Encountering John: The Gospel in Historical, Literary, and Theological Perspective provides a remarkably thorough explication of John's gospel from multiple perspectives and points-of-view. The book is divided into five main parts, in addition to the appendices, indexes, and study tools. Author Andreas J. Kostenberger formats Encountering John as a textbook, and yet the tome also serves as a reference book that complements exegetical works and Biblical commentaries.
In the preface materials, Kostenberger clearly states that the book is intended for an audience of students. However, the tone is personal, informal, and familiar, rather than strictly scholarly or academic. This is due to in part to the fact that Kostenberger writes as a believer for believers, resisting the temptation to secularize biblical studies. The primary audience for Encountering John is students in biblical, theological, or seminary school who seek deep understanding of the gospel.
Part One of Encountering John covers basic history, chronology, narrative, and theological elements. It is here that Kostenberger addresses the important issue of establishing authorship of the gospel, citing evidence from both...
The author also defines the term gospel, and discusses the Gospel of John within the context of the synoptics. Briefly accounting for the similarities and differences between the different synoptic gospels, Kostenberger covers the core themes of John's text including Christ, God, salvation, and the new covenant. Furthermore, Kostenberger notes that there are two approaches to the study of the gospel: first, the historical perspective and second, the perspective taking into account specific issues like eschatology.
In Part Two, Kostenberger focuses exclusively on the connotation of "the word" in John's gospel. John's gospel includes a prologue, and Kostenberger discusses the thematic, structural, and theological function of this prologue. Drawing from contextual issues such as Greek philosophy and the philosophy of the Old Testament, Kostenberger postulates about John's emphasis on "the word," as well as John's selection of specific literary devices and structures to convey the gospel. Concluding this chapter is a brief section on the incarnation.
Part Three, entitled "Encountering the Earthly Jesus," details the specific content of the gospel of John in terms of how it details the life of Christ. The signs, such as turning water into wine, are the keynotes and cornerstones of this chapter. Chronicling Jesus's early ministry, Kostenberger discusses the signs of Christ through the escalating conflicts that arose. Kostenberger points out that the signs…
Gnostics believed that they belonged to the "true church" of an elect few who were worthy; the orthodox Christians would not be saved because they were blind to the truth. Part E -- Content - if we then combine the historical outline of the "reason" for John's writings with the overall message, we can conclude that there are at least five major paradigms present that are important in a contextual
" (Kysar 27) Scholars at times forget that the bible is not only a work of theology but also a work of literature. Barnes also believes in this interpretation and its New Testament expression of the Trinity, "I am thinking, in particular, of the pivotal appeal to John 1:1-3 at de Trinitate 2.2.9, which resembles Tertullian's (and Hippolytus's) use of the Johannine prologue as the paradigmatic expression of the economy of
Much literary criticism assumes that the gospels are not necessarily historical or else it plays down theological or religious context. However, these assumptions are not inherent in the method; a well-crafted piece of historical writing also promotes certain ideological concerns in an artistic and aesthetically pleasing (Bloomberg)." Now that we have garnered a greater understanding of the climate of Israel at the time of Jesus Christ and the criticisms that
Deity of Christ in the Gospel of John In John's Gospel, the term Son of God is used very frequently but people do not derive the spirituality of Jesus from this title, in fact they refer this title to the messianic position of Jesus. Such a belief has put forward a number of interesting questions, because according to John (20:30-31), in order to obtain an eternal life one needs to have
Christology Book Review Christ and the creation of Christology How can so many people look into a portrait of a man, written by 4 different scholar and commoners who portray the man in very similar fashion, and come away with such diametrically opposing viewpoints that the man is rendered almost meaningless? When the man is Jesus Christ and those looking at his portrait are scholars and theologians who do not believe that
John's Gospel is a strongly theological work. The basis for the Christology of John's Gospel is the Word. Also, John gives deep theological insights through the stories of the Samaritan woman at the well, the man born blind and the rising of Lazarus from the dead. John's account of the Passion is also deeply theological and quite different from the accounts of the other gospels. Finally, John uses many motifs