Democratic and Republican Parties Politics Term Paper

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The Democratic Party did not win another presidential election until 1913 when Woodwork Wilson was elected due to a split vote between Republican conservative candidate, William Howard Taft and Republican progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt.

The New Freedom "was the slogan of Woodrow Wilson who came into presidential office on the platform of promising reform on a liberal basis. Specifically, through an extension of Federal regulations of banking and industry. Further reform through setting up the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Trade Commission as well as strengthening antitrust statutes on the part of Wilson. Much needed reforms to legislation of welfare was attended by Wilson. Wilson's first Administration demonstrated breaking of connections to the old tradition of Democratic laissez faire.

The Republican Party:

The Republican Party united once again nominated Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876. Although the Democratic candidate, Samuel Tilden, was said to have won by popular votes, the election, disputed due to electoral vote irregularities in Oregon as well as Florida and two other states in the South.

The Republican Party passed the Dingley Tariff of 1897 which one of the highest in history levied a tax of 57% on most imported goods. The Payne Aldrich Tariff of 1909 greatly lowered the tariff
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rates. A brief period of imperialistic government ensured and was demonstrated in the Spanish-American War in 1898.

The Progressive Republican "Bull Moose Party."

The Progressive Party of 1912 was named the "Bull Moose Party, which was formed when a faction of the Republican Party became discontent with the conservative administration of Williams Howard Taft and formed what is known as the National Progressive Republican League. Personal and political reasons brought about President Teddy Roosevelt breaking with his old colleague and friend Taft.

Roosevelt joined the Progressive Party and was subsequently nominated for President. Hiram W. Johnson ran with Roosevelt in the capacity of vice-president and this party became known as the Bull Moose Party. Roosevelt's platform was for woman's suffrage, downward reform of tariffs, social reforms and popular election of U.S. senators.


The Post-Civil War history in relation to politics was constantly shifting and shaping to adjust and adapt to the new developments in belief systems and the world at large.. Policies were being passed that went directly against the tenets of the Constitution, which are still impacting the lives of Americans in the present day. And yet, in the present day the reforming, reshaping and realigning in politics continues on.


Historical Eras [Online] available at

The United States Encyclopedia of History (1967) Vol. 6 Curtis Publishing…

Sources Used in Documents:


Historical Eras [Online] available at

The United States Encyclopedia of History (1967) Vol. 6 Curtis Publishing Company Philadelphia - New York

Democratic and Republic Parties

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