Healthcare Economics and Perspective of Sociology
Health economics is a term that is relatively difficult to define since it incorporates a wide range of theories, concepts, and topics. However, this term can be described as study of the supply and demand of health care resources and the effect of these resources on a population. One of the concepts in health economics is scarcity, which means limited quantity of health resources with regards to inputs. As a result, scarcity implies that every society must make significant decisions about production, consumption, and distribution of product and services to ensure allocative and production efficiency (Santerre & Neun, 2010, p.4). PPC (Production possibilities curve) is an economic model that shows different mixture of any two goods and services that can be manufactured efficiently in light of stock of technology, resources, and several institutional plans. It is used to determine allocative and production efficiency given that all health care resources are being completely utilized.
Comparative effectiveness research (CER) and Cost-effectiveness Analysis (CEA) are two different economic models that are used for various purposes in health care. In relation to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), CER and CEA differs on their outlook of health production function. CER helps in providing patients and...
Willingness to pay approach in health economics is one of the models used to determine the value of human life. This approach focuses on examining how much people are willing to pay for minimal deductions in the likelihood of dying. The approach evaluates the benefit of life-saving medical service relative to the decreased probability of dying.
There are several factors that cause poverty in the United States given that 50 million Americans lacked adequate food to eat in 2009 including 17 million children. Poverty can be defined as the lack or deprivation of the ordinary or socially acceptable material resources or money. Some of the major causes of poverty in the United States include wage stagnation, changes in family composition, high unemployment rates, and government spending. Since conflict theory is effective in explaining social change, conflict theorists explain poverty in a different way. These theorists explain poverty based on the argument that stratification is dysfunctional and harmful to the society. Therefore, poverty is regarded as…
Sociological There are three main sociological perspectives based on which health care will be discussed in this paper. These perspectives include functionalism, conflict and symbolic interactions. These are the three perspectives that can give a better insight into the healthcare. Functionalism Functionalism is when various units of the society come together and form a single unit in order to perform various functions. Functionalism is defined as the theory of mind in terms of
Sociological Perspectives on the Mass Media Most of us go about our everyday lives thinking that we are masters -- or mistresses -- of our own lives, making decisions by ourselves and for ourselves, the embodiment of autonomy. We do not like to think of ourselves as being under the control of the major social (and cultural) institutions of our society. And yet, of course, we are in no way
Sociology Applying the Sociological Perspective: An Iraq Soldier's Story This research conducted surrounding this interviewee focuses on the reasons why a soldier's resiliency levels are so high considering the two massive injuries endured. The interviewee above demonstrates a considerable amount of resiliency after his time in combat in Iraq. He suffered a painful physical injury and a psychological injury quickly identified (assumed first due to the events surrounding the burns then diagnosed).
Health Care Reform Federal Deficit The American Health Care Crisis and the Federal Deficit The United States spends more than any other country on medical care. In 2006, U.S. health care spending was $2.1 trillion, or 16% of our gross domestic product. At the same time, more than 45 million Americans lack health insurance and our health outcomes (life expectancy, infant mortality, and mortality amenable to health care) are mediocre compared with
Sociological Theory Sociology as a field of study entails examining and understanding the behavior of human groups and associated social behavior. In understanding these aspects, the sociologists have, their focus primarily concentrated on the human interactions. These human interactions revolve around how the different social relations influence the behavior and attitudes of the people and how the societies originate, form and change. Human interactions are vast, and so is the field
Sociological Implications of Participative, Student-Based Scaffolding Strategies On Academic Success The accelerating pace of technological change is leading to disruptive innovations throughout education, with didactic, often static approaches to teaching giving way to more participative-based approaches. The sociological dimensions of technology disruption on education is the focus of this paper. Technologies are quickly progressing education beyond socialization and structural foundations to a more experiential-based approach to learning based on student participation