Predictors of Daily Smoking in Adolescents Article Review

Excerpt from Article Review :

Predictors of the Transition From Experimental to Daily Smoking Among Adolescents in the United States" the authors sought to identify certain factors that influence the transition to daily smoking by American adolescents. They used Problem Behavior Theory (PBT), demographics, and non-theory-related factors as various characteristics that can predict an adolescent's transition from experimental smoking to daily. Problem Related Theory (PBT) is a theoretical framework that is used to identify certain problem behavior prevalent in adolescents which correlate to undesirable social behavior. (Jessor, 1991, p.52) The data came from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (ADD) collected by the Carolina Population Center at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Quantitative Design

Because the authors were attempting to determine the different factors involved in the transition from experimental to daily smoking, the study can be considered to be a predictive correlational design. Experimental smoking after one year was the criterion variable while daily smoking was the predictor variable and the study was designed to determine the factors involved in the transition from one to the other.

II. Steps of Quantitative Analysis

The gathering of the information used in the study came from a 45 minute questionnaire and two in-person interviews. The questionnaires were completed by some 90,000 students and the ones chosen for interviews were those who had admitted to being experimental smokers, or those who had tried smoking but had not yet reached the daily definition of smoking at least one cigarette a day for thirty days. Of those who were admitted experimental smokers some 4,903 were chosen as a baseline and interviewed at home about factors related to smoking. One year later those experimental smokers were re-interviewed to determine the number who had transitioned to daily smokers as well as the factors involved. (Park, 2009, p.104) The data collected was then analyzed using multinomial logistic regression analysis to determine influential predictors that affect the transition from experimental smoking to daily smoking.

III. Level of Significance Concept

This study makes great use of statistics as the means of predicting future smoking behavior among adolescents and in doing so involves the concept of level of significance. As a concept the level of significance is…

Sources Used in Document:

References

Park, Sunhee, Weaver, Terri, and Daniel Romer. (2009). "Predictors of the Transition

From Experimental to Daily Smoking Among Adolescents in the United States"

Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing 14 (2). Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1744-6155.2009.00183.x/full

Jessor, Richard, Donovan, John, and Frances Costa. (1991). "Adolescent Health Behavior

Cite This Article Review:

"Predictors Of Daily Smoking In Adolescents" (2014, July 31) Retrieved August 18, 2019, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/predictors-of-daily-smoking-in-adolescents-190900

"Predictors Of Daily Smoking In Adolescents" 31 July 2014. Web.18 August. 2019. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/predictors-of-daily-smoking-in-adolescents-190900>

"Predictors Of Daily Smoking In Adolescents", 31 July 2014, Accessed.18 August. 2019,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/predictors-of-daily-smoking-in-adolescents-190900