Nursing Theories: Health Risk and Health Promotion in a Community
Self-care is the conducting of practices by the individuals themselves who suffer from a health condition. The practices they would conduct for their self-care would include monitoring of their condition, avoiding food items and related activities that could induce illness, making an effort to maintain their health levels adhere to the given prescribed medicines and treatment, managing any possibly occurring symptoms or side-effects, accomplishing personal rehabilitation and prevention of activities that might give way to long-term ailment or disability.
Nurses play an integral role in helping the patient conduct these self-care practices since education about a health condition and how self-management at home could help improve their health positively affects the entire community. Making the patients independent in taking care of themselves so that they do not have to rely on physicians, doctors, or nurses all the time, especially at that time of the day when it is impossible to reach out for help, the shaping of their attitudes and bringing behavioral change towards a health condition is mandatory. Nurses are a great support for eliminating the barriers that hinder these patients in complying with the self-management strategies so that more peoples physical, psychological and special needs could be fulfilled for better patient outcomes (Jones, 2020).
The part theory plays in community nursing could not be overemphasized as theory and community nursing have been strong for ages. Orems self-care deficit theory of nursing discusses the practices that individuals undertake to take care of themselves to improve their health conditions and maintain their health levels on a long-term basis (Chipu & Downing, 2020). The theory talks about self-efficacy, self-regulation, and self-monitoring with effective education about their illness. For example, suppose an individual is suffering from hypertension. In that case, he should be able to monitor his blood pressure with the adequately available monitoring devices, should be aware of the devices use, should know the importance of regular monitoring of his blood pressure daily or weekly, and should know the limitations of medication and treatment steps have not adhered. The patient should learn these tactics with the help of nurses, especially if the most prevalent health condition in a specified community is hypertension, such as African American older immigrants adults.
To prevent such a condition from becoming a chronic illness, nurses help make the patient become self-reliant and string to be dependent upon their knowledge in self-care. According to Orems theory, the patient is responsible enough to take care of themselves. Being an adult, nurses make them capable enough to make their own decisions with supported community education and timely guidance (Khademian, Ara & Gholamzadeh, 2020). Supervision, mentoring, mobilization of the resources for making a patients health condition better, self-awareness, problem-solving ability, personal religious views, self-motivation, participation in self-adherence techniques, and becoming autonomous in self-care are some of the areas in which nurses help the patients for self-aid and management of the disease at a community level (Chipu & Downing, 2020).
The nursing education and research must take serious note…this curse. It is now deemed an inexpensive model by healthcare professionals so that nurses could evaluate at what stage the patients are currently and how willing they are to participate in the smoking cessation intervention. The broad range of patient behaviors in which cultural and spiritual barriers might reflect their hesitance and the persistent health conditions would have to be closely monitored by the community nurses. The smoking cessation services and the resources of the local authorities are known to the nurses so that the community people could be equipped with the required and relevant knowledge in the prevention of this health risk. Nurses are in constant contact with the local authorities to get involved in activities that would help ban tobacco advertising, increase the size of warnings on the tobacco packs, and instigate the local authorities for taking prompt action for cigarette smuggling (Nursing Times 2005).
Moreover, the nurses can keep reminding the smokers not to rely on the lies that tobacco companies have told them previously that have caused them negative physical effects. Smoking cessation services provide help for people who want to quit smoking completely. The work staff of these services comprises fully trained nurses and pharmacists who are fully aware of the tobacco industry information and possess a familiarity with the harmful effects of tobacco use. They can do this by disseminating information through manuals and low-intensity and high-intensity interventions (Rice et al., 2017). The majority of the effective interventions for smoking cessation involve pharmacotherapies, such as using drugs like…
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