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people using rail in the country has grown by 50 per cent and is mainly driven by sensitivity to the environmental. As a result the government has introduced an investment in a railway network and service improvements that will sustain the growth. This project has triggered some debate where some feel that the network is necessary and that it will benefit those who are inclined to use rail as a preferred means of transportation. The government through the department of transportation makes a case for the development of the line arguing that the line will link major centres in the UK. The line is expected to benefit businesses by improving the links between the major terminals thereby saving time and creating more job and business opportunities. In addition, HS2 is most likely to reduce a substantial amount of CO2 emissions as recommended by the Climate Change Act 2008.
Department for Transport (2009), reveal that rail passenger in the country has grown by 50 per cent driven by sensitivity to the environmental. This has led to the establishment of the first investment in a railway network and service improvements that will sustain the growth. The government commissioned the £15.9bn new east-west line with the capacity of 200 million people a year and is due in 2017. The High Speed 2 (HS2) is a proposed railway that will provide alternative connection to various destinations from the Midlands in England, Northern England, and possibly the middle Scotland belt. The project will be managed by High Speed Two Ltd., which is commissioned by the United Kingdom government. The main route is expected to take the shape of letter "Y" from London and Birmingham then dividing into two leading to Manchester, and the other to Leeds through East Midlands. This line is to be constructed in stages with the first one being that between London and Birmingham, which will be an express route.
The HS2 has sparked much public debate. There are those who feel that the network is necessary and that it will benefit those who are increasingly adopting rail as a means of commuting to and from various terminals. The Department of transportation makes a case for the development of the line arguing that there is need for a high speed rail network linking "London, Birmingham, Manchester and Leeds through East Midlands and South Yorkshire" (Department of Transport 2011).[footnoteRef:1] The Department further predict that their strategic assessment indicate that HS2 between London and Birmingham would be the leading stage of a network that will revolutionize rail transport in the United Kingdom. This will offer favourable economic case both on its own and as part of the broader network.[footnoteRef:2] However, other has argued that the line is unnecessary because it is expensive and will not address the pertinent transportation issues in the country. [1: Department of Transport 2011, Economic Case for HS2, viewed 16 December 2012,
HS2 (2011 ), in a paper set to examine the demand for rail travel, conclude that there has been considerable growth in demand for long distance rail travel. The higher income segment are more willing to travel by rail and make more trips a fact attributed to economic and population growth.[footnoteRef:3] In their paper, they reveal that their forecasts continue the past growth, but at a minimal level than earlier mentioned. They predict that long distance rail just as air travel will continue to grow at a fast rate as compared to other transportation means.[footnoteRef:4] In differrent report, HS2 (2011 ) examine the economic impacts of the HS2. The report indicate that the project will have considerable [3: HS2 2011, Demand for Long Distance Travel, viewed 16 December 2012.] [4: Ibid]
impacts on the areas that it will serve and that there could also be benefit from other transport network.[footnoteRef:5] The report goes further to reveal that greatest impact would be from direct benefits from the users themselves. The forecast suggest a £21,900 million as value of present benefits and a further 82% of this to be transportation benefits and 18% on broader economic impact.[footnoteRef:6] On the contrary, AGAHST Federation (2011), reveal in their manifesto that the plan for a High Speed 2 railway line will offer little help to the majority of people and is quite expensive, which will add to the public debt. The federation assert that the HS2 fails to address many current transport issues. There is an alternative that is…[continue]
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HS2 proposal is a government project to build a one hundred mile long High Speed Rail (HSR) line between London and Birmingham, England that, once completed, will have the capacity of carrying 28 trains per hour. These trains will be capable of 220 -- 250-mile per hour. It is projected by some experts that this line will reduce journey times from London to other cities by up to 30 minutes.
As a result of these major issues and ineffectiveness of the project, future research on the project should focus on the development of a suitable alternative for the new high speed railway. The development of a cost-effective and less expensive alternative should be based on accurate financial analysis and precise projections of economic benefits. In literature review, there are 1,090 words between the background and conclusion sections. References: BetterthanHS2.org (2011), A
The National Safety Council approximates the entire losses owing to traffic accidents in 2011 was about $250 billion. There were somewhere in the region of 3 trillion vehicle miles, and 1.7 people per vehicle, so all this protection cost of cars comes to 4.6 cents a passenger mile (as it turns out is more than twice more normal approximations). By means of this 4.6 cent number, a rail line that
Public and mass transit are issues confronting nearly every nation as well as many individual municipalities. The UK is no exception and there are currently many proposals on the docket than attempt to resolve mass transit for distance and commute that are rapid and more environmentally sustainable than individual automobile transportation. One of those transportation proposals is HS 2, a high speed train network that would connect many locations,
HS2 The British government is set to spend billions of dollars to build a High Speed Rail (HSR) line that will run between London and Birmingham. Opinions on this project have been as varied as they are vitriolic. For every person that sees the enormous benefits of the project, an opposite member of society sees the huge drawbacks that such a project can entail. There has already been a large amount
G. Chunnel), take upwards of 1.5 to 2 decades to adequately plan and construct. Thus, no is the time to look forward to the future of railway in Britain and invest in the possible. This will, in fact, protect the next two generations from being saddled with even higher debt and potentially a lower rate of benefits (Department of Transport 2009). However, other research shows that the government's economic case is
In HS2: Valuing the benefits of HS2 (London-West Midlands), the authors consider the direct benefits and disbenefits to users, the wider economic impact, and other economic and social impacts arising from land use changes. The major benefits for users are journey time savings, reduced crowding, and improved reliability. Though HS2 would generate profits, it would cost the government money to implement it. Finally, Dr. J Savin conducted a financial