Leadership vs Management Research Paper

Download this Research Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Research Paper:

Leadership and Power 12 Angry Men

It is clear that Juror 8 is the typical example of Expert Power. Expert Power is based on the idea that knowledge drives the power of the individual in an organization or a group (Merchant, Media n.a.). Expaning this idea, the Expert Power means that an individual in an organization reaches a level where he can impose his leadership and power because he is able to work with particular terms, in a particular area and to bring relevant knowledge to a certain part of the discussion and analysis.

This is the case with Juror 8. Although he appears, in the beginning of the movie, as someone who is just not able to sentence someone to death without a prior discussion (the immediate condemnation bears the death penalty), he argues very thoroughly and applied the case. He shows that the evidence seems to be circumstantial, that two witnesses seem to be less reliable than initially believed, that the murder weapon is a strange choice and that, overall, there is reasonable doubt to the defendant's guilt. Juror 8 presents the case, although in a humble manner, as a veritable detective, showing the weaknesses of the accusation.

Coercive Power is defined as using threats and punishments, among other coercive instruments to impose one's will on the others. Juror 3 is the Coercive Power. He is the last that decides to change his vote and does so only to relieve his own problems with his son. Throughout the movie, he is the one who applies pressure on the other jurors, through different means. He verbally abuses Juror 5, when the latter switches his vote, of doing so out of subjectivism. He rants on different occasions and shouts "I will kill you!" To Juror 8 at one point.

Referent Power is linked to interpersonal relationships, to the way that an individual pushes and supports his position in a group by forming relationships with other individuals. I believe that Juror 8 is again the best example for this. Initially, he is entirely isolated in his position. However, he builds specific alliances with individuals he feels are isolated too, in their lives. These are Jurors number 5 and 11. This shows a very specific and pertinent knowledge of how psychology works: people on the periphery of the society, some time or other, could relate well to other people finding themselves there at some moment.

There is no legitimate power in the 12 Angry Men. Legitimate Power derives from some sort of recognition of an official power. There is nothing of this type here, although the jury has a nominal person in charge of coordinating operations such as voting. He is not necessarily influential in the way that the voting takes place or in the subsequent alliances between the jurors.

Reward Power is usually associated with incentives, namely that power derives from the use of incentives to support a certain position. In the case of the movie, we see a similar process with the Juror 7, who has tickets to a baseball game and who, as such, is willing to vote in whatever manner is necessary to obtain his freedom and passage to the game.

The Harvard Business Review is the best place to start an analysis of the differences between management and leadership. Nayar (2013) lists three main differences between management and leadership. These are counting vs. creating value, circles of influences vs. circles of power and leading people vs. managing work.

According to HBR, managers only count value rather than focus on creating value. At the same time, they look to creating circles of power and are set on controlling a group of people so that they can impose their decisions. As the following paragraphs will show, the movie shows the differences between management and leadership on all these different levels.

I think the discussion between management and leadership can only be understood in a contrast between Juror 3 and Juror 8. Juror 3 is obviously the managerial type. Throughout the movie, he is in a position to manage the jury and obtain a final guilty verdict. From this perspective, he is not necessarily a bad manager: he communicates well with his human resource, has a fixed objective and continuously pushes that objective to the other jurors.

He is, however, an unsuccessful manager because he is obtuse and does not look to outside facts to redefine his options. He is not flexible and cannot…[continue]

Cite This Research Paper:

"Leadership Vs Management" (2014, March 07) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/leadership-vs-management-184565

"Leadership Vs Management" 07 March 2014. Web.8 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/leadership-vs-management-184565>

"Leadership Vs Management", 07 March 2014, Accessed.8 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/leadership-vs-management-184565

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Leadership vs Management

    Leadership vs. Management It has often been said that a manager is what one does, and a leader is who one is. The leading theorists who are studying management and leadership have a myriad of studies that support this contention of leadership being more inherently linked to who a person is (Fitzgerald, Schutte, 2010). From my experiences, this is certainly the case. The best managers are much like technicians who know

  • Leadership vs Management Based on

    At Innocent right from onset, they have embraced customer feedback as a tool to drive its product, brand values and strategic direction. They have engaged the services of the customers in brand naming through an easy and interactive channel of communication to take their advices in every activity of the company in order to stay abreast with the ever changing customer tastes and preferences. This long-term perspective is a

  • Leadership vs Management Impact on

    Education leaders note barriers to effective leadership with are unique to the educational setting. Politics and bureaucracy, fear of litigation, teacher unions and school boards are all noted by superintendents and principals as elements which hamper organizational excellence (Finn, 2002). In the same survey, leaders also noted a lack of freedom to accomplish managerial tasks, like hiring and firing or even rewarding outstanding performers. A review of job descriptions posted

  • Leadership vs Management

    Leadership and Management Managing means responding to the needs of the organization; leadership means responding to the needs of subordinates (Plachy 2009:53). Although leadership and management may overlap, they are still two distinct functions of organizational behavior and must be recognized as such. Leaders provide vision and intrinsic motivation while managers are responsible for the technical oversight and details needed for meaningful change. To add to the confusion, leadership is often

  • Leadership and Management There Is

    By providing 'Role clarity' formalization eliminates the confusion pertaining to 'who does what' in an organization. Formalization also results in 'specialization of tasks'. Formalization is a process by which organizations try to standardize employee behavior. Larger organizations are generally more formalized due to greater manageability. The downside of formalizing is well-known. If an organization wants to implement formalization it would be met with resistance. Managing employee resistance will be a

  • Google Leadership vs Management in

    Navigating between these extremes will require the company to consider the following two recommendations. First, as the company is known for having a highly analytical culture where development is quantified at each stage and even the projects generated during the 20% time of employees is measured, Google needs to take the enterprise-level (or large corporation) needs list and prioritize it, and then put incentives on the top fifty of these

  • Leadership and Management Training Guide Leadership and

    Leadership and Management Training Guide: Leadership and management are terms that have been used interchangeably as many people assume that they are similar despite of their fundamental differences. The main reason attributed to this trend is the fact that these concepts must go hand in hand because they are complementary and linked together. Actually, attempts to separate leadership and management always contribute to several problems more than it solves. However, much


Read Full Research Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved