Civil War & Slavery Although Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

When more territories were acquired by the U.S. As a result of the Mexican Wars, another uneasy 'Compromise Measure of 1850' was reached that admitted California as a 'free state' and allowed the rest of the states, i.e., Texas, New Mexico and Arizona to decide for themselves whether to permit slavery or not. The tensions between the North and the South went up another notch when the Senate passed the 'Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854' which repealed the prohibition of slavery in the territories north of 36° 30' latitude previously agreed in the 'Missouri Compromise.' In reaction to the repealing of the Missouri Compromise, antislavery groups formed a new party (called the Republican Party) that was committed to containing slavery (Gallagher, 2006).

Other Causes of the Civil War: Apart from slavery, the American Civil War was also fought over the issue of preservation of the rights of the individual states. The Southern states believed that they had the right to decide their own policies rather than being controlled by the federal government from Washington. The Union was considered a "voluntary compact" by the Southern states that had been entered into by independent, sovereign states for as long as it served their purpose. Moreover, the economies of the North, South, and the newly acquired Northwest Territories had developed in such divergent ways that they had conflicting interests. For example, the North was becoming industrialized and demanded high tariffs as protection from imported goods; the South which imported most of its manufactured goods demanded low tariffs, while the Northwest, being far from its markets of grains and cattle, needed infrastructure improvement (roads, railroads) and supported higher taxes. On second thought, however, even these 'other causes' of the Civil War were in some ways linked to the issue of slavery. For example, the major policy issue that the Southern states wanted to decide for themselves was that of slavery; they argued that the practice of slavery was an issue for states to decide while the Northern states asserted that it was the prerogative of the federal government to abolish it. Furthermore, the South had resisted industrialization mainly because they had the alternative of employing slave labor.

References

Berkowitz, C. And Moran, K.B. (2006). "Slavery In The U.S. Constitution." Worcester Women's History Project. Retrieved on September 5, 2006 at http://www.wwhp.org/Resources/Slavery/constitution.html

Epperson, J.F. (2003). "The Causes." The American Civil War. Retrieved on September 5, 2006 at http://www.swcivilwar.com/cw_causes.html

Gallagher, G. (2006). "American Civil War." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved on September 5, 2006 at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761567354/Civil_War.html

Spicer, J. (2004). "The Cause of the American Civil War: John Spicer Judges That Slavery Was the Key Factor in Producing the Conflict." History Review, (49), 45+.

The compromise was made by the founding fathers despite being opposed to slavery in principle, as they believed that slavery was a dying institution without an economic future and it would soon die its natural death.

In exchange for the fugitive slave clause, the Northern states got concessions on shipping and trade from the slave-owning Southern States.

The success of Abraham Lincoln (the candidate of the Republican Party) in the elections of 1860 proved to be the 'last straw' for the Southern states, when led by the example of South Carolina, they left the Union -- precipitating the Civil War

Civil War & Slavery

Sources Used in Document:

References

Berkowitz, C. And Moran, K.B. (2006). "Slavery In The U.S. Constitution." Worcester Women's History Project. Retrieved on September 5, 2006 at http://www.wwhp.org/Resources/Slavery/constitution.html

Epperson, J.F. (2003). "The Causes." The American Civil War. Retrieved on September 5, 2006 at http://www.swcivilwar.com/cw_causes.html

Gallagher, G. (2006). "American Civil War." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved on September 5, 2006 at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761567354/Civil_War.html

Spicer, J. (2004). "The Cause of the American Civil War: John Spicer Judges That Slavery Was the Key Factor in Producing the Conflict." History Review, (49), 45+.

Cite This Term Paper:

"Civil War & Slavery Although" (2006, September 09) Retrieved May 24, 2019, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/civil-war-amp-slavery-although-71585

"Civil War & Slavery Although" 09 September 2006. Web.24 May. 2019. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/civil-war-amp-slavery-although-71585>

"Civil War & Slavery Although", 09 September 2006, Accessed.24 May. 2019,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/civil-war-amp-slavery-although-71585