developing new employment opportunities through public and private sectors partnerships represent timely and valuable potential solutions to these challenging problems.

B. Literature Review

Today, South Africa is classified as a middle-income nation that enjoys abundant natural resources, a mature legal and financial network as well as a comparatively modern telecommunications and transportation infrastructure (South Africa economy 2021). In addition, South Africa has the 17th largest stock exchange in the world and a population of 57 million people with a strong work ethic and sense of nationhood. Although South Africa experienced sustained economic growth during the early years of the 21st century, the global economic downturn in 2009 had a devastating effect on the country’s macroeconomic stability from which it has still not fully recovered (South Africa economy 2021).

Further compounding the problems…the principles set forth by Neuman (2008) concerning techniques to improve the robustness and percentage of responses. The custom questionnaire was regarded as an essential component of the research methodology since it provides the opportunity to canvass stakeholders about their views on reducing income inequalities in general and in a South African context in particular.

The data collected from the completed custom questionnaires will be analyzed using the statistical analytical tools provided by the online survey service, SurveyMonkey, to generate relevant cross-tabulations concerning the views of different stakeholder groups about optimal strategies for reducing income inequalities in South Africa today and in the future. The resulting data will be presented in tabular and graphic formats and interpreted in a narrative fashion to identify significant trends and prevailing views among respondents concerning the issues of interest to the study proposed herein.

Part Two: Proposed Topics for the Dissertation

1. How can investments in job creation, education and skills training be used to their maximum effect to reduce income inequalities and promote social justice in South Africa?

2. What are the lingering vestiges of apartheid that are most salient in maintaining existing institutionalized racism and income disparities among South…

Sources Used in Documents:


“Global Cases.” (2021). Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center. [online] available:

Kavya, B and Santhakumar, S (January 2020). “Economic Development, Financial Development, and Income Inequality Nexus.” Borsa Istanbul Review [in press].

Neuman, W (2008). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. New York: Pearson.

“South Africa economy” (2021) CIA World Factbook. [online] available: http://teacherlink.ed.

“South Africa Poverty and equity brief.” (2021). The World Bank. [online] available:

Cite this Document:

"Identifying Opportunities To Reduce Income Disparities In South Africa Today And In The Future" (2021, January 26) Retrieved June 13, 2021, from

"Identifying Opportunities To Reduce Income Disparities In South Africa Today And In The Future" 26 January 2021. Web.13 June. 2021. <>

"Identifying Opportunities To Reduce Income Disparities In South Africa Today And In The Future", 26 January 2021, Accessed.13 June. 2021,

Related Documents
Cuba After Castro Cuba Is
Words: 20759 Length: 80 Pages Topic: Drama - World Paper #: 86070607

Those officials who did look at the question of Japanese intentions decided that Japan would never attack, because to do so would be irrational. Yet what might seem irrational to one country may seem perfectly logical to another country that has different goals, values, and traditions. (Kessler 98) The failures apparent in the onset of World War II and during the course of the war led indirectly to the creation

Predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha
Words: 17380 Length: 40 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 44825476

Government Since gang-related crimes fall within the jurisdiction of state, this research will give an insight on the need to find solutions that increasingly include all levels of government. Congress needs to pass legislation that will change immigration enforcement laws and make more aliens deportable. In addition, the federal government should take a more active participation in helping local and state jurisdictions develop anti-gang responses. The local, state and federal governments

Aloud or in Writing, Making
Words: 17261 Length: 55 Pages Topic: Business Paper #: 71062622

Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa. 2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region. 3. Several constraints and challenges must

Corrections Gius, Mark. 1999 . The Economics of
Words: 5533 Length: 20 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 45479742

Corrections Gius, Mark. (1999). The Economics of the Criminal Behavior of Young Adults: Estimation of an Economic Model of Crime with a Correction for Aggregate Market and Public Policy Variables. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology. October 01. Retrieved November 07, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site. Mark Gius uses a combination of individual-level and county-level data to estimate an economic model of crime for young adults. This data is similar

Piaf, Pam Gems Provides a View into
Words: 46193 Length: 125 Pages Topic: Drama - English Paper #: 73251446

In "Piaf," Pam Gems provides a view into the life of the great French singer and arguably the greatest singer of her generation -- Edith Piaf. (Fildier and Primack, 1981), the slices that the playwright provides, more than adequately trace her life. Edith was born a waif on the streets of Paris (literally under a lamp-post). Abandoned by her parents -- a drunken street singer for a mother and a

International Political Economy the Issue
Words: 5133 Length: 20 Pages Topic: Business Paper #: 71633555

They are used to the existing state-based system of commercial regulation, and there are several reasons why they might wish to maintain it. The advantage of using this system is that the MNCs know the system well, and the system uses effective tools for managing and currently provides them with significant leverage. They have proved adept at using leverage: globalization has forced firms to raise efficiency and adopt cost-minimization