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In fact it is large companies and the inequities of international trade which are the root causes of rainforest destruction." Consider the following facts:(1)M millions of hectares of primary rainforests are being destroyed in South East Asia by logging, and the driving force in this industry is not the local population but international demand for timber; (2) in Central America, 40% of all the rainforests have been cleared or burned down in the last 40 years, mostly for cattle pasture to feed the export market; (3) "Latin American environment groups have cited skewed land distribution as the most important factor frustrating the conservation and sustainable use of rainforest areas; and (4) the economic exploitation of poorer countries by the world's industrialized nations underlines much of the over-exploitation of tropical ecosystems by populations without land or employment.
This inevitably calls for reform in relation to both bilateral and multilateral aid policies as well as practices in world trade if there is any hope of saving the tropical rainforest regions which lead to the topic of the debts owed by these countries. Third World Debt will have to be dealt with in view of the collective debt that exceed the sum of $1,300 billion (U.S. Dollars) and interest charges totaling $123.4 billion (U.S. dollars) the impoverishment of the Third World makes the rich get even richer and this has fed a perpetual cycle expressed in loans financing projects that are not only destructive to the environment but can be repaid through more exploitations of resources and from that it is clearly seen that the Third World Debt crisis has propelled destruction of the environment in Third World countries. Incidentally the largest rainforest areas are five countries that are among the most heavily indebted countries in the world putting them under extreme pressure to harvest their rainforests for repaying debts.
Outcomes Discussed study on Mexico found that in the period between 1984 and 1990, "a 10 per cent reduction in tariff levels was associated with a two to three per cent reduction in employment," with the wage differential between skilled and unskilled workers widening [and]...Trade liberalization in Brazil during the early 1990s had "a slight negative, short-term impact on employment." Between 1990 and 1997 in Brazil, there was a 32 per cent drop in employment in capital-intensive industries and 13 per cent decline in labour-intensive industries. Not all this decline in employment, the ILO paper says "could be attributed to trade liberalization since the trade reforms were carried out in a macroeconomic environment that was marked by high inflation and recessionary conditions." (International Labour Organization Press Release 2001 Geneva) Child Labor issues are noted to be a critical issue and certainly the destruction of the rainforests will have a global ecological and environmental impact that cannot realistically be measure but the prospects should be noted as highly negative in nature. Lastly, but certainly not the least of these negative outcomes is the fact that these people in these regions are losing their forestlands to large international corporations and the legacy may be lost as well. The earth's ecological health depends greatly upon certain balances in the biosphere being maintained however, during an event of global warming that is combined with billions of humans and the waste level created by that many it certainly creates magnanimous challenges for the global society to rise to the occasion of the attempting of initiatives that might perhaps lessen the shift of the earth's existence and make the path a little smoother, safer, and healthier for the coming years. Globalization utilized in the highest and most noble sense has the capacity to greatly benefit the earth and mankind at this point in earth's progression into the future.
Developing Countries Miss Out in Trade Globalization International Labor Organization Press Alert 1997 November 6 Tuesday Edition Online available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inf/pr/2001/47.htm
The Causes of Tropical Deforestation" Revington (1991) New Renaissance magazine Vol. 3, No. 2.
Brown, Lester R., and others. Vital Signs 2003. W.W. Norton, 2003, 158
The Worldwatch Institute documents the trends that are shaping our future in concise analyses and clear tables and graphs.
Harris, Paul G., editor. The Environment, International Relations and U.S. Foreign Policy. Georgetown University Press, 2001, 288
Margoluis, Richard, and Nick Salafsky. Measures of Success: Designing, Monitoring, and Managing Conservation and Development Projects. Island Press, 1998, 363
National Research Council, the Board on Sustainable Development. Our Common Journey:…[continue]
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Of the top 150 medications that are sold by prescription in the U.S. 118 of these are medications that are either "derived from or modeled on naturally occurring substances." (SEAM Global, 2005) Some of the medications that count on habitat presently being destroyed are "aspirin, morphine, vincristine, taxol, digitalis, and most antibiotics."(SEAM Global, 2005) VI. Internet/Networking: Role Played in Preservation Through global and subglobal assessments of the ecosystem and monitoring of
These companies are getting bigger and bigger. Some companies have such huge assets all over the world that they are worth more than many small countries. If you compare the GDP of many countries, you can see that the GDP is even less than the earnings of those big companies (Disadvantages of globalization, 2012). The governments do not have the power to stop the multinational companies from closing a factory
Above all it has followed the deliberate marketing of health care (in association with tourism) as medical care has gradually moved away from the public sector to the private sector, ensuring that a growing majority of people, especially in the richest countries, and particularly in the United States, must pay -- often considerably -- for health care. Finally, growing interest in cosmetic surgery, involving such elective procedures as rhinoplasty, liposuction,
Chapter 2: Review of Related Literature Chapter Introduction This chapter provides a review of the literature concerning hypnosis, Eastern Meditation, Chi Kung, and Nei Kung and how these methods are used to treat various ailments and improve physical and mental functioning. A summary of the review concludes the chapter. Hypnosis In his study, "Cognitive Hypnotherapy in the Management of Pain," Dowd (2001) reports that, "Several theories have been proposed to account for the effect of
Globalization and HRM strategies A recurrent buzzword in the modern day business community is represented by globalization, which is understood as a phenomenon by which the boundaries of countries become less strict and they allow people, resources, capitals and the economic, political, cultural, technological and other elements to easily move from one location to the other. In this complex setting, the economic agents have transcended boundaries in order to benefit from
Globalization and Its Discontents by Saskia Sassen This book provides a lot of essays on what is considered to be the new global economy from one who considers herself an expert observer. Sassen is internationally recognized as an expert on globalization and her writings have appeared in magazines and journals throughout the world. The collection of essays that is contained in this book deals with various topics such as gender and
For Giddens, the globalization of these abstract systems offers individuals opportunities and crises in which they must continually rebuild their own lives and identities. From his perspective, the increasing integration of systems does not necessarily signify greater worldwide social integration. In fact, the crises that arise from contradictions between the different abstract systems can actually lead to greater problems of social integration. Regardless of whether one looks at globalization from