Impact of ACA From Organizational and Patients Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act/Impact of ACA from the Organizational and the Patients view

Impact of the Affordable Care act (ACA) on the population that it affected

Impact of the economics of providing care to patients from the organization's point-of-view

How will patients be affected in relationship to cost of treatment, quality of treatment, and access to treatment?

Ethical implications of this act for both the organization and the patients

Impact of the Affordable Care act (ACA) on the population that it affected

The Affordable Care Act (ACA), as initially passed, mandated Medicaid expansion, for covering a majority of low-income, as-yet-uninsured American citizens and immigrants (with legal residency in the U.S. for a minimum duration of 5 years). The United States Supreme Court, however, in the historic National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, 132 S. Ct. 2566 (2012), maintained that the obligatory Medicaid expansion proved to be unconstitutionally forced upon states. The decision rendered Medicaid expansion optional for states (NCIOM, 205a).

From autumn 2013, outreach and informative drives will be conducted with regards to individual insurance directive and new health insurance coverage plans. Households having low to moderate incomes, such as from 100% to 400% of the FPL (federal poverty line), will be entitled to obtain subsidies to aid them with buying health insurance schemes from newly-instituted health insurance "exchanges." Both Medicaid and the Exchanges should make use of the same enrollment application form. Therefore, when individuals submit an application for private insurance coverage via the Exchange, they are simultaneously applying for Medicaid as well; income will form the base for determining eligibility. North Carolina's Division of Medical Assistance (DMA), which is the authority in the State responsible for administering Medicaid, projected that, 69,683 presently-eligible individuals, yet to be enrolled, would obtain coverage in the year 2014. By 2021, this is projected to rise to 87,127 eligible candidates (NCIOM, 2015a).

Newly Eligibles

The ACA, when implemented, ensured health coverage under Medicaid to a large number of non-elderly citizens and immigrants, having a maximum modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) of 138% of Federal Poverty Level (FPL) from 1st January, 2014. To be eligible, an individual should be a citizen or lawful immigrant of the U.S., residing for a minimum of 5 years in the country. ACA eliminated resource limits and categorical limitations for a majority of adults. Medicaid expansion was rendered optional for individual states by the U.S. Supreme Court in a historic ruling. The expenses associated with new entitled persons' coverage will be borne by the federal government: total Medicaid costs during the initial 3 financial years (2014 through 2016) for new entitled candidates, which will be lowered to 90% of costs from the year 2020 (NCIOM, 2015b).

Impact of the economics of providing care to patients from the organization's point-of-view

There will be a transfer of $0.5 trillion from the private economy to healthcare expenses. This will decrease funding for innovation and growth of jobs in the private sector, and funds will also be lost for deficit reductions in future. While one can be comforted by the fact that the ACA has been estimated to lower the deficit by 143 billion dollars, this can only be done if one overlooks the transfer of considerable sums of newly generated income from the non-healthcare sectors towards meeting recent healthcare costs. This barely bends the curve through any credible definition. Though the overall deficit impacts of ACA will not possibly be seen for many years even after its complete implementation beginning in 2014, ACA also comprises numerous provisions such as taxes, employer fines, and new insurance directives that will more directly and instantly impact health insurance costs and decisions of employers with regards to taking on additional workers. These provisions may generate an apparent improved benefit package; however, this will come at the expense of high-priced insurance premiums, which will force employers to lower wages or the number of jobs (Howard, 2015).

How will patients be affected in relationship to cost of treatment, quality of treatment, and access to treatment?

Cost of Treatment

It has been verified by the CBO (Congressional Budget Office) that the ACA is wholly paid for, guarantees coverage to over 94% of U.S. residents, bends the curve of healthcare expenses, and lowers the deficit by 118 billion dollars in the next decade, and by a greater amount in the subsequent decade. The newly-instituted Health Benefit marketplace will offer qualified health schemes…

Sources Used in Document:

References

ACA. (2015). The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Retrieved on 13th September, 2015 from http://www.dpc.senate.gov/healthreformbill/healthbill52.pdf

Howard, P. (2015). The Impact of the Affordable Care Act On the Economy, Employers, and the Workforce. edworkforce.house.gov. Retrieved on 13 th September, 2015 from http://edworkforce.house.gov/uploadedfiles/02.09.11_howard.pdf

Kengmana, R.T. (2015). An Ethical Perspective on the Affordable Care Act. MA: Psych Central. Retrieved on 13th September, 2015 from http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://psychcentral.com/about/feedback&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=101&ts=1442202299&sig=APONPFlqjqQURNK5jFIewCvXRMJzyhz8zA

NCIOM. (2015a). Examining the Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in North Carolina. Chapter 7: Quality. Retrieved on 13th September, 2015 from https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.nciom.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Final-Ch7-Quality-FINAL.pdf&ved=0CCYQFjABahUKEwjv_JDfr_XHAhVIB44KHfLKAPg&usg=AFQjCNEdTlwW2QuvqN5Rn6qM31poi4lBUA

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