Theoretical Argument Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 1 Subject: Psychology Type: Essay Paper: #89254715 Related Topics: Argument, Schizophrenia, Medication Errors, Patient Privacy
Excerpt from Essay :

David Rosenhan's On Being Sane In Insane Places

Insanity is often described as a combination of behaviors brought about by certain mental disorders, which point towards abnormality and to a deranged state of mind. The word insane, however, is not a medical term. Psychiatrists and other medical practitioners often refer to it as psychosis, characterized by delusions and hallucinations. Although majority of patients are easily diagnosed with mental disorders, the reliability and validity of these diagnoses is often questioned. In fact, many people judged to be sane and competent are more dangerous to themselves, their families, and their communities than the supposedly 'insane' patients locked up in psychiatric wards for a substantial amount of time. In light of the doubt cast on the various categories of symptoms that distinguish the sane from the insane, David Rosenhan sought to find out how capable hospital staff were in differentiating between genuinely sick patients from those who were actually sane and were only there for research purposes. This text looks at the experiments Rosenhan and his team conducted, their findings and also the implications

The Rosenhan Experiment

Conducted in the 1970s, the Rosenhan experiment was bound to have its mark in history as the best of its kind in challenging the validity of psychiatric diagnoses....

...

Rosenhan, himself a psychologist, together with three women and four other men referred to as the pseudopatients feigned hallucinations in the form of hearing voices in order to be admitted as patients. The pseudopatients were admitted in 12 different hospitals located in five different states and only Rosenhan's identity was made known to the head psychologist and the hospital administrator (Rosenhan, 1973). All the other pseudopatients used aliases and concealed their true professions, although the details of circumstances and history remained unchanged. After being admitted, the patients abandoned all the behaviors that pointed towards abnormality. They engaged in all the activities required by the facility, and sometimes openly took notes that would help in the research. Rosenhan (1973) also describes another experiment that was conducted at one particular hospital that had heard of Rosenhan's research and challenged the pseudopatients to be admitted in their facility, as they were positive the same mistakes could not be done.

Findings

The findings of the experiment were rather surprising, especially because none of the pseudopatients were detected as frauds. In fact, in the initial hospitalizations, 35 patients were the ones who were able to detect that the pseudopatients were sane, some voicing their allegations openly and accusing them of being journalists and professors due to their note taking habits (Rosenhan, 1973). Their behaviors, albeit normal, were interpreted to be evidence of pathological disorders. For instance, the writing habits were translated to be proof of disturbance and they concluded that the pseudopatient caught writing indeed had schizophrenia. The staff believed it was upon the pseudopatients to prove they were getting better, and they were forced to take more than 2100 medication tablets although they had no indications of being unwell. They were made to stay in the hospital for an average of 19 days and in this period, they observed…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Rosenhan, D.L. (1973). On Being Sane in Insane Places, Science, Vol. 179. Retrieved 13 February 2015 from http://psychrights.org/articles/Rosenham.htm


Cite this Document:

"Theoretical Argument" (2015, February 18) Retrieved January 16, 2022, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/theoretical-argument-2148799

"Theoretical Argument" 18 February 2015. Web.16 January. 2022. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/theoretical-argument-2148799>

"Theoretical Argument", 18 February 2015, Accessed.16 January. 2022,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/theoretical-argument-2148799

Related Documents
Theoretical Foundations of Nursing: Nursing Can Be
Words: 4161 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Health - Nursing Paper #: 25325887

Theoretical Foundations of Nursing: Nursing can be described as a science and practice that enlarges adaptive capabilities and improves the transformation of an individual and the environment. This profession focuses on promoting health, improving the quality of life, and facilitating dying with dignity. The nursing profession has certain theoretical foundations that govern the nurses in promoting adaptation for individuals and groups. These theoretical foundations include theories, theory integration, reflection, research and

Theoretical Foundations for Nursing Roles and Practice
Words: 1262 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Health - Nursing Paper #: 72347852

Theoretical Foundations for Nursing Roles and Practice Nurses interview guideline It is imperative to have specific markers that will aid in executing an interview for an applicant wishing to be employed as a nurse. This will aid in getting the right person for the job, such that the individual will perform above and beyond the duties assigned to him/her. Education competency is the most vital marker, which should be supplemented by other

Theoretical Applications in Sociology: Critical Theory Vs.
Words: 3169 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 88672210

Theoretical Applications in Sociology: Critical Theory vs. Systems Theory Exciting advances are being made in the development and application of sociological theories to social work practices. Two of the foremost theories are systems theory -- currently undergoing an architectural evolution due to the implications of the chaos and complexity disciplines -- and critical theory, which seeks to change the current systematical frameworks of society for the better. For the purposes of

Theoretical Applications on Why Bill
Words: 1905 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Military Paper #: 3464459

Therefore Clinton can be said to have generally followed a realist foreign policy program in Kosovo, yet due to changes in the international system which made it problematic to cut too many deals with dictators and war-criminals like Milosevich, a more conflictive approach to the issue was created. National interest, while predominant, was no longer the only consideration. One of the problems with a constructivist understanding of the war though,

Theoretical Perspectives Structural Functionalism Structural
Words: 1832 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Sociology Paper #: 96407431

One could, for instance, examine the role that the authority structures of the Catholic Church have had in shaping the formation of societies and they way that they function. This form of analysis can also be extended to other religions - such as the role of power and conflict in a Muslim world and the role that religion plays in the coercive structures of many Middle Eastern societies. On the

Theoretical Approaches to Ethics. Normative Ethical Theory
Words: 1130 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Business - Ethics Paper #: 96927095

Theoretical approaches to ethics. Normative ethical theory Normative ethics is the descriptor that is applied to the entire caliber of a certain perspective of ethics that has various sub-categories to it. As general definition, normative ethics is the term given to the moral investigation that queries how one should act in an ethical manner. To this end, a quantity of ethical systems exists that seek to answer that question. To differentiate normative