Vietnam Conflict To Viet Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

More often than not, the plan of containment has been used to describe U.S. foreign policy. It is equally frequently traced back to the achievements of President Truman with regard to the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

In 1950, there was a shift in foreign U.S. policy after President Truman moved from passive to active containment by signing the top-secret policy plan NSC-68. It took a much more drastic approach towards the spread of Communism, which according to the new twist, claimed that Russia was en route for the domination of the world. It should be noted however that the doctrine had some major weaknesses and was repeatedly subject to contradictory interpretations. This may have led several other presidents and policy makers to toy with it at will. It could also very well explain some of the many long involvements of the U.S. In diverse wars and conflicts around the world.

Impact of the Truman Doctrine

The Truman Doctrine had a great impact through out the entire expanse. Its effects were felt in Europe as well, notably in the West in countries like France and Italy which harbored very influential Communist groups. In order to keep Communist groups from wielding power, support was given to concerned governments in various forms. They were most times counter responses to Soviet endeavors.

The Truman Doctrine reversed the Monroe Doctrine and paved the way for the Marshall Plan which advocated for a policy of 'collective security'. This brought America and Europe closer. Russia interpreted the U.S.' military aid to other nations and potential Soviet allies as a direct attack on Soviet Communism. This set of guidelines reinforced NATO and eventually led to the creation of the CIA and increased tensions between the U.S. And Europe on the one hand and Russia and her allies on the other. The Cold War was already obvious.

There were also negative consequences for Truman's ideology. It led America into many conflicts around the globe. Of particular interest here is the war in Vietnam. With the outbreak of war in Korea, America wanted to help France maintain her Vietnamese colonies. But this led to further complications. Michael O'Malley asserts that

"Under President Harry Truman, the United States had established a foreign policy doctrine called "containment." Originated by George Kennan, Dean Acheson, and other diplomats and policy advisors, the policy of "containment" aimed not to fight an all out war with the communist Soviet Union, but rather to confine communism and the Soviet Union to their existing boundaries. This doctrine led directly to the Vietnam war."6

Aftermath of the Truman Doctrine

The after effects of the Truman Doctrine are many and varied. The policy was both applauded and decried. One can infer that it was however successful to some extent. Recalling its original goal, O'Malley writes: "…communism, and the Soviet Union, must be contained. The doctrine of containment argued that all-out war should be avoided, but the U.S. should pledge itself to stopping any new communist governments, or preventing any existing communist governments from expanding."7 In reality, it was only the first in a series of containment steps to ensure economic and military stability through the Marshall Plan and the establishment of NATO. It also set the pace for the Cold War. But on the whole it brought about a greater sense of global security.

Conclusion

The Truman Doctrine was initially conceived for the good of smaller nations in a bid to stop stronger nations from oppressing weaker ones. It is worthy of note that it was for a reasonable cause. The Doctrine has both its strengths and weaknesses. All in all, it was about time for America to stand up as a global leader, end her policy of isolationism and lead the world in a new direction. This may not have been the case all along, but nevertheless, it was a good and fresh start. Politics will always be politics -- a game to either be won or lost.

End Notes

1 KENNAN, "861.00/2-2246: Telegram." 800.00B International Red Day/2-2546: Airgram .

2 "Truman Doctrine," Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2011. Web. 18 Jun. 2011.

.

3 Truman Doctrine, PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN'S ADDRESS BEFORE A JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS, MARCH 12, 1947. 2008 Lillian Goldman Law Library. .

4 See The 'Long Telegram' (n.d.) .

5 Barton J. Bernstein, "Containment." Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy. 2002. Encyclopedia.com. 18 Jun. 2011 .

6 Michael O'Malley, "The Vietnam War and the Tragedy of Containment."

.

7 Michael O'Malley, "The Vietnam War and the Tragedy of Containment."

.[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Vietnam Conflict To Viet" (2011, June 18) Retrieved December 5, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/vietnam-conflict-to-viet-42608

"Vietnam Conflict To Viet" 18 June 2011. Web.5 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/vietnam-conflict-to-viet-42608>

"Vietnam Conflict To Viet", 18 June 2011, Accessed.5 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/vietnam-conflict-to-viet-42608

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Vietnam Lessons Learned From the American Experience

    Vietnam Lessons learned from the American experience of the Vietnam War. Vietnam has been called America's first and only completely 'lost' war, even though it was never officially declared to be a war at all. The clumsy diplomatic relations which characterized American involvement in Vietnam from the beginning were a harbinger of troubles to come. The roots of the conflict can be traced to the aftermath of World War II, when French-backed

  • Vietnam War or Second Indochina

    " (The Wars for Vietnam) There was also in increase in bombing and the air war over North Vietnam. Conflict intensified and Nixon severely bombed targets in Hanoi and Haiphong in 1972. This action brought condemnation for the international community and further increased the problematics for America of pursuing the war. This was to have the effect of forcing the Nixon administration to reconsider its negotiation strategies. After fifteen years of

  • Vietnam War Cultural Cohesion No

    To that end, the northern Vietnamese forces and the Viet Cong in the south were looking to actually unify with the southern portion of this country -- which is evinced by the fact that shortly after the end of the war Vietnam was indeed united once again. Although this conception of the significance of the war is primarily political in nature, U.S. military forces could have used a more

  • Vietnam Turning Point the Alleged Attack on

    Vietnam Turning Point The Alleged Attack on U.S. Maddox in 1964 Why is your chosen turning point actually a turning point and not just another event? The incident leading up to the claim of an attack against the U.S. Maddox, a Destroyer naval vessel is a turning point in history. This is because it sparked the beginning of a war with Vietnam that would last nearly ten years and divide and change U.S.

  • Vietnam Every American President Basically

    S. mission in Vietnam. Whenever he had the chance, he restated the nation's moral commitment. His morally-grounded idealistic rhetoric gained him definite advantages. His arguments made him sound tough and pleased those with an equally hard-line position against communism in Southeast Asia. He could also use these arguments to justify and support his policies, such as when Congress threatened to reduce foreign aid. He insisted that foreign aid was an

  • Vietnam Ho Chi Minh s Dream

    South Vietnam, it believed, could be a base for the desired ability to mount military and economic operations throughout the globe and regardless of the insidious presence of communist influence, a premise which stood in direct contrast to Ho Chi Minh's dream. Indeed, as an official policy, leaders in Washington considered that the fall of South Vietnam to communism would be a pathway to the prevalence of communism in other

  • Vietnam Was a Situation That

    Given the prevailing view today, though, that the war was an error and achieved nothing except to destroy a lot of lives on both sides, Lind's belief that his view will one day prevail seems disingenuous at best. The biases of the time are not as strong today as they were 30 years ago, and yet no real change in how the war is viewed has taken place. The


Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved