Aizenman N C The High Cost Annotated Bibliography

Excerpt from Annotated Bibliography :

"Criminology & Public Policy 7.1 (2008): 37-42. The research study conducted experiments which provided information on the most effective means of treatment within the criminal justice system in regards to its incarcerated. This study is an experimental study of intervention on the payments of court-ordered financial obligations. It is afinding within the research that court-ordered fines cannot be dealt with seriously. The study involves experiments on these interventions and their outcomes. The outcomes were then analyzed in terms of how much they are directly costing for the criminal justice system. This has to do with the increasing population of the incarcerated, and how to effectively keep them in line. It has been found that ways of keeping them incapacitated have been costing the government a lot of money, and there needs to be new ways in going about this. These studies made it possible for the criticisms to provide answers to the much needed questions and recommendations the study is looking for. Studies have find that individuals who have committed a nonserious offense are required to pay a court-ordered fine, after this, they will be labelled with a delinquent status. This is instead of incarererating those of misdemeanor offenses, raising the population of the incarcerated and causing a problem of space within jails, and in turn costing the government money through which they will get from taxpayers.

Reinhard, Christopher. "Cost of Incarceration and Cost of a Career Criminal." 13 February 2008. 2 October 2010. Web. . The author of this article is a senior attorney, specializing in criminology. He is a credible author because he has worked within the justice system and is familiar of how things run. The article answers the question of the costs of incarceration and also the costs of having a career criminal on the street. This study is focused in Connecticut. The author gathered information from the Office of Fiscal Analysis, this information is the annual costs of incarcerating an inmate. All the information included fringe benefits, statewide allocation and program distribution. Also, information from the Deparment of Correction was found, and they calculated the cost of bulding and equipment depreciation in terms of jail facilities. The study made the use of charts and data to analyze these findings and come to conlusions in which a recommendation can be implemented. However, the costs of a career criminal were not discovered, however a study by a one Professor Mark Cohen from Vanderbilt University was able to break down a lifetime of costs which were imposed by a career criminal. This study focused on a target population of chronic juvenille offenders and was used in Reinhard's study to back up his own study. Reinhard broke down all the costs to incarcerate an offender in a Connecticuit facility and provided the information in tables.

-- Texas Department of Criminal Justice. "Death Row Facts." 6 March 2007. Texas Department of Criminal Justice. 1 October 2010. Web. . This website of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice offers statistics and data collected throughout history in order to come up with reliable facts about the death row in texas. It provides a brief on the hisory of the death row, and how capital punishment was administered. They gave statistics on how many brothers were executed together, the last one being during the year 1999 by lethal injection. The information about how the styles of executions have changed over time. The article gives statistics and data on the most notorious of criminals, and how they were dealt with. The webpage also provides a list of Capital Offenses according to Texas law, and Capital Punishment in the United States. This information was retrieved from the Bureau of Justice and Statistics and was analyzed by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. The webpage also provides information on the properties of the lethal injection, and how much it would cost to administer it. Tables were provided regarding information on the average time a person spends from death row to execution. The shortest time comes up to almost a year. Also, information on the longest time spent in death row, the youngest as well as the eldest during execution. This source is relable because it is a government…

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