According to Stevensen and Wolfers, marriage is far from a static phenomena, and in subsequent research they contend that this specialization is far less likely, that women and men both work outside the home, marry later marriages are formed without the specific purpose of procreation. (Stevensen & Wolfers, 2007, p. 27)
Lastly, this work looked at another issue, associated with marriage and divorce, which looked at the period between 1980 and 2000 and determined that several basic trends are true of marital quality, between 1980 and 2000; marital interaction declined significantly. A decomposition analysis suggested that offsetting trends affected marital quality. Increases in marital heterogamy, premarital cohabitation, wives' extended hours of employment, and wives' job demands were associated with declines in multiple dimensions of marital quality. In contrast, increases in economic resources, decision-making equality, nontraditional attitudes toward gender, and support for the norm of lifelong marriage were associated with improvements in multiple dimensions of marital quality. Increases in husbands' share of housework appeared to depress marital quality among husbands but to improve marital quality among wives. (Amato, Johnson, Booth, & Rogers, 2004, p. 1)
All of the research associated with this topic indicates that economics is the biggest driving force behind marriage change, and most importantly education level and perceived independent economic security for women.
This work will take data from existing research as well as developing an independent set of criteria, surrounding debt load in marriage. Debt load can work as a deterrent for divorce but it can also work as a source of physiological...
As debt load is a significant aspect of family economics this work will look at education level, family income, mortgage loan, family loan, number of dependent children and parental marital status. The econometric model for the work will be Y (Marriage Retention)= B1 (FI) +B2 FL (FL $1,000-20,000 or 20,000+) +B3 (ML $150,000 or 250,000 or greater) +B4 (NDC) +B5 (PMS) It is presumed that both debt load independent variable (FL) and (ML) as well as family state (NDC) will have positive effect on the marriage retention for both gender. The cohort chosen (n 100 50M 50F) will consist of married couples in 1st or second marriage after completion of at least two years of higher education. It is presumed that the result will produce a variant that is significant for those who have greater debt load ratio to income, i.e. those with greater debt load will be less likely to be seeking divorce, up to a certain level, at which point there may be a stress factor involved in the debt load to income ratio. Presumably number of dependent children will also provide a variable result and the last independent variable (PMS) is an unknown.
There is a clear sense from the literature that marriage is an ever evolving social institution. This institution is to a large degree dependent upon economics in the micro and macro sense. This work will discuss the issue of how debt load, dependent children status as well as parental marriage status affect educated men and women differently. The development a greater understanding of marriage retention trends among this cohort is essential to a greater understanding of the changing trends. Debt can be a significant factor with regard to divorce and/or marriage retention and this work will provide significant insight into the debt load/family income ratio for educated men and women. Seeking to understand at what point the pressures of debt outstrip the incentive that collective financial burden supports marriage retention and how each varies in its effect on each gender.
Amato, P.R., Johnson, D.R., Booth, A., & Rogers, S.J. (2004). Continuity and change in marital quality between 1980 and 2000. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65 (1), 1-22.
Isen, A., & Stevensen, B. (2008, February). Women's education and family behavior: Trends in marriage, divorce and fertitlity. Topics in Demography and the Economy National Bureau of Economic Research, *-22.
Marriage - After the Ritual is Over Marriage: After the Ritual is Over Marriage as a lifestyle is far different from the actual wedding. Unfortunately, many people are very focused on the ritual of getting married and not focused on what takes place after the ritual is over. Sometimes this is so pervasive that it can cloud a person's judgment as it relates to the person he or she is marrying -
(Coleman et al., 2006) there are more significant differences between race and ethnic groups in beliefs about intergenerational assistance than are expected by chance the differences are not large. As expected, White European-Americans perceive that less help should be given to older adults than is true of African-Americans and Asian-Americans. Unexpectedly, European-Americans and Latinos rarely differ in their beliefs about intergenerational assistance. When differences exist among the three minority
Moreover, a gradual increase of divorce rate has been found in this period as well. Lyons, Linda. "Gallup Tuesday Briefing." Kids and Divorce 1.1 (2002):1-3. Citing the study of Hetherington and Kelly, Lyons provided a more positive outlook on the effects of divorce as she states that the divorce experience can be a source of empowerment for the children. Lyons also looked at teen's perception and attitude towards marriage and divorce. Mack,
Marriage Stability The success of marriage has been shown to depend on a number of variables, such as interpersonal competence (Cole and Cole, 1999), personal meanings of marriage (Timmer and Orbuch, 2001), socioeconomic status, education, wife religiosity (Brown, Orbuch, and Bauermeister, 2008), and close ties to parents (Orbuch, Bauermeister, Brown, and McKinley, 2013). The vast majority of research has focused on the perspective of parents and the various variables that influence
Divorce in the United Arab Emirates The Arab family can be described as pyramidally hierarchical, with regard to age, sex and extended. The Arab society marriage it is only designed and approved for procreation and parenting. Also, it is not regarded as a simple agreement between the two newly married, but rather as an agreement between their respective families. Hence, their marriage is carefully observed by their families and subjected to
As she explains to the reader: "I felt no fear of him, and but little shyness. Had he been a handsome heroic-looking young gentleman, I should not have dared to stand thus questioning him against his will, and offering my services unasked. I had hardly ever seen a handsome youth; never in my life spoken to one" (idem, 173). The young woman who was actually full of energy and eager