Fragmentation In Intergovernmental Relations Essay


Overlapping Model of IGR Presentation Preparation

1 Introduction

This presentation describes and discusses Deil Wrights seminal work on IGR. It identifies the model, describes three types of IGR, explains how they relate, and what is meant by cooperation, conflict, competition and fragmentation.

2 Deil Wrights Seminal Work

Deil Wright's seminal work on intergovernmental relations (IGR) proposed a model that has been widely influential in both academic and policy circles. In his view, IGR can be understood as the ways in which different levels of government interact with one another.

This interaction can take many forms, including cooperation, conflict, competition, and fragmentation (Hamilton & Stenberg, 2018).

3 Three Types of IGR

Wright's model identifies three main types of IGR: horizontal, vertical, and diagonal. Horizontal IGR occurs between units at the same level of government, such as between two provinces. Vertical IGR takes place between units at different levels of government, such as between the federal government and a province or state. Diagonal IGR involves interactions between units that are not at the same level of government, such as between a municipality government of one state and the government of another state.

4 How They Interact and Overlap

These three types of IGR are not mutually exclusive; in fact, they often overlap and interact with one another. In reality, these types of IGR are often intertwined. For example, horizontal IGR may involve negotiations between different provinces in Canada, while vertical IGR may come into play...…power and resources (Burke & Brudney, 2018).

8 Coordination

Coordinated IGR exists when there is some degree of coordination between different levels of government, but not necessarily a full consensus.

9 Fragmentation

Fragmented IGR occurs when there is little or no communication or coordination between different levels of government.

10 Conclusion

Wright's model has proven to be a valuable tool for understanding the complex ways in which different levels of government interact with one another. Interestingly, Deil Wright's intergovernmental relations (IGR) model can be used to help us understand both the potential for conflict and the potential for cooperation between different levels of government. But as we can see, then, the IGR model provides a helpful way of understanding the potential for both conflict…

Sources Used in Documents:


Burke, B. F., & Brudney, J. L. (2018). Why We Fight: Conflict and “Coping” in Twenty-First-Century Intergovernmental Relations. In Intergovernmental relations in transition (pp. 58-74). Routledge.

Hamilton, D. K., & Stenberg, C. W. (2018). Introduction: Intergovernmental Relations inTransition. In Intergovernmental Relations in Transition (pp. 1-12). Routledge.

Kincaid, J. (2018). Why coercion and cooperation coexist in American federalism.

In Intergovernmental relations in transition (pp. 37-57). Routledge.

Stenberg, C. W., & Hamilton, D. K. (2018). Back to the Future?: The Road Ahead.

In Intergovernmental Relations in Transition (pp. 276-284). Routledge.

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