English French Theatre Similarities and Research Paper

Download this Research Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Research Paper:

The machines were used to create vertical and horizontal movements which had not been done before. In other words, a god could be pictured using the machine as floating down onto the stage, or boats moving across it. Night or dawn could appear, or ghosts (Lawrenson 92). Most of these machine-plays were produced at the Theatre du Marais. There is a difference here, too. The French machine plays reached the public, whereas the English masques of the early century were performed mainly for royalty. Certainly the stage sets for court ballets and opera were more elaborate and special than the public designs since they were subsidized by the royal coffers.

Both English and French theatre took over the new Italian techniques for changing scenery. The French theatre abandoned triangular prisms used in conjunction with painted backdrops. At the beginning, these were painted simultaneously and dropped over or pulled back to reveal another scene (Lawrenson 85). The scenes or the built stage had all kinds of buildings: castles, fortresses, temples, palaces, mountains, prisons, gardens, terraces, tombs, forests, grottoes, town squares, landscapes, and street scenes were included. Lighting effects were used to indicate day and night, whereas in the English theatre lighting was typically done through natural light, windows, and positioning of the stage in addition to candles (see Graves). Later under the influence of Italian designers like Torelli, the use of flats and prisms allowed the scenery to change (Brockett and Hildy 197). This was the development of the flat wings that slid in grooves in the Baroque theatre. It was a "scenery changing system that differed from the angled wings and revolving wooden prisms . . . This new scenery consisted of a series of flat batten frames, covered with painted canvas and sliding sideways in grooves" (Berthold 420). Different aspects of the wings could be displayed to the audience, giving the impression of a scene change. This innovation increased the spectacle since changes in scenery appeared as if magically.

In England, the same technique of stage scenery adapted to the exhibition of scenes. Campbell says that "the shifting or changing of scenes was a spectacular device, desired because of its showy and startling possibilities" (Campbell 151). What was important was concealing the change of scenery through distraction -- lights and motion were directed elsewhere so that the change of scenery was scarcely discernible. She writes, "This method of dazzling the eyes of the spectators was evidently effective, for it was the usual method thereafter adopted by Jones for concealing a change of scene" (Campbell 173). Special effects tricks like smoke and flames coming through trap-doors on the stage, or a sea shown by shaking painted cloth, accompanied the spectacle. The use of movable scenes and machines in private rectangular theatres became common later than in France. This stage engineering served the public delight in spectacle.

The development of music is perhaps the best contrast. In England, professional singers were used rather than singing actors (actor-musicians) as in France. English playhouses employed groups of children singers (Munro 545-46). They sang consort songs accompanied by viols and lutes. There was music and dancing before, during interludes, and after the performance. Song seems to be more important than in France, and it is a style different from opera. In the plays, music was employed for weddings, funerals, military scenes, and for atmospheric music as during supernatural scenes (Munro 551). There is also a kind of stereotyped time when singing happens (as for example to show that a man is mad or in love). The boy singers sang to convey the master's emotions. The music of the masque was used to accompany and highlight dance. Brockett and Hildy write, "The major emphasis, however, was upon dance, which was performed by courtiers" (Brockett and Hildy 132). In France, courtiers would come to be separated from professional dancers, but not in England. The main dances were embedded in the masque, sometimes accompanied by children torchbearers. This trend continued in private theatres and royal halls alike. Small orchestras were employed. Incidental songs were frequent. There was a jig at the end. In addition, music tended to follow the[continue]

Cite This Research Paper:

"English French Theatre Similarities And" (2010, April 23) Retrieved December 7, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/english-french-theatre-similarities-and-2142

"English French Theatre Similarities And" 23 April 2010. Web.7 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/english-french-theatre-similarities-and-2142>

"English French Theatre Similarities And", 23 April 2010, Accessed.7 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/english-french-theatre-similarities-and-2142

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • History and Development of Sound Technologies and Sound Design in...

    sound technologies and sound design in Film Sound in films Experiments in Early Age Developments Crucial innovations Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan Sound Design Unified sound in film production Sound designers in Cinematography Sound Recording Technologies History of Sound Recording Technology Film sound technology Modern Digital Technology History of sound in films Developments Sound Design Sound Recording Technologies The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The

  • Second Language Learning Motivations of

    The acculturation model developed by Schumann (1978) consists of a taxonomy of variables that were developed based on the concept that both social (group) and affective (individual) variables are the primary causative variables as shown in Table __ below. In this regard, the term "acculturation" is used to refer to the learner's positive identification with, and hence social and psychological integration with, the target language group. For instance, Schumann

  • Morphology Personal Name Truncations

    Morphology A large range of the academic literature centering on the sociological as well as the cultural and linguistic properties of nicknaming can be found. This literature mostly focuses on only sociological and/or cultural properties and/or the linguistic properties but mostly with varying working definitions of the term nickname. For example, some researchers (e.g., Slater and Feinman 1985) notice the structural and sociological commonalities among both the formal and the nicknames

  • Earl of Rochester Aphra Behn Masks

    Earl of Rochester / Aphra Behn Masks and Masculinities: Gender and Performance in the Earl of Rochester's "Imperfect Enjoyment" and Aphra Behn's "The Disappointment" Literature of the English Restoration offers the example of a number of writers who wrote for a courtly audience: literary production, particularly in learned imitation of classical models, was part of the court culture of King Charles II. The fact of a shared model explains the remarkable similarities between "The

  • Social Criticism of Luces De

    According to Parsons (2003), "Coincident with the growing avant-garde fascination with silent film, cinema was becoming the ultimate embodiment of modern mass culture" (90). The "modern mass culture" that was emerging in Europe at this time was a reactionary one that became known as a bohemian lifestyle that was personified by Valle-Inclan. In this regard, his biographer emphasizes that, "His behavior at the time showed contempt for the rational world

  • Auteur Theory Is Familiar to Anyone Who

    Auteur theory is familiar to anyone who is a fan of the French cinema because the word originated as a description of a certain type of French film. Basically, it was a style that was directly connected to the director of the film, usually because he was both the involved in both writing the screenplay and directing the film. In the movies Week End by Jean-Luc Godard and The 400

  • American Revolution Many People Understand

    Regardless of how limited this particular scope lie within colonial society, it set a new precedent for a new form of virtue. The debate over which type of virtue prevailed within the Continental Congress for four years; it seemed as if the classical virtue was diminishing. The notion of classical virtue involved adherence to social norms that were streamlined with an aristocratic government and monarchy. Even Richard Henry Lee conceded that


Read Full Research Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved