There will be likelihood of lowering costs across the whole of the United States health care system through increasing the risk pool with a population that has proven less likely of utilizing health services, thus lowering the emergency medical care's costs, particularly based on the emergency Medicaid reimbursements, as well as shifting the centre of attention from expensive treatment after progressing of diseases to cheaper preventative and ambulatory care, (Sarita A. Mohanty, et al., 2005). Through extension of coverage, it can as well safe guard the health of the entire populations since there will be timely diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases, hence it will bring a higher health quality throughout the lifetime of illegal immigrants for there will be protection against diseases but not just treating or managing diseases once they crop up.
On the other hand there is argument that there could be a countervailing consideration that might prove to be fatal to such implementation of these policies. For example, the argument is that formal extension of public benefits to illegal immigrants may be a way of legitimizing their status within the United States, leading to the respect for U.S. legitimate laws to be undermined. The other argument is that the illegal immigrants have been already considered to be a drain on the health care resources of United States and going ahead to include them in the public insurance programs will add again the already existing multiple cost which cannot be justified, (Kathyrn Pitkin Derose, et al.,2007) .
There has not been any demonstration between levels of illegal immigration and the potential eligibility of immigrants for public benefits or extension of public benefits. According to some, health and social services tend to be incentive for immigration and in case of elimination of these services then fewer people would come to the United States, and this will free the health care delivery system, but leaving out the undocumented immigrants from government-funded health care services could possibly affect immigration. The biggest driving force for this continued illegal immigration, and out of these huge number, only 1% or less than that are cited to be receiving social services or public benefits to be their driving force behind their decision to migrate. The economic and social factors of better employment as well as having family already in the United Sates has been some of the continued increase of illegal immigration, and on the other hand a little evidence has existed in establishing a link between heightened number of illegal immigration as well as the extension of public benefits to the increase in number of illegal immigrants.
The argument of whether the health coverage and services should be extended to illegal immigrants has no signs of a definite way forward and the signs are that it will continue to be a subject of argument within the arena for the foreseeable future. However, this analysis has argued that this policy of coverage would be of good idea, even if there could be no existing colorable claim that illegal immigrants are legally entitled to such public benefits. In case of incorporating illegal immigrant population may be a bridge of lowering the cost of the systems in various ways, which can be from lower premiums, to lower emergency medical expenditures, and move from late-stage treatments to preventative as well as ambulatory care. As much as illegal immigrants will benefit, the whole population of U.S. will also be at the forefront in reward of wider risk pool which is made up of individuals having comparatively low medical expenditures and usage trend.
Dana P. Goldman, et al. Immigrants and the Cost of Medical Care, 25 HEALTH AFF. 1700, 1705 (2006). Retrieved July 7, 2012 from http://www.latimes.com/media/acrobat/2009-01/44771484.pdf
Kathyrn Pitkin Derose, et al. Immigrants and Health Care: Sources of Vulnerability, 26 HEALTH AFF. 1258, 1260 (2007). Retrieved July 7, 2012 from http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/26/5/1258.long
Lawrence O. Gostin, Public health law: power, duty, restraint 415, 2nd Ed. (2008).
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