The Jungian model uses rationality and spirituality in place of Freudian sexuality as the main determiners of personality. Jung also believed that personality continued to evolve until at least middle-age; far later then the pubescent cementing of personality that Freud described. In today's world, Jungian types (with the additional differentiation between perceiving and judging) are used much more often than Freudian models.
Another great personality theorist was Carl Rogers. Rogers took a vast departure from both Feud and Jung in his basic approach to psychology and especially when it came to personality. Rather than ever seeing personality as a finished product, Rogers believed that the innate purpose of a human individual was fulfillment of our genetic capabilities through the completion of positive works, a drive that he called the actualizing tendency. Personality is born through the relationship of an individual's self-concept with their inborn potential -- the closer the two ideals are, the more full functioning that person is, and the more independent and happy their personality will appear. The reverse is also true; if someone's self-concept is very far from their potential, they may become withdrawn, harsh, and bitter. These people also by definition submit to the desires of other people rather than listening to their own; basically, it is the denial of their personality that makes them into defensive people.
Choose three of your favorite television characters; past or present.
Complete the following matrix describing the characters' personalities from the point-of-view of the three theorists, Jung, Freud, and Rogers.
1. Archie Bunker
Introverted Sensing Thinker
Un-actualized and with a degraded self-concept; mid-level functioning
Misguided parenting in the anal and phallic stages created a misogynistic and self-centered man with low self-esteem
2. Homer Simpson
Extroverted Intuitive Feeler
Near-fully functioning; his actions are guided by his own positive desires with compassion but not regard for other's feelings
Over-indulgence in the oral stage created a gluttonous Pollyanna worldview
3. George Castanza
Extroverted Sensing Thinker
Plagued by doubt and self-questioning, he is constantly attempting to adjust his self-concept to match what he perceives as what others would like Severe disturbances during the anal stage have created a series of neuroses and anxieties culminating in an extremely nervous…