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South America's very old, biggest, most competent, and well- equipped rebellion having Marxist origin is the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - FARC. The uproar and clashing in the 1950s involving liberal and conservative militias lead to the civil war that demolished Columbia and from here FARC came into existence. The murder of liberal party leader Jorge Eliecer by the representatives of the conservative government ignited the battle between the Liberal and Conservative political parties. The consequent civil wars lead to the loss of over 200,000 Columbians and generated a glut of guerrilla groups. One of those groups, lead by Manuel Marulanda, split from the Liberals in 1966 and developed into the Marxist-oriented FARC. (FARC History)
Identify the group by name and country in which based. If there is no one country, state the countries in which the group is operative, or the region.
a. Stated goals and objectives of the group.
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, with a foundation on Marxist-Socialist ideology, is involved in frightening Columbia for sometime. (Canham, 2002) The FARC declared its fresh policy, the 'Law 002' which ordered that anybody with possessions of $1 million should shell out 'war taxes' otherwise they would be abducted. (Colombia's Civil War: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC))
1. Political goals.
The political aim is to set up a communist-agrarian state after toppling the government and ruling class. (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia: www.ict.org.il) In contrast to ELN, the FARC did not get its straight motivation from the Cuban revolutionary Fidel Castro or the Soviet Union. On the other hand, the FARC's philosophy encompassed extremely nationalist and anti-capitalist style entrenched in early progressive philosophy. (Colombia's Civil War: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC))
ii. Religious goals, if any.
The FARC seems to be against any religious manifestation because of their action of targeting religious leaders. (Colombia's Civil War: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC))
iii. How do these goals relate to the United States?
From the beginning, FARC has been in opposition to U.S. government. (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia: www.ict.org.il) FARC believes that the government is sold off to the United States intention of having a colonial rule. (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC): www.military.com/Resources/)
II. History of the group, including significant terrorist events attributed to it.
In March 1999, the FARC killed three U.S. Indian rights supporters on Venezuelan region after it abducting them in Colombia. (Terrorist Group Profiles. 2003) In middle of 2001, the FARC's brutal operations consisted of the abduction and assassination of Consuelo Araujonoguera, a well-known earlier minister of culture, and the wife of Attorney-General Edgardo Maya. Moreover, the Guerillas abducted Alan Jara, earlier governor, when he was traveling in a United Nations vehicle and three German aid workers. In 2002, the FARC took control of a Colombian aircraft and captured passenger Sen. Jorge Gechem Turbay, who was the fifth congressmen the FARC had abducted since June 2001, as its captive. The FARC aggression got reformed after the murder of a leading UP presidential candidate due to the belief of many UP party members that military ploys alone can accomplish their political power. (Colombia's Civil War: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)) In 2003, the FARC carried out various sophisticated radical assaults, two such assaults are: a February car-bombing of a Bogota nightclub that extinguished more than 30 persons and injured more than 160, and a November grenade attack in Bogota's restaurant district that hurt three Americans. (Terrorist Group Profiles, 2003)
a. Patterns and trends
In February 2003, when an aircraft crashed in Florencia, the FARC murdered one American and a Colombian from the plane and detained three U.S. contractors and kept on holding them. Though the group mainly functions in Colombia, it also functions in nearby Brazil, Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador for dealing with extortion, kidnapping, weapons sourcing, logistics, and R& R. (Terrorist Group Profiles. 2003) For majority of paid abduction, in Colombia, FARC is in charge; the group chiefly attacks rich landowners, foreign travelers, and famous international and domestic officials. (FARC, ELN, AUC) For the past 15 years, almost 300, 000 Colombians have lost their life in the bloodshed, majority of who are guiltless civilians. Starting from 1984, a minimum of 3,000 UP members that consists of presidential candidates, mayors and legislators, were killed or vanished. With regard to noncombatant civilians, in excess of 35,000…[continue]
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