d.), Miller Brewing was the first brewery to "recover excess carbon dioxide from the brewing process for sale…to food processors for refrigeration purposes." Likewise, Miller resells its brewer's yeast to food processors instead of wasting it.
The brewery is saving money by administering its pollution prevention program. Taken together, source reduction and recycling annually are saving the company $3 million (North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance n.d.). "Capital outlays for the bulk quantity handling and storage systems and the recycling machinery total $200,000. No additional labor costs have been incurred to maintain the reduction and recycling initiatives. Accounting for capital depreciation, the payback period for Miller Brewing's waste reduction initiatives is less than 3 years," (North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance n.d.).
Electronics: Hamilton Beach/Proctor-Silex, Inc.
The electronics manufacturing industry has a lot of room for improvement and Hamilton Beach/Proctor-Silex is taking some steps towards reducing pollution at the source. The elimination of 1,1,1-trichloroethane vapor is one of the main targets for the company. One cleaning system that was actually designed in-house "from obsolete process equipment" ended up eliminating "one source of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions and spent halogenated solvent waste (F001)," (North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance n.d.).
Reducing sludge was a key to pollution reduction for Hamilton Beach/Proctor-Silex. In addition to retrieving usable elements such as nickel and chromium from the sludge waste, the company also installed a sludge dryer and a filter press to reduce the total quantity of the sludge that went to landfill. Moreover, the water retrieved from the sludge press was reused in the rinse baths (North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance n.d.).
Hamilton Beach/Proctor-Silex records high cost savings due to the implementation of its pollution prevention program. "Overall annual savings for the waste reduction projects implemented at the facility are almost $800,000 per year…HB/PS now realizes net annual savings of $95,000 from eliminated solvent purchases and hazardous waste disposal expenses. Thus, the simple payback period was less than 1-year" from the time of implementation (North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance n.d.). The cost of waste disposal also went down significantly, by $25,000 per year and only two years of recuperating what had been invested in new sludge handling systems (North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance n.d.).
Construction: C.C. Mangum, Inc. (now Mangum Asphalt Services)
The construction industry is also a major polluter, but new methods of pollution prevention are at least helping the industry become more sustainable. Incorporating scrap shingles into pavement is one way that pollution prevention programs are working in the construction industry (North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance n.d.).
The chart in Appendix a illustrates...
All organizations are justly focused on cost reduction as well as the ethics of pollution prevention, which is why pollution prevention programs must be feasible, easy to implement, and not too costly. Initial cost expenditures are often minimal compared with the savings created from reducing waste and also minimizing the costs involved with hazardous waste disposal. Because of these core financial incentives, it is easy to see how pollution prevention programs rarely need to be enforced at the legislative level.
Pollution prevention is also good for the long-term growth of companies in all industries. Marketing departments can capitalize on the novel methods used to prevent waste and reduce emissions. The creation of new pollution prevention technologies can lead to value-added services. In short, pollution prevention can be as good for business as it is for the environment.
It is therefore recommended that each organization determine for itself which strategies are most effective. There are no hard and fast solutions for pollution prevention, because each sector and each company within each sector works with different chemicals, different materials, and different production techniques. Some companies will need to work more closely with suppliers to reduce total waste output in their collective sector, as Miller Brewing switched to reusable sacks to replace wasteful bins. Pollution prevention entails a multi-faceted and creative approach to sustainable business.
Reduce steam loss
Energy reduction (heat, a/C, water) Product changes (coffee cups, recycled paper)
Conscientious use (switch to email, double-sided photocopies)
Food and Drink
Reusable bulk containers
Company-specific reuse of organic waste
Reuse of sludge minerals
Reuse of shingles
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1990). Pollution Prevention Act of 1990. Retrieved online: http://www.epa.gov/p2/pubs/p2policy/act1990.htm
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 2011). Pollution prevention. Retrieved online: http://www.epa.gov/p2/
North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance (n.d.). Case Studies. Retrieved online: http://www.p2pays.org/ias/case.asp?page=SIC
The National Pollution Prevention Round Table (2011). Pollution prevention: Moroccan Textiles Industry. Retrieved online: http://www.p2.org/wp-content/uploads/morocco-brochure.pdf
Seymour, J. (2004). Case Study: The Office of the Lieutenant Governor. Retrieved online: http://www.p2pays.org/ref/41/40952.pdf
State of Washington Department of Ecology (n.d.). Pollution prevention. Retrieved online: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/hwtr/p2/index.html
University of Texas at Austin (2008). Pollution prevention. Retrieved online: http://www.utexas.edu/safety/ehs/water/pollution.html
Pollution From Mining Activities How serious is the pollution that results from mining activities? How clean are the coal mining activities in Kentucky, West Virginia, and other Appalachian areas where mountaintops are stripped away to get at the coal? What other mining activities cause pollution of the air, the land, and the waterways? This paper will delve into those mining activities and report the pollution that results from those strategies. The Pollution
" (Norris, 2004) SUMMARY & CONCLUSION Pollution prevention and reduction in the use of toxics and reduction in waste are greatly at focus for the Environmental Health and Safety Guidelines (2007) which are guidelines that can be specifically tailored to the established hazards and risks for each individual process depending upon the various factors that are applicable at each site. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is a federal environmental law
In addition, fuel emissions for vehicles must be carefully monitored and government agencies should work to ensure that they meet safe and acceptable standards to reduce pollution. (How can we prevent the damaging effects of air pollution?) Conclusion The purpose of this paper is to discuss global warming and pollution. We found that global warming occurs because of an accelerated green house effect. We found that pollution occurs because of harmful emissions
The incinerators produce a cocktail of toxic chemicals that can cause cancer, heart disease, respiratory problems, immune system defect, increased allergies and birth defects" (3). Green Peace suggests sustainable waste management as an alternative to industrial incinerators. The Sierra Club identifies coal burning power plants as major contributors to air pollution. "Out of the entire electric industry, coal-fired power plants contribute 96% of sulfur dioxide emissions, 93% of nitrogen oxide
Air Pollution The air that surrounds us is a mixture of 78% nitrogen; 21% oxygen; less than 1% of carbon dioxide, argon, and other gases; and varying amounts of water vapor. Any other particles, gases or unoriginal constituents hanging in the air which are not part of its original composition are called 'Pollutants' and this kind of air is called Polluted Air. Even inhaling small amounts of such air pollutants can
Groundwater Pollution Issues How does America's groundwater become polluted and what are the sources of pollution that goes into the groundwater? How important is unpolluted groundwater to the sustainability of communities? Also, what are the solutions for this pollution of the groundwater? These issues and others will be reviewed in this paper. Groundwater Facts According to William M. Alley, writing in the peer-reviewed journal Environment, groundwater exists "…almost everywhere beneath the land surface"