Music Culture of German Research Paper

Excerpt from Research Paper :

German Culture

In the music field, Germany boasts of some of the world's most renowned producers, composers and performers. Germany is the third largest music market in the world and the largest in Europe. The earliest roots of the music culture in Germany are within monastic chants and religious music. The 12th century saw the mystic abbess Hildegard who was from Bingen writing storing compositions and hymns. These were sought to be free musical expressions coming from narrow conventions. Between the 12th and 14th century, minnesingers who were wandering nobles and knights wrote and recited love poems in country version in the tradition of French trovers and troubadours. Out of the many minnesingers during that period of time, Reinmar Von Hagenau and Walther Von de Vogelweide were the most famous ones. Apart from the minnesingers there was also the development of a secular folk music tradition. There are collections of vagabond ands student music that have survived that include the Carmina Burana verses wrote in the 13th century Bavaria. These were set off in the 20th century by Carl Orlf. Between the 14th and 16th century the German middle class was in favor of rigid music styles that were composed by musicians and poets that were part of the Meistersinger guild (Counterquest, 2009).

Classical music in Germany started from the 16th Century to the present day. Germans had assumed a leading role when it came to the development of classical music. This kind of music is valued all over Germany. Children are often encouraged to play musical instruments or take part in choirs and orchestras. Many schools in Germany support classical German music and teach children about this music.

The period between 16th and 17th Century saw the arrival of polyphonic music that involves interweaving of simultaneous melodies in Germany in form of protestant chorale. In contrast to the traditional catholic service music, the protestant chorale that was now coming up was slowly becoming participant music of the faithful.

The baroque music age that comprised of exuberant ornamentation started with Johann Sebastian Bach, one of the greatest composers in Germany. His work of the early 1700s as admired because it had an artistic touch through the use of counterpoint. This includes formal Brandenburg; concertos for violin, four orchestral suites, keyboard and several wind instruments such as fugues, preludes and a large volume of choral works that include his Christmas Oratorio.

As at the 1740s princely courts in cities such as Dresden, Berlin, Vienna and Mannheim had come up to sponsor orchestral music, the composers and also musicians. Esterhazy the princes of Vienna were patrons of Joseph Haydn an Australian that came up with the classical format of symphony, string quartet and sonata. Later within tat century, Wolfgang Mozart came up and he mixed German and Italian traditions using his own style.

The century that followed saw tow German composers gaining fame; Franz Schubert and Ludwig Van Beethoven. Beethoven used daring harmonies and rhythm and came up with numerous pieces for violin, string quartets, symphonies, piano and an opera. Schubert on the other…

Sources Used in Document:

References

Joseph, A. (2012). Ten Reasons to love German culture: German Giants of classical Music. Retrieved September, 26 2014 from http://theculturetrip.com/europe/germany/articles/ten-reasons-to-love-german-culture-german-giants-of-classical-music-/

InterNations.org. (2014). The German Music scene. Retrieved September, 26 2014 from http://www.internations.org/germany-expats/guide/16030-culture-shopping-recreation/the-german-music-scene-16028

Countriesquest. (2009). Culture, Music. Retrieved September 26, 2014 from http://www.countriesquest.com/europe/germany/culture/music.htm

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